Gila

Birds

brochure Gila - Birds

covered parks

Birds of the Gila National Forest: A Checklist United States Department of Agriculture PREPARED BY Forest Service Southwestern Region PRODUCED IN COOPERATION WITH Dale A. Zimmerman, Ph.D. Southwest New Mexico Audubon Society Using the Checklist The first column after the species name is an indication of the bird’s abundance. Bear in mind, however, that many species are locally distributed and do not range throughout the Gila National Forest which embraces a highly diverse range of elevations and habitats (see below). Thus, the expressions of abundance are to be viewed as general indications, and of course only for the habitat(s) favored by the species in question. Abundance also varies seasonally, and often from year-to-year as well. Additionally, actual abundance is often distinct from detectability. Some species may be common but secretive and only rarely seen. Others may be numerically sparse, yet highly vocal or otherwise conspicuous. The following designations relate to abundance, not necessarily to frequency of detection. An asterisk (*) following a species name indicates breeding on the Gila National Forest. A - Abundant F - Fairly Common R - Rare C - Common U - Uncommon The second column reflects seasonal status, showing the time of year when the species normally appears in the checklist area: P - Permanent Resident (present year-round) S - Summer Resident (present from spring until fall migration) or Summer Visitor (not known to breed on the Gila) W - Winter Resident (typically from October through March) T - Transient (present as a migrant in spring and/or fall) V - Visitant (present at various seasons, often irregularly) The remaining columns indicate the usual habitat(s) of each species. On the forest, vegetation types range from spruce/fir forest high in the Mogollon Mountains to desert scrub and remnant grassland in the lower Burro Mountains. Small expanses of grassland are scattered in the higher ranges. Generally, ponderosa pine is the dominant species at elevations between 6,000 and 7,000 feet. Somewhat higher, and in many canyons, is a mixed conifer forest typically dominated by Douglas-fir, often with Gambel’s oak. Woodlands of piñon pine, juniper and oak, in varying combinations, are present on drier sites throughout the forest. Riparian areas support rich deciduous or coniferous woodland and, locally, small areas of marsh or other open habitats. This great ecological diversity provides for a remarkably varied bird fauna. This checklist includes 166 species known to breed on the Gila, 114 others that are more or less regular nonbreeders, and 57 species considered to be casual (recorded 35 times) or accidental (recorded but once or twice). Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian Loons __ Common Loon R T • F C F U C C • • • • • • Grebes __ Eared Grebe __ Western Grebe __ Clark’s Grebe __ Pied-billed Grebe* S T T T W P Cormorants __ Double-crested Cormorant U T __ Neotropic Cormorant R T • • • • Herons and Ibises __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ American Bittern Least Bittern Great Blue Heron* Great Egret Snowy Egret Green Heron Black-crowned Night Heron White-faced Ibis R R F R U R U U T T P T T S S T • • • • • • • • • • • • • Vultures __ Turkey Vulture C S • • • • • •• • Swans, Geese, and Ducks __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Snow Goose Ross’s Goose Canada Goose Tundra Swan Wood Duck Gadwall American Wigeon Mallard* Blue-winged Teal* U R F R R F F C R U T T W T W W T P S T • • • • • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian __ Cinnamon Teal* __ Northern Shoveler __ Northern Pintail __ Green-winged Teal* __ Canvasback __ Redhead __ Ring-necked Duck __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup Bufflehead Common Goldeneye Hooded Merganser Common Merganser* Red-breasted Merganser Ruddy Duck* F F F F U C U U U U F R C F U R F R U S T T W S T T S T S T T W T T T P T S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • S T S W S W P P P S S S T P T W W P S T W • • • • • • Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons __ Osprey* __ Bald Eagle __ Northern Harrier __ __ __ __ __ __ Sharp-shinned Hawk* Cooper’s Hawk* Northern Goshawk* Common Black Hawk* Swainson’s Hawk* Zone-tailed Hawk* __ Red-tailed Hawk* __ Ferruginous Hawk __ Rough-legged Hawk __ Golden Eagle* __ American Kestrel* R U R U R U U F R F F U U C U U R U F C F • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • * • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian __ Merlin __ Prairie Falcon* __ Peregrine Falcon* U U U R R T W P S T • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • U P U P F P • • • • • Grouse and Relatives __ Ring-necked Pheasant* __ Blue Grouse* __ Wild Turkey* • • • • Quail __ Montezuma Quail* __ Scaled Quail* __ Gambel’s Quail* U P • U P • C P • • • • Rails, Coots and Cranes __ __ __ __ __ Virginia Rail* Sora* Common Moorhen American Coot* Sandhill Crane U U R C U S S T P W • • • • • • Plovers __ Black-bellied Plover __ Semipalmated Plover __ Killdeer* R T R T F P • • • R T R T • • U U R R F R R R • • • • • • • • Avocets and Stilts __ Black-necked Stilt __ American Avocet Snipes and Sandpipers __ __ __ __ __ Greater Yellowlegs Lesser Yellowlegs Solitary Sandpiper Willet Spotted Sandpiper* __ Long-billed Curlew T T T T T S W T Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Marbled Godwit Western Sandpiper Least Sandpiper Baird’s Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Long-billed Dowitcher Common Snipe Wilson’s Phalarope Red-necked Sandpiper R F F U R U F U R T T T T T T T T T • • • • • • • • • R R U R U R T T T T T T • • • • • • U F U C R W P S S P V R Gulls and Terns __ __ __ __ __ __ Franklin’s Gull Bonaparte’s Gull Ring-billed Gull California Gull Forster’s Tern Black Tern • • • • Pigeons and Doves __ __ __ __ __ __ Rock Dove* Band-tailed Pigeon* White-winged Dove* Mourning Dove* Inca Dove Common Ground Dove • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Cuckoos and Roadrunners __ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* __ Greater Roadrunner* U S U P • • • • • • • Owls __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Barn Owl* Flammulated Owl* Western Screech Owl* Great Horned Owl* Northern Pygmy Owl* Elf Owl* Burrowing Owl* Spotted Owl* Long-eared Owl* U F U F U R R U R U P S P P P S S P S W • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian __ Short-eared owl __ Northern Saw-whet Owl R T R W • • • • • • • Nightjars __ Lesser Nighthawk __ Common Nighthawk* __ Common Poor-will* __ Whip-poor-will* U F C F F S S T S S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Swifts __ Black Swift __ White-throated Swift* R T R S F S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Hummingbirds __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Blue-throated Hummingbird R Magnificent Hummingbird* R Black-chinned Hummingbird* C Anna’s Hummingbird R Calliope Hummingbird U Broad-tailed Hummingbird* C Rufous Hummingbird C S S • • S • • • • T • • T • • • S • • T • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Kingfishers __ Belted Kingfisher* U T U W R S • • • • • • • • • • • • Woodpeckers __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Lewis’s Woodpecker* Acorn Woodpecker* Gila Woodpecker* Red-naped Sapsucker* U C R F C R Williamson’s Sapsucker* U R Ladder-backed Woodpecker* U Downy Woodpecker* U Hairy Woodpecker* C S P • S S • T • W • S W P • • P P • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian __ Three-toed Woodpecker* R P __ Northern Flicker* C P • • • • • • • • • Tyrant Flycatchers __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Olive-sided Flycatcher* Greater Pewee* Western Wood Pewee* Willow Flycatcher* Hammond’s Flycatcher Dusky Flycatcher Gray Flycatcher* Cordilleran Flycatcher* Black Phoebe* Say’s Phoebe* Vermilion Flycatcher* Ash-throated Flycatcher* Brown-crested Flycatcher* Cassin’s Kingbird* Western Kingbird* F R C R F F F C C C F C R C C S S S S T T S • • S P P • • S S • • • S S • • • S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Shrikes __ Loggerhead Shrike R S • • • • U T • • • • • • U W • • • • •• Vireos __ __ __ __ __ Bell’s Vireo* Gray Vireo Cassin’s Vireo Plumbeous Vireo* Hutton’s Vireo* __ Warbling Vireo* R R W C U R C C S S R S S W S T C C C C R R P P P P S W • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Corvids __ __ __ __ __ Steller’s Jay* Western Scrub Jay* Mexican Jay* Pinyon Jay* Clark’s Nutcracker* • • • • • • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian __ American Crow* ` __ Chihuahuan Raven __ Common Raven* F P • U W • • C P • • • • • • • Larks __ Horned Lark* C P • •• Swallows and Martins __ Purple Martin* __ Tree Swallow* __ Violet-green Swallow* __ __ __ __ F U C C No. Rough-winged Swallow* F Bank Swallow R Barn Swallow* F U Cliff Swallow* F S T S T S T T S S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tits and Relatives __ __ __ __ __ Mountain Chickadee* Bridled Titmouse* Juniper Titmouse* Verdin Bushtit* C F F U C P • • P • P • • S • • P • • • F C C F P P P P U C C C C R U P • P • • • P • • • P • • • S • • W W • • • • Nuthatches and Creepers __ __ __ __ Red-breasted Nuthatch* White-breasted Nuthatch* Pygmy Nuthatch* Brown Creeper* • • • • • • • • • • Wrens __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Cactus Wren* Rock Wren* Canyon Wren* Bewick’s Wren* House Wren* Winter Wren Marsh Wren • • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian Dippers __ American Dipper* F P • • Kinglets and Gnatcatchers __ Golden-crowned Kinglet* __ Ruby-crowned Kinglet* __ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* F F C C F P S T W S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • R C C F F U F R F C C F W P S T W S W T S S T W • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • R F R U U F U T • S • • • W • • • T • • • W • • • P • • • P • • • • • • • Thrushes __ Eastern Bluebird __ Western Bluebird* __ Mountain Bluebird* __ Townsend’s Solitaire* __ Swainson’s Thrush __ Hermit Thrush* __ American Robin* • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Mimids __ Gray Catbird __ Northern Mockingbird* __ Sage Thrasher __ Curve-billed Thrasher* __ Crissal Thrasher* • Starlings __ European Starling* U P • U W F T •• • • Pipits __ American Pipit Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian Waxwings and Relatives __ Cedar Waxwing __ Phainopepla* U W F T U P • • • • • • • • • • • • Wood Warblers and Relatives __ Olive Warbler* U P __ Tennessee Warbler R T __ Orange-crowned Warbler* U S C T __ Nashville Warbler U T __ Virginia’s Warbler* F S __ Lucy’s Warbler* F S __ Yellow Warbler* F S __ Yellow-rumped Warbler* C S C T U W __ Black-throated Gray Warbler* F S F T __ Townsend’s Warbler F T __ Hermit Warbler U T __ Grace’s Warbler* C S __ Black-and-white Warbler R T __ American Redstart U T __ Northern Waterthrush U T __ MacGillivray’s Warbler* R S C T __ Common Yellowthroat* U S C T __ Wilson’s Warbler C T __ Red-faced Warbler* F S __ Painted Redstart* U S __ Yellow-breasted Chat* F S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tanagers __ Hepatic Tanager* __ Summer Tanager* __ Western Tanager* F S F S C S • • • • • • • • • • • • Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian Towhees, Sparrows and Longspurs __ Green-tailed Towhee C R __ Spotted Towhee* C __ Canyon Towhee* F __ Abert’s Towhee* R __ Rufous-crowned Sparrow* F R __ Chipping Sparrow* C A U __ Brewer’s Sparrow C U __ Black-chinned Sparrow* U __ Vesper Sparrow F R U __ Lark Sparrow* F __ Black-throated Sparrow* U __ Sage Sparrow U U __ Lark Bunting F R __ Savannah Sparrow U F __ Fox Sparrow R R __ Song Sparrow F __ Lincoln’s Sparrow U C __ Swamp Sparrow R R __ White-throated Sparrow R R __ Harris’s Sparrow R __ White-crowned Sparrow A C __ Golden-crowned Sparrow W __ Dark-eyed Junco* C A C __ Chestnut-collared Longspur F T W P P P S W S T W T W S T S W S P W T T W W T T W W W T W T W T T T W R S T W W • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• • •• • • • • •• • • • • • • • • •• •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• Abundance Residence Desert Oak Woodland Oak-Juniper Pinyon-Juniper Ponderosa Pine Spruce-Fir Mt. Grassland Marsh/Open Decid. Riparian Conif. Riparian Cardinals, Grosbeaks and Buntings __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Northern Cardinal* Pyrrhuloxia Rose-breasted Grosbeak Black-headed Grosbeak* Blue Grosbeak* Lazuli Bunting Indigo Bunting* U U R C C U R P • • • W • • • • T • • • • • S • • • • • S • • • S • • S • • • • • • • Icterids __ Red-winged Blackbird* F C U __ Eastern Meadowlark* C R __ Western Meadowlark* F U __ Yellow-headed Blackbird* U U __ Brewer’s Blackbird* C C R __ Great-tailed Grackle* U __ Bronzed Cowbird* R __ Brown-headed Cowbird* C R __ Hooded Oriole* U __ Bullock’s Oriole* F __ Scott’s Oriole* U S T W S W S W S T S T W P S S W S S S • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Finches __ Cassin’s Finch __ House Finch* __ Red Crossbill* __ Pine Siskin* __ Lesser Goldfinch* __ American Goldfinch __ Evening Grosbeak* F F C F F C C F F W W • • • • T • • • • P • • • • P • • S • • • • • T • • • • • W • • • • • S • • • • • W • • • • • R • • • • • • • • • • Casual (C) or accidental species on or closely adjacent to the Gila National Forest. Horned Grebe (C) American White Pelican Brown Pelican Magnificent Frigate-bird Yellow-crowned Night Heron Trumpeter Swan Surf Scoter (C) White-winged Scoter Black Scoter White-tailed Kite Mississippi Kite Gray Hawk Broad-winged Hawk Crested Caracara Mountain Plover Snowy Plover Short-billed Dowitcher American Woodcock Laughing Gull Heermann’s Gull Black-billed Cuckoo Groove-billed Ani Chimney Swift White-eared Hummingbird Costa’s Hummingbird Red-headed Woodpecker Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Buff-breasted Flycatcher (formerly) Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Couch’s Kingbird Eastern Kingbird Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Eastern Phoebe (C) Northern Shrike Yellow-throated Vireo Red-eyed Vireo Blue Jay Veery Brown Thrasher (C) Bendire’s Thrasher Blue-winged Warbler Northern Parula Cape May Warbler Chestnut-sided Warbler Magnolia Warbler Yellow-throated Warbler Palm Warbler Bay-breasted Warbler Blackpoll Warbler Worm-eating Warbler Ovenbird Hooded Warbler (C) Dickcissel Bobolink Orchard Oriole Painted Bunting Purple Finch Lawrence's Goldfinch (C) Reprinted on recycled paper • 7/2002 Notes: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at 202-720-2600 (voice and TTY). To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964 (voice or TTY). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Gila National Forest 3005 E. Camino del Bosque Silver City, NM 88061

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