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Jedediah Smith Redwoods

Brochure

brochure Jedediah Smith Redwoods - Brochure
Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. Remaining coast redwood forests grow naturally only in a narrow strip along the Pacific coastline from central California into California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (707) 465-7335. This publication can be made available in alternate formats. Contact interp@parks.ca.gov or call (916) 654-2249. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Discover the many states of California.™ SaveTheRedwoods.org/csp Redwood National and State Parks Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park 1440 Highway 199 Crescent City, CA 95531 (707) 465-7335 or 458-3496 (Information) Cover Photo by Stephen Corley. © Save The Redwoods League. © 2003 California State Parks (Rev. 2014) southern Oregon. Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park protects 10,000 acres of these first-growth, primeval treasures. Park, named for an American explorer of extraordinary courage, is a feast for the eye. The park protects 10,000 acres of primeval redwood groves, a lush undergrowth of rhododendrons and azaleas, and banks of ferns against giant fallen trees. Here at the confluence of the Smith River and Mill Creek, summer temperatures range from 45 to 85 degrees, in contrast to the cool, fog-bound coast. Winter can bring 100 inches of rain and temperatures between 30 and 65 degrees; snow is rare. PARK HISTORY Before European contact, the lives of the Tolowa people, along with their neighbors the Yurok, Hupa, Karuk and Chilula, were secure and well-ordered. New settlers depleted natural resources, causing radical environmental changes and cultural conflict. European diseases to which the Tolowa had no immunity decreased their numbers, and many were sent to the reservation at what is now the Smith River. Part of the site of Camp Lincoln, built in 1862 as a buffer between the native people and the settlers, is located in the park. Tolowa descendants are still present in northern California, and many continue to practice their traditions. Who was Jedediah Smith? Jedediah Strong Smith was the first nonnative known to have traveled overland from the Mississippi River, across the Sierra Photo courtesy of jeffbright.com J edediah Smith Redwoods State The scenic Smith River Nevada to the Pacific coast. In 1821, at age 22, he came west and joined the fur-trapping party of General William Ashley. By late 1826, Smith and two partners had bought out General Ashley. Smith led his trappers across southern Utah, Nevada, Arizona, the Mojave Desert and Cajon Pass to Mission San Gabriel, where they rested for two months. When Mexican Governor José María Echeandía ordered them to leave, Smith headed north into the San Joaquin Valley. In May 1827 Smith went to Utah to recruit more trappers, but as they re-crossed the Colorado River, the formerly friendly Mojave Indians attacked, killing ten men. When Smith and his surviving men reached Mission San José, Smith was arrested and sent to Governor Echeandía in Monterey. Again ordered out of the province, the party went north through the redwoods, reaching what is now called the Smith River in June 1828. Two years later Smith and his partners sold their business and returned to St. Louis. But in 1831, Smith felt the lure of the Santa Fe Trail. While seeking water during his last wagon train west, he was killed in a Comanche ambush along the Cimarron River. Jedediah Smith’s wish was to be “the first to view a country on which the eyes of a white man had never gazed and to follow the course of rivers that run through a new land.” His reports on the geology and geography of the western territories appeared in newspapers of the day, and proved that the Sierra Nevada could be safely crossed to reach California. In a remarkably few years, his travels, observations and notes filled in many blank spaces on the country’s map. Coast Redwood Country California’s coast redwoods follow the fog and thrive in continuous belts at elevations below 2,000 feet, where heavy winter rains and moderate year-round temperatures occur. Trees can grow to 350 feet or more, with a base diameter of about 20 feet. Their root systems are broad and shallow, from only a few inches to six feet underground. The oldest coast redwoods are about 2,000 years old and show no signs of dying out. They resist insects, fire and rot to a remarkable degree, and their vigor in sprouting back when cut or badly burned is an important factor in their longevity. Plant Communities Feathery ferns, redwood sorrel, salal, trillium, Douglas iris and tiger lily grow in splendor beneath redwoods. Salmonberry, thimbleberry and huckleberry provide wildlife forage, and acres of rhododendrons and azaleas bloom from April to June. The Spotted owl area’s warm climate encourages many other tree species  —  including western hemlock, Douglas-fir, big-leaf maple, red alder, California laurel, tan oak, madrone and Port Orford cedar  —  to share the redwood habitat. Wildlife Deer, gray and Douglas squirrels, raccoons and redwood chipmunks are common among park mammals, and bears and mountain lions are sometimes seen. A rare treat is the sight of an otter playing in the river or a beaver working in a deep pool. The noisy Steller’s jay steals food from picnic tables. Other local birds include American dippers, varied thrushes and several species of woodpecker, with an occasional ruffed grouse, belted kingfisher, osprey, spotted owl or marbled murrelet. Saving the Redwoods California’s redwood parks are monuments to those whose vision preserved their beauty. In 1900 concerned citizens helped to save the coast redwood groves of Big Basin near Santa Cruz, and in 1918 the Save the Redwoods League was formed. The names of several memorial groves at Jedediah Smith reflect the generosity of lumbermen who donated them or preserved them until the League could purchase them. When the park was established in 1929, the Frank D. Stout Memorial Grove became its first dedicated grove. The 5,000-acre National Tribute Grove, dedicated to those who fought during World War II, was purchased with League funds. In May 1994, Jedediah Smith, Del Norte Coast and Prairie Creek Redwoods State Parks joined with Redwood National Park in a cooperative management effort. Their combined 105,516 acres  —  representing 36 percent of California’s old-growth redwood forest  —  were designated Redwood National and State Parks. Recreational Activities A picnic area near the Smith River offers tables and stoves. The swimming beach is popular, but the river can be treacherous; there is no lifeguard service. Popular redwood hiking trails are the Stout Grove Trail loop, the Simpson Reed Grove Trail, and the Boy Scout Tree Trail. Fishing—Depending on weather, fishing is best from October to February. Large salmon and steelhead have been caught during seasonal runs. Summertime brings cutthroat trout fishing. Anglers 16 and over must carry a valid California fishing license. For current fishing information, visit the Department of Fish and Wildlife website at www.dfg.ca.gov. Camping—Each of 89 sites has a table, fire ring and cupboard, with restrooms nearby. Some sites can accommodate trailers or motorhomes up to 36 feet (no hookups). Reservations are recommended between Memorial Day and Labor Day. For reservations, call (800) 4447275 or visit www.parks.ca.gov. Hike and bike campsites may not be reserved. Interpretive Activities—Summer interpretive programs include guided walks, hikes and evening campfires on nature and historical subjects. Check the park bulletin board for a schedule of activities. Accessible Features Some restrooms and campsites, the campfire center and the picnic areas are accessible, as are paths from the parking lot to the campfire and visitor centers. The center has large-print exhibit panels and offers assistance in the sales area. Visit http://access.parks.ca.gov for accessibility updates. Nearby State Parks • Tolowa Dunes State Park, five miles north of Crescent City on Old Mill Road • Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park Seven miles south of Crescent City on Hwy. 101. For parks information: Crescent City Information Center, 1111-2nd St., Crescent City 95531 (707) 465-7335 Please Remember • Stay on established trails to avoid compacting the soil near tree roots. • All natural and cultural park features are protected by law and may not be disturbed. • Purchase firewood at the park to avoid spreading tree diseases. • Do not feed wildlife; secure all food items. • Dogs must be on a leash no more than six feet long and must be confined to a tent or vehicle at night. Except for service animals, pets are not allowed on trails. Kl am Klamath NF Private (inholding) Sa l 0 400 Le 199 ar l il ra Creek ll 0 60 ed u id l f -g Paved Road Unpaved Road 800 400 Mi d Hio u 400 Rd E lk V al l e y 200 il il Accessible Feature H il l R d 0 Boat Launch N ic k er 20 200 0 0 0 to Little Bald Hills Primitive Camp Multi-Use Trail a Tr so Rellim Ridge Trail Campfire Center Ra Campground n Humboldt Rd 40 40 60 H ow la n d H i l l R Accessible Trail land 0 Hiking Trail Tr e e H ow 0 ut 20 r 0 co 0 40 400 iv e 80 yS 20 P Stout Memorial Grove th R South Fork Rd Craig’s Creek Trail 199 Tr a 0 600 Bo Smi P Legend 200 400 (707) 464-9150 www.redwoodparksassociation.org to Eureka 200 Hil l s 400 60 600 Trl 400 ald Little B T al Redwood National and State Parks Visitor Center (Winter) Summer Footbridge STAT E PA RK This park receives support in part through the nonprofit Redwood Parks Association 1111 Second Street Crescent City, CA 95531 P Wellman Trail 400 JEDEDIAH SMITH 2 B o 00 tan ic Jedediah Smith Campground 200 to Crescent Beach Environmental Center il see detail map Fern Falls Howland Hill Rd i Tra ek r ch to Grants Pass, Oregon Cre 200 REDWOODS to Crescent City M yrtl e 0 60 w Society Hole 400 rk Jedediah Smith Campground Visitor Center Hatton Trail Hatton Loop Trail d Pa ay 197 Simpson Reed Grove Trail P R to Eureka D l Trai Rd Templeman Grove Cr os s 101 nk d Peterson Memorial Trail 400 Peacock Bar 20 to Lake Earl 1.5 Km Ba e rR 199 d rt h L oo p id e No r Ellsworth Loop Trail ll ey 1.0 ak O ve i lk Wa eE d Peacock R e Ri v S m it h 400 Camp Lincoln Elk Va 0.5 0 La k 0 gu 1 Mile 20 . Kings Valley Rd 101 0.5 lf- Ri ver Be ach nR Harry A. Merlo SRA Redwood Weitchpec NP to Brookings, Oregon 0 mo Somes Bar Orleans er Humboldt Lagoons SP Patrick’s Point SP to Eureka Se 96 R iv 101 Orick a th O CE A N Prairie Creek Redwoods SP 0 i ff e r FI C Klamath 40 200 I PAC Requa 800 m Se Jedediah Smith Redwoods SP Del Norte Coast Redwoods SP Dr State Park Happy Camp Ta n Dr Crescent City 500 ft 0 iver Gasquet 0 Smith R 199 200 Tolowa Dunes SB Point St George Jedediah Smith Redwoods 0 Six Rivers NF Smith River 0 40 Pelican SB 20 OREGON Brookings M i ll C nc hT r ail reek Horse Trail REDWOOD N AT I O N A L P A R K Group Campground Hike/Bike Campground Locked Gate Nature Trail Parking Picnic Area Ranger Station Restrooms RV Sanitation Center Showers Trailhead © 2010 California State Parks (Rev. 2014) Map by Eureka Cartography, Berkeley, CA

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