Angel Island

State Park - California

Angel Island is an island in San Francisco Bay offering expansive 360° views of the San Francisco skyline, the Marin County Headlands and Mount Tamalpais. The entire island is included within Angel Island State Park and is administered by California State Parks. The island, a California Historical Landmark, has been used for a variety of purposes, including military forts, a US Public Health Service Quarantine Station, and a US Bureau of Immigration inspection and detention facility. The Angel Island Immigration Station on the northeast corner of the island, where officials detained, inspected, and examined approximately one million immigrants, has been designated a National Historic Landmark.

maps

Official visitor map of the Northern area of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Golden Gate - North

Official visitor map of the Northern area of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Golden Gate - Overview

Official visitor map of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

brochures

Brochure of Angel Island State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.Angel Island - Brochure

Brochure of Angel Island State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.

Brochure (español) of Angel Island State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.Angel Island - Brochure (español)

Brochure (español) of Angel Island State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.

Campground Map of Angel Island State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.Angel Island - Campground Map

Campground Map of Angel Island State Park (SP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.

https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=468 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angel_Island_(California) Angel Island is an island in San Francisco Bay offering expansive 360° views of the San Francisco skyline, the Marin County Headlands and Mount Tamalpais. The entire island is included within Angel Island State Park and is administered by California State Parks. The island, a California Historical Landmark, has been used for a variety of purposes, including military forts, a US Public Health Service Quarantine Station, and a US Bureau of Immigration inspection and detention facility. The Angel Island Immigration Station on the northeast corner of the island, where officials detained, inspected, and examined approximately one million immigrants, has been designated a National Historic Landmark.
Angel Island State Park Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (415) 435-1915. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact interp@parks.ca.gov. Angel Island played a major role in the settlement of the West and as an immigration station. Trails and roads crisscross the island, providing easy access to historic sites and breathtaking views of San Francisco, Marin County, and the Golden Gate Bridge. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Angel Island State Park P.O. Box 318 (mail) Tiburon, CA 94920 (415) 435-1915 www.parks.ca.gov/angelisland © 2003 California State Parks (Rev. 2016) Arriving immigrants ca. 1910 A ngel Island is a grass- and woodlandcovered refuge in San Francisco Bay. The island affords breathtaking vistas of Marin County, San Francisco, and the Golden Gate. Coast Miwok once inhabited the island, and for nearly 100 years  —  from the Civil War to the Cold War  —  the federal government used its strategic location for military bases, a quarantine station, and an immigration station. Today, visitors can enjoy the view from the island’s historic sites and facilities. CULTURAL HISTORY Early Inhabitants Coast Miwok began visiting the island about 2,000 years ago. These indigenous people established camps and used the island primarily as a fishing and hunting site. In 1775, Lt. Juan Manuel de Ayala, a Spanish navigator, sailed the San Carlos into San Francisco Bay and anchored in what is now Ayala Cove. With his pilot, José de Cañizares, he developed one of the first maps of San Francisco Bay. They christened the isle Isla de Los Angeles (Angel Island). The Army on Angel Island In 1863, during the Civil War, the U.S. Army established Camp Reynolds on Angel Island to protect San Francisco Bay. The island later became a garrison for infantry companies, including troops serving in campaigns against American Indians in the West. The Army designated the entire island Fort McDowell and renamed Camp Reynolds the West Garrison in 1900. The East Garrison at Quarry Point evolved from a detention camp for soldiers returning from the Spanish- American war to a serviceImmigration Station, nicknamed discharge depot. “the Guardian of the Western During World War I, Gate,” processed nearly a million East Garrison served as a immigrants from more than 80 recruitment and replacement countries. Immigration staff ensured depot and a discharge point that new arrivals were healthy and for returning troops. Angel self-sufficient. European immigrants Island was an embarkation and first-class passengers faced site for World War II soldiers only an inspection aboard ship and headed toward the Pacific war were detained infrequently. U.S. Immigration Station zone and a processing facility Chinese persons were specifically for prisoners of war. excluded from immigrating to the U.S. by When troops returned, a 60-foot sign with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. Most of the illuminated words “Welcome Home, the 175,000 Chinese who arrived at Angel Well Done” greeted them from the island. In Island were detained for a few weeks  —  some July 1946, the Army abandoned the island, were detained up to 90 days and a few for declaring it surplus property. almost two years  —  while their applications The Army returned in 1954, during the Cold were considered. Many detainees expressed War, to build a Nike missile site. By 1962 their anxiety and despair by writing and the system had become obsolete, and the carving on the wooden barracks walls. Some Army decommissioned the base and left the Chinese wrote poignant poems, still legible island. Most of the island was turned over to today. Due to appeals, most immigrants were California State Parks in 1963. eventually granted entry to America. A 1940 fire destroyed the administration The Quarantine Station building, closing the Immigration Station. The In 1891 a Quarantine Station was opened at first restoration phase of this National Historic Ayala Cove (then known as Hospital Cove), Landmark has been completed as a tribute to where ships from foreign ports could be immigrants from around the world. fumigated and immigrants suspected of carrying diseases could be kept in isolation. Better medical examinations at the ports of embarkation and improved medical practices eventually made lengthy quarantines unnecessary; in 1946 the U.S. Public Health Service abandoned the Quarantine Station at Angel Island. The U.S.
Parque estatal Angel Island Nuestra Misión La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (415) 435-1915. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con interp@parks.ca.gov. Angel Island jugó un papel importante en la colonización del Oeste y como estación de inmigración. Los senderos y los caminos entrelazan la isla, brindando un fácil acceso a sitios históricos y vistas asombrosas de San Francisco, el Condado de Marin y el Puente Golden Gate. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov Angel Island State Park P.O. Box 318 (Correo) Tiburon, CA 94920 (415) 435-1915 www.parks.ca.gov/angelisland © 2003 California State Parks (Rev. 2016) Llegada de inmigrantes ca. 1910 A ngel Island es un refugio cubierto por pasto y bosque en la Bahía de San Francisco. La isla ofrece vistas asombrosas del Condado de Marin, San Francisco, y el Golden Gate. Hace un tiempo los Miwok de la costa habitaron la isla y, por casi 100 años — desde la Guerra Civil hasta la Guerra Fría — el gobierno federal usó su ubicación estratégica para bases militares, una estación de cuarentena y una estación inmigratoria. En la actualidad, las visitas pueden disfrutar de la vista desde los sitios históricos y las instalaciones de la isla. HISTORIA CULTURAL Primeros habitantes Los Miwok de la costa comenzaron a visitar la isla hace aproximadamente 2.000 años. Estos pueblos indígenas asentaban campamentos y usaban la isla principalmente como un lugar de pesca y caza. En 1775, el Teniente Juan Manuel de Ayala, un navegante español, navegó el San Carlos hasta la Bahía de San Francisco y ancló en la actual Cueva Ayala. Con su piloto, José de Cañizares, desarrolló uno de los primeros mapas de la Bahía de San Francisco. Bautizaron la isla como Isla de Los Ángeles. El Ejército en Angel Island En 1863, durante la Guerra Civil, el Ejército de EE. UU. asentó el Campamento Reynolds en Angel Island para proteger la Bahía de San Francisco. Luego, la isla se convirtió en un cuartel para las campañas de infantería, incluidas las tropas que prestaban servicios en las campañas contra los Amerindios en el Oeste. La Estación de Cuarentena El Ejército designó a En 1891, se abrió una Estación toda la isla como Fuerte de Cuarentena en la Cueva Ayala McDowell y renombró al (luego se conocería como Cueva Campamento Reynolds Hospital), donde se podían fumigar como Cuartel del Oeste en las embarcaciones de puertos 1900. El Cuartel del Este extranjeros y mantener aislados a y el Punto Quarry pasaron los inmigrantes sospechados de de ser un campamento de portar enfermedades. Las mejoras detención para los soldados en los exámenes médicos de los que regresaban de la guerra Estación de Inmigración Española-Americana a un de EE. UU. puertos de embarcación y las prácticas médicas eventualmente depósito de alta del servicio. volvieron innecesarias las cuarentenas Durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, el prolongadas. En 1946, el Servicio de Salud Cuartel del Este se usó como un depósito de Pública de EE. UU. abandonó la Estación de reclutamiento y reemplazo y un punto de alta Cuarentena en Angel Island. para las tropas que regresaban. Angel Island fue un sitio de embarcación para los soldados La Estación de Inmigración de EE. UU. de la Segunda Guerra Mundial que se dirigían Desde 1910 hasta 1940, la Estación de a la zona de guerra del Pacífico y un centro de Inmigración de Estados Unidos, bautizada “el procesamiento para los prisioneros de guerra. Guardián de la Puerta Oeste”, procesó cerca Cuando las tropas regresaban, las recibía de un millón de inmigrantes provenientes desde la isla un cartel de 60 pies con las de más de 80 países. El personal de palabras “Welcome Home, Well Done” [“Bienvenidos a casa, bien hecho”] iluminadas. En julio de 1946, el Ejército abandonó la isla y la declaró propiedad sobrante. El Ejército regresó en 1954, durante la Guerra Fría, para construir un lugar para el misil Nike. Hacia 1962, el sistema se había vuelto obsoleto, y el Ejército desmanteló la base y abandonó la isla. La mayoría de las islas fueron regresadas a los Parques Estatales de California en 1963. Reconstitución de la Guerra Civil en el Campamento Reynolds inmigración se aseguraba de que los recién llegados estuvieran saludables y fuesen autosuficientes. Los inmigrantes europeos y los pasajeros de primera clase eran sometidos sola

also available

National Parks
USFS NW