San Juan Bautista

State Historic Park - California

San Juan Bautista Plaza Historic District, also known as San Juan Bautista State Historic Park is a historic district in San Juan Bautista, California, United States, that is a National Historic Landmark and a California state historic park. It includes the Mission San Juan Bautista, the Jose Castro House (another National Historic Landmark), and several other buildings.

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Boundary Map of the Mother Lode BLM Field Office in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).Mother Lode - Boundary Map

Boundary Map of the Mother Lode BLM Field Office in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Juan_Bautista_State_Historic_Park San Juan Bautista Plaza Historic District, also known as San Juan Bautista State Historic Park is a historic district in San Juan Bautista, California, United States, that is a National Historic Landmark and a California state historic park. It includes the Mission San Juan Bautista, the Jose Castro House (another National Historic Landmark), and several other buildings.
San Juan Bautista State Historic Park Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. San Juan Bautista echoed with the ring of the blacksmith’s anvil and the whinnies of stagecoach horses carrying passengers from California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (831) 623-4881. If you need this publication in an alternate format, contact interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov San Juan Bautista State Historic Park Second Street at Washington & Mariposa San Juan Bautista, CA 95045 (831) 623-4881 © 2009 California State Parks (Rev. 2016) all over the world. I magine a place where Colonization from Spain in 1821, the missions were you can step back into On June 24, secularized  —  converted from church history and walk the paths 1797, Father property to private property. Mexico’s civil of Native Californians, Fermin administrator for the region, José Tibúrcio Spanish padres, Mexican Lasuén, Castro, oversaw the seizure and sale of government officials, Franciscan mission property. Many of the neophytes European immigrants, successor who survived the mission experience miners and Victorian ladies to Father formed communities with other Mission all in one place. Junípero Indians. Today, their descendants Travelers at the Plaza Hotel, ca. 1875 Mission San Juan Serra, continue to honor and practice aspects of Bautista, California’s founded their traditional culture. fifteenth mission, was built in the southern Mission San Juan Bautista. Named after Saint PARK BUILDINGS portion of the San Juan Valley, at the John the Baptist, the mission was one of 21 foot of low hills along the San Andreas built to convert local Native Americans to the Castro/Breen Adobe  —  José Tibúrcio earthquake fault line. Although the mission Spanish way of life, subject them to Spanish Castro commissioned this adobe home played a central role in San Juan Bautista’s civil law, and teach them to run a pueblo or in 1838 for his son, Mexican General self-sufficent community. development, it is not part of the state park. José Antonio Castro. General Castro was Father Lasuén’s padres used Mutsun labor San Juan Bautista State Historic Park appointed commander of the Monterey and recruited Yokuts and Miwok people encompasses historic buildings, gardens District of Alta California in 1834 and acted from as far away as the Sierra foothills. The and picnic areas that offer visitors the as governor until 1836. In 1846 western Franciscan fathers called the native people opportunity to experience life as it was in pathfinder John C. Frémont and frontier “neophytes” after their conversion early California between 1859 and 1890. legend Kit Carson planted the first U.S. to Catholicism. As the mission’s flag over California on Gavilan Peak PARK HISTORY labor force, the native (now Fremont Peak), above the people made adobe bricks, Native People San Juan Valley. General Castro constructed buildings, For thousands of years, this area demanded that Frémont’s raised crops and cared for was originally populated by the Mutsun group leave Mexico’s livestock. The mission’s people, who lived in the basin surrounding territory; they left after three olives, wheat, wool, hides the Pajaro River. The region they called tense days. and tallow supplied the Popeloutchom is now called the San The adobe was completed growing colony. Juan Valley. in 1841, but General Castro’s Thousands of the Each Mutsun village had dome-shaped duties elsewhere kept him mission’s neophytes were tule homes (ruk), granaries, a sweat house away from his new home. eventually buried in the and outlying camps. A Mutsun village called In 1848, Patrick and Margaret church cemetery. Following Trahtrahk (place of many springs) stood on Breen arrived penniless in San General José Mexico’s independence the site of present-day San Juan Bautista. Juan with their seven children. The Antonio Castro Castro/Breen Adobe courtyard family had survived 111 days in the Sierra Nevada snow as members of the 1846 Donner party. General Castro allowed the Breens to live in the adobe until they could pay to buy it. Soon after sixteen-year-old son John Breen set off for the gold fields in 1848, he returned with more than $10,000 in gold dust. The Breens used John’s profits to purchase the Castro adobe with 400 acres of prime farmland. The Breens owned the adobe until 1933, when it became part of the State Park System. Plaza Hotel  —  The hotel, now a museum and park entrance point, was a one-story
Parque Estatal Histórico San Juan Bautista Nuestra Misión La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. San Juan Bautista resuena con los sonidos del yunque del herrero y los relinchos de los caballos de las diligencias California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (831) 623-4881. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con interp@parks.ca.gov. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov San Juan Bautista State Historic Park Second Street at Washington & Mariposa San Juan Bautista, CA 95045 (831) 623-4881 © 2009 California State Parks (Rev. 2016) que llevaban pasajeros de todo el mundo. I magine un lugar donde pueda volver en la historia ay recorrer los caminos de los nativos californianos, los sacerdotes españoles, los funcionarios mexicanos, los inmigrantes Europeos, los mineros y las damas victorianas, todo en un solo lugar. La Misión San Juan Bautista, es la decimoquinta misión de California, construida en la porción sur del Valle de San Juan, en la base de las colinas bajas de la línea de la falla de San Andrés. A pesar de que la misión cumplió un papel central en el desarrollo de San Juan Bautista no pertenece al parque estatal en sí mismo. El Parque Estatal Histórico San Juan Bautista está compuesto por edificios históricos, jardines y áreas de pícnic que les brindan a los visitantes la oportunidad de experimentar la vida tal como se desarrollaba en la antigua California entre 1859 y 1890. HISTORIA DEL PARQUE Los indígenas Durante miles de años, esta área estaba originalmente habitada por el pueblo mutsun que ocupaba la cuenca que rodea el Río del Pájaro. La región que ellos denominaban “Popeloutchom” se conoce actualmente como el Valle de San Juan. Cada asentamiento mutsun contaba con chozas de tule con techos de punta cónica (ruk), graneros, Viajeros del Plaza Hotel, ca. 1875 temazcales (cabañas de sudar) y campamentos periféricos. Uno de los asentamientos mutsun denominado Trahtrahk (lugar de muchas primaveras) se encuentra actualmente en San Juan Bautista. Colonización El 24 de junio de 1797, el Padre Fermín Lasuén, un sucesor franciscano del Padre Junípero Serra, fundó la Misión San Juan Bautista. La misión, llamada así en honor a San Juan el Bautista, fue una de las 21 que tenía por objeto convertir a los pueblos nativos de los Estados Unidos para que adquieran el estilo de vida español, para que queden sujetos a las leyes civiles españolas y para que aprendan a administrar pueblos o comunidades autosuficientes. Los padres del Padre Lasuén hacían uso de la mano de obra mutsun y reclutaban miembros de los General José Antonio Castro pueblos yokut y miwok desde lugares tan lejanos como la falda de la Sierra. Los Padres franciscanos se referían a los nativos como “neófitos” luego de la conversión al catolicismo. Como mano de obra de la misión, los nativos fabricaban ladrillos de adobe, construían edificios, sembraban y cuidaban del ganado. La floreciente colonia se abastecía de las aceitunas, el trigo, la lana y el sebo de la misión. Miles de neófitos de la misión fueron finalmente enterrados en el cementerio de la iglesia. Seguido de la independencia de México del yugo español en 1821, las misiones se secularizaron, es decir que la propiedad eclesial se convirtió en propiedad privada. El administrador civil de la región de México, José Tibúrcio Castro, supervisó la incautación y la venta de las propiedades de la misión. Muchos de los neófitos, que sobrevivieron la experiencia de la misión, formaron comunidades con otros indios misioneros. Actualmente, los descendientes continúan honrando y respetando ciertos aspectos de su cultura tradicional. EDIFICIOS DEL PARQUE Casa Castro/Breen — José Tibúrcio Castro se encargó de esta edificación de adobe en 1838 para su hijo, el General mexicano José Antonio Castro. En Patio de la casa Castro/Breen 1834 se designó al General Castro como comandante del distrito de Monterey de Alta California quien se desempeñó como gobernador hasta 1836. En 1846, el explorador John C. Frémont y el legendario Kit Carson plantaron la primera bandera de los Estados Unidos en California sobre la Cumbre Gavilán (actualmente conocida como Fremont Peak) sobre el Valle de San Juan. El General Castro demandó que el grupo Frémont abandonase el territorio mexicano quienes lo hicieron luego de tres jornadas muy tensas. La casa fue finalizada en 1841, sin embargo, los co
Important Information • Chaperones must stay with students at all times. • No food, beverages or gum inside any of the sites. • Park staff reserves the right to cancel groups arriving more than 10 minutes after the scheduled arrival time. • Groups without reservations are admitted on a space available basis. Payments for admission by check or cash only. Holding capacities strictly enforced. Our Mission The Mission of the California Department of Parks and Recreation is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the states’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high quality outdoor recreation. California State Parks Historic Sites Visitor Information Guide • Commercial tour companies will be charged regular admission price at the park where applicable. • School groups with reservations will be admitted free of charge at all venues unless otherwise noted. • Requests for special assistance for persons with disabilities should be identified when making reservations with Reserve America. • Due to the number of no-shows at the Historic Sites venues, groups that fail to show for a reserved venue will be invoiced $25.00 per no show. • Fees subject to change. School group reservations call toll free: (866) 2404655 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m., 7 days a week Pacific Standard Time. Commercial group reservations call toll free:(866) 361-5111 8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. M-F. For additional site information, maps and teacher background materials, Visit the California State Parks Website at: www.parks.ca.gov. HISTORIC STATE PARK SITES STATE CAPITOL MUSEUM 10th and L Street Guided tours provide an understanding of California’s complex and dynamic legislature. In addition, the guides interpret the Capitol’s history, architecture and symbols. Historic offices offer a glimpse into the Capitol’s past and museum rooms convey a perspective on current issues. Maximum 35 people. Wheelchair accessible. Listening devices upon request. (1 hr - Guided Tour) LELAND STANFORD MANSION 4th – 12th grades only. Leland Stanford Mansion State Historic Park, a National Historic Landmark, was the 19th century home of Leland and Jane Stanford. Today the Mansion welcomes leaders from around the world as the State’s official reception center and public museum. Allow 30 minutes for this guided tour. There are adult and youth fees; children five and under are free. For more information, call (916) 3246088 or (916) 324-0575 and press 03. THE CALIFORNIA MUSEUM FOR HISTORY, WOMEN AND THE ARTS The California Museum offers fun and educational programs and tours. Students have the opportunity to learn about California and the nation through the gallery-based programs. Developed by an experienced educator with specific reference to California’s curriculum standards, the Museum offers a range of resources California State Parks does not discriminate against individuals with disabilities. To receive this publication in an alternate format contact the California State Parks Concessions & Reservations Division at (916) 653-7733. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. BOX 942896 SACRAMENTO, CA 94296-0001 For Information Call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, Outside the U.S. (888) 877-5738, TTY (888) 877-5379, Without TTY www.parks.ca.gov Cover photo: Marshall Gold Discovery SHP © 2009 California State Parks for discovery and learning to classroom teachers. These resources are provided in a ready format that encourages and supports the efforts of teachers in addressing the natural and cultural diversity of California, the growth of the world-class economy, and the workings of our democracy. The Museum features exhibits on pioneering families, California Mission art, and the Remarkable Women Series with Latinas: the Spirit of California. For more information on our current exhibits, check our website at www. californiamuseum.org. CALIFORNIA STATE INDIAN MUSEUM 26th & K Street The museum displays a comprehensive collection of artifacts relating to California Indian culture. Wheelchair accessible. Groups without reservations are admitted on a space available basis. Carrying capacity enforced. (30 min Self-guided Tour) for 2nd floor of Central Building. (1 hr - Sound-Assisted, Self-guided Tour) GOVERNOR’S MANSION SHP 16th & H Street Elegant Victorian mansion built in 1877. Former home to California’s governors from John Pardee through Ronald Reagan. No strollers allowed. Due to limited holding capacity, large drop-in groups not advised. Wheelchair lift available. For information regarding this site, call (916) 323-3047. (40 min - Guided Tour) MARSHALL GOLD DISCOVERY SHP Highway 49 in Coloma This is the site of the discovery at Sutter’s MiII that triggered the California Gold Rush. Groups with a valid reservation must check in at the park entrance within an hour before or after their scheduled arrival time. For Bekeart’s gold California

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