"Winter Panoramic" by National Park Service , public domain
Summer/Fall Visitor Guide to Crater Lake National Park (NP) in Oregon. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).
Crater Lake Crater Lake National Park National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Refections Visitor Guide Summer/Fall 2020 Exploring Your Park Thank you for visiting Crater Lake National Park. If you’ve been here before, you might notice a few changes this year on account of COVID-19. With public health in mind, boat tours and other ranger-led activities are not being ofered, Crater Lake Lodge is open to overnight Lodge guests only, and some facilities, like the park’s two visitor centers, are closed. Fortunately, the pandemic has not afected the park’s outstanding scenery, hiking trails, roads, overlooks, and other recreational opportunities—many of which are described in this visitor guide. We hope you have a safe and enjoyable visit. Welcome! At Crater Lake National Park, the health and wellbeing of our visitors and employees is our top priority. Throughout this pandemic we have followed guidance from the White House, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and state and local public health authorities to ensure that our operations comply with current guidelines and are adjusted as necessary in the interest of public health and safety. As you enjoy all that the park has to offer, we ask that you be our partner in adopting social distancing practices and wear a face covering when indoors or when social distancing cannot be maintained. Please recreate responsibly to keep yourself and everyone around you safe while also protecting one of America’s most treasured places for future generations to enjoy. Craig Ackerman Superintendent Hours & Seasons The park is open year-round, 24 hours a day. Some roads, trails, and facilities, however, are closed seasonally due to snow. The park’s North Entrance Road and Rim Drive close for the season on November 1 (or earlier if there is signifcant snowfall). Crews start plowing these roads in April, but opening dates vary. The North Entrance and West Rim Drive open sometime between mid-May and late June. The East Rim Drive opens sometime between midJune and late July. Highway 62 and the road to Rim Village are plowed year-round. Rotary Plow at Rim Village Services & Facilities The following information was accurate at the time of publication but is subject to change at any time. To fnd out the current status of park facilities and their hours of operation, stop at one of the twelve information boards located throughout the park. Restrooms Restrooms at Rim Village and Mazama Campground are open 24 hours a day. Vault toilets are open 24 hours a day at Watchman Overlook, the North Entrance, the top of the Cleetwood Cove Trail, and the Vidae Falls Picnic Area (see map on page 5). Drinking Water A water bottle flling station is located outside the Mazama Village Store. At Rim Village, water from the restroom sinks is safe to drink. Bottled water can be purchased at the Mazama Village Store, Annie Creek Gift Shop, Rim Village Café, and Rim Village Community House. Food & Dining Food is available at Rim Village and Mazama Village. The Rim Village Café serves graband-go sandwiches, salads, and snacks. It’s open year-round. The Crater Lake Lodge Dining Room also serves meals, but to comply with CDC guidelines it is currently open to overnight Lodge guests only. At Mazama Village, the Annie Creek Restaurant serves burgers, pizza, and other entrees. This year, it’s open for lunch and dinner (dine-in or take-out), likely through September 27. The Mazama Village Store sells snacks, groceries, and camping supplies. It will likely be open this year through September 28. Gifts & Books The nonproft Crater Lake Natural History Association sells books, maps, postcards, and souvenirs. This summer, it’s operating out of the Community House at Rim Village. The park’s concessioner, Crater Lake Hospitality, also ofers a range of merchandise at the Rim Village Gift Shop (open year-round), the Annie Creek Gift Shop (likely open through September 27), and the Mazama Village Store (likely open through September 28). Visitor Centers Following guidance from public health authorities, both park visitors centers are currently closed. The park’s 22-minute flm is not being shown, but you can purchase the DVD for half price ($7.50) at the Crater Lake Natural History Association bookstore, located in the Community House at Rim Village. The park’s passport stamp is available there as well, and at the Post Ofce at Park Headquarters. Exhibits Many pullouts in the park have roadside exhibits. Midway through Rim Village, the Sinnott Memorial Overlook has geology displays, although the adjacent exhibit room is not open this year. For overnight guests at Crater Lake Lodge, exhibits on the history of the Lodge can be found on the ground foor, west of the lobby. Post Offce A United States Post Ofce window is open 9:00 am–2:00 pm, Monday through Saturday, at the Steel Visitor Center at Park Headquarters. Campgrounds Mazama Campground (214 sites) is located 7 miles south of the lake near Highway 62. It’s operated by the park’s concessioner, Crater Lake Hospitality, and is scheduled to be open this year through September 27. All sites this year are reservable in advance (866-292-6720 or www.travelcraterlake.com), so there might not be any same-day availability. The campground ofers tent sites ($21 per night) and RV sites (starting at $32). The campground has drinking water and fush toilets, but, with public health in mind, showers and laundry facilities are not operating. The park’s other campground, Lost Creek Campground (16 sites, tents only) is closed this year. 2 ... Activities, Rules to Know 3 ... FAQs, Climate Chart 4 ... Hiking Trails 5 ... Park Map, Scenic Overlooks 6 ... Feature Article 7 ... Butterfy & Moth Survey 8 ... Recommended Reading Look Inside! Park Profle Crater Lake National Park protects the deepest lake in the United States. Fed by rain and snow (but no rivers or streams), the lake is considered to be the cleanest large body of water in the world. The water is exceptional for its clarity and intense blue color. The lake rests inside a caldera formed approximately 7,700 years ago when a 12,000-foot-tall (3,600-meter) volcano collapsed following a major eruption. The eruption may have been the largest in North America in the past 640,000 years. Later eruptions formed Wizard Island, a cinder cone near the southwest shore. The park is central to the cultural traditions of local American Indian tribes, whose ancestors witnessed the lake’s formation. Today, old-growth forests blanket the volcano’s outer slopes, harboring more than 700 native plant species and a wide variety of animals, including several that are rare or endangered. • • • • • • • Park established: 1902 Size: 183,224 acres (74,148 hectares) Number of visitors last year: 704,500 Lake depth: 1,943 feet (592 meters) Lake width: 4.5 to 6 miles (7 to 10 km) Annual snowfall: 42 feet (13 meters) Last time the lake froze over: 1949 Lodges The park has two motels, both operated by Crater Lake Hospitality. Crater Lake Lodge (71 rooms) overlooks the lake at Rim Village. Rooms begin at $200. This year, it’s scheduled to be open through October 11. The Cabins at Mazama Village (40 rooms) are $164 per night and will likely be open through September 27. For both facilities, advance reservations are highly recommended; call 866292-6720 or visit www.travelcraterlake.com. Gasoline Self-serve, unleaded gasoline is available at the Mazama Village Store during business hours. Artist Paul Rockwood’s conception of Mount Mazama, the volcano that collapsed to form Crater Lake. If you gathered up the ash from Mount Mazama’s catastrophic eruption and spread it evenly across the state of Oregon, it would form a layer 8 inches (20 cm) thick. Wizard Island National Park Service U.S. Dept. of the Interior Fishing at Cleetwood Cove Junior Rangers Activities Rim Drive is closed to motor vehicles so that bicyclists can enjoy 24 miles (39 km) of the Rim Drive without vehicle noise and trafc. Swimming Crater Lake Visitor Guide Summer/Fall 2020 This is the offcial trip-planner and newspaper of Crater Lake National Park. It is published twice a year and funded by the Crater Lake Natural History Association. Park Phone: 541-594-3000 Website: www.nps.gov/crla Mail: PO Box 7, Crater Lake, OR 97604 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Swimming is allowed in Crater Lake, but the water is cold! Most people swim for just a few minutes. Swimming is permitted only at the bottom of the Cleetwood Cove Trail. The shoreline is rough and rocky; there are no beaches, and no lifeguards are on duty. Swimmers must stay within 100 yards (91 meters) of shore and not venture out of Cleetwood Cove. Snorkeling, scuba diving, long-distance swimming, and wetsuits are prohibited (see park rules below). Fishing Crater Lake is home to rainbow trout and kokanee salmon. Neither is native to the lake. Fishing is allowed at the bottom of the Cleetwood Cove Trail, where you’ll fnd a short stretch of rocky shoreline. Fishing licenses are not necessary. There are no restrictions on the size, number, or type of fsh taken. Fish may be released or kept. To prevent the introduction of other non-native organisms, no organic bait of any kind may be used. This includes fsh eggs, PowerBait, and live or dead fsh. Fishing is limited to artifcial lures and fies only. Sunset over Crater Lake Bicycling Bicycling is allowed on paved roads and the unpaved Grayback Drive. They are not allowed on trails, or of-trail. Helmets are required for riders under 16 years of age and are strongly recommended for all cyclists. The park’s paved roads are narrow with heavy automobile trafc. Accessibility Except for the Sinnott Overlook, developed areas in the park are generally accessible to individuals with mobility impairments. The most accessible path for people using wheelchairs is the paved promenade at Rim Village. The Godfrey Glen, Sun Notch, Pinnacles, and Plaikni Falls trails are accessible to all-terrain wheelchair users with assistance (see page 4). Multiple pullouts on Rim Drive have wheelchair-accessible wayside exhibits. We are working hard to improve our level of accessibility for all park visitors. We welcome your comments. Electric Vehicle Charging Station A 24-hour charging station is located by the Annie Creek Gift Shop. It has one standard (J1772) connector and one Tesla connector. Emergencies Dial 911 to report any emergency, 24 hours a day. First aid is available at the Ranger Station at Park Headquarters (8:00–4:30 pm). Entrance Fee From May 22 through October, the park’s entrance fee is $30 per vehicle ($25 per motorcycle), good for 7 2 days. The rate is higher for commercial vehicles. Your fees are put to work improving visitor services and facilities. Thank you for supporting your national parks! Internet Wireless internet is available for guests of Crater Lake Lodge and The Cabins at Mazama Village, but speeds are slow. Lost & Found Visit the Ranger Station at Park Headquarters (8:00–4:30 pm) or call 541-594-3060. Phones Cell reception in the park is spotty. You may have luck at pullouts on the Rim Drive. A 24-hour emergency landline is located outside the “snow tunnel” entrance to the administration building at Park Headquarters. Picnic Areas Picnic areas are found throughout the park (see page 5). The Rim Village picnic area has fre grates. Recycling Combination trash/ recycling bins can be found at more than 20 locations in the park. Recycling is currently limited to aluminum cans and newspaper. The park’s annual “Ride the Rim” event will not be happening this year. Typically, on two Saturdays each September, the East Know the Rules Crater Lake National Park belongs to everyone. We all share responsibility in protecting it. Please take a moment to become familiar with these important regulations. For a full list of the park’s rules, visit go.nps.gov/regs. Drones Operating remote-controlled aircraft in the park is prohibited. Feeding Animals Do not feed wildlife, including birds and squirrels. Exposing them to our food alters their behavior, is bad for their health, and can be dangerous for you. Store food properly. Generally, this means in your vehicle or a campground food locker. Backcountry campers should hang their food or use a bearproof canister. Junior Ranger Program Are you between 6 and 12 years old? Pick up a free activity book, available 24 hours a day outside the Steel Visitor Center at Park Headquarters and the Community House (NHA Store) in the middle of Rim Village. To become a Junior Ranger and earn an ofcial badge, complete the activities as you explore the park. When you get home, you can participate in additional fun activities online. Visit go.nps.gov/kids. Backpacking Over 95% of the park is managed as wilderness. Although some trails and locations are closed to backcountry camping (for example, there is no camping in the summer with a view of the lake), exploring the park’s oldgrowth forests and volcanic landscapes can be a rewarding experience. Generally, backpackers must travel at least 1 mile from their vehicle in order to camp. Before setting out, all backpackers must obtain a permit, in person, from the Ranger Station at Park Headquarters. (The one exception is through-hikers on the Pacifc Crest Trail, who may instead sign the trail register as they enter the park.) Backcountry permits are free of charge and are available between 8:00 am and 4:30 pm daily. They are not available after hours or over the phone. Wildlife Viewing The park is home to a variety of animals, but they can be difcult to spot. Many are active at night or shy away from humans. The most commonly seen animals are ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, ravens, jays, and deer. Lucky observers might spot a tree squirrel, pika, porcupine, fox, coyote, wolf, marten (a type of weasel), bald eagle, or herd of elk. Bobcats and mountain lions are present but are rarely seen. Approximately 50 black bears live in the park, but they also prefer to stay hidden. You might see one crossing a road. The only creatures that tend to pester people are mosquitoes (in July) and yellowjacket wasps (in August and September). Hiking to Cleetwood Cove The Cleetwood Cove Trail is the only legal access to the shore of Crater Lake. The hike is steep and strenuous: in 1.1 miles (1.7 km) it drops 700 feet (213 meters) in elevation. Walking back up is equivalent to climbing 65 fights of stairs! The trail is recommended only for those in good physical condition. It should not be attempted by anyone with heart, breathing, or walking problems. It is not accessible for people with mobility impairments. Hikers should wear sturdy shoes and carry water. Vault toilets are located at the top of the trail. Depending on snow conditions, the trail is usually open from mid-June to late October. Rim Drive SKETCH FROM ROAD GUIDE TO CRATER LAKE Bicycling on the East Rim Drive The most popular trip in the park is the 33mile (53-km) Rim Drive, featuring spectacular views but also long climbs that gain a total of 3,800 feet (1,158 meters) in elevation. For a fatter, more relaxing ride, try the paved, 11mile (18-km) bike path around Diamond Lake, 5 miles (8 km) north of the park. The closest place to rent bikes is Diamond Lake Resort. Black Bear Crossing the Pinnacles Road Sky Gazing With clean air and unobstructed views, the rim of Crater Lake is a great place to observe astronomical events. Discovery Point is a favorite spot to watch the sunrise. For sunsets and moonrises, try Watchman Overlook, Cloudcap Overlook, or hike to the top of Watchman Peak. Guns Firearms are allowed in the park in accordance with Oregon state laws. They are prohibited, however, in all park buildings. Hiking and Climbing Stay on trails. This prevents erosion, protects vegetation, and protects other hikers. Hiking and climbing inside the caldera are strictly prohibited. The only exception is the Cleetwood Cove Trail, the only safe and legal access to the lake shore. Serious injuries and deaths have occurred from falls inside the caldera. The walls consist of unstable rocks and soils. Marijuana Possession of marijuana is prohibited. Oregon state laws allowing the use of marijuana do not apply in the park, an area of federal jurisdiction. Overnight Parking The park is open 24 hours, but overnight parking is not allowed, except in the park’s campgrounds, for guests at the park’s motels, and for backpackers (permit required). Park Features Leave rocks, plants, animals, and artifacts undisturbed for others to enjoy. It is prohibited to collect, deface, disturb, or destroy natural or Lake Shore The Cleetwood Cove Trail drops 700 feet (213 meters) to the lake shore. cultural features. Do not approach, touch, feed, or disturb wildlife. Pets Pets are welcome in the park, but only in certain areas. Pets on leash are allowed on the Godfrey Glen Trail, Lady of the Woods Trail, Grayback Drive, and Pacifc Crest Trail. Leashes must not exceed 6 feet (1.8 meters), and only one pet per hiker is allowed. Pets are not permitted on other trails, or off-trail. Pets on leash (or otherwise physically restrained) are also allowed in picnic areas, campgrounds, parking lots, and up to 50 feet (15 meters) away from paved roads. Popular places to walk a dog include Rim Village and Mazama Campground. Pets are not allowed inside buildings, including Crater Lake Lodge and The Cabins at Mazama Village. The above rules do not apply to service animals here to assist people with disabilities. Solid waste must be picked up immediately and disposed of properly, in a trash can or toilet. Water Sports Snorkeling, scuba diving, and longdistance swimming are not allowed in Crater Lake. In 2012, after reviewing the threats posed by aquatic invasive species, the park placed a ban on the use of snorkels, wetsuits, diving gear, fotation devices, and other equipment that might serve as vectors for the introduction of nonnative organisms. This includes rafts, canoes, kayaks, and paddleboards. Swimming (in a standard swim suit) is allowed at the bottom of the Cleetwood Cove Trail. Golden-Mantled Ground Squirrel Help keep wildlife wild. Please DO NOT FEED! Clark’s Nutcracker Frequently Asked Questions How deep is Crater Lake? Crater Lake is 1,943 feet (592 meters) deep. It’s the deepest lake in the USA—300 feet deeper than Lake Tahoe, which ranks 2nd— and the 9th deepest lake in the world. It’s also the deepest lake in the world formed by volcanic activity. Where does the water come from? If Crater Lake was dirtier (or shallower), other colors would be returned to our eyes, too. They’d be scattered by particles (or refected of the bottom) before being absorbed. underwater. The most recent was a lava dome that grew to within 95 feet (29 meters) of the surface 4,800 years ago. Does the water level vary? According to geologists, future eruptions are almost guaranteed. This is one of 18 volcanoes in the United States that the US Geological Survey considers to pose a “very high threat” to human life and property. A major eruption, however, is not likely to happen again for thousands of years; the magma reservoir beneath Crater Lake has not had sufcient time to recharge itself. Each year, the level of Crater Lake fuctuates by only 2 to 3 feet. (Winter storms make it rise; dry summers cause it to fall.) Crater Lake is like your bathtub—halfway up the side, there’s an overfow drain. The lake experiences twice as much precipitation as evaporation, but the caldera doesn’t fll up because water seeps out through a porous rock layer along the north shore. Water leaks out at a rate of 2 million gallons every hour! The water goes deep underground and does not feed any nearby springs or rivers. Does the lake freeze? About 83% of the water comes from rain and snow falling directly on the lake’s surface. The rest is runof from precipitation landing on the slopes above the lake. Ice rarely forms on Crater Lake, except during the coldest of winters. The lake contains a tremendous amount of water (5 trillion gallons) but has a relatively small surface area. The lake has not frozen over since 1949. Is the water clean enough to drink? How did Crater Lake form? Since there are no inlets carrying silt, sediment, and pollution into the lake, the water is very clean: cleaner than the water that comes out of your faucet at home! How clear is the water? With so few particles in the water, it is exceptionally clear. When an 8-inch-wide instrument called a Secchi disk is lowered into the lake, the average depth at which it disappears is 102 feet (31 meters). Some days, Secchi disk readings surpass 130 feet (40 m)! Why is the water blue? The lake appears blue because it’s very clean and very deep. When sunlight enters the lake, red, orange, yellow, and green light waves are absorbed by the water and converted into heat. Blue light waves are not absorbed; they are scattered by the water molecules, which sends some of them out of the lake and into our eyes. Crater Lake occupies the shell of Mount Mazama, a collapsed volcano. The volcano once stood 12,000 feet (3,600 meters) tall, but its summit imploded after a major eruption 7,700 years ago. The eruption was probably 100 times the magnitude of the 1980 eruption at Mount St. Helens. How do we know it happened 7,700 years ago? Mount Mazama’s caldera-forming eruption produced pyroclastic fows of ash and pumice that fattened the forests growing on the mountain. The age of the eruption has been determined by carbon-dating tree remains buried in the ash deposits. Is Wizard Island the former summit of Mount Mazama? Wizard Island is not the peak of the old mountain. It’s a newer volcano—a cinder cone—that erupted out of the lake around 7,300 years ago. Three other eruptions have occurred in the lake since its formation, all Could Mount Mazama erupt again? Has the bottom of the lake been explored? In the summers of 1988 and 1989, a oneperson submarine called Deep Rover made 47 trips to the bottom of the lake. There, researchers discovered some amazing features: hydrothermal springs, 30-foot-tall chimneys of rock precipitated from the upwelling fuids, blue pools of mineral-rich water, and pufy mats of yellow bacteria surviving in the dark by oxidizing iron for energy. The lake is home to a variety of insects, worms, snails, amphibians, and small crustaceans. Most of the biomass in Crater Lake, however, is plant-based: aquatic moss carpets the foor of the lake at depths of 80 to 460 feet (25 to 140 meters). Nowhere else in the world does moss grow so far below the surface, a testament to Crater Lake’s clarity and transparency to sunlight. Are there fsh in the lake? Crater Lake contained no fsh until it was stocked for recreational fshing between 1888 and 1941. Six species were introduced, but only two have survived: rainbow trout and kokanee salmon. In 1915, crayfsh were also added to the lake, as trout food. Recently, their population has exploded: 80% of the shoreline is now crayfsh territory, and they’ve been found living at depths of up to 800 feet (250 meters). Like miniature vacuum cleaners, they eat everything in their path, reducing the abundance and diversity of native organisms. 61º Say Hello to the Park’s New Weather Station Outwardly, the new buoy will resemble the park’s current weather buoy (pictured to the right), which will be retired after 29 years on the job. And, like the current buoy, the new one will monitor a range of atmospheric and hydrologic conditions (air temperature, water temperature, wind speed, wind direction, humidity, and barometric pressure) while transmitting the data via radio signal to Park Headquarters, where it can be accessed Climate Chart Summers at Crater Lake are short but generally warm and sunny. July, August, and September are your best bets for clear, dry weather. In May, June, and October, sunny days alternate with periods of rain and snow. Winters are long and snowy. Storms from the Pacifc Ocean dump an average of 42 feet (13 meters) of snow at Park Headquarters. The park’s tremendous snowfall is a result of its position at the crest of the Cascade Mountains. Air temperature and snowfall averages are from Park Headquarters, 1931-2019. Water temperatures are from the years 1965-2019. Blue Pool and Bacteria Mat Does anything live in the lake? It’s a Buoy! Park scientists are expecting an important delivery this summer. They have ordered a brand new weather station (purchased with funding from park entrance fees) and are excited to announce that it will be a buoy—a very big buoy! Due to arrive in late July, it will weigh 1,100 pounds and stand 9½ feet tall. It will be transported in three pieces, by tractor, down the Cleetwood Cove Trail, where it will be assembled and moved into position directly above the lake’s deepest point. There, anchored to the bottom, it will collect data to help researchers study, among other things, how climate change is afecting Crater Lake. ‘65 1975 1985 1995 Deep-Water Moss 2005 59º 57º online (type “Crater Lake Mesowest stations” into a search engine). The National Weather Service is one regular user of the data; forecasters rely on real-time readings from Crater Lake to issue weather watches and warnings for this part of Oregon. 55º d tren line 53º 51º Summer Surface Water Temperature (°F) in Crater Lake, 1965-2019 Despite its familiar appearance, the new buoy will possess a handful of capabilities that its predecessor does not. It will be outftted, for example, with a sensor that can measure the height, period, and direction of waves on the lake. In the summer, this information will help park staf determine if conditions are safe for boat tours to operate, prior to each departure. In the winter, we’ll learn—for the frst time— how big the waves can get on Crater Lake during major winter storms. tration of chlorophyll at the surface, and a third will quantify how much light is entering the lake (i.e. cloudy vs. sunny skies). Temperature records from the current buoy have shown that the surface of Crater Lake is getting warmer (see the graph above); now researchers are seeking to understand how warmer water is impacting the lake’s circulation and ecology. Other instruments will reveal how weather conditions above the lake are interacting with processes in the lake, such as algae formation and deep-water mixing. One will measure the level of dissolved oxygen in the water, another will detect the density of particles and concen- If you’d like to wave hello to the park’s new buoy (or wave goodbye to the old one, which will be removed soon after the new one is up and running), stop at one of the pullouts on the northeast side of the lake and look for a dark dot just over a mile from shore. FAHRENHEIT Jan Feb Mar Average Daily High (ºF) 34 35 37 Average Daily Low (ºF) 18 18 19 Average Snowfall (inches) 100 81 83 Avg. Snow Depth (inches) 78 100 115 Avg. Lake Surface Temp. (ºF) 39 38 37 Deep Rover Apr 42 23 45 110 38 May 50 29 19 75 40 2015 Crater Lake is getting warmer. Since 1965, when scientists began keeping track, the average summer water temperature at the lake’s surface has increased by 5° Fahrenheit (2.8°C). While this might be good news for people who swim in Crater Lake, it’s probably not good news for the lake’s native organisms. Warm surface water has trouble mixing with the cold water beneath it, limiting the circulation of oxygen and nutrients in the water column. Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 58 69 69 63 52 40 34 34 41 41 37 31 24 19 4 0.2 0.1 3 21 61 93 23 1 0 0 2 16 47 47 57 60 57 51 44 40 CELSIUS Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average Daily High (ºC) 1 2 3 6 10 15 21 21 17 11 4 1 Average Daily Low (ºC) -8 -8 -7 -5 -2 1 5 5 3 -1 -5 -7 Average Snowfall (cm) 254 206 211 115 49 9 0.5 0.3 7 53 155 237 Avg. Snow Depth (cm) 199 254 291 280 191 59 3 0 1 6 42 119 Avg. Lake Surface Temp. (ºC) 4 3 3 3 4 8 14 16 14 10 7 5 The park’s current weather buoy has been operating on Crater Lake since 1991. Unfortunately, damage from wind, waves, snow, and ice has reduced the buoyancy of its foam core and compromised its electrical system. 3 Swimmers at Cleetwood Cove Let’s Go Hiking! Hi, I’m Ranger Madeline. We have 90 miles (145 km) of hiking trails here at Crater Lake. Our most popular day hikes are listed on this page. If you are visiting in June or early July, be aware that some trails might still be closed by snow. Please help us protect this special place by following a few important rules: Lewis Monkeyfower on the Castle Crest Trail No hiking or climbing inside the caldera! The walls are dangerously steep and unstable. The one exception is the Cleetwood Cove Trail, the only legal access to the lake shore. Leave all rocks, plants, animals, and artifacts undisturbed for the enjoyment of future hikers. Overnight backpacking requires a permit, available at Park Headquarters between 8:00 am and 4:30 pm. Some areas are not open to backcountry camping. Pets are allowed on the Godfrey Glen Trail, Lady of the Woods Trail, and Pacifc Crest Trail. Pets must be leashed; only one pet per hiker (see page 2). To protect vegetation and prevent erosion, please stay on the trails. Castle Crest Lady of the Woods Sun Notch 0.5 miles (0.8 km) loop trail 0.7 miles (1.1 km) loop trail 0.8 miles (1.3 km) loop trail 100 feet (30 meters) 120 feet (37 meters) 150 feet (46 meters) 20 minutes 30 minutes 30 minutes Flowers, Meadow, Creek Historic Architecture Views of Phantom Ship Loop trail through a lush meadow. Abundant wildfowers in July. The trail is rocky and slippery in places. Self-guiding brochures are available at the trailhead. Loop trail around Park Headquarters. Self-guiding brochures, available at the trailhead, describe how early park architects integrated their designs with the natural landscape. Short uphill walk through a meadow to the rim of Crater Lake. Great views of the Phantom Ship. Use caution near cliff edges. Accessible to strong, all-terrain wheelchair users with assistance. East Rim Drive, 0.5 miles (0.8 km) east of Park Headquarters. Can also access from the Steel Visitor Center. Behind the Steel Visitor Center, on the south side of the building. East Rim Drive, 4.4 miles (7.1 km) east of Park Headquarters. The fowers here are nourished by springs emerging from the hillside. The trail’s name refers to a sculpture of a woman carved into a boulder along the trail. This U-shaped valley was carved by glaciers that once fowed down Mt. Mazama. Hiker atop Garfeld Peak The Pinnacles Godfrey Glen Plaikni Falls Roundtrip 0.8 miles (1.3 km) 1.1 miles (1.8 km) loop trail 2.0 miles (3.2 km) Elevation Gain 10 feet (3 meters) 50 feet (15 meters) 100 feet (30 meters) 30 minutes 30 minutes 1 hour Volcanic Spires Peaceful Forest Waterfall, Flowers Easy walk along the rim of Pinnacle Valley. Great views of volcanic spires. Use caution near cliffs. Trail ends at park boundary. Accessible to allterrain wheelchair users with assistance. Easy stroll through an oldgrowth forest. May be closed for construction for much of 2020. Accessible to all-terrain wheelchair users with assistance. Self-guiding brochures are available at the trailhead. Easy walk through an oldgrowth forest to a waterfall. Many fowers in July. The frst 3 is accessible to all-terrain wheelchair users with assistance, but the fnal ¼ might be too steep. End of the Pinnacles Road, 6 miles (9.7 km) southeast of the Phantom Ship Overlook. 2.4 miles (3.9 km) south of Park Headquarters. Pinnacles Road, 1.2 miles (1.9 km) southeast of the Phantom Ship Overlook. The Pinnacles are chimneys formed when hot ash cooled after the big eruption. Trail is named after William Godfrey, a ranger who died in a blizzard here in 1930. Snowmelt, not Crater Lake, is the source of Plaikni Falls’ water. Trail