"Aerial View of Fort Monroe" by NPS Photo , public domain

Fort Monroe

National Monument - Virginia

Fort Monroe is a decommissioned military installation in Hampton, Virginia—at Old Point Comfort, the southern tip of the Virginia Peninsula, United States. Along with Fort Wool, Fort Monroe guarded the navigation channel between the Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads—the natural roadstead at the confluence of the Elizabeth, the Nansemond and the James rivers. Surrounded by a moat, the seven-sided star fort is the largest stone fort ever built in the United States.

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maps

Official visitor map of Fort Monroe National Monument (NM) in South Carolina. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Fort Monroe - Visitor Map

Official visitor map of Fort Monroe National Monument (NM) in South Carolina. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/fomr/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Monroe Fort Monroe is a decommissioned military installation in Hampton, Virginia—at Old Point Comfort, the southern tip of the Virginia Peninsula, United States. Along with Fort Wool, Fort Monroe guarded the navigation channel between the Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads—the natural roadstead at the confluence of the Elizabeth, the Nansemond and the James rivers. Surrounded by a moat, the seven-sided star fort is the largest stone fort ever built in the United States. Fort Monroe National Monument has a diverse history spanning the American story from American Indian presence, Captain John Smith's journeys, first arrival of enslaved Africans in English North America, a safe haven for freedom seekers during the American Civil War, and a bastion of defense for the Chesapeake Bay through the 21st Century. Visit and witness the on-going preservation work in action. From I-64 East or West take Exit 268 (169 East Mallory St/Ft. Monroe) (Going East: Last Exit prior to Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel, going West: first Exit after it.) Top of Exit Left at light onto S Mallory St (0.1 mile). Right at 2nd light onto E Mellen St. Continue crossing a small bridge (0.6 mile). Continue straight at light (Left fork) onto Ingalls Rd (0.6 mile). Left into visitor center parking lot or on street parking. Casemate Museum This partner-operated museum presenting the complex history of Old Point Comfort and Fort Monroe across more than four centuries. Access to the museum is by time reservation entry through the visitor center. One can also call 757-690-8181 or visit: https://bit.ly/3icOzD4 to make a reservation online. Address: 20 Bernard Rd Fort Monroe, VA 23651 From I-64 East or West take Exit 268 (169 East Mallory St/Ft. Monroe) (Going East: Last Exit prior to Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel, going West: first Exit after it.) Top of Exit Left at light onto S Mallory St (0.1 mile). Right at 2nd light onto E Mellen St. Continue crossing a small bridge (0.6 mile). Continue straight at light (Left fork) onto Ingalls Rd (0.5 mile). Left onto Ruckman Rd towards fort Main Gate, pass through fort walls Right onto Bernard Rd, angled parking on Left (0.2 mile). Fort Monroe Visitor and Education Center Great start to any Fort Monroe visit. Accessible visitor center provides orientation, exhibits, park store, brochures, passport stamps, junior ranger and B.A.R.K. ranger programs, restrooms, water filling station, schedule a Casemate Museum timed reservation. Admission is free. Parking in the rear. For information or schedule guided tours email visit https://fortmonroe.org or call 757-690-8181. All children (under the age of 18) must be accompanied by an adult. Address: 30 Ingalls Rd Fort Monroe, VA 23651 From I-64 East or West take Exit 268 (169 East Mallory St/Ft. Monroe) (Going East: Last Exit prior to Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel, going West: first Exit after it.) Top of Exit Left at light onto S Mallory St (0.1 mile). Right at 2nd light onto E Mellen St. Continue crossing a small bridge (0.6 mile). Continue straight at light (Left fork) onto Ingalls Rd (0.5 mile). Visitor center is (0.65 mile) on the Left. Parking on the street or behind the visitor center. The Colonies RV and Travel Park With 47 campsites, 22 with full hookups, the Colonies RV and Travel Park is a great place to experience all Fort Monroe and the surrounding area have to offer. Amenities include a country store, clubhouse with kitchen, game room, and TV room. Aerial view of Colonies RV and Travel Park Aerial view of Colonies RV and Travel Park Aerial view of Colonies RV and Travel Park Colonies RV Park Map Map of RV sites Map of the Colonies RV and Travel Park Campsite Maryland Campsite image Afternoon picture of the campsite Tent-Only Site Shaded tent-only site Well shaded tent-only site allows for relaxing afternoons taking in the on-shore breeze. Fort Monroe Aerial View Aerial View of Fort Monroe A unique perspective only available from the air brings the entire scope of Fort Monroe into focus in one image. Fort Monroe with USS Kearsarge Fort Monroe in foreground with USS Kearsarge in background. Fort Monroe's Flagstaff is the first US flag the sailors of the USS Kearsage see when returning to the waters of Hampton Roads. Fort Monroe Flagstaff Bastion sun setting over the moat of Fort Monroe Brilliant colors of the setting sun offer unique views of the largest stone fortification ever built in the United States. Algernourne Oak: Standing Sentinel sunrise over the Parade Ground illuminates Algernourne Oak. The rising sun illuminates Algernourne Oak as it stands sentinel over the Parade Ground as it has done for almost 500 years. Osprey Perches on Live Oak an Osprey dries its wings perched on a live oak. An Osprey, once endangered, dries its wings in the on-shore breeze while perched on a live oak. Repairing History, Rebuilding Lives: HOPE Crew Celebrates 100th Project at Fort Monroe National Monument On Monday, June 19, Fort Monroe National Monument will host the celebration of the 100th project by Hands-On Preservation Experience, or HOPE Crew. This initiative of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, in partnership with The Corps Network, engages youth in the historic preservation trades under the guidance of experts in the field. Men and women work on a post. Preserving Places of Captivity: Civil War Military Prisons in the National Parks During the Civil War, over 400,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were held prisoner at more than 150 diff erent prison sites. Approximately 56,000 of these died in captivity. Although Andersonville is the most famous Civil War prison, it is only one of many Civil War military prisons that are preserved by the National Park Service. Fort Monroe and the "Contrabands of War" In the early months of the Civil War, slaves were fleeing to Union lines seeking freedom but emancipation was not yet a stated war aim of President Lincoln. At Fort Monroe, General Benjamin Butler came up with a creative solution to this difficult situation. Wartime print of Fort Monroe National Park Getaway: Fort Monroe National Monument Located in southeastern Virginia, Fort Monroe National Monument stands at the heart of Hampton Roads on the Chesapeake Bay. Whether your interest lies in history, culture, the natural world, or recreational activities, Fort Monroe and the surrounding area provide much to experience! Fort moat and flagstaff bastion Third System of Coastal Forts How should a country protect its borders? The United States had to consider this question when the War of 1812 ended in 1815. One year later, the federal government believed it had an answer. The nation created a broad national defense strategy that included a new generation of waterfront defenses called the Third System of Coastal Fortifications. Seacoast Ordnance Cannon manufactured for use in Third System forts are called seacoast ordnance. These were some of the largest and heaviest cannon available at the time. Cannon at forts Pickens, McRee, Barrancas, Massachusetts, and Advanced Redoubt fell into three categories: guns, howitzers, and mortars. Each had a specific purpose. A cannon is mounted over a brick wall, an American flag is flying to the left. The Civilian Experience in the Civil War After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians both near and far from the battlefields became unwilling participants and victims of the war as its toll of blood and treasure grew year after year. In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material, and began to expect that their government should do the same. Painting of civilians under fire during the Siege of Vicksburg Freedom's Fortress Fort Monroe National Monument, at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, preserves the landscape associated with both the beginning of slavery in England's American Colonies and the end of slavery in the United States. Within the moated walls of the fort, a large parade ground is bordered by historic buildings and a collection of mature live oak trees. One of these is estimated to be almost 500 year old, making it a living witness to events that shaped the nation. A broad, leafy oak partially obscures a two-story red brick house with a porch. The Changing War Begun as a purely military effort with the limited political objectives of reunification (North) or independence (South), the Civil War transformed into a social, economic and political revolution with unforeseen consequences. As the war progressed, the Union war effort steadily transformed from a limited to a hard war; it targeted not just Southern armies, but the heart of the Confederacy's economy, morale, and social order-the institution of slavery. Woodcut of spectators watching a train station set fire by Sherman's troops Beyond beautiful places, the National Park Service protects our nation's emancipation sites and stories As we celebrate Juneteenth, it is equally important to recognize the role that the enslaved had in their own emancipation. The National Park Service has the honor of protecting sacred places and histories for the American people, many of which explore enslavement, emancipation, and the fight for equality that are integral to the American experience. Staff Spotlight: George McDonald Meet George McDonald, the Chief of Youth Programs and the Experienced Services Program Division. George oversees projects and programs that involve youth and young adults working at National Park Service sites across the country, primarily focusing on individuals 15 to 30 years old, and those 35 years old or under who are military veterans. These projects generally cover natural and cultural resource conservation. Learn more about him. George McDonald smiling at Grand Canyon National Park

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