by Alex Gugel , all rights reserved

Fort Point

National Historic Site - California

Fort Point is a masonry seacoast fortification located at the southern side of the Golden Gate at the entrance to San Francisco Bay.

maps

Official visitor map of the Southern area of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Golden Gate - South

Official visitor map of the Southern area of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Golden Gate - Overview

Official visitor map of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of Presidio of San Francisco in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Presidio of San Francisco - Visitor Map

Official visitor map of Presidio of San Francisco in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/fopo/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Point,_San_Francisco Fort Point is a masonry seacoast fortification located at the southern side of the Golden Gate at the entrance to San Francisco Bay. From its vantage point overlooking the spectacular Golden Gate, Fort Point defended the San Francisco Bay following California's Gold Rush through World War II. Its beautifully arched casemates display the art of 3rd system brick masonry and interacts gracefully with the Golden Gate Bridge. Fort Point is located at the south anchorage of the Golden Gate Bridge at the end of Marine Drive on the Presidio of San Francisco. By car take Highway 101 N or S, exit at the Golden Gate Bridge toll plaza at south end of bridge. From S turn right at end of exit ramp, or from N go straight on Merchant Drive. Turn left onto Lincoln Boulevard. Take a left onto Long Avenue and follow onto Marine Drive. Fort Point National Historic Site Rangers at Fort Point provide information, tours and demonstrations. A small Sutler's Store in the fort offers park passport stamps and some merchandise related to Civil War and local history. Fort Point from Marine Drive Fort Point with visitors approaching on road in front and Golden Gate Bridge above. Fort Point offers stunning views from under the south end of the Golden Gate Bridge. Fort Point Sunset View Golden sunset light on the roof of Fort Point with Golden Gate Bridge and bay behind. Visitors can enjoy winter sunsets from the top of Fort Point. Brick Casemates Arched red brick casemates extend into the distance at Fort Point. Fort Point is known for its masterful masonry work. Civil War Days at Fort Point A cannon stands in front of Civil War re-enactors talking to the public. Visitors can interact with Civil War re-enactors twice in January and August at the Fort. Fort Point Lighthouse View of Fort Point lighthouse through red brick arches Fort Point has a historic lighthouse mounted on its top. NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Fort Point National Historic Site, California Each park-specific page in the NPS Geodiversity Atlas provides basic information on the significant geologic features and processes occurring in the park. Links to products from Baseline Geologic and Soil Resources Inventories provide access to maps and reports. [Site Under Development] fort parade grounds with golden gate bridge above The Civil War at Golden Gate The National Park Service is commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Civil War (1861 – 1865.) We acknowledge this defining event in our nation’s history and its legacy in continuing to fight for civil rights. Fort Point Southwest National Parks Climate Roundtable Webinar Recording Now Available Following the publication of the Fourth National Climate Assessment Volume II: Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States (NCA4), the National Park Service began hosting a series of roundtable webinars to convey relevant findings to national parks. Each roundtable covers one of the 10 geographic regions defined in the report. This month, they hosted their seventh regional installment, the Southwest Parks NCA4 Roundtable. Fourth National Climate Assessment: What Does it Mean for National Parks in the Southwest Region? Fort Point The Fort has been called "the pride of the Pacific," "the Gibraltar of the West Coast," and "one of the most perfect models of masonry in America." When construction began during the height of the California Gold Rush, Fort Point was planned as the most formidable deterrence America could offer to a naval attack on California. Fort Point and Golden Gate strait before the Golden Gate Bridge Third System of Coastal Forts How should a country protect its borders? The United States had to consider this question when the War of 1812 ended in 1815. One year later, the federal government believed it had an answer. The nation created a broad national defense strategy that included a new generation of waterfront defenses called the Third System of Coastal Fortifications. Seacoast Ordnance Cannon manufactured for use in Third System forts are called seacoast ordnance. These were some of the largest and heaviest cannon available at the time. Cannon at forts Pickens, McRee, Barrancas, Massachusetts, and Advanced Redoubt fell into three categories: guns, howitzers, and mortars. Each had a specific purpose. A cannon is mounted over a brick wall, an American flag is flying to the left. Pacific Border Province The Pacific Border straddles the boundaries between several of Earth's moving plates on the western margin of North America. This region is one of the most geologically young and tectonically active in North America. The generally rugged, mountainous landscape of this province provides evidence of ongoing mountain-building. Drakes Estero in Point Reyes National Seashore. NPS photo/Sarah Codde Series: National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas The servicewide Geodiversity Atlas provides information on <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geoheritage-conservation.htm">geoheritage</a> and <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geodiversity.htm">geodiversity</a> resources and values all across the National Park System to support science-based management and education. The <a href="https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1088/index.htm">NPS Geologic Resources Division</a> and many parks work with National and International <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/park-geology.htm">geoconservation</a> communities to ensure that NPS abiotic resources are managed using the highest standards and best practices available. park scene mountains Series: Physiographic Provinces Descriptions of the physiographic provinces of the United States, including maps, educational material, and listings of Parks for each. George B. Dorr, founder of Acadia National Park
National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Fort Point National Historic Site Golden Gate National Recreation Area Abbreviated Fort Point Historic Structure Report Abbreviated Fort Point Historic Structure Report Fort Point National Historic Site Golden Gate National Recreation Area Fort Mason, Building 201 San Francisco, California Produced by the Cultural Resources & Museum Management Division Golden Gate National Recreation Area National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Washington, DC September 2006 Front cover photo: A view of Fort Point, circa 1869. Credit: Fort Point NHS Collection, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. inside front page photo: View of Fort Point, circa 1869. Credit: National Archives, Record Group 77 Back cover photo: This photo, dated 1910, shows the Fort Point lighthouse keeper’s residences located at the south of the fort. Credit: Fort Point NHS Collection, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Contents Introduction ............................................................................................... 8 Developmental History ........................................................................... 14 Fort Point: Sentry at Golden Gate ............................................. 14 Chronology of Fort Point Development & Use ......................... 28 1776-1852: Castillo de San Joaquin ................................... 28 1853-1860: Initial Construction ........................................ 30 1861-1868: The Civil War & the First Garrison.................... 35 1868-1906: Dire Straights ................................................. 37 1907-1930: Detention Barracks WWI, Army Use ............... 45 1931-1940: Golden Gate Bridge Construction .................. 49 1941-1945: World War II ................................................... 54 1946-1970: The Move Toward Preservation: Establishment of the Fort Point Museum Association .............................. 55 1970-1998: National Park Service Stewardship................... 57 Physical Description .................................................................... 74 Conditions Assessment and Material Investigations .............. 100 Treatment & Work Recommendations ................................................. 122 Evaluation of Restoration Work to Date ................................ 122 Secretary of the Interior’s Standards ........................................124 Requirement for Treatments & Use (Outline) ..........................125 Treatment Recommendations (Outline) ...................................125 Bibliography ........................................................................................... 126 Glossary .................................................................................................. 130 Appendices A: Floor Plans..................................................................... 133 Appendices B: List of Fort Point Documents ........................................151 Appendices C: Supplemental Record of Work Performed ................. 152 Left: Photo of Fort Point during winter of 2000. Photo circa 2000. Credit: Su Chu-Way, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. 7 Fort Point Historic Structures Report Introduction Fort Point became part of the National Park Service in 1970 and has been administered by Golden Gate National Recreation Area since that park was created in 1972. Since then, the National Park Service has conducted significant research on the Fort in order make the best building rehabilitation decisions. This Abbreviated Fort Point Historic Structure Report is a synthesis of most of the research conducted to-date and makes references to other related reports and studies. The appendices also contain floor plans and a list of Fort Point documents. However, this Abbreviated Fort Point Historic Structure Report does not contain a completed Treatment Recommendations section that is one of the critical components of a standard historic structure report; hence the title “Abbreviated” Fort Point Historic Structure Report. The historic preservation consultants Carey & Co. wrote an outline for this section which provides guidance for future work. It is the National Park Service’s hope that the treatment recommendations work will be conducted by a historical architect in the near future. Preparation At Carey & Co. (460 Bush Street, San Francisco, CA 415-773-0773), individuals included Alice Carey, Principal; Nancy Goldenberg, Project Manager; and Heidi Stosick. American War, and World War II. The fort is now recognized as one of the best-preserved “Third System” forts in the United States. Originally built to protect the entrance to San Francisco Bay during the Gold Rush, Fort Point was garrisoned throughout the Civil War in anticipation of enemy attack either by Confederate naval forces or by Confederate insurgents living in California. In 1863, the U.S. Lighthouse Board erected a hexagonal iron lighthouse on the fort’s ro

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