Great Dismal Swamp

Native Plants

brochure Great Dismal Swamp - Native Plants

Native Plants at Great Dismal Swamp (NWR) in North Carolina and Virginia. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Herbaceous Plants Duckweeds......................................Lemna valdiviana Duckweeds................................Spirodela oligorrhiza Dayflower..................................Commelina virginica Virginia least trillium...........................Trillium nivale Indian cucumber-root...................Medeola virginiana Blue eyed grass................Sisyrinchium angustifolium Pink lady’s slipper.......................Cypripedium acaule Southern twayblade...........................Listera australis Downy rattlesnake plantain........Goodyera pubescens Crane fly orchid................................Tipularis dicolor Lizard’s tail......................................Saururus cernuus False nettle................................Boehmeria cylindrica Mistletoe.............................Phoradendron flavescens Jumpseed........................................Tovara virginiana Smartweed......................Polygonum hydropiperoides Knotweed..........................Polygonum pensylvanicum Pokeweed.................................Phytolacca americana Chickweed...........................................Stellaria media Yellow pond-lilly................................Nuphar luteum Leather flower....................................Clematis viorna Buttercups....................................Ranunculus-species Bitter cress.....................................Cardamine hirsuta Mock strawberry.............................Duchesnea indica Partridge pea..................................Cassia fasciculata Lespedeza......................................Lespedeza cuneata Lady’s sorrel.........................................Oxalis dillenii Wild geranium......................Geranium carolinianum Jewel-weed......................................Impatiens pallida St. John’s wort..................... Hypericum hypericoides St. John’s wort.............................Hypericum mutilum St. John’s wort.........................Hypericum virginicum Violet..............................................Viola primulifolia Water loosestrife.......................Decodon verticillatus Meadow-beauty...................................Rhexia marina Water primrose..........................Ludwigia alternifolia Water primrose..............................Ludwigia palustris Mermaid-weed........................Proserpinaca palustris Queen Anne’s lace...............................Daucus carota Marsh pennywort....................Hydrocotyle umbellata Heal-all............................................Prunella vulgaris Skullcap...................................Scutellaris integrifolia Nightshade.................................Solanum carolinense Gerardia..........................................Agalinis purpurea Squaw-root..............................Conapholis americana Beech-drops.................................Epifagus virginiana Bladderwort.....................................Utricularia gibba Purple bladderwort....................Utricularia purpurea Great bladderwort..........................Utricularia inflata Diodia.............................................Diodia virginiana Partridge berry..................................Mitchella repens Cardinal flower..............................Lobelia cardinalis Yarrow........................................Achillea millefolium Daisy fleabane..................................Erigeron annuus Dog-fennel..........................Eupatorium capillifolium Mistflower............................Eupatorium coelestinum Joe-pye-weed...............................Eupatorium dubium Goldenrod...........................................Solidago erecta Dandelion..................................Taraxacum officinale Ironweed.............................Vernonia noveboracensis U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Plants of the Great Dismal Swamp Grasses, Sedges and Rushes Cotton grass...........................Eriophorum virginicum Wool grass......................................Scripus cyperinus Foxtail grasses.....................................Setaria-species Panic grasses.....................................Panicum-species Sedges................................................Cyperus-species Sedges...................................................Carex-species Switch cane...............................Arundinaria gigantea Rushes.................................................Juncus bufonus Rushes...................................................Juncus repens Note: This is not a complete list. Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge 3100 Desert Road Suffolk, VA 23434 (757) 986-3705 www.greatdismalswamp.fws.gov www.facebook.com/greatdismalswamp Cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea) Trees Loblolly pine............................................Pinus taeda Pond pine..............................................Pinus serotina Longleaf pine.......................................Pinus palustris Bald cypress................................Taxodium distichum Atlantic white cedar.............Chamaecyparis thyoides Red cedar....................................Juniperus virginiana Black willow..............................................Salix nigra Swamp cottonwood...................Populus heterophylla Hop hornbeam.................................Ostrya virginiana Musclewood..............................Carpinus caroliniana American beech..............................Fagus grandifolia White oak...............................................Quercus alba Overcup oak........................................Quercus lyrata Swamp chestnut oak......................Quercus michauxii Southern red oak...............................Quercus falcata Cherrybark oak..................................Quercus pagoda Water oak.............................................Quercus nigra Willow oak........................................Quercus phellos Laurel oak......................................Quercus laurifolia Black oak..........................................Quercus velutina Yellow poplar.........................Liriodendron tulipifera Sweetbay....................................Magnolia virginiana Pawpaw...............................................Asimina triloba Redbay..............................................Persea borbonia Sassafras.........................................Sassafras albidum Sweet gum............................Liquidambar styraciflua American sycamore..................Platanus occidentalis Washington thorn.................Crataegus phaenopyrum Shadbush..............................Amelanchier canadensis American holly...........................................Ilex opaca Box elder...............................................Acer negundo Red maple...............................................Acer rubrum Silky camellia.....................Stewartia malacodendron Black gum...........................................Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo gum.........................................Nyssa aquatica Dogwood..............................................Cornus flordia Sourwood..............................Oxydendrum arboretum Persimmon.................................Diospyros virginiana Horse sugar..................................Symplocos tinctoria Water Ash..................................Fraxinus caroliniana Green ash...............................Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima Pumpkin ash................................Fraxinus tomentosa Black cherry.......................................Prunus serotina Shrubs Wax myrtle.........................................Myrica cerifera Tag alder.............................................Aldus serrulata Virginia willow......................................Itea virginica Swamp rose..........................................Rosa palustris Red chokeberry................................Pyrus arbutifolia Wild azalea........................Rhododendron nudiflorum Swamp azalea.......................Rhododendron viscosum Sheep laurel.................................Kalmia augustifolia Male-berry.......................................Lyonia ligustrina Fetterbush..............................................Lyonia lucida Fetterbush...................................Leucothoe racemosa Dog-hobble...................................Leucothoe axillaris Poison sumac............................................Rhus vernix Winged sumac.....................................Rhus copallina Winterberry.........................................Ilex verticillata Inkberry......................................................Ilex glabra Sweet gallberry.......................................Ilex coriacea Strawberry bush......................Euonymus americanus Devil’s walking stick............................Aralia spinosa Sweet pepperbush.............................Clethra alnifolia Highbrush blueberry.............Vaccinium corymbosum French mulberry.......................Callicarpa americana Possumhaw vibernum......................Viburnum nudum Elderberry.................................Sambucus canadensis Titi................................................Cyrilla racemiflora Groundsel-tree..........................Baccharis halimifolia Vines Bristly greenbrier.................................Smilax hispida Common greenbrier......................Smilax rotundifolia Sawbrier (greenbrier spp.)....................Smilax glauca Walton’s greenbrier (coral greenbrier).............Smilax walteri Laurel-leafed greenbrier.....................Smilax lauifolia Wild yam.........................................Dioscorea villosa Leather-flower....................................Clematis crispa Climbing hydrangea....................Decumaria barbara Poison ivy.............................................Rhus radicans Rattan vine..................................Berchemia scandens Muscadine grape..............................Vitis rotundifolia Fox grape...............................................Vitis labrusca Summer grape......................................Vitis aestivalis Maypop.......................................Passiflora incarnata Yellow jessamine................Gelsemium sempervirens Cross vine...................................Bignonia capreolata Trumpet vine...................................Campsis radicans Coral honeysuckle..................Lonicera sempervirens Climbing hempweed.......................Mikania scandens Virginia creeper.............Parthenocissus quinquefolia Ferns and Fern Allies Goundpine..........................Lycopodium tristrachyum Running pine......................Lycopodium flabelliforme Rattlesnake fern....................Botrychium virginianum Royal fern.........................................Osmunda regalis Cinnamon fern........................Osmunda cinnamomea Climbing fern..............................Lygodium palmatum Hay-scented fern...............Dennstaedtia punctilobula Bracken fern...............................Pteridium aquilinum Southern lady fern...................Athyrium asplenioides Log fern.............................................Dryopteris celsa Fancy fern................................Dryopteris intermedia New York fern.................Thelypteris noveboracensis Marsh fern..................................Thelypteris palustris Sensitive fern..................................Onoclea sensibilis Netted chain fern......................Woodwardia areolata Virginia chain fern...................Woodwardia virginica Ebony spleenwort...................Asplenium platyneuron Resurrection fern..................Pleopeltis polypodioides

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