by Alex Gugel , all rights reserved
Hearst San Simeon
State Historical Monument - California
Hearst Castle, San Simeon, is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark located on the Central Coast of California in the United States. The joint concept of William Randolph Hearst, the publishing tycoon, and his architect Julia Morgan, it was built between 1919 and 1947. His father George Hearst had purchased the original 40,000 acre estate in 1865 and Camp Hill, the site for the future Hearst Castle, was used for family camping holidays during Hearst's youth. Following his mother's death in 1919, Hearst inherited some $11,000,000 (equivalent to $158,961,612 in 2018) and estates including the land at San Simeon. Hearst used his fortune to further develop his media empire of newspapers, magazines and radio stations, the profits from which supported a lifetime of building and collecting. Within a few months of Phoebe Hearst's demise, Hearst had commissioned Morgan to build "something a little more comfortable up on the hill", the genesis of the present castle.
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Piedras Blancas Light Station - Visitor Map
Visitor Map of Piedras Blancas Light Station Outstanding Natural Area (ONA) in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=591 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hearst_Castle Hearst Castle, San Simeon, is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark located on the Central Coast of California in the United States. The joint concept of William Randolph Hearst, the publishing tycoon, and his architect Julia Morgan, it was built between 1919 and 1947. His father George Hearst had purchased the original 40,000 acre estate in 1865 and Camp Hill, the site for the future Hearst Castle, was used for family camping holidays during Hearst's youth. Following his mother's death in 1919, Hearst inherited some $11,000,000 (equivalent to $158,961,612 in 2018) and estates including the land at San Simeon. Hearst used his fortune to further develop his media empire of newspapers, magazines and radio stations, the profits from which supported a lifetime of building and collecting. Within a few months of Phoebe Hearst's demise, Hearst had commissioned Morgan to build "something a little more comfortable up on the hill", the genesis of the present castle.
Hearst San Simeon State Park and Historical Monument Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. I “ love this ranch. It is wonderful. I love the sea and I love the mountains and the hollows in the hills and the shady places in the creeks and the fine old oaks and even the hot brushy California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (805) 927-2035. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact email@example.com. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Discover the many states of California.™ Hearst San Simeon State Park and State Historical Monument 750 Hearst Castle Road San Simeon, CA 93452 (805) 927-2010 © 2009 California State Parks (Rev. 2015) Printed on Recycled Paper hillsides . . . I would rather spend a month here than any place in the world.” - William Randolph Hearst, in a letter to his mother, Phoebe Apperson Hearst H earst San Simeon State Park and Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument® preserve more than 20 miles of dramatic central California coastline. Located 35 miles north of San Luis Obispo along scenic Highway 1, the parks frame shoreline vistas of beaches, rocky promontories, and magnificent views of the Santa Lucia Mountains and Hearst Castle®. The Mediterranean climate is typically mild, with average daytime highs of 69 degrees and evening lows of 42 degrees. Rain is most likely from January through March. Spring and summer are pleasant during the day, cooling in the evening as wind moves fog in from the ocean. natural history The diverse habitats of these two parks include wetlands, seashore, grassland, coastal scrub, and riparian areas. Offshore, four state marine protected areas conserve underwater resources. Cambria State Marine Park became California State Parks’ first classified state marine park in 2010. Geology This part of the coastline consists mostly of geologically young alluvial sediment and older marine terrace deposits. In the park, Cambria slab sandstone — visible at Leffingwell Landing— becomes Franciscan mélange toward the north. The mélange material is a mixture of sandstone, chert, basalt, greenstone, serpentine, shale, eclogite, and blueschist. This assemblage contains all three rock types — igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic — and has a very jumbled appearance. Low, rolling mima mounds, a unique geological feature in some of the park’s grasslands, are found near vernal pools — seasonal pools with abundant plant and animal life. Wildlife Bobcats and coyotes hunt for brush rabbits, gray tree squirrels, and California ground squirrels; black-tail deer graze on hillsides. Sensitive species include California red-legged frogs, tidewater gobies, steelhead trout, Western snowy plovers, golden eagles, and longbilled curlews. From November to February, monarch butterflies roost in the Monterey pines. Bird watchers will be amazed by the diverse number of birds to see at the beach, in the wetlands, and along the trails. Look for black phoebes, white-tailed kites, mergansers, egrets, and black oystercatchers. Low tides reveal tide pools with seastars, chitons, limpets, turban snails, barnacles, and fish. Please leave the plants and animals of the tide pools undisturbed; they are vulnerable to human impact and are protected by law. From December to April, gray whales migrate past this stretch of coastline on their way to and from feeding grounds in Alaska to birthing waters in Mexico. Arroyo de la Cruz manzanita, adobe sanicle, Hickman’s onion, Blochman’s dudleya, and Arroyo de la Cruz mariposa lily. Prairie grasslands are among the area’s native plant communities. area history Young elephant seal napping Don’t miss the fascinating northern elephant seals. From December to March, they can easily be seen resting, having pups, battling, and mating on the beach up the road from San Simeon Bay at scenic vista points on the coast side of Highway 1. Native People Archaeological evidence suggests that ancestors of today’s Chumash and Salinan people inhabited this part of the coast for thousands of years, adapting to climatic and environmental changes. They traveled from the coast to the interior valleys, following the abundant marine and terrestrial resources. Their diet included fish, shellfish, wild game, waterfowl, and the grasses and seeds found inland. Clothing, shelter, and tools were made from resources available in the immediate area; the natives traded other groups for those goods that could not be procured or produced locally. Plant
Parque Estatal y Monumento Histórico Hearst San Simeon Nuestra Misión La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. A “ doro este rancho. Es maravilloso. Adoro el mar y adoro las montañas, y los huecos en las colinas, y los lugares sombríos en los arroyos, y los finos robles antiguos, e incluso las laderas calurosas y llenas de arbustos . . . Prefiero pasar un California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (805) 927-2035. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con firstname.lastname@example.org. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov Hearst San Simeon State Park and State Historical Monument 750 Hearst Castle Road San Simeon, CA 93452 (805) 927-2010 © 2009 California State Parks (Rev. 2015) mes aquí que en cualquier otro lugar del mundo”. - William Randolph Hearst, en una carta que le escribió a su madre, Phoebe Apperson Hearst E l Parque Estatal Hearst San Simeon y el Monumento Histórico Nacional Hearst San Simeon® conservan más de 20 millas de una marcada línea costera en California central. Ubicados a 35 millas al norte de San Luis Obispo a lo largo de la pintoresca Ruta Estatal 1, los parques demarcan las vistas de la línea costera de las playas, los promontorios rocosos, y las magníficas vistas de las Montañas de Santa Lucía y Hearst Castle®. El clima mediterráneo es generalmente agradable, con temperaturas diurnas de un promedio de 69 grados y por las tardes de mínimas de 42 grados. La lluvia es más frecuente entre enero y marzo. La primavera y el verano son placenteros durante el día y refresca durante las tardes a medida que el viento corre la niebla desde el océano. HISTORIA NATURAL La diversidad de hábitats de estos parques incluye humedales, costas, praderas, chaparrales costeros y áreas riparias. Mar adentro, cuatro áreas marinas protegidas conservan recursos subacuáticos. En 2010, el Parque Estatal Marino Cambria fue el primer parque clasificado como parque estatal marino de todos los Parques Estatales de California. Geología Esta parte de la línea costera consiste mayormente en sedimentos aluviales geológicamente jóvenes y depósitos de la terraza marina más antiguos. En el parque, la placa de piedra laja — visibles en Leffingwell Landing — se convierte en una mezcla tectónica franciscana hacia el norte. El material de la mezcla tectónica está compuesto por arenisca, chert, basalto, piedras verdes, serpentinita, esquisto arcilloso, eclogita y esquisto azul. Este complejo contiene los tres tipos de rocas — ígneas, sedimentarias y metamórficas — y tiene una apariencia muy accidentada. Los bajos montículos de mima, una característica geológica única en algunas de las praderas del parque, se encuentran cerca de charcas vernales — piscinas estacionales con abundantes plantas y vida animal. Vida silvestre Los linces y coyotes cazan conejos matorraleros, ardillas grises de árbol y ardillas de tierra (Otospermophilus beecheyi). Los ciervos mulos pacen en estas laderas. Las especies sensibles incluyen las ranas de patas rojas de California (Rana draytonii), Eucyclogobius newberryi, truchas arcoíris, chortilejos blancos occidentales, águilas reales y zarapitos americanos. Desde noviembre a febrero, las mariposas monarcas se posan en los pinos de Monterey. Quienes gustan de observar las aves quedarán fascinados por la diversidad que se puede ver en la playa, en los humedales y a lo largo de los senderos. Busque los mosqueros negros, los elanios maromeros, las serretas y los ostreros negros norteamericanos. Elefante marino durmiendo Las mareas bajas revelan pozas de marea con estrellas de mar, cochinillas de mar, eogasterópodos, Tegula funebralis, cirrípedos y peces. Por favor no moleste ni a las plantas ni a los animales de las pozas de marea ya que son vulnerables al impacto humano y se encuentran protegidos por la ley. Desde diciembre a abril, las ballenas grises migran pasando por este tramo de la costa en su ruta hacia y desde las zonas de alimentación en Alaska, hacia las aguas donde paren en México. No se pierda los fascinantes elefantes marinos del norte. Desde diciembre a marzo se los puede ver descansando, pariendo las crías, peleando o apareándose en la playa hacia la ruta, desde la Bahía San Simeon en los pintorescos miradores sobre la línea costera de la Ruta Estatal 1. Plantas Las comunidades de plantas autóctonas incluyen bosques riparios, humedales, pinares de Monterey, robled
40 minutes N.W. of San Luis Obispo on Hwy. 1 40 minutes N.W. of San Luis Obispo on Hwy. 1 You’re Invited to America’s Castle! San Jose Morgan Hill Santa Cruz Monterey Carmel Big Sur Paso Robles San Simeon Cambria Harmony Cayucos Morro Bay Avila Beach Pismo Beach Bakersfield San Luis Obispo Arroyo Grande Santa Maria San Francisco Santa Barbara Los Angeles Hearst Castle is located on the majestic Central Coast of California. Nestled in the hills at San Simeon, the Castle is located on Highway 1, about halfway between San Francisco and Los Angeles and is approximately a five hour drive from either of these metropolitan areas. From Los Angeles: Take 101N to San Luis Obispo, then Hwy. 1N about 39 miles (approx. 4.5 hours). From San Francisco: Take 101S to CA-46, then west to Hwy. 1, and north about 13 miles (approx. 5 hours). From Monterey: Take Hwy. 1S to Hearst Castle. Or take 68E to 101S, then CA-46W to Hwy. 1N (approx. 2.5 hours). Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument® 750 Hearst Castle Road • San Simeon, CA 93452 Open Daily at 8 am Advanced Reservations Recommended 800.444.4445 • HearstCastle.com High above the Pacific on a site he called The Enchanted Hill®, Mr. William Randolph Hearst created his private retreat. This magnificent Mediterranean-style country house features guest houses, gardens, pools and terraces. Once accessible only to celebrities and famous guests, this grand estate is yours to explore. Visit one of the world’s greatest historic house museums, located on California’s scenic coastal Highway 1. Visitor Center Opens at 8 am Daily First Tour of the Day Begins at 9 am Advanced Reservations Recommended / HearstCastle #1165002-Hearst Castle Theater.indd 1 800.444.4445 • HearstCastle.com 1/11/12 2:28 PM HEARST C ASTLE The Enchanted Hill ® ® Hearst Castle Tour Information Advanced Reservations Strongly Recommended 800.444.4445 • HearstCastle.com Grand Rooms Tour* Recommended for first time visitors as it provides a broad overview of the many faces of Hearst Castle and it is the least strenuous of the tours. The guided tour portion is 45 minutes in duration and includes the Assembly Room, Refectory, Morning Room, Billiard Room and Theater in Casa Grande. The rest of the tour is self guided. Stroll at your leisure through the gardens to see the Neptune Pool and Roman Pool. Upstairs Suites Tour* The guided tour portion is 45 minutes in duration and featured rooms include the Doge’s Suite, “The Cloisters” guest rooms, the Library and the Gothic Suite (Mr. Hearst’s private suite). Also viewed are the Della Robbia Room and a Duplex Suite. The rest of the tour is self guided. Wander through the Castle’s grounds and admire the Neptune Pool and Roman Pool at your leisure. Cottages & Kitchen Tour* Mr. Hearst’s Wine Cellar, the guest houses Casa Del Monte and Casa Del Mar along with the Kitchen in Casa Grande are included in this 45 minute tour. The rest of the tour is self guided. Explore the gardens and the Neptune Pool and Roman Pool at your leisure. Evening Tour This is a special seasonal tour that allows visitors to experience the Castle in the evening as one of Hearst’s visitors might have. This tour is completely guided and lasts two hours and 10 minutes including the bus ride to and from the castle. Docents in period dress from the Living History Program and a newsreel shown in the Castle’s Theater add life to the magnificent surroundings and take visitors back to the Castle’s 1930’s heyday. Call for specific dates available. Visitor Center The Visitor Center of Hearst Castle ® offers a Cafe, Coffee Bar, and Grab N’ Go with indoor or outdoor patio seating. Visit our 5,000 square foot gift and museum shop, museum exhibits, and the Hearst Castle Theater to complete your experience. 800.444.4445 • HearstCastle.com *This tour includes the movie, Hearst Castle - Building the Dream shown on our giant five story screen in the Hearst Castle Theater. #1165002-Hearst Castle Theater.indd 2 1/11/12 2:28 PM
Hearst San Simeon State Park San Simeon Creek and Washburn Primitive Campgrounds 500 San Simeon Creek Road, Cambria, California 93428 (805) 927-2035 Two popular central coast campgrounds offer camping, picnicking, hiking, fishing, surfing, beach walking, bird watching, and whale watching. The San Simeon Creek Campground is located just a short walk from the beach. The more secluded Washburn Primitive Campground is located high on the hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Junior Ranger programs and interpretive walks on the San Simeon Nature Trail may also be available. San Simeon Creek Campground The San Simeon Creek Campground offers 134 campsites for tent camping or recreational vehicles and 2 hike-and-bike campsites. The maximum RV length is 35 feet. Each campsite has a fire ring and picnic table. Water spigots are available throughout the campground. Restrooms with flush toilets and coin operated showers, a sanitation station and water fill-up, and pay phones are also available. Washburn Primitive Campground This campground is approximately one mile inland from the beach on a plateau overlooking the Santa Lucia mountains and the ocean. Each campsite has a fire ring and picnic table. Water spigots, chemical flush toilets, and a sanitation station and water fill-up are nearby. PARK FEES are due upon entry into the park. Use the self-registration system if the entrance station is closed. The campsite fee covers one vehicle and one legally towed-in vehicle. Additional fees apply for extra vehicles. the campsite or limit line. Three parked vehicles are allowed in each campsite at San Simeon Creek Campground. Two parked vehicles per campsite are allowed in the Washburn Primitive Campground. Pay extra-vehicle fees at the kiosk. QUIET HOURS are from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. To ensure an enjoyable experience for everyone, please do not disturb other campers, regardless of the time of day or night. GENERATORS may be operated only between the hours of 10 a.m. and 8 p.m. NOISE: Radios and other sound-producing devices must not be audible beyond your immediate campsite, regardless of the time of day or night. All amplified music must be off by 10 p.m. DOGS must be kept on a leash no longer than six feet and under adult supervision at all times. Dogs must be confined to a vehicle or tent at night. Except for service animals, pets are not allowed on any trails or the beach. OCCUPANCY: Eight people are allowed per family campsite. Reservation fees include one vehicle. SPEED LIMIT: The maximum speed limit is 15 mph. When pedestrians, bicyclists, and children are present, even 15 mph might be too fast. Use good judgment. CHECK-OUT TIME is noon. Please vacate your site by that time. Check-in time is 2 p.m. HOT SHOWERS are available only for registered campers at the San Simeon Creek Campground. CAMPSITES: Do not attach ropes or lines to any plant, fence, or park structure. Tents and other equipment must be confined to the space assigned. WOOD: The collection of down or dead wood is prohibited. Firewood is available for sale from the campground host. VEHICLE PARKING: Vehicles may be parked only in your assigned campsite. They must remain on the pavement and must not extend beyond BICYCLES are allowed only on paved roads. Bicycle riders under age 18 must wear a helmet. Bicycles ridden after dark must have a light. CAMPING RESERVATIONS: You may make camping reservations by calling (800) 444-7275 (TTY 800-274-7275). To make online reservations, visit our website at www.parks.ca.gov. ALTERNATE FORMAT: This publication is available in alternate formats by contacting California State Parks email@example.com. BEACH Hearst San Simeon State Park 1 2 3 5 7 9 Fo 4 6 8 35 Horseshoe Pits 34 64 61 30 28 26 25 20 22 21 23 24 11 13 15 16 10 12 14 17 33 32 31 29 27 62 e 18 19 nS im im Sa n S o n Tr ai l ## ## ## Campfire Center Bridge Accessible Feature Campground: Primitive Campground: Tent Accessible Campsite 35ft Campsite 25ft Campsite Water Unpaved Road Trail: Hike Telephone RV Dump Station Showers Restrooms Picnic Area Parking CH 231 229 228 235 236 234 232 230 227 225 224 A2 222 223 8 23 243 260 215 214 252 250 251 253 249 6 24 248 247 255 257 254 216 208 210 213 A1 209 211 212 206 207 204 e © 2011 California State Parks (Rev. 2017) 202 205 256 258 0 24 242 4 24 245 239 241 259 218 219 201 203 217 262 264 268 266 221 220 261 263 265 267 237 Washburn Campground R oad 226 233 Washburn Map not to scale Primitive Campground Campground: Hike & Bike Camp Host LEGEND San Simeon Creek and Washburn Primitive Campgrounds n k e k Trail (Boardwalk) eo Tent Camping Sa o nC re Sim C re e San Simeon Creek Campground Entrance Station San Simeon Creek Road to Beach Washburn Day-Use Area For Emergency, Dial 911. F o o t Tr a i l 120 116 38 99 90 88 98 92 37 86 36 101 121 119 117 39 91 89 87 100 94 40 102 85 84 42 122 123 118 1