by Alex Gugel , all rights reserved

Bodie

State Historic Park - California

Bodie is a ghost town in the Bodie Hills east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Mono County, California, United States, about 75 miles (121 km) southeast of Lake Tahoe. It became a boom town in 1876 and following years, after the discovery of a profitable line of gold, and suddenly attracted several thousand residents. It is located 12 mi (19 km) east-southeast of Bridgeport, at an elevation of 8379 feet (2554 m).

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Boundary Map of the Mother Lode BLM Field Office in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).Mother Lode - Boundary Map

Boundary Map of the Mother Lode BLM Field Office in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=509 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodie,_California Bodie is a ghost town in the Bodie Hills east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Mono County, California, United States, about 75 miles (121 km) southeast of Lake Tahoe. It became a boom town in 1876 and following years, after the discovery of a profitable line of gold, and suddenly attracted several thousand residents. It is located 12 mi (19 km) east-southeast of Bridgeport, at an elevation of 8379 feet (2554 m).
Our Mission Bodie State Historic Park The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. Bodie — a town so lawless that in 1881 it was described as “ . . . a sea of sin, lashed by the tempests of California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (760) 647-6445. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Bodie State Historic Park Hwy. 270 / P.O. Box 515 Bridgeport, Ca 93517 (760) 647-6445 © 2005 California State Parks (Rev. 2016) lust and passion.” Quote by Reverend F. M. Warrington S pread across the landscape of a high, remote valley in the Bodie Hills, the historic gold mining town of Bodie  — one of the richest gold strikes in California  —  was once known as the most lawless, wild, and tough mining camp in the West. To walk the streets of this ghost town and peer into sites or the windows of the remaining homes and businesses is to be transported back to the days when Bodie was a thriving mining town. Located northeast of Yosemite National Park, Bodie is 13 miles east of Highway 395 on S.R. 270, seven miles south of Bridgeport. The last three miles to the park are on a very rough dirt road. At an elevation of 8,375 feet, Bodie is subjected to high winds. Summer can be warm with highs in the 80s. Winter is unpredictable, with daytime temperatures reaching into the 60s and by sundown dropping below zero. Snowfall can average between three and six feet on the flat ground, with drifts up to 20 feet high. PARK HISTORY Native People The Eastern Sierra Nevada region of Mono County was home to the Northern Paiute and Mono Lake Paiute Indian groups. These two groups lived in loose family units. Primarily hunter-gatherers, the Northern Paiutes subsisted by gathering native plants, hunting small game, and fishing in local streams. They migrated seasonally, following food sources. Although the Mono Lake Paiutes hunted small animals and collected native plants and seeds, their diet was more dependent on Mono Lake, where they gathered alkali fly larvae and brine shrimp. Basket weaving was a common form of art among the Paiute tribes. The baskets, tightly woven with creative and artistic designs, were used for food gathering, storage, and cooking. The flood of miners drawn by the Bodie gold discovery pushed the Native Americans out of their traditional territory. By the early twentieth century, only five percent of the original area remained under the control of the local tribes. Food supplies dwindled as settlers clear-cut the forests for lumber and firewood, killed or displaced local wildlife, and destroyed meadow grasses by grazing their livestock. As their traditional way of life was affected, some native people adapted by working in the local towns. Paiute Indians worked at a limekiln in the Mono Lake Basin, loading the sacked lime onto flatcars for delivery to Bodie, where it was used in milling and cyanide processing of gold and silver ores. They were also employed in service jobs and as ranch hands. Bodie’s Mining Era As placer mining declined on the western slopes of the Sierra, gold discoveries in the high desert of the Eastern Sierra captured the attention of thousands of gold seekers. In 1859, W. S. Bodey and his party stumbled upon a promising placer “diggins.” They resolved to keep the find secret. Bodey did not do so, attempted to return, and perished in a blizzard that fall. Later, the ore eventually extracted from the Bodie Hills amounted to millions in gold and silver. Mining in Bodie was slow in the 1860s and 1870s due to valuable strikes in Aurora, Nevada and at the Comstock Mine in Virginia City. From 1863 to 1877, only a small handful of industrious miners and prospectors worked the Bodie mines. In the mid-1870s, the Bunker Hill Mine (later renamed the Standard Mining Company) made a rich strike of gold and silver ore. Almost 10,000 tons of precious ore were extracted from this mine, yielding close to $15 million over 25 years. miners and stamp mills to process the ore were built, a need arose for a steady supply of wood to power the mills and to warm the houses, especially during severe winters. Bodie’s Chinese residents, many of whom had come from Southern China as contract laborers in 1878, used mule trains to transport wood 20 miles from the sawmills along the eastern slope of the Sierra to Bodie. By 1881 the Bodie and Benton Railroad was transporting the heavy loads of lumber from Mono Mills more efficiently. With a popula
Nuestra Misión Parque Histórico Estatal Bodie La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. Bodie—un pueblo tan anárquico que en 1881 se denominó como “...un mar de pecados azotado por las California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (760) 647-6445. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov Bodie State Historic Park Hwy. 270 / P.O. Box 515 Bridgeport, Ca 93517 (760) 647-6445 © 2005 California State Parks (Rev. 2016) tempestades de la lujuria y la pasión”. Cita del Reverendo F. M. Warrington E xtendido a lo largo del paisaje de un remoto y elevado valle en Bodie Hills, el histórico pueblo minero de Bodie, uno de los descubrimientos de oro más ricos de California, fue alguna vez conocido por ser el lugar minero más duro, salvaje y anárquico del oeste. Recorrer las calles de este pueblo fantasma y observar por las ventanas de las casas, los negocios y los lugares que aún quedan significa retroceder en el tiempo a los días en que Bodie era un próspero pueblo minero. Ubicado en el noreste del Parque Nacional Yosemite, Bodie se encuentra a 13 millas al este de la autopista 395 sobre la Ruta Estatal 270, siete millas al sur de Bridgeport. Las últimas tres millas al parque se hacen por una ruta de tierra muy rústica. A una altura de 8,375 pies, Bodie está expuesto a vientos fuertes. Los veranos son cálidos con temperaturas máximas que rondan los 80 grados. El invierno es impredecible con temperaturas diurnas que alcanzan los 60 grados y temperaturas nocturnas bajo cero. El promedio de nieve es de entre tres y seis pies sobre piso llano con ventisqueros de hasta 20 pies de alto. HISTORIA DEL PARQUE Pueblos nativos El este de la región de Sierra Nevada del Condado de Mono fue el hogar de los grupos de indios Paiutes del norte y del Lago Mono. Ambos grupos vivían en unidades familiares independientes. Principalmente, eran cazadores y recolectores. Los Paiutes del norte subsistían recolectando plantas autóctonas, cazando animales pequeños y pescando en los arroyos de la zona. Migraban por estaciones siguiendo las fuentes de alimento. Aunque los Paiutes del Lago Mono cazaban animales pequeños y recolectaban plantas y semillas autóctonas, su dieta dependía más del Lago Mono, de donde recolectaban larvas de mosca alcalina y artemias. El tejido de canastos era una actividad artística común entre las tribus Paiutes. Los fuertes canastos, tejidos con diseños creativos y artísticos, se utilizaban para recolectar alimentos, para almacenamiento y para cocinar. La llegada de gran cantidad de mineros a Bodie, debido al descubrimiento de oro, provocó que los pueblos nativos de los Estados Unidos fueran desterrados de su territorio tradicional. Ya para principios del siglo XX, solo un 5% del área original permanecía bajo el control de las tribus locales. Los suministros disminuían a medida que los colonos talaban los bosques en búsqueda de madera y leña, eliminaban o desplazaban la vida silvestre y destruían las praderas que utilizaban para darle de pastar al ganado. Como su estilo de vida tradicional se vio afectado, algunos nativos se adaptaron y comenzaron a trabajar en los pueblos locales. Los indios Paiutes trabajaban en las caleras de la cuenca del Lago Mono, cargando la cal embolsada en vagones plataforma para entregarlas en Bodie, donde se utilizaba en el fresado y en la cianuración del oro y la plata que se encontraban en la mena. También se los empleó en trabajos de servicio y como peones de rancho. Era de la minería en Bodie A medida que la minería en los depósitos aluviales disminuía en las laderas occidentales de la Sierra, los descubrimientos de oro en el desierto alto de la Sierra del este captaban la atención de miles de buscadores de oro. En 1859, W. S. Bodey y su compañía se encontraron con uno de los descubrimientos de oro aluvial de mayor riqueza. Decidieron mantener el secreto del hallazgo. Bodey no lo hizo, intentó regresar y murió en una nevasca en ese otoño. Finalmente, la mena extraída de Bodie Hills representaba millones en oro y plata. Entre las décadas de los sesenta y setenta del siglo XIX, la práctica de la minería en Bodie era lenta debido a los descubrimientos valiosos que se realizaban en Aurora, Nevada y en la mina Comstock de la ciudad de Virginia. Desde 1863 a 1877, solo un pequeño grupo de mineros y explorador

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