Kofa

Wildlife

brochure Kofa - Wildlife

Wildlife at Kofa National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Arizona. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Watchable Wildlife Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Welcome to wildlife watching on Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Kofa NWR encompasses 665,400 acres of Sonoran Desert in southwestern Arizona. Broad valleys, gently rolling foothills, jagged peaks, and steep cliffs are found within this rugged Refuge. The Refuge receives little annual rainfall and is characterized by warm winters and scorching summer heat. Despite these harsh conditions, a diverse group of mammals, amphibians, and reptiles are found on Kofa NWR. Black-tailed jack rabbits, zebratailed lizards, western diamondback rattlesnakes, and desert bighorn sheep are several of the more commonly seen animals on the Refuge. Other species, including the coyote, Gila monster, desert tortoise, and kit fox, may be spotted on occasion, particularly at dawn or dusk. Listed here are mammals, reptiles, and amphibians recorded on Kofa NWR. Birds are on a separate checklist. Additional species may be present on the Refuge. Symbols used in this list follow: * Nonnative † Native to southeast Arizona border area Mammals Order Chiroptera (Bats) Family Molossidae Western Mastiff-bat (Eumops perotis) Pocketed Free-tailed Bat (Nyctinomops femorosacca) Mexican Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) Family Phyllostomidae California leaf-nosed bat (Macrotus californicus) Desert bighorn sheep. Susanna Henry / USFWS Mule Deer. Katrina Krebs / USFWS Family Vespertilionidae Pallid Bat (Antrozous pallidus) Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii ) Big Brown Bat (Eptesicus fuscus) Spotted Bat (Euderma maculatum) California Myotis (Myotis californicus) Arizona Myotis (M. occultus) Cave Myotis (M. velifer) Yuma Myotis (M. yumanensis) Canyon Bat (Parastrellus hesperus) Order Lagomorpha (Rabbits and Hares) Family Leporidae Black-tailed Jack Rabbit (Lepus californicus) Desert Cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii) Order Rodentia (Rodents) Family Cricetidae White-throated Woodrat (Neotoma albigula) Desert Woodrat (N. lepida) Southern Grasshopper Mouse (Onychomys torridus) Brush Mouse (Peromyscus boylii) Canyon Mouse (P. crinitus) Cactus Mouse (P. eremicus) Deer Mouse (P. maniculatus) Western Harvest Mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis) Family Erethizontidae Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Family Geomyidae Botta’s Pocket Gopher (Thomomys bottae) Family Heteromyidae Bailey’s Pocket Mouse (Chaetodipus baileyi) Long-tailed Pocket Mouse (C. formosus) Rock Pocket Mouse (C. intermedius) Desert Pocket Mouse (C. penicillatus) Desert Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys deserti) Merriam’s Kangaroo Rat (D. merriami) Arizona Pocket Mouse (Perognathus amplus) Little Pocket Mouse (P. longimembris) Family Sciuridae Harris’ Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus harrisii) Round-tailed Ground Squirrel (Xerospermophilus tereticaudus) Order Soricomorpha (Shrews) Family Soricidae Desert Shrew (Notiosorex crawfordi) Order Carnivora (Carnivores) Family Canidae Coyote (Canis latrans) Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis) Family Ranidae †Tarahumara Frogs (Rana tarahumarae) Family Felidae Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Mountain Lion (Puma concolor) Reptiles Family Mephitidae Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis) Western Spotted Skunk (Spilogale gracilis) Family Mustelidae Badger (Taxidea taxus) Family Procyonidae Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus) Order Artiodactyla (Even-toed ungulates) Family Antilocapridae Sonoran Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) Family Bovidae Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis Mexicana) Family Cervidae Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus crooki) Family Tayassuidae Collared Peccary (Pecari tajacu) Order Perissodactyla Family Equidae *Burro (Equus africanus asinus) *Horse (E. caballus) Amphibians Order Anura (Toads and Frogs) Family Bufonidae Colorado River Toad (Bufo alvarius) Great Plains Toad (B. cognatus) Red-spotted Toad (B. punctatus) Family Scaphiopodidae Couch’s Spadefoot (Scaphiopus couchii) Order Testudines (Turtles and Tortoises) Family Testudinoidae Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) Order Squamata (Lizards and Snakes) Family Crotaphytidae Collared Lizard (Crotaphytus insularis bicinctores) Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Gambelia wislizenii wislizenii) Family Gekkonidae Western Banded Gecko (Coleonyx variegatus variegates) Family Helodermatidae Banded Gila Monster (Heloderma suspectum cinctum) Family Iguanidae Desert Iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis) Chuckwalla (Sauromalus obesus obesus) Family Phrynosomatidae Zebra-tailed Lizard (Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus) Desert Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma platyrhinos calidiarum) Desert Spiny Lizard (Sceloporus magister magister) Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard (Uma notata rufopunctata) Long-tailed Brush Lizard (Urosaurus graciosus graciosus) Tree Lizard (U. ornatus symmetricus) Side-blotched Lizard (Uta stansburiana elegans) Night Snake (Hypsiglena torquata ochrorhyncha) Common Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getulus californiae) Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum piceus) Pine Gopher Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus affinis) Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake (Phyllorhynchus decurtatus perkinsi) Long-nosed Snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei lecontei) Western Patch-nosed Snake (Salvadora hexalepis hexalepis) Ground Snake (Sonora semiannulata) Smith’s Black-headed Snake (Tantilla hobartsmithi) Checkered Garter Snake (Thamnophis marcianus marcianus) Western Lyre Snake (Trimorphodon biscutatus lambda) Family Elapidae Sonoran Coral Snake (Micruroides euryxanthus) Family Teiidae Western Whiptail (Aspidoscelis tigris tigris) Family Leptotyphlopidae Western Slender Blind Snake (Leptotyphlops humilis cahuilae) Family Xantusiidae Desert Night Lizard (Xantusia vigilis vigilis) Family Viperidae Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) Sidewinder (C. cerastes laterorepens) Speckled Rattlesnake (C. mitchellii pyrrhus) Black-tailed Rattlesnake (C. molossus molossus) Mojave Rattlesnake (C. scutulatus scutulatus) Family Boidae Rosy Boa (Lichanura trivirgata gracia) Desert tortoise. Christa Weise / USFWS Chuckwalla. Katrina Krebs / USFWS Family Colubridae Glossy Snake (Arizona elegans noctivaga) Banded Sand Snake (Chilomeniscus cinctus) Western Shovel-nosed Snake (Chionactis occipitalis annulata) February 2014

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