"Views from the Lava Beds" by NPS photo , public domain

Lava Beds

Bird Checklist

brochure Lava Beds - Bird Checklist
Lava Beds National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Lava Beds National Monument Birds of Lava Beds Occurrences Symbol Key Order 1 2 3 4 5 Aquatic or Marsh Habitat (Tule Lake) Pine Forests (Mammoth Crater) Sagebrush-Grasslands (Capt. Jacks Stronghold) Brushlands (Campground/Visitor Center) Petroglyph Point Northern Flicker P S W M Permanent Resident Summer Resident Winter Resident Migrant R Rare I Irregular Visitor ? Hypothetical (Report if observed) * Introduced Family Common name ......................................Genus species ............................... Occurences Gaviiformes Gaviidae (Loons) Common Loon .............................................. Gavia immer ......................................... 1:S Piciformes Picidae (Woodpeckers) Lewis’ Woodpecker ...................................... Melanerpes lewis .................................. 1,4:P:I Williamson’s Sapsucker................................ Sphyrapicus thyroideus......................... 2:P:R Red Breasted Sapsucker................................ Sphyrapicus varius ............................... 2,4:P Yellow-bellied Sapsucker ............................. Sphyrapicus varius ............................... 2,4:I Downy Woodpecker ..................................... Picoides pubescens ............................... 4:P Hairy Woodpecker ........................................ Picoides villosus ................................... 2:P Black-backed Woodpecker ........................... Picoides arcticus .................................. 2:P:R White-headed Woodpecker ........................... Picoides albolarvatus ........................... 2:P Northern Flicker............................................ Colaptes auratus................................... 2,3,4:P Pileated Woodpecker .................................... Dryocopus pileatus............................... 2:I Pelicaniformes Pelecanidae (Pelicans) American White Pelican ............................... Pelecanus erythrorhynchos .................. 1:S Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants) Double-crested Cormorant ............................ Phalacrocorax auritus.......................... 1:S Ciconiiformes Ardeidae (Herons) American Bittern........................................... Botaurus lentiginosus ........................... 1:P Least Bittern.................................................. Ixobrychus exilis................................... 1:S:R Great Blue Heron .......................................... Ardea Herodias .................................... 1:P Great Egret.................................................... Ardea alba ............................................ 1:P Snowy Egret.................................................. Egretta thula......................................... 1:S Green Heron.................................................. Butorides virescens............................... 1:S Black-crowned Night-heron.......................... Nycticorax nycticorax........................... 1:P Threskiornithidae (Ibises) White-faced Ibis............................................ Plegadis chihi ....................................... 1: Anseriformes Anatidae (Waterfowl) Tribe Cygnini (Swans) Tundra Swan ................................................. Cygnus columbianus............................. 1:W Tribe Anserini (Geese) Canada Goose ............................................... Branta canadensis ................................ 1:P Greater White-fronted Goose ........................ Anser albifrons ..................................... 1:M,W Emperor Goose ............................................. Chen canagica...................................... 1:M:R Ross’ Goose .................................................. Chen rossii............................................ 1:M:R Snow Goose .................................................. Chen caerulescens ................................ 1:M,W Tribe Cairinini (Wood Duck) Wood Duck ................................................. Aix sponsa............................................. 1:S,M Tribe Anatini (Surface-feeding Ducks) Mallard.......................................................... Anas platyrhynchos .............................. 1:P Gadwall......................................................... Anas strepera........................................ 1:P Northern Pintail............................................. Anas acuta ............................................ 1:P American Widgeon ....................................... Anas americana .................................... 1:M,W Northern Shoveler ......................................... Anas clypeata ....................................... 1:P Cinnamon Teal.............................................. Anas cyanoptera ................................... 1:S,M Blue-winged Teal.......................................... Anas discors ......................................... 1:S Green-winged Teal........................................ Anas crecca .......................................... 1:P Anseriformes (continued Tribe Aythyini ( Bay Ducks) Canvasback ................................................... Aythya valisieria................................... I:P Redhead ........................................................ Aythya Americana ................................ I:P Ring-necked Duck......................................... Aythya collaris...................................... I:M,W Greater Scaup................................................ Aythya marila ....................................... I:M Lesser Scaup ................................................. Aythya affinis........................................ I:P Tribe Mergini (Sea Ducks & Merganers) White-winged Scoter..................................... Melanitta fusca ..................................... 1:M,W:R Common Goldeneye ..................................... Bucephala clangula .............................. 1:M,W Bufflehead..................................................... Bucephala albeola ................................ 1:M,W Hooded Merganser........................................ Lophodytes cucullatus .......................... 1:M,W Common Merganser...................................... Mergus merganser................................ 1:P Tribe Oxyurini (Stiff-tailed Ducks) Ruddy Duck………………………………….Oxyura jamaicensis ............................. 1:P Falconiformes Cathartidae (American Vultures) Turkey Vulture.............................................. Cathartes aura...................................... 1,2,3,4:S Accipitridae (Hawks & Eagles) Northern Harrier............................................ Circus cyaneus ..................................... 1,3:P Sharp-shinned Hawk ..................................... Accipiter striatus .................................. 2:P Cooper’s Hawk ............................................. Accipiter cooperii ................................. 2:P Northern Goshawk ........................................ Accipiter gentilis................................... 2:P:R Swainson’s Hawk.......................................... Buteo swainsoni.................................... 3:S Red-tailed Hawk ........................................... Buteo janaicensis.................................. 1,2,3,4:P Ferruginous Hawk......................................... Buteo regalis......................................... W:R Rough-legged Hawk ..................................... Buteo lagopus ....................................... 3:W Golden Eagle................................................. Aquila chrysaetos ................................. 1,2,3,4:P Bald Eagle..................................................... Haliaeetus leucocephalus ..................... 1:P,S:R Osprey........................................................... Pandion haliaetus................................. 1:S:R Falconidae (Falcons) Merlin ........................................................... Falco columbarius................................ 1,2,3,4:W:R American Kestrel .......................................... Falco starverius.................................... 1,2,3,4:P Prairie Falcon ................................................ Falco mexicanus................................... 1,2,3,4:P Peregrine Falcon ........................................... Falco peregrinus .................................. 1:M:R Galliformes Phasianidae (Grouse & Quail) California Quail ............................................ Callipepla californica........................... 3,4:P Mountain Quail ............................................. Oreortyx pictus ..................................... 2,4:P Chukar........................................................... Alectoris chukar.................................... 3:P:R Ring-necked Pheasant ................................... Phasianus colchicus ............................. 1,3:P Blue Grouse .................................................. Dendragapus obscurus ......................... 2:P Ruffed Grouse............................................... Bonasa umbellus................................... 2:P:R Sage Grouse .................................................. Centrocercus urophasianus .................. 3:P:R Gruiformes Rallidae (Rails & Coots) American Coot .............................................. Fulica Americana ................................. 1:P Virginia Rail ................................................. Rallus limicola...................................... 1:P Sora ............................................................... Porzana Carolina ................................. 1:S Gruidae (Cranes) Sandhill Crane............................................... Grus Canadensis .................................. 1:S,M:R Charadriiformes Charadriidae (Plovers) Black-bellied Plover...................................... Pluvialis squatarola.............................. 1:M Snowy Plover ................................................ Charadrius alexandrinus ...................... 1:M Killdeer ......................................................... Charadrius vociferus ............................ 1:P Recurvirostridae (Avocets & Stilts) American Avocet .......................................... Recurvirostra americana...................... 1:S Black-necked Stilt ......................................... Himantopus mexicanus......................... 1:S Scolopacidae (Sandpipers & Snipes) Greater Yellowlegs............................................... Tringa melanoleuca.............................. 1:S,M Lesser Yellowlegs ......................................... Tringa flavipes...................................... 1:M:R Solitary Sandpiper......................................... Tringa solitaria..................................... 1:M:R Willet ............................................................ Catoptrophorus semipalmatus.............. 1:S,M Spotted Sandpiper ......................................... Actitis macularia .................................. 1:S,M Long-billed Curlew ....................................... Numenius americanus........................... 1:S,M Marbled Godwit ............................................ Limosa fedoa ........................................ 1:S,M Dunlin ........................................................... Calidris alpina...................................... 1:M Baird’s Sandpiper.......................................... Calidris bairdii ..................................... 1:M:R Western Sandpiper ........................................ Calidris mauri ...................................... 1:S,M Least Sandpiper............................................. Calidris minutilla… ............................. 1:M Long-billed Dowitcher.................................. Limnodromus scolopaceus.................... 1:S,M Common Snipe.............................................. Gallinago gallinago.............................. 1:P Wilson’s Phalarope ....................................... Phalaropus tricolor .............................. 1:S Red-necked Phalarope................................... Phalaropus lobatus............................... 1:M Charadriiformes (continued) Laridae (Gulls) Bonaparte’s Gull ........................................... Larus philadelphia................................ 1:M Ring-billed Gull ............................................ Larus delawarensis............................... 1:P California Gull .............................................. Larus californicus................................. 1:P Herring Gull .................................................. Larus argentatus................................... 1:M Caspian Tern ................................................. Sterna caspia ........................................ 1:S,M Forster’s Tern................................................ Sterna forsteri....................................... 1:S,M Black Tern..................................................... Chlidonias niger ................................... 1:S,M Columbiformes Columbidae (Pigeons & Doves) Mourning Dove............................................. Zenaida macroura ................................ 1,2,3,4:P Rock Dove or Feral Pigeon* ........................ Columba livia ....................................... 1,2,3,4:P Band-tailed Pigeon........................................ Columba fasciata.................................. 2:P:R Strigiformes Tytonidae (Barn Owls) Barn Owl....................................................... Tyto alba............................................... 1,2,3,4:P Strigidae (Owls other than Barn Owls) Long-eared Owl ............................................ Asio otus ............................................... 2:P:R Short-eared Owl ............................................ Asio flammeus....................................... 3:P Great Horned Owl......................................... Bubo virginianus .................................. 1,2,3,4:P Great Grey Owl............................................. Strix nebulosa ....................................... 2:P:R Northern Saw-whet Owl ............................... Aegolius acadicus................................. 2:P Burrowing Owl ............................................. Athene cunicularia................................ 3:P:R Flammulated Owl.......................................... Otus flammeolus ................................... 2:S Western Screech-owl .................................... Otus kennicottii..................................... 1,2,3,4:P Northern Pygmy-owl..................................... Glaucidium gnoma ............................... 2,4:P Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae (Goatsuckers) Common Poor-will........................................ Phalaenoptilus nuttallii ........................ 1,2,3,4:S Common Nighthawk ..................................... Chordeiles minor .................................. 1,2,3,4:S Apodiformes Apodidae (Swifts) Vaux’s Swift ................................................. Chaetura vauxi ..................................... 1,2,3,4:S,M White-throated Swift..................................... Aeronautes saxatalis............................. 5:S Trochilidae (Hummingbirds) Anna’s Hummingbird ................................... Calypte anna......................................... 4:S,M Black-chinned Hummingbird........................ Archilochus alexandri........................... 4:S:? Calliope Hummingbird ................................. Stellula calliope .................................... 2,4:S Broad-tailed Hummingbird ........................... Selasphorus platycercus ....................... 4:S,M:I Rufous Hummingbird ................................... Selasphorus rufus ................................. 2,4:S,M Coraciiformes Alcedinidae (Kingfishers) Belted Kingfisher .......................................... Ceryle alcyon........................................ 1:P Passeriformes Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers) Olive-sided Flycatcher .................................. Contopus borealis................................. 2:S Western Wood-pewee ................................... Contopus sordidulus ............................. 2:S Hammond’s Flycatcher ................................. Empidonas hammondii ......................... 2:S Dusky Flycatcher .......................................... Empidonax oberholseri......................... 2,4:S Gray Flycatcher............................................. Empidonax wrightii .............................. 3:S Say’s Phoebe................................................. Sayornis saya........................................ 3,4:S Ash-throated Flycatcher ................................ Myiarchus cinerascens ......................... 4:S Western Kingbird.......................................... Tyrannus verticalis ............................... 3:S Laniidae (Shrikes) Northern Shrike............................................. Lanius excubitor ................................... 3,4:W:I Loggerhead Shrike ........................................ Lanius ludovicianus.............................. 3,4:P Vireonidae (Vireos) Warbling Vireo ........................................... Vireo gilvus........................................... 4:S Cassin’s Vireo............................................... Vireo cassinii........................................ 2,4:S Corvidae (Jays, Magpies & Crows) Steller’s Jay................................................... Cyanocitta stelleri ................................ 2:P Western Scrub-jay......................................... Aphelocoma californica........................ 4:P Pinyon Jay..................................................... Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus................ 4:P:I Clark’s Nutcracker ........................................ Nucifraga Columbiana ......................... 2,4:P Black-billed Magpie...................................... Pica pica............................................... 1,2,3,4:P Common Raven ............................................ Corvus corax ........................................ 1,2,3,4:P Alaudidae (Larks) Horned Lark .................................................. Eremophila alpestris............................. 3:P Hirundinidae (Swallows) Purple Martin ................................................ Progne subis ......................................... 1,2,3,4:S Northern Rough-winged Swallow................. Stelgidopteryx serripennis .................... 3:S:R Bank Swallow ............................................... Riparia riparia ..................................... 3:S:R Violet-green Swallow ................................... Tachycineta thslassina.......................... 1,2,3,4:S Tree Swallow ................................................ Tachycineta bicolor .............................. 1,2,3,4:S Passeriformes (continued) Cliff Swallow ................................................ Hirundo pyrrhonota.............................. 3:S Barn Swallow................................................ Hirundo rustica .................................... 1,2,3,4:S Paridae (Chickadees) Juniper Titmouse........................................... Parus ridgwayi ..................................... 4:P Mountain Chickadee ..................................... Parus gambeli....................................... 2:P Aegithalidae (Bushtits) Bushtit........................................................... Psaltriparus minmus............................. 4:P Sittidae (Nuthatches) Red-breasted Nuthatch.................................. Sitta canadensis .................................... 2:P White-breasted Nuthatch............................... Sitta carolinensis .................................. 4:P Pygmy Nuthatch............................................ Sitta pygmaea ....................................... 2:P Certhiidae (Creepers) Brown Creeper .............................................. Certhia Americana ............................... 2:P Troglodytidae (Wrens) Bewick’s Wren.............................................. Thryomanes bewickii ............................ 4:P House Wren .................................................. Troglodytes aedon ................................ 2,4:S Winter Wren ................................................. Troglodytes troglodytes ........................ 2:W,M Marsh Wren .................................................. Cistothorus palustris............................. 1:S Rock Wren .................................................... Salpinctes obsoletus.............................. 1,2,3,4:S Canyon Wren ................................................ Catherpes mexicanus............................ 1,2,3,4:P Sylviidae (Old World Warblers) Golden-crowned Kinglet............................... Regulus satrapa .................................... 2:P Ruby-crowned Kinglet .................................. Regulus calendula ................................ 2,4:P Blue-gray Gnatcatcher .................................. Polioptila caerulea ............................... 4:S Turdidae (Thrushes, Solitaires & Bluebirds) Townsend’s Solitaire..................................... Myadestes townsendi ............................ 2,4:P Mountain Bluebird ........................................ Sialia currucoides................................. 1,2,3,4:P Western Bluebird .......................................... Sialia mexicana .................................... 1,2,3,4:P Varied Thrush ............................................... Ixoreus naevius..................................... 2,4:W American Robin ............................................ Turdus migratorius............................... 1,2,3,4:P Hermit Thrush............................................... Catharus guttatus ................................. 2,4:P Mimidae(Thrashers) Sage Thrasher................................................ Oreoscoptes montanus.......................... 3:S Sturnidae (Starlings) European Starling*........................................ Sturnus vulgaris.................................... 1,2,3,4:P Motacillidae (Pipits) American Pipit .............................................. Anthus rubescens ................................. 3:W Bombycillidae (Waxwings) Bohemian Waxwing...................................... Bombycilla garrulous ........................... 4:W:I Cedar Waxwing ............................................ Bombycilla cedrorum ........................... 4:W Parulidae (Wood Warblers) Orange-crowned Warbler.............................. Vermivora celata .................................. 4:S Nashville Warbler ......................................... Vermivora ruficapilla ........................... 4:S Yellow Warbler............................................. Dendroica petechia .............................. 4:S Yellow-rumped Warbler ............................... Dendroica coronata.............................. ,4:P Black-throated Gray Warbler ........................ Dendroica nigrescens ........................... ,4:S Townsend’s Warbler ..................................... Dendroica townsendi............................ :M Hermit Warbler ............................................. Dendroica occidentalis......................... 2:S,M MacGillivray’s Warbler ................................ Oporornis tolmiei ................................. 2,4:S Common Yellowthroat.................................. Geothlypis trichas................................. 1:S Wilsons’ Warbler .......................................... Wilsonia pusilla .................................... 4:S,M Emberizidae (New World Sparrows) Western Tanager ........................................... Piranga ludoviciana ............................. ,4:S Black-headed Grosbeak ................................ heucticus melanocephalus .................... 4:S Lazuli Bunting .............................................. Passerina amoena ................................ ,4:S Spotted Towhee ............................................ Pipilo maculatus................................... 4:P Green-tailed Towhee..................................... Pipilo chlorurus.................................... 2,4:S California Towhee......................................... ipilo crissalis ........................................ ,4:P Sage Sparrow ................................................ mphispiza belli...................................... 3:S Black-throated Sparrow ................................ mphispiza bilineata............................... :S American Tree Sparrow ................................ pizella arborea ..................................... :W Brewer’s Sparrow ......................................... pizella breweri...................................... 3,4:S Chipping Sparrow ......................................... pizella passerina................................... 2,4:S Savannah Sparrow ........................................ Passerculus sandwichensis................... ,3:S,M Vesper Sparrow............................................. Pooecetes gramineus ............................ :S Lark Sparrow ................................................ Chondestes grammacus ........................ :S Golden-crowned Sparrow ............................. onotrichia atricapilla............................ :W White-throated Sparrow ................................ onotrichia albicollis ............................. ,4:W White-crowned Sparrow ............................... onotrichia leucophrys ........................... :W Fox Sparrow.................................................. asserella iliaca ..................................... 2,4:S,M Song Sparrow................................................ Melospiza melodia................................ 1:P Lincoln’s Sparrow......................................... elospiza lincolnii................................... 3,4:W Dark-eyed Junco ........................................... Junco hyemalis ..................................... 2,4:P Lapland Longspur ......................................... alcarius lapponicus .............................. :W:I Passeriformes (continued) Icteridae (Blackbirds & Orioles) Western Meadowlark .................................... Sturnella neglecta ................................ 3:P Brown-headed Cowbird ................................ Molothrus ater ...................................... 1,3,4:S Yellow-headed Blackbird.............................. Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus........... 1:S Tricolored Blackbird ..................................... Agelaius tricolor ................................... 1:P Red-winged Blackbird .................................. Agelaius phoeniceus ............................. 1:P Brewer’s Blackbird ....................................... Euphagus cyanocephalus...................... 1,2,3,4:P Bullock’s Oriole............................................ Icterus bullockii .................................... 3:S Fringillidae (Grosbeaks, Finches, Sparrows & Buntings) Evening Grosbeak ......................................... Coccothraustes vespertinus .................. 2:P Purple Finch .................................................. Carpodacus purpureus ......................... 4:P Cassin’s Finch ............................................... Carpodacua cassinii ............................. 2,4:P House Finch .................................................. Carpodacus mexicanus......................... 3,4:P Red Crossbill................................................. Loxia curvirostra .................................. 2,4:P:I Pine Siskin .................................................... Carduelis pinus..................................... 2,4:P Lesser Goldfinch ........................................... Carduelis pasaltria ............................... 3,4:P American Goldfinch...................................... Carduelis tristis .................................... 3,4:P:R Passeridae (Old-world Sparrows) House Sparrow* ............................................ Passer domesticus................................. 1,3:P Podicipediformes Podicipedidae (Grebes) Red-necked Grebe......................................... odiceps grisegena ................................. 1:M:R Horned Grebe................................................ Podiceps auritus ................................... 1:S:I Eared Grebe .................................................. iceps nigricollis .................................... 1:S Pied-billed Grebe .......................................... Podilymbus podiceps ............................ 1:P Western Grebe .............................................. Aechmophorus occidentalis .................. 1:P Notes EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA

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