Golden Gate - Sweeney Ridge

Brochure

brochure Golden Gate - Sweeney Ridge - Brochure
Sweeney Ridge National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Golden Gate National Recreation Area Morton Kunstler/San Mateo County History Museum In Their Footsteps Sweeney Ridge bears the footsteps of explorers, soldiers and citizen activists, as asll as an occasional mountain lion. All who have visited Sweeney Ridge over time have shaped its history and left their mark. As you follow their footsteps, we hope you discover what drew people to this magnificent place and why this land was important to them. Discovery & Disappointment Have you ever been lost, only to discover something unexpected? Spanish explorer Captain Juan Gaspar de Portolá , on a mission to settle Monterey, found himself in that position atop Sweeney Ridge on November 4, 1769. Relying on a sailor’s exaggerated description, Portolá didn’t recognize Monterey even as he stood upon its sands, so he continued northward. Lost and ailing, his expedition eventually scaled what we now call Sweeney Ridge and saw “...a large arm of the sea…some sort of harbor there within the mountains.” Ironically it had taken a land expedition to find what seafaring explorers never discovered—the San Francisco Bay. Though Portolá had become the first European to see the bay, he realized he had missed Monterey, and so wrote of his historic day simply: “We traveled for three hours, the entire road was bad, we halted without water.” Despite Portolá’s initial disappointment, the Spanish soon recognized the value of the region. By 1776 they had established the Presidio of San Francisco, which protected the Bay Area for the next two centuries under the Spanish, Mexican and American flags. Map of Father Pedro Font, 1777 Fear Factor All of us have felt fear at some time. During the 1950s, Cold War-era fears of Soviet long-range “Bear” bombers caused the U.S. Army to develop a weapon to destroy those planes. Nike anti-aircraft missiles were deployed across the country, including 11 sites protecting the Bay Area. Nike Site SF51 included a control station atop Sweeney Ridge and a missile launching site at nearby Milagra Ridge. By the 1960s, nuclear capable Nike Hercules missiles stood guard on this ridgetop. Obsolete by 1974, SF-51 was abandoned under the provisions of an arms- Soldiers guard Nike missiles. U.S. Army photo reduction treaty. Protecting Their Priorities In the 1970s and 80s, local citizens recognized new threats to Sweeney Ridge in the housing developments sprawling up nearby hillsides and a proposed 8-lane freeway extension bisecting the ridge. Community activists organized, signed petitions and voted to protect this 1200-acre ridgetop. Many of these same citizen activists now volunteer to improve wildlife habitat, maintain trails and lead walks. 0 0 20 ler a Pat h Ca 50 0 l ai Tr 0 PENINSULA WATERSHE 00 E Ri 00 0 No Trailhead Parking e Bo ule vard Od dst ad Bo ule va rd North Portola Gate Private Stables 1195' 1132' 00 k ee Cr 400 l 11 levard Bou ar M o dr Pe Sanchez Adobe County Historic Park 0.5 Miles 0 Tra i N a ov da Lin San 1 0.5 Kilometers 0 dg 10 40 SamTrans #14 Limited Turnaround LINDA MAR San Andreas Reservoir San Francisco Public Utilities Comission DG PRIVATE 625' Terra to 280 as re Path T 12 0 IF Trail o RI PACIFICA Bou leva rd d rd 0 a An E ev ul n N Bo Sa Z O R uian Av en ue 80 Portolá Discovery Site 1220' EY Baq 40 S EN er ssl Fa 8 00 50 EA SWE Cattle Hill 975' spi Cre ne yli Sk R 0 PRIVATE SamTrans #14, 110, 112 & 295 D 400 SWEENEY RIDGE 800' Bike AN Nike Missile Control Site 0 ROCKAWAY PACIFICA STATE BEACH N 400 e Lan 10 SA 200 VALLEMAR 40 ROCKAWAY STATE BEACH Shelldance 250' Nursery Reina del Mar A ven ue 1 T 960' 800 Bruno Avenue San th Snea d Pave e Bik l Trai 35 Sneath Lane Trailhead Sweeney Paved Pacifica Chamber of Commerce and GGNRA Visitor Center Ridge th Snea e Lan Parking 0 SamTrans #140 l Wheelchair access ori th Snea M Sewage Treatment Facility Creek 790' 40 280 i ra Fishing Coast Guard Site Ridge FAIRWAY PARK e 930' Pedestrian Underpass MORI POINT Picnic area ee Sw Service Road (Restricted) 0 SamTrans #110, 112 Mori Point SHARP PARK City of San Francisco 380 Lan San Francisco County Jail ne y 40 y Wa dy Lun Public Golf Course Bay Area Ridge Trail GGNRA parking at southeast corner of Parking Lot C arp Sh d ar ev ul Bo Trail (hiking and bicycling) Trail (hiking only) 675' Par k Laguna Salada SamTrans #140, 121, 123 d ar ev ul Bo ide ers Riv rive D PRIVATE SAN BRUNO La ne 100 M or el an d SKYLINE COLLEGE e Driv Avenue Drive lege Col ive Dr College SHARP PARK Clarendon Other parks and public lands MILAGRA RIDGE e Fir GGNRA lands and boundary 1 Ro ad Pacifica Pier ne yli Sk Francisco Palm etto Beach Boulevard SHARP PARK STATE BEACH 40 0 San M ate o Like their human counterparts, wildlife explore and defend territories. Here on Sweeney Ridge the web of life is remarkably intact: mountain lions, coyotes and bobcats range in search of rabbits, mice, voles and shrews, which in turn search for food and water sources of their own. And all these creatures find protection in Sweeney Ridge’s native coastal scrub vegetation. This entire ecosystem is protected by the National Park Service. Today, volunteers protect habitat here against invasive, non-native plants that threaten this delicate ecological balance by displacing the native plants on which wildlife depend. About Your Visit Please continue the protection of Sweeney Ridge by staying on designated trails and picking up litter. Mountain bikes are allowed on fire roads, but not on single-track trails. Dogs on leash are allowed. Fires, camping, and off-road vehicles are not permitted. Finally, protect yourself: though Spring and Fall offer the best weather, wear layered clothing year round as temperatures can change rapidly. Bring sunscreen and water. Finding Your Way From Pacifica, Sweeney Ridge trailheads are located at Shelldance Nursery off of Highway 1, and at the east end of Fassler Avenue. From San Bruno, trails start from the west end of Sneath Lane off of Hwy 35 (Skyline Blvd), and from Skyline College Parking Lot C. Ranging on the Ridge Mountain lions find refuge on Sweeney Ridge. California Academy of Sciences AO 3AN &RANCISCO \ 4` QW  Og &/24 &5.34/.  $ALY #ITY   0ACIFICA -),!'2! 2)$'%  -ILES 3AN "RUNO  3.%!4( ,!.% -/2) 0/).4 37%%.%9 2)$'% &!33,%2 !6% AO\ /\R`SOa :OYS >/17471  :]eS` 1`gabOZA^`W\Ua @SaS`d]W` =13/< -ILLBRAE   3AN -ATEO 0%.).35,! 7!4%23(% ! ). / 2 @SaS`d]W` (ALF -OON "AY +).'3 -4. 2/!$ EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA  , C^^S`  1`gabOZ A^`W\Ua  %!  0(,%'%2 %34!4% (rev. 08/016)   6OZT;]]\ 0Og .ORTH  +ILOMETERS 7%34"/2/5'( ",6$ #/,,%'% !6% 3(!20 0!2+ 2/!$ &)4:'%2!,$ -!2).%   (5$$!24 0!2+ Printed on recycled paper. O\  # For disabled access call (415) 556-8371  /#%!. "%!#(  /AKLAND  ,!.$3 %.$ %, Cover: Artist’s conception of the Portolá expedition’s first sighting of San Francisco Bay from Sweeney Ridge in 1769. Site Stewardship Program (415) 561-3073 www.parksconservancy.org   02%3)$)/ 0 Presidio Visitor Center (415) 561-4323 www.nps.gov/prsf O b S ] Pacifica Visitor Center (650) 355-4122 www.pacificachamber.com     5 aQ For More Information !,#!42!: S\ 5 ] ZR 2EDWOOD #ITY  7OODSIDE www.nps.gov/goga 

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