Birds at Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) Georgia. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge Bird List How to use your checklist The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union. Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following: Seasonal appearance Sp S F W Spring, March - May Summer, June - August Fall, September - November Winter, December - February Seasonal abundance a. abundant (a common species which is very numerous) c. common (certain to be seen in suitable habitat) u. uncommon (present but not certain to be seen) o. occasional (seen only a few times during a season) r. rare (seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years) * known or suspected to have nested on refuge or known to nest locally. This checklist includes 234 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records. SP F W r r r c o c o o c r c o c o c Herons, Egrets and Allies ___American Bittern ___Least Bittern* ___Great Blue Heron* ___Great Egret* ___Snowy Egret* ___Little Blue Heron* ___Tricolored Heron* ___Cattle Egret* ___Green-backed Heron* ___Black-crowned Night-Heron* ___Yellow-crowned Night-Heron u o c c u c o c c c u u o c c u c o c c o u u r c c u c o c c c u c Ibises, Spoonbill, Stork ___White Ibis* ___Glossy Ibis ___Wood Stork* c r o a a r c c r o Waterfowl ___Canada Goose ___Wood Duck* ___Green-winged Teal ___American Black Duck ___Mallard ___Northern Pintail ___Blue-winged Teal ___Northern Shoveler ___Gadwall ___American Wigeon ___Canvasback ___Redhead ___Ring-necked Duck ___Lesser Scaup ___Common Goldeneye ___Bufflehead ___Hooded Merganser* ___Red-breasted Merganser ___Ruddy Duck o c c o c u u u o u r o c u r r c r o o c c o c u u u o u r o c u r r c r o o c c o c u o u o u r o c u r r c r o Vultures, Hawks and Allies ___Black Vulture* ___Turkey Vulture* c c c c c c Loons ___Common Loon r Grebes ___Pied-billed Grebe ___Horned Grebe c o Pelicans and their Allies ___Double-crested Cormorant ___Anhinga* S c c u r c c c c o c o o c u ___Osprey* ___American Swallow-tailed Kite ___Bald Eagle ___Northern Harrier ___Sharp-shinned Hawk ___Cooper’s Hawk ___Red-shouldered Hawk* ___Broad-winged Hawk ___Red-tailed Hawk* ___Golden Eagle ___American Kestrel* ___Merlin ___Peregrine Falcon SP u S u F r u o u o o c r u r c r r u u o u o o c r u r c r r r c r o W r o u o o c u r c r r Gallinaceous Birds (Quail, Turkey and Allies) ___Wild Turkey* ___Northern Bobwhite* c c u c c c u c Rails, Gallinules, Coots and Cranes ___King Rail* ___Virginia Rail ___Sora ___Purple Gallinule* ___Common Moorhen* ___American Coot ___Sandhill Crane* r r r u u u c r r r r u u u c r Shorebirds ___Killdeer ___Greater Yellowlegs ___Lesser Yellowlegs ___Solitary Sandpiper ___Willet ___Spotted Sandpiper ___Sanderling ___Semipalmated Sandpiper ___Western Sandpiper ___Dunlin ___Short-billed Dowitcher ___Common Snipe ___American Woodcock ___Herring Gull ___Black Tern c u u o r u o o r r o c u r r c o o r c u u o r u o o r r o c u r r Pigeons, Doves ___Mourning Dove* ___Common Ground-Dove* c c c c c c u u c r u u u c o o o r o c u r c c SP S F Cuckoos ___Black-billed Cuckoo ___Yellow-billed Cuckoo* r c c r c Owls ___Eastern Screech-Owl* ___Great Horned Owl ___Barred Owl* u u c u u c u u c u u c Goatsuckers ___Common Nighthawk* ___Chuck-will’s-widow* ___Whip-poor-will c c o c c c c o r Swifts, Hummingbirds ___Chimney Swift ___Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c u c u c u Kingfishers ___Belted Kingfisher* c u c c Woodpeckers ___Red-headed Woodpecker* ___Red-bellied Woodpecker* ___Yellow-bellied Sapsucker ___Downy Woodpecker* ___Hairy Woodpecker* ___Red-cockaded Woodpecker* ___Northern Flicker* ___Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c c u c c u c c c c c c u c c u c c c c u c c Flycatchers ___Eastern Wood-Pewee* ___Acadian Flycatcher* ___Eastern Phoebe ___Great Crested Flycatcher* ___Eastern Kingbird* c u c c c c u c u c c c c Martins and Swallows ___Purple Martin* ___Tree Swallow ___Barn Swallow r c c u Jays and Crows ___Blue Jay* ___American Crow* ___Fish Crow* c u c c c u c c c c W o c u c a c c u c c u c c u c SP S F W Chickadees and Titmice ___Carolina Chickadee* ___Tufted Titmouse* u c u c u c u c Nuthatches ___Red-breasted Nuthatch ___White-breasted Nuthatch ___Brown-headed Nuthatch* r r c r c r c r r c Creepers ___Brown Creeper o o o Wrens ___Carolina Wren* ___Bewick’s Wren ___House Wren ___Winter Wren ___Sedge Wren ___Marsh Wren c r u u u o c r u u u o c r u u u o Kinglets and Gnatcatchers ___Golden-crowned Kinglet ___Ruby-crowned Kinglet ___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u a u u a u o a o Bluebirds, Thrushes and Robin ___Eastern Bluebird* ___Veery ___Gray-cheeked Thrush ___Swainson’s Thrush ___Hermit Thrush ___Wood Thrush* ___American Robin c u r r u u c c u r r u u a c Thrashers ___Gray Catbird* ___Northern Mockingbird* ___Brown Thrasher* c c c c c c c c c c c c Starling ___European Starling o o o o Waxwings ___American Pipit ___Cedar Waxwing o c o u o c Shrike ___Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c u c u c u a Vireos ___White-eyed Vireo* ___Solitary Vireo ___Yellow-throated Vireo* ___Red-eyed Vireo* SP S F W c u r u c c u r u u u r u Warblers ___Blue-winged Warbler ___Golden-winged Warbler ___Orange-crowned Warbler ___Northern Parula* ___Yellow Warbler ___Chestnut-sided Warbler ___Magnolia Warbler ___Cape May Warbler ___Black-throated Blue Warbler ___Yellow-rumped Warbler ___Black-throated Green Warbler ___Blackburnian Warbler ___Yellow-throated Warbler* ___Pine Warbler* ___Prairie Warbler ___Palm Warbler ___Blackpoll Warbler ___Cerulean Warbler ___Black-and-white Warbler ___American Redstart ___Prothonotary Warbler* ___Worm-eating Warbler ___Swainson’s Warbler* ___Ovenbird ___Northern Waterthrush ___Louisiana Waterthrush ___Kentucky Warbler ___Connecticut Warbler ___Common Yellowthroat* ___Hooded Warbler* ___Canada Warbler ___Yellow-breasted Chat r u u a r u c c u c u r u c c u r u r o o o c u r r Tanagers ___Summer Tanager* ___Scarlet Tanager u r u r u New World Finches ___Northern Cardinal ___Rose-breasted Grosbeak ___Blue Grosbeak c r r c c r r r o u c u c c u o r c r r u u r o o u u c r u r u u u a a r u c c c c u o c c u r u o c c u r r u r o o r c c u r r c SP u o ___Indigo Bunting ___Painted Bunting Sparrows ___Rufous-sided Towhee* ___Bachman’s Sparrow* ___Chipping Sparrow ___Field Sparrow ___Vesper Sparrow ___Savannah Sparrow ___Grasshopper Sparrow ___Henslow’s Sparrow ___Fox Sparrow ___Song Sparrow ___Swamp Sparrow ___White-throated Sparrow ___Dark-eyed Junco c c u u u u o o u c c c r Blackbirds, Grackles, Cowbirds and Orioles ___Bobolink ___Red-winged Blackbird* ___Eastern Meadowlark* ___Rusty Blackbird ___Brewer's Blackbird ___Boat-tailed Grackle ___Common Grackle* ___Brown-headed Cowbird ___Orchard Oriole* ___Northern Oriole r c c u o r c o u r Finches ___Purple Finch ___Pine Siskin ___American Goldfinch u r c Weaver Finches ___House Sparrow* r The following species are of very rare or accidental occurence S o c c c c c u r American White Pelican Laughing Gull Brown Pelican Arctic Tern Roseate Spoonbill Forster's Tern Tundra Swan Rock Dove Snow Goose F u W c c u u u u o o u c c c c c u u u u o o u c c c r r c c u o r c o u r c c u o r c o r u r c u r c r r Common Barn Owl Eurasian Wigeon Ivory-billed Woodpecker (formerly) Greater Scaup Common Merganser Vermilion Flycatcher Mississippi Kite Western Kingbird Rough-Legged Hawk Gray Kingbird Yellow Rail Bachman's Warbler Clapper Rail American Tree Sparrow Limpkin Lark Sparrow Semipalmated Plover Le Conte's Sparrow Whimbrel House Finch For additional information contact Refuge Manager Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge Route 2, Box 3330 Folkston, Georgia 31537 912/496 7836 (voice and TDD) Ethics for Birdwatching Take care not to disturb nesting birds, exposing eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation. Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration. Do not litter Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food. Sighting Notes Date _____________________________ ______________________________ Time _______________________________ _______________________________ Weather _____________________________ ______________________________ __________________________________ ______________________________ No. of species _______________________________ _______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ Route or area ______________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ _______________________________ Observers ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ Remarks _____________________________ ______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ __________________________________ ______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ _______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge Route 2, Box 3330 Folkston, Georgia 31537 912/496 7836 voice/TDD http://www.fws.gov/~r4eao U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD May 1998