Black Diamond Mines

Wildflowers

brochure Black Diamond Mines - Wildflowers
Black Diamond Mines Wildflowers A photographic guide to showy wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Sorted by Flower Color Photographs by Wilde Legard Botanist, East Bay Regional Park District Revision: February 23, 2007 More than 2,000 species of native and naturalized plants grow wild in the San Francisco Bay Area. Most are very difficult to identify without the help of good illustrations. This is designed to be a simple, color photo guide to help you identify some of these plants. The selection of showy wildflowers displayed in this guide is by no means complete. The intent is to expand the quality and quantity of photos over time. The revision date is shown on the cover and on the header of each photo page. A comprehensive plant list for this area (including the many species not found in this publication) can be downloaded at the East Bay Regional Park District’s wild plant download page at: http://www.ebparks.org. This guide is published electronically in Adobe Acrobat® format to accommodate these planned updates. You have permission to freely download and distribute, and print this pdf for individual use. You are not allowed to sell the electronic or printed versions. In this version of the guide, only showy wildflowers are included. These wildflowers are sorted first by flower color, then by plant family (similar flower types), and finally by scientific name within each family. Under each photograph are four lines of information, based on the current standard wild plant reference for California: The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, 1993. Common Name These non-standard names are based on Jepson and other local references. Scientific Name Scientific names revised since 1993 are NOT included in this edition. Origin & Longevity Native or Introduced. Annual, Biennial, Perennial, or a combination. Family Name The common plant family name according to Jepson. For readers that prefer a more comprehensive guide, sorted by scientific name, please download the “wild plants” version of this guide. Readers are encouraged to email any suggestions or corrections to wlegard@ebparks.org. All photographs are © 2006 Wilde Legard, all rights reserved. revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Seaside Heliotrope Heliotropium curassavicum Native Perennial Borage Family Valley Popcorn Flower Plagiobothrys canescens Native Annual Borage Family Nievitas Popcorn Flower Plagiobothrys nothofulvus Native Annual Borage Family California Buckeye Aesculus californica Native Perennial Buckeye Family Buckbrush Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus Native Perennial Buckthorn Family Common Yard Knotweed Polygonum arenastrum Introduced Annual Buckwheat Family Poison Hemlock Conium maculatum Introduced Biennial Carrot Family Shepherd's Needle Scandix pecten-veneris Introduced Annual Carrot Family Page 1 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Page 2 of 24 Hillside Gooseberry Ribes californicum var. californicum Native Perennial Gooseberry Family Canyon Gooseberry Ribes menziesii Native Perennial Gooseberry Family Common / California Manroot Marah fabaceus Native Perennial Gourd Family Mt. Diablo Manzanita Arctostaphylos auriculata Native Perennial Heath Family Common / Giant Manzanita Arctostaphylos manzanita ssp. manzanita Native Perennial Heath Family Blue Elderberry Sambucus mexicana Native Perennial Honeysuckle Family White Fairy Lantern Calochortus albus Native Perennial Lily Family White Butterfly Mariposa Lily Calochortus venustus Native Perennial Lily Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Common Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum Native Perennial Lily Family Common Star Lily Zigadenus fremontii Native Perennial Lily Family Hidden-flower Cheeseweed Malva parviflora Introduced Annual Mallow Family Alkali Mallow Malvella leprosa Native Perennial Mallow Family Common Horehound Marrubium vulgare Introduced Perennial Mint Family Black Sage Salvia mellifera Native Perennial Mint Family Shortstem Morning Glory Calystegia subacaulis ssp. subacaulis Native Perennial Morning-Glory Family Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Introduced Perennial Morning-Glory Family Page 3 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Milkmaids Cardamine californica Native Perennial Mustard Family White Water Cress Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum Native Perennial Mustard Family Hairy Fringepod Thysanocarpus curvipes Native Annual Mustard Family Blue Gum Eucalyptus globulus Introduced Perennial Myrtle Family White Clover Trifolium repens Introduced Perennial Pea Family Pinklobe Linanthus Linanthus androsaceus Native Annual Phlox Family Bicolor Linanthus Linanthus bicolor Native Annual Phlox Family Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastium glomeratum Introduced Annual Pink Family Page 4 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Windmill Pink Silene gallica Introduced Annual Pink Family Stickwort Spergula arvensis ssp. arvensis Introduced Annual Pink Family Common Chickweed Stellaria media Introduced Annual Pink Family California Dwarf Plantain Plantago erecta Native Annual Plantain Family English Plantain Plantago lanceolata Introduced Annual Plantain Family Cream Cups Platystemon californicus Native Annual Poppy Family Common Miner's Lettuce Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata Native Annual Purslane Family Creambush / Ocean Spray Holodiscus discolor Native Perennial Rose Family Page 5 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Native California Blackberry Rubus ursinus Native Perennial Rose Family Small-flower Alumroot Heuchera micrantha Native Perennial Saxifrage Family Woodland Star Lithophragma affine Native Perennial Saxifrage Family California Saxifrage Saxifraga californica Native Perennial Saxifrage Family Valley Tassels Castilleja attenuata Native Annual Snapdragon Family Yarrow Achillea millefolium Native Perennial Sunflower Family Blow Wives Achyrachaena mollis Native Annual Sunflower Family Mayweed Anthemis cotula Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Page 6 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve White Page 7 of 24 Douglas/Salt Marsh Baccharis Baccharis douglasii Native Perennial Sunflower Family Mulefat Baccharis salicifolia Native Perennial Sunflower Family California Everlasting Gnaphalium californicum Native Biennial Sunflower Family Hayfield Tarweed Hemizonia congesta ssp. luzulaefolia Native Perennial Sunflower Family Slender Cottonweed Micropus californicus var. californicus Native Annual Sunflower Family Longhorn Plectritis Plectritis macrocera Native Annual Valerian Family Yerba Santa Eriodictyon californicum Native Perennial Waterleaf Family Variable-leaf Nemophila Nemophila heterophylla Native Annual Waterleaf Family revision 2/23/2007 Wild Heliotrope Phacelia Phacelia distans Native Annual Waterleaf Family Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Rock Phacelia Phacelia imbricata ssp. imbricata Native Perennial Waterleaf Family White Fiesta Flower Pholistoma membranaceum Native Annual Waterleaf Family White Page 8 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Yellow Common Fiddleneck Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia Native Annual Borage Family California Buttercup Ranunculus californicus Native Perennial Buttercup Family Prickleseed Buttercup Ranunculus muricatus Introduced Annual Buttercup Family Sweet Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Introduced Perennial Carrot Family Pacific Woodland Sanicle Sanicula crassicaulis Native Perennial Carrot Family Mt. Diablo Fairy Lantern Calochortus pulchellus Native Perennial Lily Family Erect-pod Winter Cress Barbarea orthoceras Native Perennial Mustard Family Black Mustard Brassica nigra Introduced Annual Mustard Family Page 9 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Yellow Yellow Field Mustard Brassica rapa Introduced Annual Mustard Family Yellow Charlock Sinapis arvensis Introduced Annual Mustard Family Tree Tobacco Nicotiana glauca Introduced Perennial Nightshade Family Bird's-foot Deerweed Lotus corniculatus Introduced Perennial Pea Family Deerweed Lotus scoparius var. scoparius Native Perennial Pea Family California Lotus Lotus wrangelianus Native Annual Pea Family Gully Lupine Lupinus microcarpus var. densiflorus Native Annual Pea Family California Bur Clover Medicago polymorpha Introduced Annual Pea Family Page 10 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Yellow Page 11 of 24 Sour Clover Melilotus indica Introduced Annual-Biennial Pea Family Shamrock Clover Trifolium dubium Introduced Annual Pea Family Bush Poppy Dendromecon rigida Native Perennial Poppy Family Birch-leaf Mt. Mahogany Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides Native Perennial Rose Family Bush Monkey Flower Mimulus aurantiacus Native Perennial Snapdragon Family Golden Monkey Flower Mimulus guttatus Native Perennial Snapdragon Family Yellow Johnny-tuck Triphysaria eriantha ssp. eriantha Native Annual Snapdragon Family Large-flower Native Dandelion Agoseris grandiflora Native Perennial Sunflower Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Yellow Page 12 of 24 Glue-seed Blennosperma nanum var. nanum Native Annual Sunflower Family Tocalote Centaurea melitensis Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Yellow Star Thistle Centaurea solstitialis Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Pineapple Weed Chamomilla suaveolens Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Brass Buttons Cotula coronopifolia Introduced Perennial Sunflower Family Interior Golden Bush Ericameria linearifolia Native Perennial Sunflower Family Golden Yarrow Eriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorum Native Perennial Sunflower Family Mt. Diablo Helianthella Helianthella castanea Native Perennial Sunflower Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Yellow Page 13 of 24 Smooth Cat's-ear Hypochaeris glabra Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Rough Cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Introduced Perennial Sunflower Family Goldfields Lasthenia californica Native Annual Sunflower Family Common Tidytips Layia platyglossa Native Annual Sunflower Family Cupped Monolopia Monolopia major Native Annual Sunflower Family Bristly Ox-tongue Picris echioides Introduced Annual-Biennial Sunflower Family Common Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Prickly Sow Thistle Sonchus asper ssp. asper Introduced Annual Sunflower Family revision 2/23/2007 Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Introduced Biennial-Perennial Sunflower Family Gray Mule's Ear Wyethia helenioides Native Perennial Sunflower Family Yellow Page 14 of 24 Johnny-Jump-Up / Wild Pansy Viola pedunculata Native Perennial Violet Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Pink/Purple Page 15 of 24 Coast Larkspur Delphinium decorum ssp. decorum Native Perennial Buttercup Family Rattlesnake Weed Daucus pusillus Native Annual Carrot Family Purple Sanicle Sanicula bipinnatifida Native Perennial Carrot Family Elegant Clarkia Clarkia unguiculata Native Annual Evening Primrose Family Panicled / Weedy Willowherb Epilobium brachycarpum Native Annual Evening Primrose Family Alkali Heath Frankenia salina Native Perennial Frankenia Family Long-beaked Filaree Erodium botrys Introduced Annual Geranium Family Red-stem Filaree Erodium cicutarium Introduced Annual Geranium Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Pink/Purple Page 16 of 24 White-stem Filaree Erodium moschatum Introduced Annual Geranium Family Purpletip Cut-leaf Geranium Geranium dissectum Introduced Annual Geranium Family Hairy Dove's Foot Geranium Geranium molle Introduced Annual Geranium Family Chaparral Currant Ribes malvaceum var. malvaceum Native Perennial Gooseberry Family Pink / Serrated Onion Allium serra Native Perennial Lily Family Ithuriel's Spear Triteleia laxa Native Perennial Lily Family Blue Field Madder Sherardia arvensis Introduced Annual Madder Family California Milkweed Asclepias californica Native Perennial Milkweed Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Pink/Purple Page 17 of 24 Whorled/Narrow-leaf Milkweed Asclepias fascicularis Native Perennial Milkweed Family Common Coyotemint Monardella villosa ssp. villosa Native Perennial Mint Family Common Rigid Hedge Nettle Stachys ajugoides var. rigida Native Perennial Mint Family Vinegar Weed Trichostema lanceolatum Native Annual Mint Family Wild Radish Raphanus sativus Introduced Annual Mustard Family Pale Purple Pacific Pea Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus Native Perennial Pea Family Spanish Clover Lotus purshianus var. purshianus Native Annual Pea Family Blue Bush / Silver Lupine Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons Native Perennial Pea Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Pink/Purple Tree Clover Trifolium ciliolatum Native Annual Pea Family Rose Clover Trifolium hirtum Introduced Annual Pea Family Small-head Clover Trifolium microcephalum Native Annual Pea Family Tomcat Clover Trifolium willdenovii Native Annual Pea Family Spring Vetch Vicia sativa ssp. sativa Introduced Annual Pea Family Ruby Sand Spurry Spergularia rubra Introduced Annual-Perennial Pink Family Mosquitobills Shooting Star Dodecatheon hendersonii Native Perennial Primrose Family Magenta Red Maids Calandrinia ciliata Native Annual Purslane Family Page 18 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Pink/Purple Page 19 of 24 Common Pale Claytonia Claytonia exigua ssp. exigua Native Annual Purslane Family California Wild Rose Rosa californica Native Perennial Rose Family Bellardia Bellardia trixago Introduced Annual Snapdragon Family Purple Owl's Clover Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta Native Annual Snapdragon Family Chinese Houses Collinsia heterophylla Native Annual Snapdragon Family Italian Thistle Carduus pycnocephalus Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Purple Star Thistle Centaurea calcitrapa Introduced Annual-Biennial Sunflower Family Bull Thistle Cirsium vulgare Introduced Biennial Sunflower Family revision 2/23/2007 Cardoon / Artichoke Thistle Cynara cardunculus Introduced Perennial Sunflower Family Lemon Verbena Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora Native Perennial Vervain Family Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Weedy Cudweed Gnaphalium luteo-album Introduced Annual Sunflower Family Milk Thistle Silybum marianum Introduced Annual-Biennial Sunflower Family Pink/Purple Page 20 of 24 Purple Salsify Tragopogon porrifolius Introduced Biennial-Perennial Sunflower Family revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Blue Page 21 of 24 Large Hound's Tongue Cynoglossum grande Native Perennial Borage Family Royal Larkspur Delphinium variegatum ssp. variegatum Native Perennial Buttercup Family Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium bellum Native Perennial Iris Family Blue Dicks Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum Native Perennial Lily Family Ookow Dichelostemma congestum Native Perennial Lily Family Blue Witch Solanum umbelliferum Native Perennial Nightshade Family Miniature Dove Lupine Lupinus bicolor Native Annual Pea Family Arroyo Lupine Lupinus succulentus Native Annual Pea Family revision 2/23/2007 Brewer Phacelia Phacelia breweri Native Perennial Waterleaf Family Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Blue Page 22 of 24 revision 2/23/2007 Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Red/Orange Page 23 of 24 Largeflower Fiddleneck Amsinckia grandiflora Native Annual Borage Family Red / Crimson Columbine Aquilegia formosa Native Perennial Buttercup Family California Poppy Eschscholzia californica Native Perennial Poppy Family Wind Poppy Stylomecon heterophylla Native Annual Poppy Family Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Introduced Annual Primrose Family Common Indian Paintbrush Castilleja affinis ssp. affinis Native Perennial Snapdragon Family Woolly Paintbrush Castilleja foliolosa Native Perennial Snapdragon Family Venus / Cobweb Thistle Cirsium occidentale var. venustum Native Biennial Sunflower Family revision 2/23/2007 Checker Lily Fritillaria affinis var. affinis Native Perennial Lily Family Wildflowers of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve Green/Brown Page 24 of 24

also available

National Parks
USFS NW