"Views of Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, New Mexico" by National Park Service , public domain

Common Plants in the Vicinity of Gila NM

brochure Common Plants in the Vicinity of Gila NM
FOREST SERVICE U. S. Department of Agriculture GILA NATIONAL FOREST Wilderness Ranger District COMMON PLANTS IN THE VICINITY OF GILA CLIFF DWELLINGS WOODY PLANTS, SHRUBS, AND VINES Common Name Scientific Name Family Apache Plume Beargrass (Sacahuista) Brickellbush Buckbush Buckthorn, Birchleaf Buffalo Gourd Canyon Grape Century Plant (Agave) Cliff Fendlerbush Cliffrose (Buckbrush) Currant, Golden False-Indigo Four-wing Saltbush Groundsel, Threadleaf Groundsel, Ragwort Louisiana Wormwood Mountain Glory Mountain Mahogany New Mexico Locust New Mexican Olive Poison Ivy Rabbitbrush Scarlet Creeper Squawbush Virgin’s Bower Virginia Creeper Wright Silktassel Yucca, Baccata Fallugia paradoxa Nolina microcarpa Brickellia spp. Ceanothus fendleri Rhamnus betulaefolia Cucurbita foetidissima Vitis arizonica Agave parryi Fendlera rupicola Cowania stansburiana Ribes aureum Amorpha fruticosa Atriplex canescens Senecio longilobus Senecio multicapatatus Artemisia ludoviciana Ipomoea coccinea Cercocarpus breviflorus Robinia neomexicana Forestiera neomexicana Rhus radicans Chrysothamnus nauseosus Ipomoea hederifolia Rhus trilobata Clematis ligusticifolia Parthenocissus inserta Garrya wrightii Yucca baccata Rosaceae Liliaceae Compositae Rhamnaceae Rhamnaceae Cucurbitaceae Vitaceae Amaryllidaceae Saxifragaceae Rosaceae Saxifragaceae Leguminosae Chenopodiaceae Compositae Compositae Asteraceae Convolvulaceae Rosaceae Leguminosae Oleaceae Anacardiaceae Compositae Convolvulaceae Anacardiaceae Ranunculaceae Vitaceae Cornaceae Liliaceae 1 CACTUS Cactaceae) Common Name Scientific Name Hen and Chicken Cactus Hedgehog, Claret Cup Hedgehog, Fendler's Prickly Pear, Smooth Mountain Prickly Pear, Pygmy Prickly Pear, Purple Fruited Prickly Pear, Sprawling Prickly Pear, Plains Cholla, Cane Coryphantha vivipara Echinocereus triglochidatus Echinocereus fendleri Opuntia compressa Opuntia fragilis Opuntia phaeacantha discata Opuntia phaeacantha major Opuntia polyacantha Opuntia spinosior TREES Common Name Scientific Name Family Alder, Arizona Ash, Velvet Box Elder, Inland Chokecherry, Southwestern Cottonwood, Fremont Cottonwood, Lanceleaf Cottonwood, Narrowleaf Douglas-Fir Hackberry, Netleaf Hoptree, Narrowleaf Juniper, Alligator Juniper, One-seed Juniper, Rocky Mountain Juniper, Utah Oak, Gambel Oak, Gray Oak, Silverleaf Pine, Chihuahua Pine, Pinyon Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Southwestern White Sycamore, Arizona Walnut, Arizona Willow, Arroyo Willow, Sandbar Alnus oblongifolia Fraxinus velutina Acer negundo Prunus virens Populus fremontii Populus acuminate Populus angustifolia Pseudotsuga menziesii Celtis reticulata Ptelea angustifolia Juniperus deppeana Juniperus monosperma Juniperus scopulorum Juniperus osteosperma Quercus gambelii Quercus grisea Quercus hypoleucoides Pinus leiophylla Pinus edulis Pinus ponderosa Pinus strobiformis Platanus wrightii Juglans major Salix lasiolepis Salix exigua Betulaceae Oleaceae Aceraceae Rosaceae Salicaceae Salicaceae Salicaceae Pinaceae Ulmaceae Rutaceae Cupressaceae Cupressaceae Cupressaceae Cupressaceae Fagaceae Fagaceae Fagaceae Pinaceae Pinaceae Pinaceae Pinaceae Platanaceae Juglandaceae Salicaceae Salicaceae 2 FLOWERS Common Name Scientific Name Family Aster, Common Aster, Grand Bahia Bedstraw Beebalm Beeblossom Beeplant, Rocky Mountain Bitterweed Black Medic Bladderpod Blanketflower (Firewheel) Butterweed, Threadleaf Butterweed, New Mexico Carelessweed Cattail Chinchweed Cinquefoil, Scarlet Clammyweed Cloakfern Columbine, Golden Coneflower, Cutleaf Cosmos Cranesbill (Storksbill) Datura (Jimsonweed) Dayflower, Birdbill Evening Primrose, New Mexico Evening Primrose False Pennyroyal False Solomon’s Seal Geranium, Purple Gilia Globemallow, Fremont Goathead Goatsbeard, Meadow Goldeneye Goldenrod Goldensmoke Goosefoot, Fremont Heronbill Honeysuckle, White Flower Horehound Horsetail Horsetail Hyssop, Giant Larkspur Locoweed (Milkvetch) Aster adscendens Aster glaucodes Bahia pedata Galium rothrockii Monarda menthaefolia Gaura gracilis Cleome serrulata Hymenoxys spp. Medicago lupulina Lesquerella intermedia Gaillardia pulchella Senecio longilobus Senecio neomexicana Amaranthus palmeri Typha latifolia Pectis filipes Potentilla thurberi Polanisia trachysperma Notholaena standleyi Aquilegia chrysantha Rudebeckia laciniata Cosmos parviflorus Erodium cicutarium Datura meteloides Commelina dianthifolia Oenothera neomexicana Oenothera strigosa Hedeoma oblongifolia Smilacina racemosa Geranium caespitosum Gilia spp. Sphaeralcea fendleri Tribulus terretris Tragopogon pratensis Viguiera longifolia Solidago wrightii Corydalis aurea Chenopodium fremontii Erodium cicutarium Lonicera albiflora Marrubium vulgare Equisetum arvense Equisetum hiemale Agastache pallidiflora Delphinium ssp. Astragalus spp. Compositae Compositae Compositae Rubiaceae Labiatae Onagraceae Capparidaceae Compositae Compositae Cruciferae Compositae Compositae Compositae Amaranthaceae Typhaceae Compositae Rosaceae Capparidaceae Polypodiaceae Ranunculaceae Compositae Compositae Geraniaceae Solanaceae Commelinaceae Onagraceae Onagraceae Labiatae Liliaceae Geraniaceae Polemoniaceae Malavaceae Zygophyllaceae Compositae Compositae Compositae Fumariaceae Chenopodiaceae Geraniaceae Caprifoliaceae Labiatae Equisetaceae Equisetaceae Labiatae Ranunculaceae Leguminosae 3 Lupine Macomb’s Trumpet Meadow Rue, Fendler’s Mint, Wild Mistletoe, Dwarf Mistletoe, Juniper Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower, Yellow Morning Glory, Star Mullein Onion Paintbrush, SW Indian Pennycress, Common Penstemon, Beardlip Penstemon, Purple Peppergrass Phacelia, Varileaf Phlox, Longleaf Pink Windmills Plantain, Broadleaf Poison Hemlock Portulaca Prickly Poppy Rush Sage, Rocky Mountain Salify, Yellow Sedum Silene, Mexican Snakeweed Snapdragon Vine Solomon Seal Spine Aster Spurge Spurge, Ridgeseed Starflower Stickleaf, Bullet Stickleaf, Mentzelia Stinging Nettle Sunflower Sweet Clover, White Sweet Clover, Yellow Thistle, New Mexico Vervain, Dakota Violet, Canada Watercress Water Hemlock, Douglas Western Wallflower Wild Daisy (Fleabane) Wood Sorrel Wooly White Yarrow, Western Lupinus ssp. Ipomopsis macombii Thalictrum fendleri Mentha arvensis Arceuthobium spp. Phoradendron juniperinum Mimulus cardinalis Mimulus guttatus Ipomoea coccinea Verbascum thapsus Allium spp. Castilleja integra Thlaspi arvense Penstemon barbatus Penstemon jamesii Lepidium spp. Phacelia heterophylla Phlox longifolia Sisymbrium linearifolium Plantago major Conium maculatum Portulaca oleracea Argemone platycepas Juncus spp. Salvia reflexa Tragapogon dubius Sedum cockerellii Silene laciniata Gutierrezia sarothrae Maurandya antirrhiniflora Polygonatum cobrense Machaeranthera annua Euphorbia exstipulata Euphorbia glytosperma Smilacina stellata Mentzelia pumila Mentzellia albacaulis Urtica gracilis Helianthus annuus Meliotus albus Meliotus officinalis Cirsium neomexicana Verbena bipinnatifida Viola Canadensis Rorippa nasturtium Cicuta douglasii Erysimum capitatum Erigeron spp. Oxalis spp. Hymenopappus robustus Achillea lanulosa Leguminosae Polemoniaceae Ranunculaceae Labiatae Loranthaceae Loranthaceae Scrophulariaceae Scrophulariaceae Convolvulaceae Scrophulariaceae Liliaceae Scrophulariaceae Cruciferae Scrophulariaceae Scrophulariaceae Cruciferae Hydrophyllaceae Polemoniaceae Cruciferae Plantaginaceae Umbelliferae Portulacaceae Papaveraceae Juncaginaceae Labiatae Compositae Crassulaceae Caryophyllaceae Compositae Scrophulariaceae Liliaceae Compositae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Liliaceae Loasaceae Loasaceae Urticaceae Compositae Leguminosae Leguminosae Compositae Verbenaceae Violaceae Cruciferae Umbelliferae Cruciferae Compositae Oxalidaceae Compositae Compositae 4 GRASSES Common Name Scientific Name Barnyard Grass Blue Grama Blue Stem Canada Brome Fall Witchgrass Muhly Side-oats Grama Smartweed (Knotweed) Texas Desert Western Wheatgrass Wild Buckwheat Wild Buckwheat Wirestem Wild Buckwheat Echinochloa crisgalli Bouteloua gracilis Bothriochloa springieldii Erodium cicutarium Leptoloma cognatum Muhlenbergia racemosa Bouteloua curtipendula Polygonum spp. Eriogonum polycladon Agropyron smithii Eriogonum abertianum Eriogonum wrightii Eriogonum pharnaceoides BIBLIOGRAPHY The following publications have illustrations and descriptions of many of these plants: • • • • • • • • • Arnberger, Leslie P., Flowers of the Southwest Mountains, Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc. Bowers, Janice E., 100 Desert Wildflowers, Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc. Bowers, Janice E., 100 Roadside Wildflowers, Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc. Carter, Jack L., Trees and Shrubs of New Mexico, Mimbres Publishing. Dodge, Natt N., Flowers of the Southwest Desserts, Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc. Elmore, Francis, Shrubs and Trees of the Southwest Uplands, Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc. Fischer, Pierre C., 70 Common Cacti of the Southwest, Southwestern Parks and Monuments Assoc. Niehaus, Theodore F., A Field Guide to Southwestern and Texas Wildflowers, Houghton Mifflin Co. Petrides, George A., A Field Guide to Western Trees, Houghton Mifflin Co. 5

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