Crystal Cove

State Park - California

Crystal Cove State Park encompasses 3.2 miles (5.1 km) of Pacific coastline, inland chaparral canyons, and the Crystal Cove Historic District of beach houses. The park is located in Newport Beach. Crystal Cove is a stretch of coastal cliffs and a beachfront cove situated between the Pacific Coast Highway and the Pacific Ocean just north of Laguna Beach. The entire park hosts a total of 3 miles of beaches and tide pools, a 1,400 acre marine Conservation Area as well as underwater park, 400 acres of bluffs, and 2,400 acres of canyons.
https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=644 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_Cove_State_Park Crystal Cove State Park encompasses 3.2 miles (5.1 km) of Pacific coastline, inland chaparral canyons, and the Crystal Cove Historic District of beach houses. The park is located in Newport Beach. Crystal Cove is a stretch of coastal cliffs and a beachfront cove situated between the Pacific Coast Highway and the Pacific Ocean just north of Laguna Beach. The entire park hosts a total of 3 miles of beaches and tide pools, a 1,400 acre marine Conservation Area as well as underwater park, 400 acres of bluffs, and 2,400 acres of canyons.
Our Mission Crystal Cove State Park The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. The ocean and shoreline, visible from nearly all points along Pacific Coast Highway, dominate the coastal portion of the California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (949) 494-3539. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Discover the many states of California.™ Crystal Cove State Park 8471 N. Coast Highway Laguna Beach, CA 92651 (949) 494-3539 www.parks.ca.gov/crystalcove © 2004 California State Parks (Rev. 2014) park. From the high ridges above Moro Canyon, visitors enjoy an expansive view of the ocean, the interior valleys and the mountain ranges beyond. rystal Cove State Park’s rolling surf, wide sandy beaches, tide pools, gently sloping hills, and deeply wooded canyons and ridges provide a delightful contrast to its urban surroundings. Located off busy Pacific Coast Highway between Corona del Mar and Laguna Beach, Crystal Cove is one of Orange County’s largest remaining examples of open space and natural seashore. The park’s Mediterranean climate is characterized by moist, foggy summer mornings, with the fog burning off by midmorning to bring warm, sunny days and cool evenings. Park History Native People For over nine thousand years, the native people established villages in Moro Canyon near two natural springs. Their food sources included waterfowl, fish from the kelp beds and surf zones, and a variety of plants and animals. The prehistoric people developed a number of specialized crafts and tools including nets, fishhooks, basketry, stone implements, ritual objects and tule canoes. With the arrival of Spanish missionaries, the native people were drawn into the mission system. At Mission San Gabriel and Mission San Juan Capistrano, their way of life changed with the introduction of new religious and agricultural practices. Rancho San Joaquin After José Andrés Sepulveda acquired land from the Mexican government in 1836, Mission San Juan Capistrano’s grazing area became known as “Rancho San Joaquin.” With the assistance of a Native American workforce, Sepulveda used Moro Canyon’s seasonal pastures for cattle grazing. After 1850, a run of bad luck —  along with land title complications — pushed Sepulveda into debt. He sold Rancho San Joaquin in 1864. The Irvine Ranch Company San Francisco financier James Irvine and three northern California ranchers purchased the rancho and stocked it with thousands of sheep. In 1876 Irvine bought out his partners when ranching failed due to droughts, wool infestations, and competitive markets. After Irvine’s death in 1886, sheep ranching continued as other ranching activities developed. James Irvine II inherited the ranch from his father and diversified the agricultural business by leasing land to tenant farmers. He incorporated his land holdings and created “The Irvine Company” on June 4, 1894. Japanese Farmers Beginning in 1927, Japanese farmers leased land from The Irvine Company and built homes, barns, and a community center known as “Laguna Beach Language School” (a building now preserved within the Historic District). Planting hundreds of acres of crops, the farmers sold produce from roadside stands and to Los Angeles markets. Life changed dramatically during World War II when the Japanese community was sent to an internment camp in Poston, Arizona. As a result, they forever lost their farms and homes along the Crystal Cove hills. Laura Davick Collection courtesy of Phyllis Parker Lowe C Just as in the 1940s, today’s Crystal Cove has something for everyone. Although the Japanese farmers did not return to the area, agriculture and ranching practices continued into the 1970s. Over the years, The Irvine Company leased their land for farming, equestrian use and cattle grazing. During the early days of park ownership, these activities ended in order to enhance natural preservation and public recreation. Crystal Cove The Irvine Company also leased the coastal area to filmmakers and vacationers. Palm-thatched structures emerged at Crystal Cove, serving as both tropical movie backdrops and beach cottage rentals. Beginning in the 1920s, people traveled the new Pacific Coast Highway to visit the beach. The Cove soon became a popular destination to pitch tents or rent cottages. By the late 1930s, The Irvine Company limited the development of the area to the current 46 cottages. In time, longterm leases were mad
Nuestra Misión Parque Estatal Crystal Cove La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. El mar y la línea costera, visibles desde casi todos los ángulos a lo largo de la Ruta estatal de la costa del Pacífico, dominan la porción costera del parque. Desde las altas crestas sobre el Cañón del California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (949) 494-3539. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov Crystal Cove State Park 8471 N. Coast Highway Laguna Beach, CA 92651 (949) 494-3539 www.parks.ca.gov/crystalcove © 2004 California State Parks (Rev. 2014) Moro, los visitantes disfrutan un panorama amplio del mar, el interior de los valles y de las cadenas montañosas más alejadas. n el Parque Estatal Crystal Cove, las olas onduladas, las amplias playas arenosas, las pozas de marea, las colinas suavemente inclinadas, los cañones muy boscosos y las crestas brindan un delicioso contraste con sus alrededores urbanos. Ubicado a lo largo de la Ruta Estatal 1 en la sección conocida como Pacific Coast Highway, entre Corona del Mar y Laguna Beach, Crystal Cove es uno de los más grandes ejemplos que quedan de espacios abiertos y costas naturales en el Condado de Orange. El clima mediterráneo del parque se caracteriza por su humedad y sus mañanas estivales con neblina que se disipa a media mañana para dar paso a días cálidos y soleados y tardes frescas. introducción de nuevas prácticas agrícolas y religiosas. HISTORIA DEL PARQUE Los indígenas Por casi nueve mil años, los pueblos nativos se establecieron en villas en el Cañón del Moro cerca de dos manantiales naturales. Sus fuentes de alimento incluían aves acuáticas, los pescados provenientes de lechos de algas marinas y de la zona de la rompiente y una gran variedad de plantas y animales. Los pueblos prehistóricos desarrollaron diversas artesanías especializadas y herramientas como por ejemplo anzuelos, cestos, instrumentos de piedra, objetos ritualistas y canoas de tule. Con la llegada de los misioneros españoles, los pueblos nativos fueron insertados en el sistema de la misión. En la misión San Gabriel y San Juan Capistrano su estilo de vida se modificó con la La compañía Irvine-Ranch El financista de San Francisco James Irvine y tres rancheros del norte de California compraron el rancho y lo abastecieron con miles de cabezas de ganado ovino. En 1876, Irvine les compró a sus socios las partes que les correspondían cuando la ganadería no funcionaban bien debido a las sequías, las plagas de la lana y los mercados competitivos. Luego de la muerte de Irvine en 1886, la ganadería ovina continuó a medida que otras actividades de ganadería se desarrollaban. James Irvine II heredó el rancho de su padre y diversificó el negocio agrícola mediante el arrendamiento de tierras a granjeros. Incorporó sus propiedades y el 4 de junio de 1894 creó la “Compañía Irvine.” Rancho San Joaquín En 1836, luego de que José Andrés Sepúlveda adquiriera tierras del gobierno mexicano, el área de pastoreo de la misión San Juan Capistrano se hizo conocida con el nombre de “Rancho San Joaquín.” Con la ayuda de la mano de obra de los pueblos nativos de los Estados Unidos, Sepúlveda utilizó las pasturas estacionales del Cañón del Moro para el pastoreo del ganado. Luego de 1850, un período de mala suerte junto con complicaciones relacionadas con los títulos de las tierras llevaron a Sepúlveda a contraer muchas deudas. En 1864, vendió el Rancho San Joaquín. Colección de Laura Davick Collection, cortesía de Phyllis Parker Lowe E Exactamente como en la década de 1940, el Crystal Cove de hoy tiene algo para ofrecerle a cada uno. Granjeros japoneses En los comienzos de 1927, los granjeros japoneses arrendaron tierras de la Compañía Irvine y construyeron casas, graneros y el centro comunal conocido como “Escuela de Lenguas Laguna Beach” (un edificio preservado dentro del distrito histórico). Mediante el sembrado de cientos de acres de cultivos, los granjeros vendían la producción desde puestos en las rutas y hasta los mercados de Los Ángeles. La vida cambió de manera drástica durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial cuando la comunidad japonesa fue enviada a un campo de internamiento en Poston, Arizona. Como consecuencia de ello, perdieron sus granjas y hogares de las colinas de Crystal Cove para siempre. A pesar de que los granjeros j
Crystal Cove State Park Moro Campground & Moro Canyon Day Use 8471 N. Coast Highway, Laguna Beach, CA 92651 (949) 494-3539 • www.crystalcovestatepark.com Crystal Cove State Park features 3.2 miles of Pacific coastline, plus wooded canyons, open bluffs, and offshore waters designated as an underwater park. Visitors to Crystal Cove can enjoy the Historic District, the beach, the backcountry and activities such as swimming, surfing, sunbathing, scuba and skin diving, fishing, mountain biking, hiking and horseback riding. Docents conduct nature hikes in the winter. PARK FEES are due and payable upon entry into the park. There are additional fees for extra vehicles. SPEED LIMIT: The maximum speed limit is 5 mph. Please use caution when pedestrians are present. BACKCOUNTRY HIKE-IN CAMPSITES: Three different campgrounds have 32 campsites total. A permit is required for these campsites and is available online or at the Moro Campground kiosk. All sites are a 3- to 4-mile hike from the parking lot. No water is available. A picnic table and pit toilet are available. No trash cans are available. Pack it in; pack it out. • VEHICLES must be left at the Park Office or the Moro Campground Day Use lot. • OCCUPANCY: Four people are allowed per site. MORO CAMPGROUND SITES: 58 family campsites with picnic tables are available. 28 are designated RV and trailer sites, and 30 are designated “low impact” for softsided trailers, van conversions and tents. Restrooms and showers are available. • VEHICLES: Reservation fees include one driven vehicle and one legally towed-in vehicle or trailer. Extra vehicles will be charged $15 per day, expiring at 1 p.m. daily. No more than 3 vehicles may be parked in each campsite, within the parking area of the site. No parking off road or blocking the roadway. Third vehicles may be parked in the Day Use lot. • OCCUPANCY: Eight people are allowed per site. FIRES are not allowed on or in the sand. Compressedgas barbecues are permitted on the beach or in Moro Campground. Compressed-gas outdoor fireplaces are permitted in the campground. Wood or charcoal fires are not permitted anywhere. No open flames are permitted in the backcountry. CHECK-OUT TIME is 1 p.m. Please vacate your site by that time. Check-in is 3 p.m. QUIET HOURS are from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. Generators may only be operated from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. To ensure an enjoyable experience for everyone, please do not disturb other campers, regardless of the time of day or night. NOISE: Radios and other sound-producing devices must not be audible beyond your immediate campsite, regardless of the time of day or night. All amplified music must be off by 10 p.m. DOGS are allowed in the campground, parking areas, on paved roads, and must be kept on a leash no longer than six feet at all times. Except for service dogs, pets are not allowed on the beach or in the backcountry. Dogs must not be left unattended. Please clean up after your pets. ALCOHOL is prohibited throughout the park except at the Beachcomber Cafe and in designated campsites at Moro Campground. BICYCLES are allowed on paved roads, and mountain bikes are allowed in the backcountry. Bicycle riders under age 18 must wear a helmet. Bicycles ridden after dark must have a light. Bicycles are not allowed to be ridden in the backcountry after dark. Please ride safely. MORO CANYON DAY USE offers beach access, restrooms, one outdoor shower and shade ramadas. There are seventeen covered shade ramadas—each with an 8-person picnic table and 2 group pavilions—each with six 8-person picnic tables—may be reserved for a fee. Day use is open from 6 a.m. to sunset (Historic District, 6 a.m. to 10 p.m.). COTTAGES in the Historic District are available for overnight rental include studios, one- and two-bedroom houses, and hostel-style dormitories. SPECIAL EVENT INFORMATION & SHADE RAMADA RESERVATIONS: For more information about shade ramada and group pavilion reservations or special event opportunities, please visit www.crystalcovestatepark.com Discover the many states of California.TM CAMPING & COTTAGE RESERVATIONS: You may make camping reservations by calling (800) 444-7275 (TTY 800-274-7275). To make online reservations, visit our website at www.parks.ca.gov ALTERNATE FORMAT: This publication is available in alternate formats by contacting California State Parks at (800) 777-0369 or 711, TTY relay service. Moro Campground & Moro Canyon Day Use Crystal Cove State Park to Ranger Station Moro Campground Moro Canyon Day Use All campsites are back-in only 2 1 10 11 8 9 6 7 15 14 3 4 ffs Coyote Run 13 2 8 3 4 5 1 Outdoor Nature Center Registered campers only beyond this point 12 GP-1 7 Cr 9 29 30 28 26 27 23 24 25 Accessible Feature 6 21 20 19 LEGEND 5 Blu 18 17 16 10 22 M or # k ee Camp Host o N 33 34 36 35 37 40 39 38 B lu ff s 32 41 Accessible Site Bridge Sage Loop 31 to Moro Canyon Trail Campground Entrance Station/Kiosk Locked Gate

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