by Alex Gugel , all rights reserved

The Saguaro Sentinel


brochure The Saguaro Sentinel - 2015
Park News National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Saguaro Sentinel Heading for 100: The Park Service and A Saguaro TWO SEEDS ARE PLANT ED 1916. In the Sonoran Desert, far to the east of the sleepy village of Tucson, a saguaro cactus seed fell to the ground under a palo verde tree. Perhaps it slipped from the beak of a gila woodpecker, or arrived in the droppings of a nectar-feeding bat. Before the seed could dry up, two rainstorms swept the desert within five days. Thus a saguaro cactus was born in the shade of a nurse tree. PREPARING FOR THE PARK SERVICE CENTENNIAL! 1966 Welcome to Saguaro National Park! You are visiting during a very special time for us and the entire National Park Service (NPS). From Acadia National Park to Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site; from Yellowstone National Park to César E. Chávez National Monument, we are joining over 400 National Park units across the country to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the NPS in 2016…and we’re starting now! Meanwhile on the East Coast, in the busy city of Washington, D.C., another seed was planted when Congress passed and President Wilson signed the National Park Service Act. This new law provided an agency to oversee 37 parks and monuments scattered from Maine to Hawaii. Now there would be a cadre of rangers and a visionary director -- Stephen Mather -- to care for and develop these national treasures. GROWING UP These two birthdays became entwined in 1933. In March of that year a group of Tucson citizens convinced outgoing President Herbert Hoover to proclaim Saguaro National Monument, including the home of that young saguaro cactus, now about ten inches high. A saguaro growing outside the Rincon Mountain Visitor Center was designated the Anniversary Saguaro in 1966 as the Park Service, and the cactus, turned 50 years old. NPS fle photo. At first, the new monument was administered by the U.S. Forest Service, but a new Parks director, Horace Albright, appealed to incoming President Franklin Roosevelt to transfer all National Monuments and a grand collection of historic areas to Park Service care in August of 1933. This created the system of parklands that we know today. The goal of the National Park Service Centennial in 2016 is to “connect with and create the next generation of park visitors, supporters, and advocates”. Over the next few years, we will be looking to engage more youth, fnd greater connections to the increasingly-urban community of Tucson, and raise the visibility of the park. We want to engage new stewards that will help care for and protect this place for generations to come. CHANGE, GROWTH, AND TH E FU TURE 1966. The saguaro. now fifteen feet tall, was carefully transplanted at the Monument’s Rincon Mountain District visitor center (a Tucson Mountain District 35 miles to the west was added in 1961.) At the same time, the Park Service celebrated its 50th anniversary with a program of improvements to facilities called Mission 66. Visitors found new exhibits inside and a centerpiece “Anniversary Saguaro” outside. As we approach the passage of another 50 years, the saguaro, its surroundings, and the system have all grown. Stop by to see the saguaro today. Then enjoy 140 square miles of Saguaro National Park (re-named in 1994,) east and west. And join with us all around the country to celebrate 100 years of your National Park Service, preserving the natural and cultural heritage of America in over 400 sites, and in scores of regional and local projects. Join the celebration -- Find Your Park! Take a Hike pg 3 The park and the entire Tucson area have changed dramatically over the last 100 years. Can you predict what this area will look like in 2116? Will the next generation still care about national parks and wilderness areas? What impacts will climate change have on the American west’s iconic saguaro cactus, the namesake of this park? Will these places be valued enough to ensure the continued protection of our precious natural and cultural resources? The Anniversary Saguaro as it looks today, with the Park’s Superintendent Darla Sidles. This cactus has grown three arms and about twenty feet in the past ffty years. NPS photo. Explore RMD pg 4 Are you visiting us for an hour or for a couple of days? Are you with small children or a super-athlete ready to test your endurance? No matter what your skill or ftness level, we can suggest an adventure for you. Take some time to explore the Rincon Mountain District on the east side of Tucson. There is a map and some helpful advice about how to make the best use of your time during your visit. Use this hiking guide as your starting place, but we always encourage you to check the most recent trail conditions with our staff at the visitor centers. Drive the scenic Cactus Forest Loop. Hike among the saguaros or up toward the pines. You can even ride a mountain bike to an historic ranching site. Discover TMD pg 6 Discovering the Tucson Mountain District on the west side of Tucson is easy with a little help from this guide. Drive or hike a scenic trail. Climb a hill to see one of the most popular petroglyph sites in southern Arizona. Enjoy a sunset behind the iconic silhouette of our namesake saguaro cactus. There are many ways to experience this amazing place. Be on the lookout for special Centennial activities and events that will celebrate our last 100 years and prepare us for the next 100 years. Ask park staff and volunteers how you can help—there are many different opportunities! You can volunteer, help get youth engaged, participate in park events, assist in raising the visibility of the park, or contribute financially. Check out our website at, and our Facebook page for updates. Our future depends on YOU! Thanks for your support, and for visiting Saguaro National Park. Darla Sidles Superintendent (By the way, we pronounce it: “sah-WAH-row.”) National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Saguaro National Park Saguaro National Park preserves and protects thousands of acres of Sonoran Desert wilderness, offering recreation, learning, and spiritual renewal in the backyard of a growing metropolitan city. Superintendent Darla Sidles Headquarters Address Rincon Mountain District (East) Saguaro National Park 3693 South Old Spanish Trail Tucson, AZ 85730 (520) 733-5153 Tucson Mountain District (West) 2700 N. Kinney Road Tucson, AZ 85743 (520) 733-5158 Park Information (520) 733-5100 Fax (520) 733-5183 E-mail Website Education Coordinator (520) 733-5157 Volunteer Coordinator (520) 733-5156 Community Outreach Coordinator (520) 733-8613 The National Park Service cares for the special places saved by the American people so that all may experience our heritage. Find us on Facebook as SaguaroNationalPark The Other Side of Saguaro... Welcome to Saguaro National Park, where you will fnd one park with two districts found east and west of Tucson. While they are both Saguaro National Park and they were both set aside primarily to protect saguaro cacti, they are very diferent places for you to enjoy. WHY TWO DISTRICTS? What is now known as Saguaro National Park was frst established as a national monument in 1933. Homer Shantz from the University of Arizona worked to preserve a remarkable stand of saguaro cacti on the east side of town and the result of his eforts became the Rincon Mountain District (RMD). In the 1960s, researchers noticed a decline in the number of cacti in the Rincon’s cactus forest and worked together to add another remarkable stand of cacti found on the western side of Tucson to the park. This western area is now known as the Tucson Mountain District (TMD) of Saguaro National Park. TUCSON MOUNTAIN DISTRICT (TMD) is located on the west side of town, just northwest of the ArizonaSonora Desert Museum, another popular destination for Tucson visitors. Seeing both together in one day is common, though it makes for a very long day. Save some time to really slow down and enjoy TMD. There are hikes for people of all abilities, awe inspiring stands of cacti, and a brilliant view of the western sky from sunset to star rise. The historic CCC-built picnic areas are marvelous places to stop for a snack before hitting the trail, and Signal Hill picnic area is the starting place to marvel at ancient petroglyphs found on Signal Hill. A 5-mile scenic loop drive leads to many of these sites. the time to look for them. This road is also a popular biking destination, not for the faint of heart. North of the visitor center is a network of trails that wind all over the cactus forest. It is easy to plan a hike that will last an hour or a day. If you want to plan a hike for more than one day, RMD is your district. There are 6 diferent back country campgrounds, the only camping in the park, that vary from grasslands with juniper trees at 4,800’ in elevation to the pine and fr forests above 8,000’. RMD protects the western and southern slopes of the Rincon Mountains. THE WHOLE PARK What the two districts do well together is serve our visitors. During the months of December through March, you will fnd scheduled programs several times each day. During our warm springs and hot summers, there is still something happening each day in the visitor centers of both districts. Interpretive programs, guided hikes and Jr. Ranger programs are designed to help visitors make their own meaningful memories of their adventures in Saguaro National Park. Travel time between the two districts is approximately one hour. We hope you save time on your trip to drive to the other side of town to see the other side of Saguaro National Park. Directions To Rincon Mountain District (East) From the Tucson Mountain District, head southeast on Kinney Road, to Gates Pass Road. Turn left and go up and over the pass. Caution - large vehicles are not permitted over Gates Pass, see below for an alternate route. Gates Pass Road becomes Speedway Boulevard. Continue east on Speedway for 14 miles through the city to Freeman Road. Turn right (south) 3.6 miles to Old Spanish Trail. Turn left (east) following the signs .25 miles. To Tucson Mountain District (West) From the Rincon Mountain District, head northwest on Old Spanish Trail to Harrison Road. Turn right and follow Harrison to Speedway Boulevard. Head west on Speedway for 14 miles. This will become Gates Pass Road. Caution - large vehicles are not permitted over Gates Pass, see below for an alternate route. Continue 4.6 miles west through the Tucson Mountains to Kinney Road. Turn right (northwest) and follow Kinney Road 3.7 miles past the Desert Museum to the park entrance. Go 1 mile to the visitor center. Over-sized Vehicles (West) Vehicles exceeding 12,000 pounds GVWR are prohibited on Gates Pass Road and Picture Rocks Road through the park. Instead, use I-10 to I-19 (exit 260) south. From I-19 take Ajo Way/State Route 86 (exit 99) west 4.8 miles to Kinney Road. Turn right (north) 10 miles (past Old Tucson Studios and the Desert Museum) to the visitor center. Going to Rincon Mountain District, take I-10 to Houghton Road north. At Escalante Road turn east and follow the signs. Travel Between Rincon Mountain and Tucson Mountain Districts THE RINCON MOUNTAIN DISTRICT (RMD) has an 8-mile loop drive worth writing home about. This winding scenic road takes visitors through the historic cactus forest, where there are signs of signifcant recovery of the cactus population for anyone who takes Plan Your Visit In Case of an Emergency, call 911, then contact a ranger. If you see crimes against resources call 1-800-637-9152. Dates and Hours of Operation Both district scenic drives are open daily from sunrise to sunset. Visitor centers are open 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily, year-round, except December 25. Entrance Fees Private vehicles and motorcycles..........................$10.00 Valid for 7 days Bicyclists and pedestrians......................................$ 5.00 Valid for 7 days Camping is not available in Saguaro National Park. Consider Gilbert Ray Campground on Kinney Road inside Tucson Mountain Park when visiting Tucson Mountain District. Colossal Cave Mountain Park or other commercial campgrounds are near the Rincon Mountain District. The park website has a list of public campgrounds. Backcountry camping is available with a permit from the Rincon Mountain Visitor Center: see “Hiking in the High Country” on pg. 5. Hiking is permitted on more than 150 miles of designated trails. Off-trail hiking is only permitted in areas above 4,500’ elevation. Purchase topographic maps at Visitor Centers. Food and Lodging are not available inside the park. Tucson has many restaurants, grocery stores and opportunities for lodging near both districts. Saguaro Annual Pass ...........................................$25.00* Valid for 1 year Fires are permitted in grills Interagency Annual Pass...................................... $80.00 Valid for 1 year Grills are provided at most picnic areas in the park. Do not collect or burn any wood from inside the park. Please be responsible; do not leave fres unattended and ensure the fre is completely out cold before departing the area. Interagency Senior Pass (U.S. resident, 62 or older)........$10.00 Valid for a lifetime Interagency Access Pass (U.S. resident, disabled)..............Free Valid for a lifetime Interagency Active Military Pass............................... Free Valid for 1 year (Active U.S. Military and Dependents) * Subject to change. Pets are welcome on all roads accessible to the public, picnic areas (other than Mam-A-Gah), and paved trails. For the safety of your pet, they must remain leashed at all times. Do not leave pets unattended in a vehicle. Even when outside temperatures are cool, car temperatures can quickly rise to dangerous levels. Watch carefully for snakes or other wildlife on roadways. Carry a comb and tweezers to remove cactus spines from paws and noses. Pavement can get very hot in the afternoons and can burn paws. Pets are not permitted on unpaved trails. Visitor Center staff can suggest nearby areas for hiking with pets. 2 Saguaro Sentinel Group Picnic areas are available in both districts. The Javelina Picnic Area ramada (no tables) in Rincon Mountain District (RMD - East) is the only group site available to be reserved. All other picnic grounds are frst-come, frst-served. Special Use Permits are available for special events or commercial activities inside the park. Contact (520) 733-5116 for additional information. Travel Information Take a Hike in the Park Rincon Mountain District Hiking Trails Tucson Mountain District Hiking Trails Trail Description, Map on Page 6 1 2 3 4 5 Desert Discovery Trail You will fnd the trailhead to this self-guided nature walk on Kinney Road, one mile northwest of the Red Hills Visitor Center. Here you can familiarize yourself with the native plants, animals and ecology of the Sonoran Desert. An audio tour for the visually impaired is available at the visitor center. Trail has frequent benches, and is paved and wheelchair accessible. Valley View Overlook This trail was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in the 1930s. The trailhead is located 1.34 miles along the Bajada Loop Drive. While hiking this trail, you will cross two washes and then gradually ascend stone steps to a ridge. The view from the ridge includes Avra Valley sprawled below and Picacho Peak to the north. Signal Hill Trail This short climb takes you to dozens of ancient petroglyphs more than 800 years old. The trail starts from the Signal Hill Picnic Area located off Golden Gate Road, at 3.3 miles along the Loop Drive. The trail climbs numerous stone steps, some of which have a large rise, through a wash and up a hill. For some, climbing these steps may be diffcult. King Canyon Trail The trailhead and parking area for this hike is directly across the road from the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum. From the Red Hills visitor center, travel two miles southeast on Kinney Road. The frst section of the trail follows an old roadway constructed by the CCC in the 1930s. At .9 mile hikers pass the Sendero Esperanza trail junction at the MamA-Gah picnic area. The next 1.9 miles climbs to the Sweetwater Trail junction. The fnal .9 mile ascends a series of steep switchbacks to the Hugh Norris Trail. From here, continue .3 mile to reach the top of Wasson Peak, elevation 4,687 feet. Sendero Esperanza Trail This trail begins 1.2 miles from the intersection of Golden Gate and Hohokam Roads, across from the Ez-Kim-In-Zin picnic area. The trail’s frst mile follows the sandy path of an old mine road. The next .7 mile climbs a series of steep switchbacks to the top of a scenic ridge, where it intersects the Hugh Norris Trail. The trail then descends 1.4 miles to the south, past the Gould Mine Trail junction, where it meets the King Canyon trail. 6 7 Hugh Norris Trail This is the longest trail in the Tucson Mountain District. The trailhead is .8 mile from the start of the Bajada Loop Drive. The trail begins with a series of switchbacks that climb to a ridge overlooking the cactus forest. From there, the trail follows the ridge-top through areas with unique welded tuff rock formations until it reaches Amole Peak, approximately 4.1 miles from the trailhead. From here, continue .8 mile up a series of switchbacks to the top of Wasson Peak, the highest point in the Tucson Mountains. 8 Scenic Loop and Belmont Area Trails There is limited access and parking in these areas. Please contact the visitor center or visit the website for detailed information about where to park to access these areas. Tucson Mountain District, looking up towards Wasson Peak - Bill Megna Times and distances are roundtrip. Trail Description, Map on pages 4 and 5 easy 1 .5 mile/.8 km no elevation gain 20 minutes easy to moderate .8 mile/1.3 km 100 ft./30 m. elevation gain 2 45 minutes easy .3 mile/.8 km approx. 30 ft./9 m. elevation gain 3 20 minutes moderate/strenuous 4 7 miles/11.3 km 1839 ft./561 m. elevation gain 4-5 hours moderate 5 6.2 miles/10 km 700 ft./213 m. elevation gain 3-4 hours strenuous 6 10 miles/16 km 2087 ft./636 m. elevation gain 5-6 hours 7 Desert Ecology Trail Times and distances are roundtrip. easy This trail offers an introduction to the rugged climate of the Sonoran Desert and the adaptations that allow plants and animals to thrive here. An easy and pleasant way to take a break from your automobile tour. Trail has interpretive signs, frequent benches, and is paved and wheelchair accessible. 20 minutes Freeman Homestead Trail easy to moderate A scenic and historic path to the site of an early desert homestead. Full color interpretive signs along the trail explain the various aspects of human and animal lives in this rugged “Home in the Desert.” The unpaved trail has wide rock stairways on some moderate grades. 1 mile/1.6 km 100 ft./30 m. elevation gain Mica View Picnic Area “Loop” Begin this walk through a natural desert garden at the Mica View Picnic Area, off the Cactus Forest Loop Drive. The route follows the Mica View Trail north or south, connecting with the Cactus Forest Trail for the return trip. Use the trail map in this paper to follow the trails in this area. This is the easiest loop in this trail system; it may also be reached from the trailhead at the east end of Broadway Boulevard. Loma Verde “Loop” A scenic introduction to the Cactus Forest trail system. Begin at the Loma Verde trailhead on the Cactus Forest Drive. Follow the Loma Verde Trail past the site of a failed copper mine. From the Pink Hill Trail take the short spur to the hilltop overlook for a spectacular view of the cactus forest. Continue following the Pink Hill Trail to Squeeze Pen Trail, and turn right. This trail will take you along the base of the Rincon Mountains, back to Loma Verde Trail. Turn left to return to your car. Easy grades on unpaved trails. Douglas Spring Trail to Bridal Wreath Falls .25 mile/.4 km no elevation gain 1 hour easy 2 miles/3.2 km no elevation gain 1 hour easy 3.4 miles/5.5 km 70 ft./21 m. elevation gain 2 hours strenuous This trail begins at the Douglas Spring Trailhead at the east end of Speedway Boulevard. This trip into the foothills of the Rincons provides good views of the Santa Catalina Mountains. Along the way seasonal water courses add interest to the scenery, which changes from saguaro stands to desert grasslands. Bridal Wreath Falls is a good lunchtime destination: the amount of water varies from a trickle to a torrent, depending on season and drought conditions. Steep and rocky. 5.6 miles/ 9 km 1100 ft./335 m. elevation gain Tanque Verde Ridge Trail strenuous For the visitor looking for a more rugged trail, the Tanque Verde Ridge Trail is ideal. Day hikers may climb as high as time allows, remembering to return to their cars by sunset to exit the park before the road closes. Magnifcent views of the Tucson Basin and Rincon Peak are the reward. This trail is also the closest access to the backcountry from the Visitor Center. Very steep and rocky. 3-4 hours 18 mi./29 km to peak 14 mi./22.5 km to Juniper Basin 4000 ft./1219 m. elevation gain Camping only at Juniper Basin, permit required. time varies according to destination Hope Camp Trail moderate This trail heads east from the Loma Alta Trailhead, following a riparian, or streamside, area. It offers views of Tanque Verde Ridge and Rincon Peak. This trail passes two abandoned line camps with windmills, water towers and storage tanks. (This trail connects to the Arizona Trail via the Quilter Connection trail. It also connects with Ruiz and Coyote Wash Trails.) 5.6 miles/9 km 300 ft./90 m. elevation gain 3-4 hours Rincon Mountain District, along the Cactus Forest Drive - NPS photo Saguaro Sentinel 3 Explore the Rincon Mountain District (East) Rincon Mountain District (East) 5 + ! Do ! ! ! ! 1.2 ! ! ! ! 1.4 0.3 st Fore 0.8 ! 2.3 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Manning C am p ! ! ! ! ! o wa ne y ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 1.9 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 0.8 p Lo o ! Cactus ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! r ilte Qu ! 4.8 Official Information and parking A Access Point ! Vie w 0.8 Ru iz 0.7 2.1 North Coyote Wash hT rai 1.9 Ridge Sp an is 0.1 l A ! Th e A ! il ona Tr a È ! 0.4 iz Ar Saguaro Wilderness Old ! am p North i 0 0 1 Kilometer 1 Mile Camino Loma Alta See Restrictions 3142ft/958m 0.9 0.7 ! ! ! ! 7 + T Loma Alta amp 0.5 C pe ! ! ! ! Horse Trailer Parking Universal Access Restrooms Picnic Area Interpretive Trail Trails Trails, stock prohibited Trails, ADA Trails, multi -use The Arizona Trail Road, Paved Road, Unpaved Road, 4WD recommended Scenic Drive Privately Owned Lands Pima County Land State Trust Land eC Hop Ho ! Ê b ! _ ! ! 5 ! Ö No official information or parking . Rd ) ch cess n Ra lic Ac X9 Pub o (N Hiking in the Cactus Forest Hiking There are many trails with multiple combinations in the Cactus Forest. It is easy to plan a hike lasting an hour or a whole day. Stop into the Rincon Mountain Visitor Center for trip recommendations and additional maps. Carry plenty of water. On hot days, one gallon or more per person is a necessity. Use sunscreen, wear a hat and sturdy footwear. Tell someone your plans and when you expect to be back. Hiking Restrictions • • • The Cactus Forest has many trails available to hikers and horseback riders. 4 Saguaro Sentinel p NATIONAL ! ! ! 6.9 ! ! ! e Ri d g Cam 9 ! ! 9 ! ing nn Ma 5286ft/1611m ! 6010ft/1832m ! 0.6 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Grass Shack ! ! ! ! ! Freeman Rd. ! ! ! ! 0.7 ! ! Juniper Basin 6 + ! 0.9 ! ! one way ! 4.3 ! ! ! de Ver ! e qu Tan ! D r iv e 0.9 ! Spring ! ! le 3.3 ! s ! 2 + ! ! all 3116ft 950m ! ! ! ! ! eF ! Ö ! Freeman Homestead ! ! Ca c tu s F or est L im Ridge Rid ge Tanque Verde ! ! ! d Sad ! Tanque Verde Peak ! 7049ft/2149m !! 5 _ Javelina Tanque Verde T ! ! Co w h ead Cow Head Saddle 6170ft/1881m! ! SAGUARO 4 + one way Forest North 0.3 ! Little Wildhorse Tank T Loma Verde ! 0.7 Legend A ! ! Ranger Station @ ] Visitor Information ! ² Water Available ! T Trailhead ! Helen 8269f glas D ou T Cactus ! tw wa o y Cactus Forest T South ! Irvington Rd. " Mica Tank ! 0.6 0.6 § ¦ To 10 Exit 275 Douglas Spring ! 4694ft/1431m 9 " Tina Larga Tank ! ! Javeli na East Wash " Escalante Rd. 6.4 Garwood " Dam ! 0.2 110º 44' 11" W 32º 10' 49" N 3090ft/942m Thr ee Ta nk _ ! 5 ! 3 + 1 + @ !² ! _!® t Rincon ! ] Visitor Center ring Do u 0.3 ! Bridal Wreath Falls FOR ES T " Steel Tank Mica View il NATIONAL 1.5 T 2768ft/844m ! Javelina West Wash 0.2 Aguila Tank " Broadway Broadway Blvd. E rnie u glas Sprin g ! Ernie's Falls sS p ! ! A ! Spanish T ra Old 's Falls ! To downtown Tucson CORONA DO A ! ! g la Douglas Spring 2737ft/834m !! T T 2752ft/839m 0.6 ! Wildhorse È A ! Speedway Blvd. Hiking groups are limited to a maximum of 18 persons on trails and 6 people if of-trail. Hiking of-trail in the Cactus Forest and Rincon Valley is prohibited. Hiking of-trail is permitted above 4,500 feet. Overnight camping is not permitted in the Cactus Forest. Hiking in the Cactus Forest is an excellent way to get up close and personal with saguaro cacti - NPS Photo, B. Riley 4.2 T A ! Cactus Forest Loop Drive 1.4 East Slope vil's Bath t ub 0.5 1.2 Restrictions y Cr ke e e k A ! 3.1 Biking Always maintain a safe speed for road conditions and your own riding experience. The Loop Drive is narrow with many tight turns and steep hills. Use extra caution when approaching the frst steep downhill after passing the entrance station! Bicyclists must obey all posted speed limits and give right of way to all pedestriatns. Watch for slow moving cars or cars stopped in the roadway. De e 2 0.4 0.4 De 0.1 0.5 7941ft/2420m 0.8 Camp b art He 1.8 Rid g e reak 1.7 T Turkey Creek ! 4623ft/1409m Happy Valley ! 4408 ! ! ! ! ille ! ! Multi-use trail ! ! ! 1.3 ! Happy Valley 9 0.5 Trail riding is also permitted on the Hope Camp Trail from the Camino Loma Alta Trailhead, but is not permitted on the Quilter Trail, Ruiz or Coyote Wash trails. ! ! 6117ft/1864m 35 ) Miller Creek ! T 4199ft/1280m k Cree The portion of the Cactus Forest Trail inside the Cactus Forest Loop Drive and the Hope Camp Trail are open to horseback riding, bicycling and hiking. Mexican spotted owl 7.4 Rincon Valle y Stock and Pack Animals Hap py 3.3 Peak Rd. Stay Alert! Make your presence known to other trail users well in advance, particularly when approaching from behind. Cyclists yield to all other trail users and hikers yield to equestrians. Horseback riding of-trail is prohibited. Livestock is restricted from the Cactus Forest Loop Drive and these trails: ! Wildhorse Trail south of the Carrillo Trail ! ! ! Rincon Peak ! 8482ft/2585m Tanque Verde Ridge Trail ! ! Rin c ± ! A ! ! ! !! ! 2.6 ! ! ! M ! 1.8 on r C!r!ee k ! ! Mountain Biking Trail riding is permitted on the 2.5 mile (4.0 km) multi-use portion of the Cactus Forest Trail inside the Cactus Forest Loop Drive. The trail maybe ridden in either direction, but you maynot ri de against trafc on the one-way section of the Cactus Forest Loop Drive. A Lookout ! PARK 8 Feet 35 Feet 9 7359ft/2243m ! 0.4 1.0 Spud Rock 0.9 r h ead S 0.5 9 Manning ! ! Reef Rock 8103ft/2470m 0.1 0.2 Mic 0.5 0.5 The Cactus Forest Scenic Loop Drive, highlighted in yellow on the map, in the Rincon Mountain District is a paved, combination one and two-way road. The 8-mile (12.9 km) Loop Drive features several trailheads, scenic vistas and pullouts. Trailers longer than 35 feet or any vehicle wider than 8 feet are not permitted. Mica Meadow 0.5 Loo 0.2 RI N C O N WI L D E R N E S S Tu r a 0.2 pring Mt 0.8 0.7 n. 0.6 p 0.6 0.6 hS lo n Sp 0.2 Fire g ns Dome ! ft/2520m 0.1 ­ ! Loop 0.4 Spud Rock ! Fire nita Bo 0.7 Spud Rock 8613ft/2625m 2.4 ri n N o rt Mica Repeater Driving the Loop Ital ia 1.7 pe Desert Ecology Trail ! Wrong Mountain 8056ft/2455m 35 ) Freeman Homestead Trail Miller Creek Trail Last half mile of the Rincon Peak Trail Converse Trail CORONA DO NATIONAL FOR ES T First quarter mile of the Douglas Springs Trail Horse Trailer Parking is available at Wildhorse Trailhead and .4 mile (.6 km) south of the Loma Alta trailhead near Oro Escondido. Hiking in the High Country of the Rincon Mountains Backpacking in the east district’s higher elevations requires special preparation. Backpacking and Camping Water Overnight camping is permitted, with a backcountry permit, in designated campgrounds in the Rincon Mountain District. Campgrounds are accessible by foot and horseback only. There are six campgrounds located 6 to 12 miles from public access trailheads. Backcountry water sources can be unpredictable, especially during a drought. Inquire at the visitor center for current water availability before beginning your trip. All natural water sources must be treated before use. Backcountry Camping Permits The Rincon Mountains have a small population of black bears. Proper food storage, in bear boxes in all six backcountry campgrounds, is required for your safety and protection of the bears. Backcountry camping permits are available on a frst-come frst-served basis at the Rincon Mountain Visitor Center. A permit costs $6.00 (subject to change) per campsite, per night. The maximum number of people allowed per campsite is six. The maximum size of any one group is 18 persons. Permits must accompany the permittees into the backcountry and be openly displayed. Campground stays are limited to fve consecutive days per camp and no more than 10 days in the park, with 10 days between successive permits. Permittees must be at least 16 years of age. Bears The view is lovely from the top of the Rincon Mountains - NPS Photo, Laura Bolyard Backcountry Livestock Use Stock animals are defned as horses, burros, and mules. All stock are required to stay on designated trails. In the Rincon Mountain District overnight stock use is permitted at all campgrounds except Juniper Basin. Riders must carry in all horse feed; grazing is not permitted. “Weed-free” feed is recommended to prevent the introduction of invasive species. For a permit application, download the Saguaro Wilderness Area brochure from or call the RMD VC (520) 733-5153. Saguaro Sentinel 5 0.2 0.2 veLo op Rd . 0.2 Co rtar o Sce n ic Reser Loop Wade Rd. An Waimal sh 0.4 0.3 0.3 sh 0.7 Ro ur e 1.5 d. te R two way Golden Ga T El Camino del Cerro ! ! 2806ft/855m È ter ! ! tw a n y on Ca 0.9 3.2 PARK 1.4 DESERT STATION UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA ! ! ! TUCSON MOUNTAIN COUNTY PARK ! Kin ne y SWEETWATER PRESERVE ! T King Canyon ! 2915ft/888m Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Cerro del ino m a El C To Silverbell Road 1.2 ! r ! 0.7 1.0 ! ! ! ! Wa ! ! ! ! ! da ! ! Baja a o m 0.1 ate ! ! ! ! ero Esperanza 1.0 1.1 ! Golde nG 0.3 Sandario Rd. wa ne y ine ! ! ! nd Se ! Gould M ! ! !! !!! Mam-A-Gah King Canyon Wash +4 ! Sandario Rd. 5 ! ! ! ! tw wa o y de r ! ! ! ! g Ki n ! ! Sandario Rd. n VALLEY ine ne ! 0.4 ! 0.9 +8 A ! eli Pi p 1.9 Sw ee 0.9 ! AVRA C d. ! A ! s Ga ! ! 0 ! ! t on .5 Abington 0.2 Gila Monster lm Be ! ! ! ! 0.9 0.2 ! 1 Kilometer 0 al tur No !! 0.2 0.7 fs Belmont Rd. ! ! ! ! !! ! !! ! Mile Wide Rd. ! ris ! Rd . 111º 11' 50" W 32º 15' 16" N 2560ft/780m ! ! ! Wasson Peak 0.3 !!4687ft/1428m

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