San Gregorio

State Beach - California

San Gregorio State Beach is near San Gregorio, California, USA, south of Half Moon Bay. Part of the California State Park System, the beach lies just west of the intersection of California State Route 1 and State Route 84. San Gregorio Creek widens to form a small freshwater lagoon in the park behind a sand berm, or barrier beach, which typically blocks the mouth of the creek, forcing the creekwaters to flow underfoot as they seep into the Pacific Ocean. During the rainy season the creek often cuts through the sand berm and flows directly into the ocean. Historically the creek was a coho salmon spawning site, and the Department of Fish and Game is considering restocking it with coho to improve the salmon fisheries south of San Francisco. It is one of the cleanest in the state.
https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=529 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Gregorio_State_Beach San Gregorio State Beach is near San Gregorio, California, USA, south of Half Moon Bay. Part of the California State Park System, the beach lies just west of the intersection of California State Route 1 and State Route 84. San Gregorio Creek widens to form a small freshwater lagoon in the park behind a sand berm, or barrier beach, which typically blocks the mouth of the creek, forcing the creekwaters to flow underfoot as they seep into the Pacific Ocean. During the rainy season the creek often cuts through the sand berm and flows directly into the ocean. Historically the creek was a coho salmon spawning site, and the Department of Fish and Game is considering restocking it with coho to improve the salmon fisheries south of San Francisco. It is one of the cleanest in the state.
Our Mission San Mateo Coast State Beaches The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. San Mateo Coast’s state beaches are dotted along 40 miles of steep bluffs, sandy beaches, and scenic wonders. Stroll the shoreline, California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park office at (650) 726-8819. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact interp@parks.ca.gov. have a picnic, gaze into the tide pools, and thrill at the roaring surf. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov San Mateo Coast State Beaches Highway 1, Pacifica to Pescadero, CA Parks Sector Office: 95 Kelly Avenue Half Moon Bay, CA 94019 (650) 726-8819 On the cover: Pomponio State Beach © 2016 California State Parks San Gregorio State Beach T he San Mateo coast encompasses a treasure trove of exquisite landscapes on the 40-mile stretch from Pacifica to the northern boundary of Santa Cruz County. The wild backcountry and deep canyons of the Santa Cruz Mountains help protect the coast and preserve its natural beauty for millions of visitors each year. The coastline’s rich mosaic includes prehistoric fossils, a 19th-century lighthouse, historic ranch structures, and other features reflecting human uses of both terrestrial and marine environments, as well as stunning natural views. area history Native Americans first settled along the California coast during the end of the Great Ice Age, about 14,000 years ago. Over the millennia, they managed the productivity of the plants and animals that they harvested for food and material by systematically burning selected areas, pruning plants, and hand-tending bulb and root gardens. By doing so, they improved the browsing and foraging vegetation that was important to the deer, elk, antelope, bear, rabbit, and other species that the indigenous people hunted and trapped. Before the arrival of Europeans, several individual tribes controlled territories throughout the San Mateo coast and adjacent mountains — including the Chiguan of today’s Half Moon Bay State Beach Montara area, the Cotegen of Half Moon Bay, the Oljon of San Gregorio, and the Quiroste of the Pescadero, Butano, and Año Nuevo regions. Together, these and some 45 additional tribes located throughout the larger San Francisco and Monterey Bay areas have come to be called the Ohlone people. Today, Ohlone still honor and practice ancient cultural traditions. Soldier and explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo sailed his ship north along the coastline in 1542. The names that he and later Spanish maritime explorers gave to points along the coast are still in use today. The first Spanish overland expedition to explore Upper California took place in 1769 under the command of Gaspar de Portolá. Portolá expedition members reported that as they traveled north along the San Mateo coast from Baja California, they were given food from many Native Americans in villages along the way. When hunters from the expedition climbed Sweeney Ridge above present-day Pacifica, they became the first Spaniards to see San Francisco Bay. Campsites used by Portolá’s explorers at Pacifica, Bean Hollow, and San Gregorio are now state historic landmarks. Several Spanish missions had cattle ranches in the 1780s; later, wheat, corn, and beans were planted as income crops. After the Mexican revolution and independence in 1822, the new Mexican government granted large coastal properties to just a few citizens. These included Rancho Butano, Rancho San Gregorio, and Rancho Coral de Tierra, among others. With the advent of the California gold rush and subsequent statehood in 1850, droves of settlers flocked here. Row crop farms gained momentum when Portuguese and Italian vegetable farmers arrived in the 1870s. Today, Photo courtesy Tammy Lin many crops are still grown in the area, including cut flowers, artichokes, and brussels sprouts. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the great redwood forests of San Mateo County were extensively logged. Resort hotels flourished, and on the coastside, tourists reported that both salmon fishing and upland game hunting were outstanding. Low dunes host a coastal strand community, including beach bur, yellow sand verbena, prostrate coyote brush, yarrow, and non-native iceplant. Significant species San Francisco garter snake diversity can be found; many of these parks support sensitive, threatened, or endangered species, including the San Francisco garter snake and California red-legged frog. Birds nest in the coastal scrub along these natural his
Playas Estatales de la Costa de San Mateo Nuestra Misión La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (650) 726-8819. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con interp@parks.ca.gov. Las playas estatales de la costa de San Mateo se encuentran distribuidas a lo largo de 40 millas de peñascos empinados, playas arenosas y pintorescas maravillas. Dé un paseo por la línea costera, organice un pícnic, observe las pozas de marea y deléitese con el rugir de la rompiente. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov San Mateo Coast State Beaches Highway 1, Pacifica to Pescadero, CA Parks Sector Office: 95 Kelly Avenue Half Moon Bay, CA 94019 (650) 726-8819 En la portada: Playa Estatal Pomponio © 2016 California State Parks Playa Estatal San Gregorio L a costa de San Mateo comprende un tesoro invaluable de paisajes exquisitos en un tramo de 40 millas desde Pacífica hasta el límite norte del condado de Santa Cruz. Las travesías silvestres y los cañones profundos de los Montes de Santa Cruz contribuyen a proteger la costa y preservar su belleza natural para los millones de visitantes que asisten cada año. Los ricos mosaicos costeros incluyen fósiles prehistóricos, un faro del siglo XIX, estructuras de un rancho histórico, y otros elementos que reflejan la interacción humana en ambientes tanto marinos como terrestres, así como también maravillosas vistas naturales. HISTORIA DE LA ZONA Los Pueblos Nativos de los Estados Unidos primero se asentaron a lo largo de la costa californiana durante el fin del último periodo glacial, hace aproximadamente 14 000 años. A lo largo de los milenios, fueron capaces de administrar la producción de animales y de las plantas que cosechaban para obtener alimentos y materiales mediante la quema sistemática de zonas seleccionadas, la poda de plantas y la siembra de bulbos y tubérculos. Mediante dichas actividades, favorecían la búsqueda de vegetación que era tan importante para los ciervos, uapitíes, antílopes, osos, conejos y otras especies que los indígenas cazaban y atrapaban. Antes de la llegada de los europeos, numerosas tribus individuales controlaban los territorios a lo largo de la costa de San Playa Estatal Half Moon Bay Mateo y las montañas adyacentes, incluidos los chiguan de la actual zona de Montara, los cotegen de Half Moon Bay, los Oljon de San Gregorio y los quirostes de las regiones de Pescadero, Butano y Año Nuevo. En conjunto, estas tribus más otras 45 ubicadas a lo largo de las áreas de San Francisco y la Bahía de Monterrey se han dado por llamar pueblo ohlone. Actualmente, los ohlones aún honran las prácticas tradicionales y culturales de sus antepasados. En 1542, el soldado y explorador Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo navegó hacia el norte a lo largo de la línea costera. Los nombres que él y sus subsiguientes exploradores marítimos españoles le dieron a diversos puntos costeros aún son los que se usan en la actualidad. La primera expedición por tierra española de exploración de la Alta California tuvo lugar en 1769 bajo el mando de Gaspar de Portolá. Los miembros de la expedición de Portolá informaron que, a medida que viajaban hacia el norte a lo largo de la costa de San Mateo desde Baja California, numerosos Pueblos Nativos de los Estados Unidos les proporcionaron alimentos en las villas que se ubicaban a lo largo del camino. Cuando los cazadores de la expedición llegaron a Sweeney Ridge sobre la actual Pacifica, se convirtieron en los primeros españoles que vieron la Bahía de San Francisco. Los lugares de campamento usados por los exploradores de Portolá en Pacifica, Bean Hollow y San Gregorio son, en la actualidad, monumentos históricos nacionales. En 1769, numerosas misiones españolas contaban con haciendas de ganado y luego sembraron trigo, maíz y arvejas como plantaciones de renta. Luego de la revolución mexicana y la independencia en 1822, el nuevo gobierno mexicano concedió grandes propiedades costeras únicamente a unos pocos HISTORIA NATURAL Flora y fauna Las mayores atracciones costeras son las arenosas playas en la base de los peñascos de mediana altura. Las comunidades de plantas autóctonas incluyen dunas costeras y riparias, chaparrales de peñascos costeros y esteros tanto de agua dulce como salada. La vegetación que no es autóctona incluye las praderas y las arboledas de eucaliptos. Los sauces y

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