Buenos Aires

Wildlife

brochure Buenos Aires - Wildlife

Wildlife at Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Arizona. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge Watchable Wildlife List In southeastern Arizona, the mix of deserts, mountains, grasslands, elevation changes, and the northern limits of many subtropical species make this geographic area one of the most biologically rich regions of the world. Some species are here because the core of their distribution is in the nearby Sonoran Desert, the Sierra Madre mountain range to the south, or the Rocky Mountains to the north. A number of birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians are here at the northern edge of their range and are found nowhere else in the U.S. Some exist only in isolated sites within this region. Located in southern Arizona, Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge was established 1985 for the reintroduction of masked bobwhite quail and for restoration of natural landscapes and their native wildlife. The refuge features several distinct groups of interdependent plants and animals, or biotic communities. These are semi-desert grassland, the cottonwood/willow riparian area, and Brown Canyon’s sycamore/walnut community with adjacent evergreen oak woodland. This rich combination of grassland, wetland, and sycamore/oak canyon supports a wide array of wildlife. Listed here are mammals, reptiles, and amphibians recorded on the refuge and where they may be found. Birds are on a separate checklist. The refuge has not been thoroughly studied, and other species and locations may be present. AC GR BC (SC) Arivaca Cienega or Creek (wetland & riparian) Grasslands (including ponds) Brown Canyon Species of special concern; status may be imperiled MAMMALS Shrews Desert Shrew Notiosorex crawfordi AC GR BC AC GR BC Bats Mexican Long-tongued Bat (SC) Choeronycteris mexicana Lesser Long-nosed Bat (endangered) Leptonycteris curosoae Cave Myotis (SC) Myotis velifer Fringed Myotis (SC) Myotis thysanodes California Myotis Myotis californicus Western Pipistrelle Pipistrellus hesperus Big Brown Bat Eptesicus fuscus Western Red Bat Lasiurus blossevillii Western Yellow Bat Lasiurus xanthinus Pallid Bat Antrozous pallidus Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Pocketed Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops femorosaccus Underwood’s Mastiff Bat (SC) Eumops underwoodi Rabbits and Hares Desert Cottontail AC Sylvilagus audubonii Eastern Cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Antelope Jackrabbit Lepus alleni Rodents Harris Antelope Squirrel Ammospermophilus harrisii Southern Grasshopper Mouse AC Onychomys torridus Rock Squirrel AC Spermophilus variegatus Spotted Ground Squirrel Spermophilus spilosoma Round-tailed Ground Squirrel Spermophilus tereticaudus Botta’s Pocket Gopher AC Thomomys bottae Rock Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus intermedius Desert Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus penicillatus GR BC BC GR BC GR BC GR BC GR BC GR BC GR GR GR BC GR GR GR GR BC GR GR GR GR GR GR BC GR GR GR GR GR BC Bailey’s Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus baileyi Arizona Pocket Mouse Perognathus amplus Silky Pocket Mouse Perognathus flavus Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat Dipodomys spectabilis Merriam’s Kangaroo Rat Dipodomys merriami Ord’s Kangaroo Rat Dipodomys ordi Cactus Mouse Peromyscus eremicus White-footed Mouse Peromyscus leucopus Brush Mouse Peromyscus boylei Deer Mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Mesquite Mouse Peromyscus merriami Western Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Fulvous Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys fulvescens Arizona Cotton Rat Sigmodon arizonae Yellow-nosed Cotton Rat Sigmodon ochrognathus White-throated Wood Rat Neotoma albigula Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Carnivores Coyote Canis latrans Mexican Wolf (endangered) Canis lupus Gray Fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Kit Fox Vulpes macrotis Raccoon Procyon lotor Ringtail Bassariscus astutus Coati Nasua nasua Badger Taxidea taxus GR GR GR GR GR GR AC GR AC GR AC BC GR BC GR BC GR GR GR GR GR AC AC GR BC GR BC GR historic records AC GR AC GR AC GR BC AC GR BC AC AC BC BC GR Western Spotted Skunk Spilogale gracilis Striped Skunk Mephitis mephitis Hooded Skunk Mephitis macroura Hog-nosed Skunk Conepatus mesoleucus Mountain Lion Felis concolor Jaguar (endangered) Panthera onca Bobcat Felis rufus Hoofed Mammals Collared Peccary (Javelina) Tayassu tajacu Mule Deer Odocoileus hemionus Coues White-tailed Deer Odocoileus virginianus couesi Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Marsupials Mexican Opossum Didelphis virginiana californica AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC BC AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR AC BC GR AC AMPHIBIANS AC Barred Tiger Salamander Ambystoma mavortium Couch’s Spadefoot AC Scaphiopus couchii Mexican Spadefoot AC Spea multiplicata Sonoran Green Toad Anaxyrus retiformis Red-spotted Toad AC Anaxyrus punctatus Great Plains Toad Anaxyrus cognatus Sonoran Desert Toad (SC) AC Ollotis alvaria Western Narrow-mouthed Toad (SC) Gastrophryne olivacea Lowland Burrowing Treefrog Smilisca fodiens Canyon Treefrog Hyla arenicolor Chiricahua Leopard Frog (threatened) Lithobates chiricahuensis American Bullfrog AC Lithobates catesbeianus BC GR GR BC GR GR GR GR BC GR GR GR GR BC GR GR REPTILES Turtles Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata Arizona Mud Turtle Kinosternon arizonense Sonoran Mud Turtle Kinosternon sonoriense Desert Tortoise (SC) Gopherus agassizii Lizards Eastern Collared Lizard Crotaphytus collaris Long-nosed Leopard Lizard Gambelia wislizenii Zebra-tailed Lizard Callisaurus draconoides Elegant Earless Lizard Holbrookia elegans Ornate Tree Lizard Urosaurus ornatus Southwestern Fence Lizard Sceloporus cowlesi Desert Spiny Lizard Sceloporus magister Clark’s Spiny Lizard Sceloporus clarkii Yarrow’s Spiny Lizard Sceloporus jarrovii Regal Horned Lizard Phrynosoma solare Sonoran Spotted Whiptail Aspidoscelis sonorae Desert Grassland Whiptail Aspidoscelis uniparens Canyon Spotted Whiptail Aspidoscelis burti Tiger Whiptail Aspidoscelis tigris Mountain Skink Plestiodon callicephalus Great Plains Skink Pleistiodon obsoletus Madrean Alligator Lizard Elgaria kingii Western Banded Gecko Coleonyx variegatus Gila Monster Heloderma suspectum AC GR AC GR AC GR AC GR GR BC BC GR AC GR AC GR AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR AC GR AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR AC GR GR BC BC BC AC GR BC GR BC GR BC Snakes Western Threadsnake Leptotyphlops humilis Sonoran Coralsnake Micruroides euryxanthus Variable Sandsnake Chilomeniscus stramineus Smith’s Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi Ring-necked Snake Diadophis punctatus Desert Nightsnake Hypsiglena chlorophaea Western Lyresnake Trimorphodon lambda Gophersnake Pituophis catenifer Arizona Glossy Snake Arizona elegans Saddled Leaf-nosed Snake Phyllorhyncus browni Brown Vinesnake Oxybelis aeneus Eastern Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora grahamiae Western Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora hexalepis Green Ratsnake Senticolis triaspis Sonoran Whipsnake Coluber bilineataus Coachwhip Coluber flagellum Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake Lampropeltis pyromelana Black-necked Gartersnake Thamnophis cyrtopsis Mexican Gartersnake (SC) Thamnophis eques Checkered Gartersnake Thamnophis marcianus W. Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox Mohave Rattlesnake Crotalus scutulatus Black-tailed Rattlesnake Crotalus molossus Tiger Rattlesnake Crotalus tigris AC GR BC AC GR BC GR AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC GR GR BC BC AC GR AC AC BC BC GR BC GR GR AC GR BC AC GR BC AC AC GR AC GR BC AC GR BC AC GR BC GR BC Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge P.O. Box 109 Sasabe, Arizona 85633 520/823-4251 520/823-4247 FAX U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.fws.gov/southwest/ For Refuge Information 1 800/344-WILD Arizona State Relay System 1 800/367-8939 Pronghorn Buck Illustrations courtesy of the Arizona Antelope Foundation and artist Bonnie Swarbrick May 2009

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