"Headwaters Forest Reserve" by Bureau of Land Management California , mark/1.0

Headwaters

Common Plants

brochure Headwaters  - Common Plants

Common Plants at Headwaters Forest Reserve (FR) in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Trees Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii Over 250 feet, evergreen, coniferous forests. Look for: Cones (pictured), bottle brush sprays of soft needles. Red alder Alnus rubra Up to 75 feet, deciduous, open and damp habitats. Look for: Scalloped leaves, catkins, white gray bark. 2007, Neil Kramer Headwaters Flora History 2007, Neil Kramer Big leaf maple Acer macrophyllum Up to 75 feet, deciduous, open and damp habitats. Look for: Glossy dissected leaves, scaly dark brown bark. Headwaters Forest Reserve is home to approximately 3,000 acres of old-growth redwood forest, a remaining refuge for some of the most rare, majestic forest plants in the world. This ancient forest has grown here for millions of years. Today, it includes towering redwoods over 2,000 years old, and reaching heights over 300 feet. Grand fir Abies grandis 2015, Christopher Christie Up to 200 feet, evergreen, coniferous forests. Look for: Spray of flat needles with notched tips, upper needle surface green. Sitka willow Salix sitchensis Up to 75 feet, deciduous, open and damp habitats. Look for: Soft white velvet on the underside of the leaves. Conifersoftheworld.com Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis Up to 200 feet, evergreen, coniferous forests. Look for: Cones (pictured), short stiff and sharp needles. For Further Information: Bureau of Land Management Arcata Field Office 1695 Heindon Road Arcata, CA 95521 707-825-2300 www.blm.gov/crld 2007,Toni Corelli 2002,Gerald and Buff Corsi Tanoak Notholithocarpus densiflorus Up to 100 feet, evergreen, all forest habitats. Look for: Acorns with cup-like cap, lower surface of leaves wooly. BLM/CA/GI-2016/011+8600 Western hemlock Please recycle after use Tsuga heterophylla Up to 200 feet, evergreen, coniferous forests. Look for: Cones (pictured), soft needles, droopy branches. 2005, Bon Terra Consulting Redwood Sequoia sempervirens Over 300 feet, evergreen, dominant of mature forests. Look for: Soft brown-red bark, flat needles. 2001, Charles Webber Take a stroll along the Elk River Trail through a deciduous riparian forest community featuring red alder, big leaf maple, and Sitka willow. As the trail departs from the rivers’ edge, view tall second and third growth redwood forest reaching for the sky, while dense understory shrubs, ferns and herbs grow in the dappled light below. 2008,Timothy Ives BLM Photo Western red cedar Thuja plicata Up to 200 feet, evergreen, conifours forests. Look for: Small, dime sized cones, flat sprays of leaves. Headwaters Forest Reserve Common Plants Ferns Shrubs and Herbs Deer fern Blechnum spicant Up to 1 foot, evergreen, damp habitats. Look for: Smaller, stiffer fronds, lower to the ground. Evergreen huckleberry Vaccinum ovatum Up to 10 feet, evergreen. Look for: Fingertip sized leaves, dark blue-black berries. 2006, Charles E. Jones Sword fern Polystichum munitum Up to 4 feet, evergreen, common in all habitats. Look for: Larger fronds, most commonly seen fern. 2007, Lynn Watson Red huckleberry Vaccinum parvifolium Up to 10 feet, evergreen, open and forest habitats. Look for: Alternative leaves, red-orange berries. BLM Photo BLM Photo Five fingered fern Adiantum aleuticum Up to 1 foot, evergreen, found on damp banks. Look for: Smaller, drooping fronds, thin leaves. Oso berry Oemleria cerasiformis Up to 20 feet, deciduous, open and forest habitats. Look for: Hanging white flowers in the spring, elliptical leaves. Lady fern 2002, Gerald and Buff Corsi Athyrium filix-femina Up to 8 feet, dies back in the fall, common in all habitats. Look for: Single frond on tall stalks. 2008, Keir Morse Giant horsetail Equisetum telmateia Up to 3 to 5 feet, evergreen, open and damp habitats. Look for: Unique stem and leaf appearance. Blood currant Ribes sanguineum Up to 12 feet, deciduous, open and damp habitats. Look for: Five lobed leaves, hanging pink flowers, bluish black berries in late summer. 2002, Tony Morosco 2005, Bon Terra Consulting Cascara BLM Photo Frangula purshiana Up to 36 feet, deciduous, open and damp habitats. Look for: Long straight stems, black berries, purplish stems. 2007,Louis M.. Landry California blackberry Rubus ursinus Up to 10 feet, evergreen, open and disturbed habitats. Look for: Brambles with many slender and straight prickles on stems, fingertip sized, black 2005, Bon Terra Consulting berries. Himalayan blackberry Rubus armeniacus Up to 10 feet, evergreen. Open and disturbed habitats, invasive and not native. Look for: Robust stems and wide based, curved prickles. Queen Anne’s lace Daucus carota Up to 4 feet, dies back in the fall, open and disturbed habitats. Look for: Large white flower head with wispy leaves, not native. 2009, John Wall BLM Photo Red clintonia BLM Photo Clintonia andrewsiana Up to 2 feet, evergreen, mature forests. Look for: Waxy, rounded leaves, pink to rose purple flowers. BLM Photo Fetid adderstongue Scoliopus bigelovii Up to 3 feet, evergreen, mature forests. Look for: Brown spotted leaves, three parted, brown striped flower. BLM Photo Stinging nettle 1995, Saint Mary’s College of CA Urtica dioica Up to 8 feet, dies back in fall. Open and damp habitats. Look for: Fuzzy, heart-shaped, opposite leaves. Do not touch! Leaves have stinging hairs. Salal Gaultheria shallon Up to 3 feet, evergreen, open to forest habitats. Look for: White, urn shaped flowers, leathery green leaves, purple berries. Wild ginger Asarum caudatum Up to 1/2 foot, evergreen, shady forest habitats. Look for: Heart-shaped leaves, three parted, wine colored flower. Sweet coltsfoot Petasites frigidus var: palmatus Up to 4 feet, damp habitats. Look for: Flowering stalks emerging in the spring and large palmate leaves. BLM Photo Wild cucumber Marah oreganus Climbing vine, open to forest habitats. Look for: Vines climbing in trees, round, green fruit with prickles. BLM Photo BLM Photo

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