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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge Bird List photo: Monica Harris Great Egret St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge includes the 12,300 acre, undeveloped, St. Vincent Island and an 86 acre mainland tract in Franklin County, Florida, as well as the 45 acre Pig Island in St. Joe Bay, Gulf County, Florida. The diversity in habitats fosters a diversity of bird species. The triangular-shaped St. Vincent Island is wider (four miles) than most other barrier islands in the area. The nine miles of Gulf beaches are good for observation of shorebirds, gulls, terns, and fish eating raptors such as Bald Eagles and Ospreys. Large expanses of both salt and fresh water marshes and bayous provide good viewing of many species of water birds, including divers, waders, shorebirds and ducks. The interior ridge and swale system provides habitat for a wide variety of passerines and raptors. The oak ridges along the Gulf provide excellent habitat for neotropical migrants. In addition, the refuge represents the western limit of breeding range for American Oystercatchers, Scott’s Seaside Sparrows and Boat-tailed Grackles in Florida. The seasons bring about marked changes in both species and abundance of birdlife. Best opportunities for observing the greatest variety and number of birds occur during the fall and spring. Waterfowl are most easily seen on the refuge from mid-November through late December. Shorebirds are most common during late spring and early fall. photo: Monica Harris Bald Eagle and shorebird nesting areas are posted and closed to the public. Please honor these signs. Enjoy your visit! Willet photo: Monica Harris Common Moorhen Seasonal appearance SP-Spring: March - May S-Summer: June - August F -Fall: September - November W -Winter: December - February Seasonal abundance a-abundant A common species which is very numerous c-common Certain to be seen or heard in suitable habitat u-uncommon Present, but not certain to be seen o-occasional Seen only a few times during a season r-rare Seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years x-accidental Generally considered out of species normal range * Has nested on refuge + No longer occur on refuge @ Exotic species not native to the area SP F W u r a u u r o r c u o c o u u o c o o o c u c c o o r a u u o u r u u o c o u u o c u u u c u c c o Gallinaceous birds (Quails, Turkeys, and Allies) Wild Turkey* r r Northern Bobwhite* r r r r r r Loons ___Red-Throated Loon ___Common Loon c r u r c Grebes Pied-billed Grebe* Horned Grebe u u r r o o u u Gannets, Pelicans, and Allies Brown Booby Northern Gannet American White Pelican Brown Pelican Double-crested Cormorant Anhinga* Magnificent Frigatebird u u a a c o x r r a c c o o o a a c o u u a a c Herons, Egrets, and Allies American Bittern Least Bittern* Great Blue Heron* o c c r c c o u c o r c Waterfowl Snow Goose Canada Goose Wood Duck* Gadwall American Wigeon American Black Duck Mallard Mottled Duck Blue-winged Teal Northern Shoveler Northern Pintail Green-winged Teal Canvasback Redhead Ring-necked Duck Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup Surf Scoter White-winged Scoter Black Scoter Bufflehead Common Goldeneye Hooded Merganser Red-breasted Merganser Ruddy Duck r c u u r o c u o c o u u o c u u u c u u c o S c r u r o o SP F W a a c c o c c c u S x a a c c u c c u u a a c c u c u u r a a c c o r u c r Ibises, Spoonsbills, and Storks White Ibis Glossy Ibis* Roseate Spoonbill Wood Stork u o r u u o r u u .u c o r u o Vultures, Hawks, and Allies Black Vulture Turkey Vulture Osprey* American Swallow-tailed Kite* Mississippi Kite Bald Eagle* Northern Harrier Sharp-shinned Hawk Cooper’s Hawk Red-shouldered Hawk* Broad-winged Hawk Red-tailed Hawk* Golden Eagle American Kestrel* Merlin Peregrine Falcon o c c u r c u o o c o u r u o r o c c u r u r r r c o u o c u Rails, Gallinules, Coots and Cranes Yellow Rail Black Rail* Clapper Rail* King Rail Virginia Rail Sora Purple Gallinule* Common Moorhen* American Coot Sandhill Crane r o c u u c o c c r Shorebirds Black-bellied Plover American Golden Plover Snowy Plover* Wilson’s Plover* c r u o Great White Heron Great Egret* Snowy Egret* Little Blue Heron* Tricolored Heron* Reddish Egret Cattle Egret* Green Heron* Black-crowned Night-Heron* Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* r c u r u a o u u o r c u u u c u c r u o o o c o c u u o c c r u o o r c u u c o a c o o c u u c r o c o c r u o c u r Semipalmated Plover Piping Plover Killdeer American Oystercatcher* Black-necked Stilt* American Avocet Greater Yellowlegs Lesser Yellowlegs Solitary Sandpiper Willet* Spotted Sandpiper Whimbrel Long-billed Curlew Marbled Godwit Ruddy Turnstone Red Knot Sanderling Semipalmated Sandpiper Western Sandpiper Least Sandpiper White-rumped Sandpiper Baird’s Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Dunlin Stilt Sandpiper Buff-breasted Sandpiper Short-billed Dowitcher Wilson’s Snipe American Woodcock Wilson’s Phalarope Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers Laughing Gull Bonaparte’s Gull Ring-billed Gull Herring Gull Great Black-backed Gull Gull-billed Tern* Caspian Tern* Royal Tern Sandwich Tern Common Tern Forster’s Tern Least Tern* Sooty Tern Black Tern Black Skimmer Pigeons and Doves Rock Pigeon*@ Eurasian Collared-Dove*@ White-winged Dove SP c o u u o o u u o c u o r o c u c u u c o r o c o o u o o r S u r r u o o o o o c u o a u c u r o u c u u c c a r u u c o o c r r r o r o r F c o u u o o u u o a u o r o c u c u c c o W c o u u o u o o o u o r r c r o o a o c u o c o u c c u c c x u u o u c u u c u x o c r o r r o r r o o o o o a o r r r u u c o c r u o o c u c u r u u r r c c r o o Mourning Dove* Common Ground-Dove* Cuckoos Black-billed Cuckoo Yellow-billed Cuckoo* Groove-billed Ani SP u u S u u F c u W u u r u r u r u r r r u u r Owls Barn Owl* Eastern Screech-Owl* Great Horned Owl* Barred Owl r u u r r u u r r u u r Nightjars Lesser Nighthawk Common Nighthawk* Chuck-will’s-widow* Whip-poor-will u c o u c u u o Swifts and Hummingbirds Chimney Swift* Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u u u o u u Kingfishers Belted Kingfisher c u c c Woodpeckers Red-headed Woodpecker* Red-bellied Woodpecker* Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Downy Woodpecker* Hairy Woodpecker Red-cockaded Woodpecker Northern Flicker Pileated Woodpecker* o c u u r + u u o c u r + o u o c u u r + u u o c u u r + u u u o r u u o u o c r c r c r c r o r c r r r r r Flycatchers Eastern Wood-Pewee Acadian Flycatcher Willow Flycatcher Eastern Phoebe Vermilion Flycatcher Great Crested Flycatcher* Western Kingbird Eastern Kingbird* Gray Kingbird Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Shrikes Loggerhead Shrike r c u c r r r SP S F W Vireos White-eyed Vireo* Blue-headed Vireo Yellow-throated Vireo* Philadelphia Vireo Red-eyed Vireo* Black-whiskered Vireo c u u r c r c u u u c u u c c Jays and Crows Blue Jay* American Crow Fish Crow* u o c u o c u u c u u u Martins and Swallows Purple Martin* Tree Swallow Northern Rough-winged Swallow* Bank Swallow Cliff Swallow* Cave Swallow Barn Swallow* u a o o r r c u u o o r o a o o r o a r c c r Chickadees and Titmice Carolina Chickadee* Tufted Titmouse* c u c u c u c u Nuthatchers Brown-headed Nuthatch* u u u u Creepers Brown Creeper r Wrens Carolina Wren* House Wren Sedge Wren Marsh Wren* c o u u Kinglets and Gnatcatchers Golden-crowned Kinglet Ruby-crowned Kinglet Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* r c c Bluebirds, Thrushers, and Robins Eastern Bluebird* Veery Gray-cheeked Thrush Swainson’s Thrush Hermit Thrush Wood Thrush American Robin u u o o o u a c u c u u c c u u c c r c c r c u u u u u u o c u r r u a SP S F W Mimicthrushes Gray Catbird Northern Mockingbird* Brown Thrasher* c c u c u a c c c c u Starlings European Starling*@ o o o o o r u u Pipits American Pipit Waxwings Cedar Waxwing Warblers Blue-winged Warbler Tennessee Warbler Orange-crowned Warbler Northern Parula* Yellow Warbler Chestnut-sided Warbler Magnolia Warbler Cape May Warbler Black-throated Blue Warbler Yellow-rumped Warbler Black-throated Green Warbler Blackburnian Warbler Yellow-throated Warbler* Pine Warbler* Prairie Warbler Palm Warbler Bay-breasted Warbler Blackpoll Warbler Black-and-white Warbler American Redstart Prothonotary Warbler* Worm-eating Warbler Ovenbird Northern Waterthrush Louisiana Waterthrush Common Yellowthroat* Hooded Warbler Wilson’s Warbler Yellow-breasted Chat* Tanagers Summer Tanager* Scarlet Tanager u r r u a o r r u o a o r c a u u r u u o u o o u r c u r u u c o c a o r c a o o r u r r r c u r u u a o o u o a o o u a u u u o u u o u u u r c u r r c o u o a . o a r u o r c r Sparrows Eastern Towhee* Bachman’s Sparrow Chipping Sparrow Field Sparrow Vesper Sparrow Lark Sparrow Savannah Sparrow Nelson’s Sharp-tailed Sparrow Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow Seaside Sparrow* Song Sparrow Swamp Sparrow White-throated Sparrow White-crowned Sparrow Dark-eyed Junco Cardinals and Grosbeaks Northern Cardinal* Rose-breasted Grosbeak Blue Grosbeak Indigo Bunting Painted Bunting SP S F W a u u u r r u u a u a o u u c u c u o r u u u c u o o a o u u r r u u r u u c u o o c u c c r c c u u u r Blackbirds, Crackles, Cowbirds, adn Orioles Bobolink u Red-winged Blackbird* a Eastern Meadowlark u Common Grackle* c Boat-tailed Grackle* a Shiny Cowbird r Brown-headed Cowbird* c Orchard Oriole* c Baltimore Oriole r Finches Pine Siskin American Goldfinch r o r r u u u o a o c a r u u o a u c a c a u c a u o u u r o r o Ethics for Birdwatching Take care not to disturb nesting birds, exposing eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation. Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration. Do not litter! Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, six-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food. Sighting Notes Name of Observer: Species: Number: Location: Habitat: Distance to Bird(s): Date/Time Seen: Weather: Other Observers: Signature: Address: NOTES: Description of bird, calls, behavior, optical equipment, experience, etc. We appreciate your help in updating our records by reporting any rare, accidental, unlisted birds, or other notable observations to the refuge office. St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge P. O. Box 447 Apalachicola, FL 32329-0447 Phone: 850/653 8808 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD August 2006 This list is in accordance with the American Ornithological Union Checklist as amended. It includes 269 species and was prepared by Robin Rickel Vroegop and Thomas E. Lewis. We thank reviewers Jack Dozier, John Murphy, Barbara Stedman, and Richard West. We dedicate this brochure in memory of Jack Dozier, one of Florida’s finest birders.