Antelope Valley Indian Museum

State Historic Park - California

The Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park and its grounds are situated on the Antelope Valley's rural east side in northern Los Angeles County, California. The museum contains the combined collections of H. Arden Edwards and subsequent owner and anthropology student Grace Oliver. The exhibits represent and interpret Native Americans groups, both aboriginal and contemporary, of the Southwest, Great Basin, and Californian cultural regions. A number of the artifacts on display are rare or one-of-a-kind items.

brochures

Brochure of Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park (SHP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.Antelope Valley Indian Museum - Brochure

Brochure of Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park (SHP) in California. Published by California Department of Parks and Recreation.

https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=632 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antelope_Valley_Indian_Museum_State_Historic_Park The Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park and its grounds are situated on the Antelope Valley's rural east side in northern Los Angeles County, California. The museum contains the combined collections of H. Arden Edwards and subsequent owner and anthropology student Grace Oliver. The exhibits represent and interpret Native Americans groups, both aboriginal and contemporary, of the Southwest, Great Basin, and Californian cultural regions. A number of the artifacts on display are rare or one-of-a-kind items.
Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (661) 946-3055. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park 15701 East Avenue M Lancaster, CA 93535 (661) 946-3055 www.avim.parks.ca.gov © 2005 California State Parks (Rev. 2018) “ Nestled in the rocks and buttes of the Mojave Desert on Piute Butte is a precious gem that contributes immeasurably to the mosaic beauty of the desert, the Antelope Valley Indian Museum.” – Shirley Harriman Antelope Valley Woman Magazine S tanding snugly among the majestic granite outcroppings of Piute Butte, the Antelope Valley Indian Museum incorporates the bedrock into its interior and exterior design. The folk art construction of this one-ofa-kind building—listed on the National Register of Historic Places—is a Tudor Revival-style structure, inside of which is incorporated an entire natural rock formation. Located in the Mojave Desert at the northeastern corner of Los Angeles County, the museum displays artifacts of the American Indian groups of three major cultural regions—the Southwest, the Great Basin, and California. PARK HISTORY American Indian Peoples At the end of the Ice Age, lakes, springs, and a variety of natural food resources provided the native people with all they needed to survive and thrive here. For at least 4,000 years, groups traded with each other along vast routes that extended from Mexico to Northern California, and from the coast to the Southwest. Artifacts discovered by archaeologists have been dated as far back as 11,000 years, though little is known of these ancient cultures. Later artifacts attest to the everyday lives of these people over time. Grinding tools reveal how they processed plants for food, while spear and arrow points provide insight into their hunting methods. Perhaps as many as 2,000 years ago, speakers of the Shoshonean language group—the Kitanemuk, Tataviam, Kawaiisu, and Serrano cultures—became the valley’s inhabitants. In the late 1700s, their lives were drastically changed by the arrival of the Spanish and other Europeans. Franciscan priest Father Francisco Garcés passed among the native people in 1776 on a trip through the Mojave Desert, keeping a diary that has been invaluable in determining what groups lived here. Contact with European and American immigrants increased gradually until the Indians found themselves being “resettled” in the mission system. In 1853 Fort Tejon was established just west of the valley, ostensibly to “protect” the Indians. Though many Indians deserted the fort over the years, the U.S. government continued relocating them to reservations into the 1900s. THE COLLECTORS Howard Arden Edwards, a theatrical set painter and self-taught artist, so admired the grandeur of the Antelope Valley that he decided to make Piute Butte his home. In 1928 he homesteaded 160 acres, and with his wife and teenage son started construction on their home. The home included an exhibit area that Edwards called his Antelope Valley Indian Research Museum to display his large collection of prehistoric and ethnographic American Indian artifacts. In 1939 Grace Wilcox Oliver, a student of anthropology, bought the Edwards home. She added her own collections, converted the living quarters to exhibit rooms, and opened it in the early 1940s as the Antelope Valley Indian Museum. Ms. Oliver operated the museum for more than three decades, continuing to add to the collection over time. In 1979, with the support of local groups and individuals, the State of California purchased the museum. Grace Oliver donated its artifacts at that time. California State Parks designated the museum as one of its regional Indian museums in the mid-1980s. The collection of prehistoric, historic, and contemporary artifacts comes from various geographic regions: the Southwest region is represented in the Kachina Hall and Southwest Room; the upstairs California Hall houses artifacts from California Indian cultures. The Great Basin and Antelope Valley rooms present the peoples of the western Great Basin. THE COLLECTIONS Many of the museum’s thousands of artifacts are rare or one-of-a-kind items: Pottery — A variety of storage, cooking, utility, and decorative types originating from the Southwestern and Southern California cultures. Baske

also available

National Parks
USFS NW