Fish, Amphibians, Mammals
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge Fish, Amphibian, Reptile and Mammal List photo: Debbie Hooper Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake photo: Monica Harris photo: USFWS The St. Vincent NWR was established in 1968. The primary feature of St. Vincent NWR is St. Vincent Island, a 12,300 acre undeveloped barrier island, located in Franklin County, Florida, at the west end of Apalachicola Bay. The island is triangular in shape, nine miles long, four miles wide at the east end and gradually forms a point at Indian Pass on the west end. The island is characterized by ridge and swale topography American Alligator with well developed wetland and upland habitats. The refuge manages both salt and fresh water wetlands including several impoundments to provide a mix of wetland habitats. The size and shape of the island and variety of habitats provides for a diversity of wildlife species not typically found on barrier islands in the area. The refuge also administers an 86 acre mainland tract in Franklin County and the 45 acre Pig Island in St. Joe Bay, Gulf County. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife St. Vincent NWR provides refuge for several Federally and State listed endangered and threatened species. St. Vincent Island is an “Island Propagation Site” for the Red Wolf Recovery Program. A red wolf pair is allowed to raise pups on the island which are removed when they reach 18 months of age and shipped to North Carolina to help augment the wild population. Red Wolf Occasionally, West Indian manatees are seen in the waters around the refuge. Loggerhead, green and leatherback sea turtles nest on the beaches of St. Vincent Island. Several federally listed species of birds including the Bald Eagle, Piping Plover and Wood Stork use the refuge. This list includes thirty-nine species of fishes, fifty-one species of herptiles and twenty-five species of mammals that have been confirmed on the refuge. An asterisk (*) following a species denotes that it is an exotic species not native to the area. Birds found on the refuge can be found in a separate refuge bird list. Fishes Gars Spotted Gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) Bowfins Bowfin (Amia calva) Tarpons Ladyfish (Elops saurus) Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) Herrings Atlantic Menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) Gizzard Shad (Dorosoma cepedianun) Threadfin Shad (Dorosoma petenense) Carps and Minnows Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio)* Golden Shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas) Suckers Lake Chubsucker (Erimyzon sucetta) Bullhead Catfishes Yellow Bullhead (Ameiurus natalis) Brown Bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) Sea Catfishes Hardhead Catfish (Arius felis) Killifishes Sheepshead Minnow (Cyprinodon variegates) Golden Topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus) Banded Topminnow (Fundulus cingulatus) Gulf Killifish (Fundulus grandis) Pygmy Killifish (Leptolucania ommata) Rainwater Killifish (Lucania parva) Livebearers Eastern Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) Least Killifish (Heterandria formosa) Sailfin Molly (Poecilia latipinna) Silversides Tidewater Silversides (Menidia beryllina) Sunfishes Everglades Pygmy Sunfish (Elassoma evergladei) Warmouth (Lepomis gulosus) Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) -Hand-painted Bream color variant Redear Sunfish (Lepomis microlophus) Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) Porgies Sheepshead (Archosargus probatocephalus) Pinfish (Lagodon rhomboids) Drums Spotted Seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus) Silver Seatrout (Cynoscion nothus) Atlantic Croaker (Micripogonias undulates) Red Drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) Mullet Striped Mullet (Mugil cephalus) Sleepers Fat Sleeper (Dormitator maculates) Gobies Naked Goby (Gibiosoma bosc) Clown Goby (Microgobius gulosus) Lefteye Flounders Gulf Flounder (Paralichthys albigutta) Total Species Confirmed = 39 Amphibians and Reptiles Salamanders Two-toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma means) Frogs & Toads Southern Cricket Frog (Acris gryllus) Oak Toad (Anaxyrus quercicus) Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris) Eastern Narrowmouth Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis) Green Treefrog (Hyla cinerea) Pine Woods Treefrog (Hyla femoralis) Non-Marine Turtles Florida Softshell (Apalone ferox) Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentine) Chicken Turtle (Deirochelys reticularia) Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum) Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) Florida Cooter (Pseudemys floridana) Florida Redbelly Turtle (Pseudemys nelsoni) Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii) Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina) Marine Turtles Loggerhead (Caretta caretta) Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) Loggerhead Kemp’s (Atlantic) Ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) Crocodilians American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Lizards Green Anole (Anolis carolinensis) Six-lined Racerunner (Aspidoscelis sexlineata) Broadhead Skink (Plestiodon laticeps) Eastern Glass Lizard (Ophisaurus ventralis) Ground Skink (Scincella lateralis) Snakes Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus) Scarlet Snake (Cemophora coccinea) Eastern (Black) Racer (Coluber constrictor) Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) Eastern Corn Snake (Pantherophis guttatus) Midland Rat (Gray Rat) Snake (Pantherophis spiloides) Mud Snake (Farancia abacura) Common Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula) Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum) photo: Thom Lewis Squirrel Treefrog (Hyla squirella) Little Grass Frog (Pseudacris ocularis) Pig Frog (Lithobates grylio) Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus) Gulf Salt Marsh Snake (Nerodia clarkia) Southern Water Snake (Nerodia fasciata) Florida Green Water Snake (Nerodia floridana) Rough Green Snake (Opheodrys aestivus) Glossy Crayfish Snake (Regina rigida) Black Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea) Pigmy Rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarius) Brown Snake (Storeria dekayi) Eastern Ribbon Snake (Thamnophis sauritus) Common Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) Rough Earth Snake (Virginia striatula) Total Species Confirmed = 51 Mammals Marsupials Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) Shrews & Moles Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) Bats Northern Yellow Bat (Lasiurus intermedius) Seminole Bat (Lasiurus seminolus) Brazilian Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) Armadillos Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcictus)* Rabbits Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) Rodents Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) Marsh Rice Rat (Oryzomys palustris) Cotton Mouse (Peromyscus gossypinus) Hispid Cotton Rat (Sigmodon hispidus) Wolves, Foxes and the Coyote Coyote (Canis latrans)* Red Wolf (Canis rufus) Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) Raccoons Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Weasels, Skunks and Otters River Otter (Lutra Canadensis) Cats Domestic Cat (Felis catus)* Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Whales and Dolphins Rough-toothed Dolphin (Steno bredanensis) Atlantic Bottle-nosed Dolphin (Tursiops truncates) Manatees West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus) Old World Swine Feral Hog (Sus scofa)* Deer Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor)* White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Total Species Confirmed = 25 Please report reliable observations of species not on this list to the refuge office. Photographs help substantiate reliable observations. Thank you. Sighting Notes Date Time Weather No. of Species Route or area Observers Remarks St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge P. O. Box 447 Apalachicola, FL 32329-0447 Phone: 850/653 8808 Email: email@example.com U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD August 2006 This list was compiled and updated by Thomas E. Lewis (April 2006). The list would not be possible without the generous contributions of Frank Parauka (Fishes), Kelly J. Irwin and Joseph T. Collins (Amphibians and Reptiles) and Jeffery A. Gore (Mammals).