Wildlife of Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Colorado. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Alamosa and Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuges Wildlife List Alamosa and Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuges The San Luis Valley of south-central Colorado is home to three National Wildlife Refuges, Alamosa, Monte Vista, and Baca. Over the course of a year, these National Wildlife Refuges provide crucial feeding, resting, and breeding habitat for over 200 bird species and a variety of other wildlife. Ninety-five percent of the Rocky Mountain population of greater sandhill cranes stop twice a year at This goose Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge designed by J.N. (NWR). In spring, sandhill cranes, “Ding” Darling, waterfowl, and other migrating birds has become the stop at Monte Vista NWR to refuel symbol of the on their journey to northern breeding National Wildlife grounds. As they migrate to southern Refuge System. wintering grounds in the fall, the cranes stop again at the Refuge to refuel. Refuge farm fields and privately-owned croplands provide essential feeding habitat in close proximity to safe roosting areas found on Monte Vista NWR. Many waterfowl species stay on the Refuge through the summer to breed and rear young. Monte Vista NWR is one of the most productive duck breeding wetlands in North America. Early summer also brings nesting shorebirds and water birds to all three Refuges. Throughout the summer, the riparian corridor along the Rio Grande at Alamosa NWR offers habitat for many species of songbirds, including the rare southwestern willow flycatcher. When winter hits the valley, some waterfowl can be found, but raptors dominate the Refuges’ landscape. Short-eared owls winter and breed on the refuges while bald eagles can be seen fishing and roosting along the Rio Grande at Alamosa NWR. Elk, deer, coyotes, porcupines, and beaver are some of the other wildlife you may see while visiting the refuges. Resident deer and elk are found on the refuges year round, while migrating herds are seen in the fall and winter moving from higher elevations to the valley floor. Seasonal Abundance Sandhill crane USFWS a abundant - numerous and easily found in appropriate habitat c common - should be found in appropriate habitat with little search effort u uncommon - might see in appropriate habitat o occasional - seen only a few times during the season r rare - observed once or twice every 2 - 5 years Ac accidental - observed only a few times in the history of the Refuge Common Bird Name Sp S Loons Pacific Loon Common Loon Ac Ac Grebes • Pied-billed Grebe • Eared Grebe • Western Grebe Clark’s Grebe c u o o Pelicans American White Pelican o Cormorants Double-crested Cormorant r Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets • American Bittern Least Bittern Great Blue Heron Great Egret • Snowy Egret Little Blue Heron • Cattle Egret Green Heron • Black-crowned Night-Heron u Ac u o c u r c Ibises and Spoonbills • White-faced Ibis c Swans, Geese, and Ducks Greater White-fronted Goose Snow Goose Ross’ Goose • Canada Goose Tundra Swan Wood Duck • Gadwall • American Wigeon • Mallard • Blue-winged Teal • Cinnamon Teal • Northern Shoveler • Northern Pintail • Green-winged Teal Canvasback • Redhead Ring-necked Duck Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup r o r a r r a c a c a c a a u c u r c F c u o o c u u u c o a r u u a a c r a u a c a c c a r c r r o a u r c a W r o r a r r a u a c a u c c r c r r r o r a r o r a r r c u Common Bird Name Sp S F W u o Ac c Ac c c o o r r c o o u c o o Ac c c r o u r u c o o c c o o u c c r c u o c r c u Falcons and Caracaras • American Kestrel Merlin Peregrine Falcon Prairie Falcon c r o u c r o u c o o u o o r u Gallinaceous Birds • Ring-necked Pheasant c c c c u u u u Ac Ac a a u u r Bufflehead Common Goldeneye Hooded Merganser Common Merganser Red-breasted Merganser • Ruddy Duck Osprey, Kites, Hawks, and Eagles Osprey Bald Eagle • Northern Harrier Sharp-shinned Hawk Cooper’s Hawk Northern Goshawk • Swainson’s Hawk • Red-tailed Hawk Ferruginous Hawk Rough-legged Hawk Golden Eagle Rails • Virginia Rail • Sora Purple Gallinule Common Moorhen • American Coot r c c c r c a Cranes Sandhill Crane Whooping Crane a u Plovers Black-bellied Plover Semipalmated Plover • Killdeer Mountain Plover r o a r a r a Stilts and Avocets • Black-necked Stilt • American Avocet u a u a o c o a u r r o Common Bird Name Sp S F Sandpipers and Phalaropes Greater Yellowlegs Lesser Yellowlegs Solitary Sandpiper Willet • Spotted Sandpiper Whimbrel Long-billed Curlew Marbled Godwit Sanderling Western Sandpiper Least Sandpiper Baird’s Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Stilt Sandpiper Long-billed Dowitcher • Common Snipe • Wilson’s Phalarope u u r o c Ac o u o u u u o o u c a u u r u u r o u Skuas, Jaegers, Gulls, and Terns Franklin’s Gull Bonaparte’s Gull Ring-billed Gull Caspian Tern Common Tern Forster’s Tern Least Tern • Black Tern u r u Ac Ac o Ac u o r r u o c u c c u c c u c c c o r u c Pigeons and Doves • Rock Dove Band-tailed Pigeon • Mourning Dove Barn Owls Barn Owl Typical Owls • Great Horned Owl • Burrowing Owl Long-eared Owl • Short-eared Owl Nightjars • Common Nighthawk Common Poorwill Swifts White-throated Swift c o u u u o o c a o o o u u u o o u c u W o r r c o c o u u o u r u r r o Common Bird Name Sp S F Hummingbirds Black-chinned Hummingbird Broad-tailed Hummingbird Rufous Hummingbird o u r u u o u u u u u r r o u u c u Kingfishers • Belted Kingfisher Woodpeckers Lewis’ Woodpecker Red-headed Woodpecker Williamson’s Sapsucker Red-naped Sapsucker Downy Woodpecker Hairy Woodpecker • Northern Flicker Tyrant Flycatchers Olive-sided Flycatcher • Western Wood-Pewee • Willow Flycatcher • Say’s Phoebe Vermilion Flycatcher Cassin’s Kingbird • Western Kingbird Eastern Kingbird Shrikes • Loggerhead Shrike Northern Shrike r Ac u u u c o u u o u Ac r u u o u c u r r u o u u Vireos Warbling Vireo o o Crows, Jays, and Magpies • Black-billed Magpie American Crow Common Raven a u c Larks • Horned Lark Swallows Purple Martin • Tree Swallow Violet-green Swallow • Northern Rough-winged Swallow Bank Swallow • Cliff Swallow • Barn Swallow W r u r o o r o a o c a u c a u c c c c c Ac c u u u a a c o u u c a u u u u u c Common Bird Name Sp S F W Titmice and Chickadees Black-capped Chickadee Mountain Chickadee u o u r u o u o Nuthatches White-breasted Nuthatch o r o Wrens Rock Wren • House Wren • Marsh Wren r u a u a o u c Kinglets Ruby-crowned Kinglet o Thrushes Western Bluebird Mountain Bluebird Swainson’s Thrush • American Robin o c r c r u c c o Mimic Thrushes Northern Mockingbird • Sage Thrasher u c u c u u r Starlings • European Starling a a a a Wagtails and Pipits American (Water) Pipit o Wood Warblers Orange-crowned Warbler • Yellow Warbler Yellow-rumped Warbler Townsend’s Warbler Black-and-white Warbler Prothonotary Warbler Northern Waterthrush MacGillivray’s Warbler • Common Yellowthroat Hooded Warbler Wilson’s Warbler Tanagers Western Tanager o c c o o o c u u c r Ac Ac o o r c c Ac u u o o o u Common Bird Name Sp S F u r r o u c c o r r u r Sparrows and Towhees Green-tailed Towhee Spotted Towhee Cassin’s Sparrow American Tree Sparrow Chipping Sparrow • Brewer’s Sparrow • Vesper Sparrow Lark Sparrow Black-throated Sparrow Sage Sparrow Lark Bunting • Savannah Sparrow Grasshopper Sparrow • Song Sparrow Swamp Sparrow • White-crowned Sparrow Dark-eyed Junco Lapland Longspur c Ac c c o Ac Cardinals, Grosbeaks, and Allies Black-headed Grosbeak Blue Grosbeak Indigo Bunting o o o o Ac c u c c o r r o c r c c u u u o W c r c c c c c o c Blackbirds and Orioles Bobolink • Red-winged Blackbird • Western Meadowlark • Yellow-headed Blackbird • Brewer’s Blackbird Great-tailed Grackle • Brown-headed Cowbird Bullock’s Oriole r a a a c o c u a a a c o c u Finches Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Cassin’s Finch • House Finch Pine Siskin Lesser Goldfinch • American Goldfinch o c o o u o c o o u u Old World Sparrows • House Sparrow a a c r a c c c a u r o o c u o c o r o c o c Mammals Cinereus or Masked Shrew (Sorex cinereus) Dusky or Montane Shrew (Sorex monticolus) Common Water Shrew (Sorex palustris) Western Small-footed Myotis (Myotis ciliolabrum) Long-eared Myotis (Myotis evotis) Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus) Yuma Myotis (Myotis yumanensis) Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus) Silver-haired Bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans) Big Brown Bat (Eptescius fuscus) Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (Plecotus townsendii) Brazilian Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) Desert Cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii) Mountain Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii) White-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii) Least Chipmunk (Tamias minimus) Yellow-bellied Marmot (Marmota flaviventris) Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) Gunnison’s Prairie-dog (Cynomys gunnisoni) Botta’s Pocket Gopher (Thomomys bottae) Northern Pocket Gopher (Thomomys talpoides) Plains Pocket Mouse (Perognathus flavescens) Silky Pocket Mouse (Perognathus flavus) Ord’s Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys ordii) American Beaver (Castor canadensis) Western Harvest Mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis) Deer Mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) Northern Grasshopper Mouse (Onychomys leucogaster) House Mouse (Mus musculus) Long-tailed Vole (Microtus longicaudus) Montane Vole (Microtus montanus) Meadow Vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Western Jumping Mouse (Zapus princeps) Common Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Coyote (Canis latrans) Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) Common Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) Black Bear (Ursus americanus) Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Ermine (Mustela erminea) Long-tailed Weasel (Mustela frenata) American Mink (Mustela vison) American Badger (Taxidea taxus) Western Spotted Skunk (Spilogale gracilis) Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis) Mountain Lion (Puma concolor) Mammals (continued) Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Wapiti or Elk (Cervus elaphus) Mule or Black-tailed Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) Amphibians Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) Plains Spadefoot (Scaphiopus bombifrons) Western Frog (Bufo boreas) Great Plains Toad (Bufo cognatus) Woodhouse’s Toad (Bufo woodhousii) Striped Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata) Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens) Reptiles Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentia) Short-horned Lizard (Phrynosoma douglassii) Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporous undulatus) Many-lined Skink (Eumeces multivigratus) Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum) Bullsnake (Pituophis melnoleucus) Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans) Western Rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis) Date Total Observers Weather Time Accessibility Information Equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from programs and activities of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is available to all individuals regardless of physical or mental ability. Dial 7-1-1 for a free connection to the State transfer relay service for TTY and voice calls to and from the speech and hearing impaired. For more information or to address accessibility needs, please contact the Refuge staff at 719 / 589 4021 or the U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Equal Opportunity, 1849 C Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20240 Alamosa and Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuges 9383 El Rancho Lane Alamosa, CO 81101 719 / 589 4021 719 / 587 0595 fax firstname.lastname@example.org http://alamosa.fws.gov For State transfer relay service TTY / Voice: 711 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.fws.gov For Refuge Information 1 800 / 344 WILD September 2003