South Mountains

Fact Sheet

brochure South Mountains - Fact Sheet
Activities Located in the foothills of North Carolina, at the crossroads of the mountains and the piedmont, the South Mountains are a transition zone between the Appalachian Mountains and the Foothills. This rugged terrain boasts elevations of up to 3,000 feet at its highest peak, Buzzard’s Roost. With rich examples of forest communities such as pure conifer, mixed conifer, hardwood and climax hardwood forests, an abundance of wildlife thrives within its boundaries. Visitors can experience 49 miles of these unique communities. Experience the Park! South Mountains State Park 3001 South Mountain Park Ave. Connelly Springs, NC 28612 828-433-4772 south.mountains@ncparks.gov GPS: 35.5963, -81.600 Fun Facts ■■ The park was established in 1975 ■■ South Mountains is the largest N.C. state park at 20,871 acres 49 miles of hiking, biking and bridle trails South Mountains has many historic graveyards, including sites from the Civil War ■■ The park offers over 400 educational programs and hikes annually ■■ The park is composed of two main access areas, Jacob Fork Access, the main area of the park and the Clear Creek Access, an independent day-use area for fishing, hiking and horseback riding ■■ The South Mountains are a belt of metamorphosed granite, called gneiss, carved away by erosion and formed when rocks undergo heat, pressure and chemical changes ■■ The area acted as a buffer zone between the Cherokee and Catawba native Americans when the Catawba Valley was a major travel route Offers equestrian camping with a 33-stall barn • Jack-in-the-pulpit • Lady slipper • Foam flower • Mountain laurel • Rhododendron ■■ Most streams are considered “wild trout waters” and about 2 miles are delayed harvest streams, making it the perfect place to cast a line ■■ In the 1930’s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Civilian Conservation Corps began establishing trails, cleaning stream beds and constructing an observation tower • Gray-cheeked salamander • Eastern fence lizard • Rose-breasted grosbeak • Ruffed grouse • Eastern towhee • Red-eyed vireo • White-tailed deer • Chipmunk • Black bear ncparks.gov MNQP In 1828 to the 20th century, the mountains experienced a small gold rush

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