Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee
Fishing and Boating
Fishing and Boating at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Florida. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee USFWS National Wildlife Refuge Fishing and Boating Regulations The Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge consists of three designated entrance areas: Headquarters, Hillsboro, and 20Mile Bend Areas. The main refuge access point is located at 10216 Lee Road between Boynton Beach Blvd. and Atlantic Ave. off of U.S. 441. Loxahatchee NWR provides wildlife dependent public uses such as hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, wildlife photography, environmental education, and interpretation. However, the primary objective of a national wildlife refuge is to provide habitat for the conservation of all species of wildlife. Sport fishing is permitted at a level that does not adversely affect wildlife or their environment. Fishing provides recreational opportunities and permits the use of a valuable renewable resource. Refuge Specific Fishing and Boating Regulations for the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Sport fishing and boating will be in accordance with all applicable Federal, State and Refuge specific regulations. Fishing regulations are designed to protect the fisherman and wildlife populations. Fishing and boating activities on the Refuge are listed within this brochure. The regulations within this brochure supplement the general regulations that govern fishing and boating on National Wildlife Refuges as set forth in Title 50 Code of Federal Regulations; Sections 27 and 32. (http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr). Mercury health hazards Mercury is a naturally occurring element in the environment. However, unnaturally large quantities occur in the environment primarily from power generation and industrial pollution. Rain washes it into the waterways where it settles and is eaten by microorganisms, which are in turn eaten by fish. Because mercury levels build up in fish, the older fish, and those that eat other fish (such as bass and pickerel) have the highest mercury levels. For these species, it is recommended that people eat fish 12 inches or less in length. Mercury is very hazardous for humans and eating fish contaminated with mercury can result in serious health problems, including heart disease and damage to the brain and nervous system. Small amounts of mercury can damage a brain starting to form or grow. Therefore babies in the womb, nursing babies, and young children are at most risk. For more information about the levels in the various types of fish and who and what you can safely eat, see the FDA food safety website at www.cfsan.fda.gov/~frf/seamehg.html or the EPA website at www.epa.gov/ost/fish Access and Hours The refuge is open daily from 5:00 am to 10:00 pm. There are three entrances to the Refuge. The Headquarters Area (10216 Lee Road in Boynton Beach), the Hillsboro Area (west end of Loxahatchee Road in Boca Raton), and the 20-Mile Bend Area (off of Southern Blvd, SR-80 in West Palm Beach). Anglers and boaters are welcome to use all authorized entrances Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge is a federal entrance fee area. An entrance fee per vehicle or per pedestrian is required for daily visits. Entrance passes and Federal Duck Stamps are available upon request at the Refuge headquarters entrance station located off US 441/SR 7 in Boynton Beach. Freshwater fish at Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Freshwater native species found on the Refuge include but are not limited to: largemouth bass, channel catfish, black crappie, redear sunfish, chain pickerel, longnose gar, bluegill, and warmouth. Possession limits Refer to State regulations. Exotic species found in South Florida Mayan Cichlid, Butterfly Peacock bass, Oscar, Spotted Tilapia, and Sailfin Catfish, etc. Alligators and other wildlife Alligators when fed lose their natural fear of humans and become attracted to people. Alligators that have been fed may be more likely to attack, and must be destroyed. It is unlawful to feed alligators or any other wildlife on the Refuge. This includes allowing alligators to eat unwanted or released fish. Native Fresh Water Fishes Black Crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) Longnose Gar (Lepisosteus osseus) Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) Warmouth (Lepomis gulosus) Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) Chain Pickerel (Esox niger) Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) Redear Sunfish (Lepomis microlophus) Exotic Freshwater Fishes Mayan Cichlid (Cichlasoma urophthalmus) Butterfly Peacock (Cichla ocellaris) Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) Spotted Tilapia (Tilapia mariae) Sailfin Catfish (Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus) Requirements and Regulations All recreational anglers must possess a valid Florida fishing license in accordance with the laws of the state of Florida. Daily bag and possession limits are in accordance with Florida regulations. To review additional information, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission recreational Fishing Regulations may be found at www.myfwc.com/fishing. n Fishing is permitted south of a line of latitude of N 26.27.130 and in the rim canal around the rest of the Refuge. The Refuge prohibits fishing in areas posted as closed to fishing or the public. n Only rods, reels, and poles are allowed, and anglers must attend them at all times. n The Refuge prohibits commercial fishing as well as the taking of frogs, turtles, and other wildlife. n The Refuge prohibits the possession or use of cast nets, seines, trot lines, jugs, gigs, and other fishing devices. n All boaters must comply with U.S. Coast Guard and State of Florida boating regulations including required running lights. n Boats equipped with outboard or electric motors and nonmotorized vessels are permitted. Prohibited vessels include airboats, mud-boats, hovercraft, personal watercraft (Jet Skis, Wave Runners, etc). n All boats operating in the flats and trails outside of the main canals, must fly a 12 inch by 12 inch (30 cm x 30 cm) orange flag, 10 feet (3 m) above the vessel’s waterline. n Do not feed or harass the wildlife. n Disturbing, collecting, injuring, or attempting to disturb or injure any plant, artifact, rock, or animal is unlawful. n Cutting or removing any live or dead vegetation, limbs, trees etc. is prohibited. n The Refuge does not allow fires, camping and/or overnight parking. n The Refuge does not allow pets. n Do Not Litter. It is illegal, unsightly, and poses a serious threat to fish, wading birds, and turtles. They get entangled in fishing line and plastic causing injury and death. Place all unused monofilament line in the white recycle tube. There is a white recycle tube located at the Headquarters Area and at 20-Mile Bend Area. Never throw pieces of plastic or let fishing line go into the water. Inspections Fishermen, their vehicles, boats, equipment and other belongings are subject to inspection by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service law enforcement officers. For emergencies or to report violations, contact law enforcement personnel at 1.800.307.5789. Boating Safety Use extreme caution when you are launching into the canal. Place your vehicle in park and set the parking brake. Boaters are urged to wear their life jackets at all times. All U.S. Coast Guard, State of Florida and Refuge boating regulations must be followed for your safety. Motorboat travel on the Refuge may be hazardous due to underwater or floating debris, floating vegetation, and wakes from other boats. Please look for and obey all posted No Wake Zones and Speed Zones. There is a 35 MPH maximum speed on all waters of the Refuge. These areas are posted to keep visitors safe and to protect wildlife. Slow down when passing other boats and when you see alligators and other wildlife in the area. Be prepared and observe regulations concerning: Posted hours, closed areas, fishing or hunting license requirements, boat registration, life jackets, and other required safety equipment. Do not leave valuables in your vehicle. Ensure your boat is seaworthy. Have all your safety equipment on board. Ensure you have plenty of fuel. Pack a Global Positioning System (GPS), a cell phone and a marine radio. Carry insect repellant, drinking water, foul weather clothing, and emergency lights or flares. Remember the sun magnifies the effects of alcohol. Limit alcohol consumption. Boating while intoxicated is as serious as driving while intoxicated and law enforcement officers regularly check boaters for levels of intoxication. Allow time to return to your vehicle and to leave the area before posted closing time. Remember, floating vegetation and changing water levels can block canals and hide boat trails. If you should become lost or stranded please observe the following procedures, which will aid personnel in locating you. First, hail other boaters in your area or passing you for help. U.S. Coast Guard regulations require that boaters render assistance to fellow boaters. Call the Refuge Emergency Dispatch number, 1.800.307.5789 or 911. Leave your number and your location, as well as where you launched and your status of emergency. Law enforcement officers also monitor VHF Channel 16. Do not leave your boat in order to walk out. Try to paddle to the canal and get on the levee. Should your vehicle be found in the parking areas after closing time, personnel will begin search and rescue procedures. If you have a portable or strobe light, turn it on after dark. During the first phase of the search, officers will drive the levees looking for you. If you are located, a boat or aircraft will be used to reach you. Signal aircraft using a flag, shirt, or light. Aircraft will direct officers in boats to your location. As the search boat nears you, it will turn off its engine. At that time, call and make noises to assist officers in pinpointing your location. Remember, filing a false report or making a false distress signal or call is a serious offense. Refuge personnel will not tow your vessel except in an emergency. Refuge Signs— Know Their Meaning Signs protect visitors and resources. They are used to grant or restrict certain activities while protecting the Refuge from undue human disturbance and abuse. The wordings of the signs below apply to the areas behind the signs. Please respect all Refuge signs as you traverse the refuge and immediately report witnessed violations to law enforcement at 1.800.307.5789. National Wildlife Refuge These signs BOUNDARY mark the boundary of the Consult Manager Refuge. for current regulations U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Department of the Interior U.S. FISH & WILDLIFE SERVICE U.S. FISH & WILDLIFE SERVICE IO M EN TE R PA T R DE R T OF THE IN All public entry prohibited M IO PA AREA BEYOND THIS SIGN CLOSED T R DE R NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE EN T OF THE IN TE R UNAUTHORIZED ENTRY PROHIBITED U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Area Closed Certain areas of the Refuge are closed to visitors for safety and management purposes. Unauthorized entry beyond this sign is prohibited. No Vehicles Unauthorized motor vehicles are not allowed beyond this sign. This applies to all cars, trucks, jeeps, and motorcycles. Walking and non-motorized bicycles are allowed. Please do not block access through Refuge gates. No Fishing Fishing is prohibited beyond this sign. Boat speed The maximum speed for boats is 35 mph. Speeds are managed at the Refuge for the safety of the boating and fishing public and to protect wildlife. Please obey all speed zones for your safety and that of wildlife. IDLE SPEED NO WAKE WITHIN 500 FEET OF BOAT RAMPS MAXIMUM SPEED 35 MPH ALL WATERS MAXIMUM SPEED 35 MPH ALL WATERS SLOW SPEED SLOW SPEED MINIMUM WAKE MINIMUM WAKE TO L-7 CANAL TO L40 CANAL Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge 10216 Lee Road Boynton Beach, FL 33473 Phone: 561/734 8303 Email: email@example.com Website: www.fws.gov/refuge/ARM_loxahatchee Facebook: www.facebook.com/ARMLoxahatcheeNWR/ Visitor Center Hours: 9:00 am - 4:00 pm daily Refuge Hours: 5:00 am - 10:00 pm daily 24 hour emergencies or violation reporting 1-800-307-5789 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service www.fws.gov Federal Relay 1 800/877 8339 Voice and TTY June 2018