Bidwell Mansion

State Historic Park - California

Bidwell Mansion, located at 525 Esplanade in Chico, California, was the home of General John Bidwell and Annie Bidwell from late 1868 until 1900, when Gen. Bidwell died. Annie continued to live there until her death in 1918. John Bidwell began construction of the mansion on his 26,000 acres (110 km²) Rancho del Arroyo Chico in 1865, during his courtship of Annie Ellicott Kennedy. After their marriage in 1868, the three story, 26 room Victorian house became the social and cultural center of the upper Sacramento Valley. Now a museum and State Historic Park, it is California Historical Landmark #329 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

maps

Overview Map of the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex (NWR) in California. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).Sacramento NWR Complex - Overview Map

Overview Map of the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex (NWR) in California. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Map of the Fremont section of Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge (NRW) in California. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFW).Sacramento NWR Complex - Birding Hotspots of the Northern Sacramento Valley

Map of the Fremont section of Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge (NRW) in California. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFW).

Recreation Map of Forks of Butte Creek Recreation Area (RA) in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).Forks of Butte Creek - Recreation Map

Recreation Map of Forks of Butte Creek Recreation Area (RA) in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Boundary Map of the Mother Lode BLM Field Office in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).Mother Lode - Boundary Map

Boundary Map of the Mother Lode BLM Field Office in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

brochures

Brochure of Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park (SHP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.Bidwell Mansion - Brochure

Brochure of Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park (SHP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.

https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=460 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bidwell_Mansion_State_Historic_Park Bidwell Mansion, located at 525 Esplanade in Chico, California, was the home of General John Bidwell and Annie Bidwell from late 1868 until 1900, when Gen. Bidwell died. Annie continued to live there until her death in 1918. John Bidwell began construction of the mansion on his 26,000 acres (110 km²) Rancho del Arroyo Chico in 1865, during his courtship of Annie Ellicott Kennedy. After their marriage in 1868, the three story, 26 room Victorian house became the social and cultural center of the upper Sacramento Valley. Now a museum and State Historic Park, it is California Historical Landmark #329 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. The stately Bidwell Mansion embodies a great love story—of a man for his land and for his wife, and of the couple’s mutual love for their new California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (530) 895-6144. This publication is available in alternate formats by contacting: state—California. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P. O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Discover the many states of California.TM Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park 525 Esplanade Chico, CA 95926 (530) 895-6144 © 2009 California State Parks Printed on Recycled Paper Courtesy of California History Room, California State Library Sacramento, California W alk into Chico’s Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park to relive a part of California’s rich early history. The mansion was headquarters for John Bidwell. In 1841 at age 22, he became one of the first pioneers to cross the Sierra Nevada to California. John Bidwell Bidwell became deeply Courtesy of California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California involved in the development of his adopted state, its agriculture and the city of Chico. The Chico home that Bidwell shared with his wife Annie became the center of the town’s social and political life from 1868 to 1918. In this beautiful home, the Bidwells entertained guests including President and Mrs. Rutherford B. Hayes, Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman and naturalist John Muir. PARK HISTORY Native People The Mechoopda, who spoke the Konkow language, lived on Konkow Maidu Little Butte Creek, (Mechoopda) baskets about 3½ miles from what is now downtown Chico. The land was abundant with plants and animals that allowed the Mechoopda to nourish their body and spirit. Their skills at basketry enabled the native people to collect, transport, store and cook their food. With the discovery of gold and the influx of miners and settlers, the lives of the native people changed forever. An enduring relationship was established when John Bidwell was befriended by the Mechoopda after he purchased the Mexican land grant of Annie Bidwell Rancho del Arroyo Chico. Most Mechoopda, as well as residents from other villages, moved to Bidwell’s ranch, where they worked. Today the Mechoopda people are a vibrant community and stewards of their ancestral land. Rancho del Arroyo Chico By the 1850s, Bidwell had purchased more than 30,000 acres. He then built a general store, a hotel, post office and flour mill. About his land, Bidwell wrote: “The broad plain, richly carpeted with lush green grass and tall clover, was studded with magnificent groves of stately oaks. The soil was deep and fertile . . . Wildflowers there were in reckless profusion. In the distance, toward the rising sun, were seen the snow capped Sierras.” In 1860, Bidwell helped lay out the town of Chico, which he named. Three years later, Governor Leland Stanford made him a brigadier general in the California State Militia. A Proud Californian During his early days in California, Bidwell served as business manager for another well-known California pioneer—John Sutter. Bidwell personally carried the first gold sample discovered in California to be assayed in San Francisco. In the summer of 1848, Bidwell made his own gold discovery near the Middle Fork of the Feather River. Acting as both miner and merchant, Bidwell used the Gold Rush to build his financial resources. He used this money to further his new state in the agricultural Memorial portrait of John Bidwell and public service arenas. by Alice Reading, 1903 A Great Statesman From 1865 to 1866, Bidwell served California as its representative in the United States Congress. In the House of Representatives, he was a member of the House Agricultural Committee and introduced legislation that led to the completion of the California and Oregon Railroad. By 1870, the railroad’s tracks ran through his rancho and the town of Chico. A Loving Partnership While in Washington, D.C., Bidwell met Annie Ellicott Kennedy, the oldest daughter of his friend Joseph C.G. Kennedy, Superintendent of the U.S. Census. Miss Kennedy was 20 years Bidwell’s junior, but the two were like-minded on many issues. Neither John Bidwell nor Annie—as revealed through their extensive correspondence with one another—had ever envisioned themselves married, but each capitulated when love overcame them. “Why is it that only one of all women I have ever seen fills the measure of all my earthly yearnings

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