Brochure of Chino Hills State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.
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Our Mission Chino Hills State Park The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. Chino Hills State Park is an island of tranquility in a sea of urbanization. California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (951) 780-6222. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact email@example.com. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Chino Hills State Park 4721 Sapphire Road Chino Hills, CA 91709 (951) 780-6222 www.parks.ca.gov/ChinoHillsSP © 2002 California State Parks (Rev. 2018) C hino Hills State Park, a premier natural open-space area in the hills around the Santa Ana Canyon near Riverside, is a critical link in the Puente-Chino Hills biological corridor. This “bio-link” stretches nearly 31 miles from the Santa Ana Mountains to the Whittier Hills. The park has more than 14,000 acres of rolling, grassy hills and valleys, dotted with stands of oaks and sycamores. The park is also a place where people can escape everyday pressures to find peace and solitude in a natural setting. Visitors can camp for a few days or enjoy walking, horseback riding, or bicycling over trails that meander along ridge tops and through valleys, woodlands, sage scrub, and grasslands. More than 90 miles of trails offer excellent opportunities for viewing wildlife and native plants. The park features a visitor center, a campground, picnic areas, and equestrian facilities. PARK HISTORy Over the centuries, many people have made use of the open spaces and plentiful water, plant, and animal resources of the Chino Hills. Before European contact, the Tongva (Gabrielino) Indians, who lived along the Santa Ana River basin, set up temporary camps here for gathering food. After the Spanish founded Mission San Gabriel in 1771, the Chino Hills were used extensively for grazing by mission cattle. During the Mexican Republic era, the hills were used as spillover pasture from such surrounding Mexican ranchos as Santa Ana del Chino and La Sierra Yorba. After Mexico ceded California to the United States in 1848, the land continued to be used for cattle. Private land acquisition here began in the 1870s and continued into the 1890s. Some late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century oil exploration and mining activity also took place in areas now within the park. In 1948 the 1,720-acre Rolling M Ranch was established, and the land was leased to nearby landowners for cattle grazing. A ranch house, historic barn, and several windmills and watering troughs serve as reminders of the cattleranching days. In 1977 the California Legislature passed a resolution directing California State Parks to conduct a study on acquiring Chino Hills land for park purposes. A local citizens group, Hills for Everyone, worked closely with California Windmill at Telegraph Canyon State Parks and the legislature to create the park with an initial acquisition of 2,237 acres. The California State Park and Recreation Commission officially declared the area a unit of the State Park System in 1984. Since then, numerous land acquisitions from various private landowners have expanded the park to its present acreage. WILdLIFE Because of its great variety of habitats and microclimates, Chino Hills State Park is an ideal location for observing many wildlife species Bobcat native to Southern California. More than 200 species of birds and mammals, numerous reptiles and amphibians, and thousands of types Coastal cactus wren of insects and other invertebrates live in the park. Some of these animals — including the least Bell’s vireo, the California gnatcatcher, and the coastal cactus wren — are considered rare, threatened, or endangered. The diversity of native plants and animals found in this region is ranked one of the highest in the United States. GEOLOGy Ranging from 400 to 1,781 feet in elevation, the park straddles the north WHAT IS A BIOLOGICAL CORRIdOR? Development has claimed large tracts of wildlife habitat. Biological corridors link the remaining habitats by acting as passageways between designated open spaces. When small patches of wilderness are cut off from other open-space areas, many of the species present at the time of isolation will inevitably disappear. Biological corridors help to maintain healthy populations of plants and animals by allowing for genetic exchange, species migration, and repopulation after a catastrophe such as fire. end of the Santa Ana Mountains and the southeast portion of the Puente-Chino Hills, which together form the northern end of the The Puente-Chino Hills bio-link offers people a refuge from urban life while connecting the park’s plants and animals to other natural areas. Since Southern California is so heavily urbanized, it is impossible to preserve the huge tracts of land needed to ensure species diversity. However, by providing a major biological link between islands of open space, Chino Hills State Park effectively enlarges habitats. Water Canyon Natural Preserve, Coal Canyon, and the rest of the park are part of a biological corridor that allows wide-ranging species like bobcats or mountain lions to avoid becoming walled off in isolated habitats. Peninsular Ranges in Southern California. This formation interrupts the generally flat Los Angeles Basin with a variety of rolling hills, mountains, and canyons on its south and east sides. The hills are a result of uplift and folding along the Whittier and Chino faults. The Puente-Chino Hills are made up of sedimentary rocks of the Puente Formation, deposited from five to fifteen million years ago. Associated with this formation are petroleum resources that have been explored and exploited in the Los Angeles region since the late 1800s. Fine clay soils are found in these formations and in alluvial deposits that wash down from the hills and mountains during winter rains. VEGETATION Plant communities include various associations of riparian, grassland, sage scrub, woodland, and chaparral. In the park’s riparian zones, willow and sycamore trees stand above understories of wild rose, stinging nettle, and mule fat. Cattails grow along seasonal and year-round creeks. These areas provide habitat for a variety of wildlife, among them red-winged blackbirds and many nesting birds that come from Central and South America each spring to raise their young. Southern California black walnut trees join coast live oaks above creeks on northfacing slopes. These walnut woodlands are another important and rare plant community preserved in the park. Only a few thousand acres of this California habitat still exist, with just over 1,000 acres in preserves. Several hundred acres are protected at Chino Hills State Park. The Tecate cypress is a rare species of conifer found only in a few places in the United States. Tecate cypress trees are found in Coal Canyon, near the larger ecological reserve managed by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Other plant communities found along the hills, slopes, and canyons include coastal sage scrub, mixed chaparral, alluvial sage scrub, and mule fat scrub. Wildlife species depend on these plants to survive. Grassland species native to California, such as purple needle grass and giant rye, can be found among the park’s annual non-native grasses. Part of the park’s restoration program is returning native grassland to its natural dominant state. RECREATION ANd INTERPRETIVE PROGRAmS More than 90 miles of multi-use trails wind through the park. The park is open seven days a week for day use; campsites can be reserved by calling (800) 444-7275. School programs, Junior Ranger programs, and educational talks are offered year round. PLEASE REmEmBER Speed limit—15 mph for all vehicles and bicycles. M Discovery Center The Discovery Center, located at 4500 Carbon Canyon Road in the city of Brea, offers hands-on exhibits about the wildlife, plant life, and other natural resources of the park. Staff and volunteers also conduct nature hikes, talks, programs, and events at the Discovery Center. A meeting room is available to rent for events and meetings. Visit www.parks.ca.gov/ChinoHillsSP for Discovery Center hours, an event calendar, and meeting-room rental information. ACCESSIBLE FEATuRES The Native Plant Trail, the Discovery Center and interpretive trail, and the Rolling M Ranch day-use area are accessible. The campground has accessible campsites and restrooms with showers. Two Bane Canyon vista points have shade ramadas and picnic tables. For ongoing accessibility updates, please visit http://access.parks.ca.gov. Cattail Smoking is prohibited outside of the campgound and throughout the entire park during fire season. Campfires are not permitted due to fire danger. Charcoal grills are not allowed during fire season. Trash—Pack it in; pack it out! Weapons of any kind are prohibited. Trails—For safety’s sake, stay on designated trails and don’t hike alone. Be aware of wildlife, especially rattlesnakes. Collecting— All natural and cultural features are protected by law and may not be disturbed or collected. D Park closure—The park will close following rain of more than one quarter inch and remain closed until road and trail surfaces are no longer saturated. High clay content in the soil causes “greased” conditions when wet. Trail use during this time causes severe erosion and rutting of trail and road surfaces. The park is also closed during times of extreme fire danger. 100 00 10 10 00 0 to Pomona 142 to 1000 00 Chino Hills S tate P ark i C 0 100 3 mi t Cany 00 10 ON a Ca nyon Rd 50 Sa nt a An a l 1500 Campground: Horse Equestrian Staging Area 0 1 mile Trail: Hike (Hike/Bike/Horse) 241 Accessible Feature COAL ANAHEIM Bridge 1500 CANYON P R E S E RV E to Irvine ( D E P T. O F F I S H Picnic Area Ranger Station Restrooms Campfire Center Showers Campground Trailhead Campground: Group AND WILDLIFE) 00 2500 Trail: Hike & Horse Trail: Multi-use Mileage from Rolling M Ranch Parking 20 Canyon Paved Road Unpaved Road 0 Trail: Accessible 20 l 00 CORONA 0 Legend 100 i Tra 10 e id ers n 500 Tra i a il Riv ON N AT U R A L P R E S E RV E ine r Tr NY 0 P i pe l Ri v e yo 1.5 Kilometers 00 C an 50 i Green River Golf Course 500 0 il m 00 1 6 ver Trail l a Tr 500 Tra 0 0 50 An to Riverside 91 e 200 a Ri l Trail w An ver T rail ay N YO N A C H G U O Sa n ta a An a Ri Fr ee P S R v er Sant il a Ri nt a A n 500 Tr a il R id g 10 0.5 1 Mile via F E AT H E R LY R E G I O N A L P A R K WAT E R CANYON 0.5 Ca n 4 mi Coa Day-Use Corral 500 0 Alis o Scully te r augh Sl Telegraph C y n Trl Sa iles 71 il Tra A L C EQUESTRIAN FACILITIES 91 3m 5 mi l 91 0 Brush Canyon Trail i COA An a S a n ta ai r Tr Riv e N H Scully ill 10 50 O 0 RI NG S CANYON il il 4m 500 Sa 91 500 0 Y n yo ST nza Rd nta 55 N Scully Hill Sa to Santa Ana A All u i m 2 Delig Bobca Tr a 00 T YORBA R E G I O N A L PA R K 500 Rd Ave Pomona C A R McDerm Trai l Tr a Ridge S Li t Can t l e yo n Tr a i l Rid 00 10 Sidewinder Ca r Ea s y Stree t Trail T O i LO 90 on ny Ca C il 10 l Powerline Tr a i S 2m San Antonio Rd I i Village Center Dr L 3m 0 1000 A e P R E S E RV E YORBA LINDA ra Espe a An nta 500 1000 R Ri 00 dg 50 round Trail E lly Fairmo ayA Tra i Trail McLean Overlook 0 W k 15 E 500 to Fullerton Euc lid Trail SO 1000 Ca 1000 ME C ANYON NO Tra e d Line ce Fen i Cree Valley View hR East 1m a o rr l l i ra 0 O Trail L IR 100 n i W Trail yo Can N AT U R A L Scu N CANYO i i 2m 2m BLU on 1m Aliso Yorba Linda Blvd D E MU 00 d B lv 10 nt dis Ol d E Trail Tra 0 on see Equestrian Facilities detail map below yo n WAT E R C A N Y O N 150 YON San Juan Hill 1000 d nyon R n Quarterhorse Drive This park is supported in part through a nonprofit organization. For more information, contact: Chino Hills State Park Interpretive Assn. www.chinohillsstatepark.org Can 50 ghter Slau Longw Aliso Ri mc res e Ca te Wa r 1781ft 543m Ban i CAN 3m GE Bo vin ia NE 4m ht Trail 00 Rolling M Ranch 1 mi C H I N O H I L L S S TAT E PA R K Trail 15 i P see Rolling M Ranch and Campground detail map Trail ge Rid South i BA 3 mi ID E R 2m ON aph Canyon Trail Telegr Tra il il Tra Glider Point 1m NY Trail Ranger Rid ge P n 1000 tor Rap Four Corners Ridge CA th ou i O i 4 m Trail n i yo Can ph h gra rap leg Te o Cany Tr ail ge 5 mi Equestrian Parking Area Black Gold Golf Course le Te k ee R Hills for Everyone Trail Trail e t t Dr to La Habra 500 90 ore 6 mi Rid g Cr Trai l 5 mi 1000 Sou th m ca Diemer Trail i Canyon on Sy n 1000 Trail 7 mi 4m i 8 mi 6 mi BREA 1685ft 514m i a 7m Gilman Peak 6m G il m Teleg raph l L C 0 Water Plant i Ridge UE 150 North 9 mi Creek N 3m 1500 O Aliso IS 00 Carbon AN YO i T E AL 10 SOQ 142 4500 Carbon Canyon Rd 8m North 5m P G ER 00 Discovery Center Park Entrance 1500 Trail dge Ri D RI PP 10 Olinda Village Rd r e ek U c S o q u e l C a ny o n C 1000 PRADO R E G I O N A L PA R K a il Tr ail Lila 500 Carbon Canyo n 83 i n Trail Prado Lake nc on BAN bo Tr NEARBy STATE PARKS • California Citrus State Historic Park 9400 Dufferin Avenue, Riverside 92504 (951) 780-6222 • Lake Perris State Recreation Area 17801 Lake Perris Drive, Perris 92571 (951) 940-5600 Ra ny Kiosk 2m La Vida Sleepy Hollow Rd 1000 Tow 00 il r ld rfie tte A R 4721 Sapphire Road 0 3m 100 B O Park Entrance 0 Bu 10 0 CARBON CANYON REGIONAL PA R K yo nP lC an Y N A C N 100 1000 50 r eT O id g N er R l 100 71 So qu e 0 ng 00 kw y CHINO HILLS 100 Ra 10 Elinvar Rd 00 BRUSH CANY 10 to Ontario 10 Chino Hills Viewpoint © 2002 California State Parks (Rev. 2018) 2000 20 CLEVELAND N AT I O N A L FOREST 2500 00