State Park - Florida
Jonathan Dickinson State Park is located in Martin County, Florida, between Hobe Sound and Tequesta. The park includes the Elsa Kimbell Environmental Education and Research Center and a variety of natural habitats: sand pine scrub, pine flatwoods, mangroves, and river swamps. The Loxahatchee River, designated a National Wild and Scenic River in 1985 (the first in Florida), runs through the park. The park is also along the Ocean to Lake Trail.
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Jonathan Dickinson - Brochure
Brochure of Jonathan Dickinson State Park in Florida - One of Florida’s larges and most diverse state parks. Published by Florida State Parks.
Jonathan Dickinson SP https://www.floridastateparks.org/parks-and-trails/jonathan-dickinson-state-park https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Dickinson_State_Park Jonathan Dickinson State Park is located in Martin County, Florida, between Hobe Sound and Tequesta. The park includes the Elsa Kimbell Environmental Education and Research Center and a variety of natural habitats: sand pine scrub, pine flatwoods, mangroves, and river swamps. The Loxahatchee River, designated a National Wild and Scenic River in 1985 (the first in Florida), runs through the park. The park is also along the Ocean to Lake Trail.
JONATHAN DICKINSON STATE PARK HISTORY AND NATURE The 10,500-acre park is named for Jonathan Dickinson, a Quaker merchant whose vessel shipwrecked nearby in 1696. His book, God’s Protecting Providence, records the story of his party’s capture by the Jobe (Hoe-Bay) Indians and their release and journey up the coast to St. Augustine. Victims of war and disease, these native people died off shortly thereafter. During World War II, the land the park now occupies was home to Camp Murphy, a top-secret radar training school with over 6,600 men. The land became a state park in 1950. Far upriver is the Trapper Nelson Interpretive Site, the restored homestead of a man who came to this area in the 1930s and lived off the land, trapping and selling furs. He became famous as the “Wildman of the Loxahatchee,” opening his “Trapper’s Jungle Gardens and Wildlife Zoo” to the public. About 20 percent of the park is covered in coastal sand pine scrub, a biological community so rare it has been designated “globally imperiled.” More rare and endangered species, like the Florida scrub-jay, Florida mouse and gopher frog, are found in the scrub than in the rest of the park combined. The Loxahatchee River winds slowly through the park, passing under a canopy of centuries-old cypress trees. This river was designated as Florida’s first “National Wild and Scenic River” in 1985. Wildlife found in the park includes deer, raccoons, foxes, bobcats, opossums, alligators and otters. Over 140 species of birds have been identified here, making Jonathan Dickinson an excellent birding destination. 16450 SE Federal Highway Hobe Sound, FL 33455 772- 546-2771 PARK GUIDELINES • Hours are 8 a.m. until sunset, 365 days a year. • An entrance fee is required. • All plants, animals and park property are protected. Collection, destruction or disturbance is prohibited. • Pets are permitted in designated areas only. Pets must be kept on a handheld leash no longer than six feet and well behaved at all times. • Fireworks and hunting are prohibited in all Florida state parks. • Alcoholic beverage consumption is allowed in designated areas only. • To become a volunteer, inquire at the ranger station. • For information about joining the Friends of Jonathan Dickinson State Park, call 561-744-9814. • For camping information, contact Reserve America at 800-326-3521 or 866-I CAMP FL or TDD 888-433-0287 or visit ReserveAmerica.com. • Florida’s state parks are committed to providing equal access to all facilities and programs. If you need assistance to enable your participation, please contact the lodge front desk. Visit us online at FloridaStateParks.org Follow us on social media FloridaStateParks.org #FLStateParks JONATHAN DICKINSON STATE PARK One of Florida’s largest and most diverse state parks EXPERIENCES AND AMENITIES Jonathan Dickinson State Park N The Elsa Kimbell Environmental Education and Research Center is open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Its exhibit hall uses interactive displays and panels to interpret the natural and cultural features of the park. A variety of programs are offered. S n Sou Scrub Jay Primitive Camp Atlantic Ocean Pine Grove Campground inset d A picnic area with four pavilions and a playground borders the Loxahatchee. Three of the pavilions may be reserved, and the fourth is available first-come, firstserved. An old-fashioned “swimming hole” is located along the river, just east of the concession store. E e Hob Two family campgrounds are available. One is located a short distance from the ranger station, the other four miles into the park, near the Loxahatchee River. Primitive youth group sites and equestrian sites are also available. Twelve rental cabins are situated near the river, and may be reserved through Reserve America. The park’s concessionaire rents canoes, kayaks, motorboats and bicycles and offers tours of the Loxahatchee aboard the Loxahatchee Queen II. Please call them directly at (561) 746-1466 for more information about these popular tours. W River Campground inset Florida Trail Hobe Mountain Observation Tower Kitching Creek Primitive Camp Pine Grove Campground Four nature trails and off-road and paved bicycle trails offer opportunities to experience wild Florida. Horse trails are available for those bringing their own mounts. A network of hiking trails, maintained by the Florida Trail Association, leads to primitive campsites. The Hobe Mountain Observation Tower offers commanding views of the park, the Intracoastal Waterway and the Atlantic Ocean. Hobe Mountain, an ancient sand dune, rises 86 feet above sea level, making it the highest natural point of land in South Florida. Trapper Nelson’s Zoo Historic District Picnic Area Boat Ramp Equestrian Camping Primitive Camping Boating Equestrian Trail Cabins Fishing Camping Hiking Canoeing Parking Youth Camping Concession Parvilions Wildlife Viewing th or Education Center Fo Restrooms tc ha Hiking Trail Bathhou
Jonathan Dickinson State Park Roads and Trails Overview Map ♦ (772) 546-2771 — NOT TO SCALE — Biking Trails Off-road Boat Ramp Please request a detailed map for each trail system, including the Florida Trail System within the park. Scrub Jay Campsite Boat Tours Cabins Hobe Mountain Observation Tower Camping, Pet Camping, Primitive Camping, Youth Group Concession / River Store Equestrian Area Ranger Station Foot bridge Gator Culvert Nature Trails Parking Picnic & Pavilions Kitching Creek Campsites Pine Grove Campground Playground Overlook Visitor’s Center Loxahatchee River River Area (detail on reverse side) Map Key Map to approximate scale Swimming EaglesView Multi-use Trail Kitching Creek Nature Trail Unmarked Unpaved Trail Paved Trail (Bike or Walk) Paved Park Road U.S. Highway 1 FL East Coast Railroad River or Creek 12/10/2013 River Area Detail RIVER STORE Concession/Visitor Service Boat Tours / Rentals Horse Rides Map not to scale Park Drive Cabin Area 8 9 1 2 3 4 10 11 12 Kitching Creek Pavilion Wilson Creek Pavilion Cypress Creek Pavilion River Store River Amphitheater Boat Dock Kimbell Education (Visitor’s) Center River Campground LOXAHATCHEE RIVER Map Key Trash/Recycling Nature Trail Restrooms Unmarked Trail Parking Paved Trail (Multi-use) Sidewalk Paved Park Road River Boat Ramp & Pier Powerline Road Playground Loxahatchee Pavilion
Florida Trail (foot traffic only) Powerline Road (no vehicles) foot bridge EaglesView Multi-use Trail System x 7.8 Miles of Shared Trails for Hikers, Bicyclists & Equestrian Users 2 Kitching Creek EaglesView Trails Red = 4.1 miles Blue = 2.6 miles Yellow = 1.1 miles 8 9 Orange-blazed Hikers Only blue Florida Trail 0.3 mi. 4 blue 5 7 Water Boundaries 6 Kitching Creek Primitive Campsites red EaglesView Entrance parking, trailhead, camping 1 0.2 mi. 3 red Horses and bikes on color-coded trails only. Hikers and bicyclists yield to horses. Please register before camping. No vehicles allowed. 0.8 mi. Florida Trail (foot traffic only)
KITCHING CREEK NATURE TRAIL JONATHAN DICKINSON STATE PARK W e invite you to walk this 1.25 mile trail loop and enjoy the variety of plant and animal life found along the way. The trail winds westward from here through low pine flatwoods and along a tributary of the Loxahatchee River. The points of interest along the trail are numbered and are described by the numbered paragraphs in this booklet. Please be considerate of the people who are to follow, and do not remove or leave anything. 6. Cypress - The buttressed, furrowed trunk of the bald cypress rises out of the water and muck of this small creek. The flaring base spreads out like a skirt giving the tree a lower center of gravity. This helps to balance its great height which commonly reaches 50-75 feet and sometimes as high as 100 feet. The tree has cones but is not an evergreen. It drops its needles each year during the dry season. This makes it look dead. However, when the rains return in the spring, the new feathery needles color the cypress forest a bluish-green. 7. Flowers - Numerous flowering plants grow in the pinelands. The wildflowers of this area change almost from week-to-week and provide the park with one of nature’s best color shows. Look for something special, such as one of the pink ground orchids, the yellow St. John’s wort or the white tarflower. 1. Change - Sometimes we view nature as being permanent and unchanging, although we know that changes are taking place. The mountains, seas and forests show very little alteration other than from season to season. However, mountains erode to become hills, and lakes may gradually fill in and become dry land. What changes are taking place in these woodlands? Overlook Kitching Creek Scan below for Kitching Creek Brochure 2. Fire - This old, charred stump shows us a form of 9. Slash Pine - Notice the pleasant smell of pine needles and resin, the quiet whisper of the wind through the branches and the cool shade created by the tall pines. The south Florida slash pine is found nowhere else in the world except the southern part of Florida. In the days before this was a park, the early settlers sought out the hard, termite-resistant wood of these pines for their homes. As you walk the trails, give yourself time to imagine their view of a continuous forest of century-old virgin pines over two feet in diameter and over 90 feet tall. 10. Hard Living - Imagine yourself as an early pioneer in this environment. Early settlers had to be both physically and mentally hardy. Many cleared the land by hand to grow crops. They labored long hours under harsh conditions without benefit of heavy equipment. flatwoods area before you is wire grass. This grass was named for its blades which look and feel like fine wire. When flowering, the seed head of the plant has a wheat-like appearance. The plant is fire-dependent, flowering best if burned during the wet season (AprilSeptember). It is a common food of the gopher tortoise. Kitching Creek-Wilson Creek Nature Trails 3. Saw palmetto - The most abundant plant in this area is the saw palmetto. In some places it grows so thick that it is nearly impossible to walk through. This plant’s name comes from the saw-like teeth along the leaf stalks. The upper part of the plant will burn in a forest fire, but it is very fire resistant and is seldom killed. 12. Dead Tree - Along the trail, you probably noticed 4. Jonathan Dickinson - The fruits of the saw service road Wilson Creek loop Wilson Creek 5. Pine Flatwoods - This plant community occurs where the ground is so flat that there is little drainage of water off the land or into the soil after it rains. The most common tree in this community is the slash pine. Under the pines, you will notice a lower growth of plants that includes saw palmetto, gallberry and wax myrtle. water, everything seems to have its place - St. John’s wort in the wetter areas, a ring of saw palmettos around the wet prairie and slash pine on higher ground. However, drainage of the land around the park has lowered the water table that sustained what used to be wet areas. This is but one more example of how natural systems do not recognized the “artificial” boundaries created by man. 11. Wire Grass - The most abundant grass in the change which has been a way of life here for thousands of years. The story of fire is almost as important as the story of water in south Florida. Both plants and animals have found different ways to live with the changes caused by fire and water. palmetto are edible and were an important food for Native Americans. In 1696, Jonathan Dickinson was shipwrecked on Jupiter Island, less than five miles from here. He reported that the Jaegas, a local Indian tribe, ate the berries of the palmetto. After tasting these fruits, he commented “they tasted like rotten cheese steeped in tobacco juice.” Hungry anyone? 8. Change in the order - At the boundary of land and Start Parking Lot several dead and decaying pine tre
BIRD LIST KEY On the right-hand side of each column, letter designations indicate each bird’s occurrence for each season (Sp, Su, F, and W): Spring (Mar. - May) Summer (Jun. - Aug.) Fall (Sept. - Nov.) Winter (Dec. - Feb.) A = Abundant (numerous, common species) C = Common (frequently seen or heard in suitable habitat) U = Uncommon (usually present, but not certain to be seen or heard) O = Occasional (seen only a few times/ season) R = Rare (seen every 2-5 years) X = Remote (last seen several decades ago) N Non-native species L Listed species (or subspecies); ‘Endangered,’ ‘Threatened’ or ‘Species of Special Concern’ Significant contributors to this list are: Richard E. Roberts, Peter G. Merritt, Jack P. Hailman, Lorne K. Malo, Herb W. Kale II, Debbie Fritz-Quincy, Peter A. Quincy and Richard K. Poole ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Waxwing (Bombycillidae) □ Cedar Waxwing SP SU F W R - R U Cardinal (Cardinalidae) □ Summer Tanager □ Scarlet Tanager □ Northern Cardinal □ Rose-breasted Grosbeak □ Indigo Bunting □ Painted Bunting SP O O C O R U SU C - F O C O U U W R C O U U Blackbird & Oriole (Icteridae) □ Bobolink □ Red-winged Blackbird □ Eastern Meadowlark □ Common Grackle □ Boat-tailed Grackle □ Brown-headed Cowbird □ Spot-breasted OrioleN SP O C R U C U X SU C R U C U X F O C R U C U X W C R U C U X Finch (Fringillidae) □ American Goldfinch SP SU F W C - - C Stork (Ciconildae) □ Wood StorkL SP SU F W U U U U Crow & Jay (Corvidae) □ Blue Jay □ Florida Scrub-JayL □ American Crow □ Fish Crow SP C U U C ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Shrike (Laniidae) SP SU F W □ Loggerhead Shrike O O O O Vireo (Vireonidae) □ White-eyed Vireo □ Bue-headed Vireo SP SU F W C C C C U - U U □ Red-eyed Vireo U U U - Old World Sparrow (Passeridae) □ House SparrowN Limpkin (Aramidae) □ LimpkinL Gnatcatcher (Sylviidae) SU C U U C F C U U C W C U U C SP SU F W □ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher A - A A SP SU F W R R R R Plover (Charadriidae) □ Killdeer SP SU F W U U U U SP SU F W U U U U Cuckoo (Cuculidae) □ Yellow-billed Cuckoo SP SU F W O O O - Wood-warbler (Parulidae) □ Orange-crowned Warbler □ Northern Parula □ Orange-crowned Warbler □ Chestnut-sided Warbler □ Magnolia Warbler □ Cape May Warbler □ Black-throated Blue Warbler □ Yellow-rumped Warbler □ Blackburnian Warbler □ Yellow-throated Warbler □ Pine Warbler □ Prairie Warbler □ Palm Warbler □ Blackpoll Warbler □ Balnck-and-white Warbler □ American Redstart □ Ovenbird □ Northern Waterthurush □ Louisiana Waterthrush □ Connecticut Warbler □ Common Yellowthroat □ Hooded Warbler SP R C O O R U U C R U C U C U U C U O O R U - SU U R C U U - F R C O O U U C R U U O C R U C O O R U R W R C R O C R U U C U O R C - Sparrow (Emberizidae) □ Eastern Towhee □ Bachman's Sparrow □ Chipping Sparrow □ Swamp Sparrow SP C C R O SU C C - F C C R O W C C O O Starling (Sturnidae) □ European StarlingN SP SU F W U U U U Crane (Gruidae) □ Sandhill Crane (Florida)L SP SU F W C C C C Hummingbird (Trochilidae) □ Ruby-throated Hummingbird SP SU F W U U U U BIRD LIST Jonathan Dickinson State Park Clare-Rue Morgan Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) Jonathan Dickinson State Park (11,471 acres / 4,642 hectares) contains some of the most significant and diverse biological communities in southeast Florida. The park offers a variety of trails to experience these habitats, including sand pine scrub, flatwoods, wet prairies and dome swamps. It also includes 9 miles (15 kilometers) of boating and canoeing along Florida’s first National Wild & Scenic River, the Loxahatchee. This mosaic landscape attracts a large variety of birds. Some are permanent residents and others are migratory, but all 158 species have been documented within the park. Swallow (Hirundinidae) □ Purple Martin □ Tree Swallow □ SP SU F W U U U U - C A Northern Rough-winged SwalU U U low U □ Bank Swallow □ Barn Swallow U U U U U U Wren (Troglodytidae) □ Caroline Wren □ House Wren SP SU F W C C C C U - U U Kinglet (Regulidae) □ Ruby-crowned Kinglet - SP SU F W U - U U Thrush (Turdidae) □ Swaison's Thrush □ American Robin SP SU F R - R A - U Mockingbird (Mimidae) □ Gray Catbird □ Northern Mockingbird □ Brown Thrasher SP U A
Camping and Cabins Guide Florida State Parks FloridaStateParks.org • #FLStateParks Welcome When the setting sun paints the evening sky, where will you make your bed? Florida’s state parks offer you a variety of overnight accommodations. At a Florida state park, the day’s work is play, a walk on the beach, a hike through the woods, a swim, a bike ride. All you need is a fishing rod, a kayak, a book and a friend. What do you want to see when the sun rises on the new day? Choose a wooded campsite within walking distance of white sandy beaches or camp along the banks of a quietly moving river. Bring your boat or canoe, or fishing tackle and a rod, for a relaxing time with family and friends. Explore nature on the hiking trails, while at the same time leaving stress of the busy world behind. Attend a festival, a reenactment or simply do nothing. We are committed to providing a variety of accessible amenities for all visitors at Florida state parks, including campgrounds and cabins. 2 FloridaStateParks.org • #FLStateParks Family Camping Florida’s state parks offer more than 50 campgrounds statewide for tents, campers and RVs. Most campsites include water, electricity, a grill and picnic table. Centralized showers, restrooms and a dump station are also available. • One responsible person, 18 or older, must be present on each campsite or cabin. • Camping fees vary from park to park and include a maximum of eight people per site, not including children under 6 years old. • Check-in time is 3 p.m. Check-out time is 1 p.m. You are welcome to stay in the park through the end of the day. • Quiet time is from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. • Campsites are limited to two vehicles. Selected campsites may only allow one vehicle. FloridaStateParks.org • #FLStateParks 3 Cabins From modern to rustic, state park cabins provide overnight accommodations in a variety of settings—near beaches, rivers and lakes or peaceful wooded communities. Cabin styles vary from fully equipped modern cabins to hand-hewn, lumber or palm-log retreats. Cabin amenities may include a kitchen, fireplace and screened porch, complete with rocking chairs and porch swings. • Cabins may be reserved for one night during the week, Monday–Thursday, or a minimum of two nights on weekends and holidays, Friday and Saturday, departing Sunday, or Saturday and Sunday, departing Monday. Some exceptions apply. • Cabins can accommodate either four or six visitors. • Check-in time is 4 p.m. Check-out time is 11 a.m. • Quiet time is from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. 4 FloridaStateParks.org • #FLStateParks • Pets are not permitted in cabins or cabin areas. • Staff may assess cabin renters a damage fee if necessary to clean-up or repair any damage beyond ordinary cleaning, wear and tear. Fees may also be charged for lost/stolen items. Group, Primitive, Equestrian and Boat Many parks offer areas for youth and group camping. Backpackers may wish to hike to secluded areas for primitive camping. More than 15 state parks offer campsites and other amenities for equestrians and their horses. Owners of horses visiting state parks must provide proof of a negative Coggins test. Call the park to discuss availability, facilities, rules and fees. Five state parks provide boat slips with water and electricity. Boaters have access to the state park’s restrooms, showers, pump-outs and other amenities. Boaters can also anchor overnight at Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park and at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. FloridaStateParks.org • #FLStateParks 5 Camping with Pets and Service Animals Pets are welcome at most Florida State Parks. Some campgrounds have designated sites for pets. All pets must be confined, leashed or otherwise under the physical control of a person at all times. Leashes may not exceed six feet in length. Pets must be well behaved. Owners must pick up after their pets and properly dispose of all pet droppings in trash receptacles. Pets are not permitted on beaches or playgrounds, or in bathing areas, cabins, park buildings or concession facilities. Individual parks may have specific areas prohibiting pets. Service animals in a working capacity are allowed in all public areas of state parks when accompanied by a visitor with a disability. Service animals should be harnessed, leashed or tethered unless such a device interferes with the service animal’s work or the visitor’s disability prevents the use of these devices. 6 FloridaStateParks.org • #FLStateParks Reservations Campsite and cabin reservations may be made from one day to 11 months in advance by calling (800) 326-3521, (866) I CAMP FL or TDD (888) 433-0287 or by visiting FloridaStateParks.ReserveAmerica.com. Call the park directly to reserve group or primitive campsites. Prices per night: Campsites $16 to $42 Cabins $30 to $160 Visitors pay a reservation fee of $6.70 *Prices subject to change. A 50 percent discount on base campsite fees is available to Florida citizens who are 65 years old or older, or Florida c