"Sandstone formation" by U.S. National Park Service , public domain

El Morro

Bird Checklist

brochure El Morro - Bird Checklist
VULTURES Turkey Vulture U FC U HAWKS, EAGLES O * U U U O * FC * R U O U U U U U U U O O O FC FC FC R R R U U U FALCONS * FC FC FC FC R R O * U U U * U U U U RAILS R R O R r O O o r O o o o R r O O O o r O o o o o o * o o o o o o o o u fc u CUCKOOS Yellow-billed Cuckoo Greater Roadrunner r o r r OWLS Flammulated Owl Western Screech-Owl Great Horned Owl Northern Pygmy-Owl Long-eared Owl * * * r r r r r r u u u u o o o o o NIGHTJARS Common Nighthawk Common Poorwill * * u fc r r r r SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS White-throated Swift * Black-chinned Hummingbird * Calliope Hummingbird Broad-tailed Hummingbird * c u KINGFISHERS R r PIGEONS, DOVES Rock Pigeon Eurasian Collared-Dove White-winged Dove Mourning Dove R winter O O O O O O Semipalmated Plover Killdeer Spotted Sandpiper Solitary Sandpiper Greater Yellowlegs Willet Western Sandpiper Baird’s Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Long-billed Dowitcher Wilson’s Snipe Wilson’s Phalarope Red-necked Phalarope Ring-billed Gull fall Great Blue Heron Snowy Egret White-faced Ibis Rufous Hummingbird summer O O O O SPECIES spring O O U U U R O O O O O O O O O O O O  nesting * Scaled Quail American Coot winter O HERONS, IBIS American Kestrel Merlin Peregrine Falcon Prairie Falcon fall SHOREBIRDS, GULLS GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Osprey Bald Eagle Northern Harrier Sharp-shinned Hawk Cooper’s Hawk Northern Goshawk Swainson’s Hawk Red-tailed Hawk Rough-legged Hawk Ferruginous Hawk Golden Eagle summer Gadwall American Wigeon Mallard Blue-winged Teal Cinnamon Teal Northern Shoveler Green-winged Teal Bufflehead Ruddy Duck SPECIES spring WATERFOWL  nesting 181 species as of May, 2008. winter Compiled from observations made between September 2002 and May 2008, in addition to previous checklists by McCallum (1979), Stoltz (1987), and USGS (2002). fall KEY C=Common—usually easy to find. FC=Fairly Common—usually present but not as easy to find. U=Uncommon—regular, but only a few individuals may be present in a particular season. R=Rare—irregular, or not detected every year. O=Occasional—few records exist. X=Extirpated—no longer occurs in the area. *=Nests or has nested. summer To help further our knowledge of El Morro’s wildlife, we encourage you to report your observations to staff at the visitor center. SPECIES spring Samuel Washington Woodhouse, an ornithologist who passed by here in 1851 with the Sitgreaves Expedition, secured El Morro’s place in American ornithology history books with the first-ever scientific description of a White-throated Swift. Since then, El Morro has offered birdwatchers the chance for discovery. The variety of habitats contained within a small area (1,278 acres) makes possible the diversity and number of bird species found here.  nesting “E ncamped at the Inscription Rock, a singular sandstone mesa . . . I observed a new swift . . . ” Belted Kingfisher o o WOODPECKERS Lewis’s Woodpecker * r r r r Acorn Woodpecker O O O Williamson’s Sapsucker r r r Red-naped Sapsucker fc r fc u Ladder-backed Woodpecker O o O Hairy Woodpecker * fc fc fc fc Northern Flicker * c c c c TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Olive-sided Flycatcher Western Wood-Pewee Willow Flycatcher Hammond’s Flycatcher Gray Flycatcher Dusky Flycatcher Cordilleran Flycatcher Buff-breasted Flycatcher Black Phoebe Say’s Phoebe Ash-throated Flycatcher Cassin’s Kingbird Western Kingbird * r c c O r * fc fc r * u u * x r r * c c * c c * c c * u u r c O r fc r u r c u c u SHRIKES, VIREOS Loggerhead Shrike Northern Shrike Gray Vireo Plumbeous Vireo Cassin’s Vireo Warbling Vireo u u u r * c r u o c c u u JAYS, CROWS c c r c c c r c c u r u Steller’s Jay Western Scrub-Jay Pinyon Jay Clark’s Nutcracker * r c c c c r c c o r c c Northern Rough-winged Swallow Cliff Swallow Barn Swallow PIPITS r * * r c c r c r r r c r c r c r CHICKADEES AND ALLIES Mountain Chickadee Juniper Titmouse Bushtit * c c c c * fc fc fc fc * fc fc fc fc NUTHATCHES, CREEPERS Red-breasted Nuthatch White-breasted Nuthatch Pygmy Nuthatch Brown Creeper r r r r * fc fc fc fc * c c c c r r r WRENS Rock Wren Canyon Wren Bewick’s Wren House Wren * fc fc fc r * fc fc fc u * fc fc fc u u u KINGLETS, GNATCATCHERS Ruby-crowned Kinglet Blue-gray Gnatcatcher fc fc r fc R u THRUSHES Western Bluebird Mountain Bluebird Townsend’s Solitaire Hermit Thrush American Robin * * * c c c r c c c c c c c Fc c c r c fc MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS Gray Catbird o o o o o American Pipit o WAXWINGS Cedar Waxwing r r Orange-crowned Warbler c R c Nashville Warbler u Virginia’s Warbler * fc fc fc Yellow Warbler u u Yellow-rumped Warbler c u c r Black-throated Gray Warbler * fc u fc Townsend’s Warbler r u Grace’s Warbler r r r Kentucky Warbler O MacGillivray’s Warbler u u fc Common Yellowthroat r r Wilson’s Warbler fc r fc Yellow-breasted Chat o o TANAGERS * fc fc fc r r r * c fc c TOWHEES, SPARROWS Green-tailed Towhee Spotted Towhee Canyon Towhee Chipping Sparrow Brewer’s Sparrow Vesper Sparrow Lark Sparrow Black-throated Sparrow Savannah Sparrow o fc r fc r r Dark-eyed Junco (Grayheaded, Pink-sided, Oregon) * fc fc fc * c c c u * c c c c * c c c * fc u fc * c c c * c c c o o r Rose-breasted Grosbeak Black-headed Grosbeak Blue Grosbeak Lazuli Bunting Indigo Bunting * National Park Service Department of the Interior El Morro National Monument www.nps.gov/elmo c o c Fc c c c GROSBEAKS AND ALLIES WOOD WARBLERS Hepatic Tanager Summer Tanager Western Tanager winter Purple Martin Tree Swallow Violet-green Swallow European Starling fall SWALLOWS STARLINGS Fox Sparrow Song Sparrow Lincoln’s Sparrow White-throated Sparrow White-crowned Sparrow summer u SPECIES spring r * fc fc fc * fc R fc R o  nesting r winter r fall Horned Lark Northern Mockingbird Sage Thrasher Curve-billed Thrasher summer LARKS SPECIES spring u u u u c c c c  nesting winter fall * summer American Crow Common Raven spring SPECIES nesting  o c fc fc o u r u o o El Morro National Monument BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES Red-winged Blackbird Eastern Meadowlark Western Meadowlark Yellow-headed Blackbird Brewer’s Blackbird Common Grackle Brown-headed Cowbird Hooded Oriole Bullock’s Oriole Baltimore Oriole u R * c o o o * fc o fc O u R c fc r o o o fc fc Bird Checklist u u FINCHES AND ALLIES Cassin’s Finch House Finch Red Crossbill Pine Siskin Lesser Goldfinch American Goldfinch Evening Grosbeak r * c r fc * c u r c r u c r r c r fc c u r r c r fc u r OLD WORLD SPARROWS House Sparrow o o o Christopher J. Grimes and Sarah Beckwith May, 2008

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