"Visitor Center from Lift" by NPS , public domain

Fort Smith

National Historic Site - AR, OK

Fort Smith National Historic Site is located in Fort Smith, Arkansas, along the Arkansas River. The visitor center is now located in the old Barracks/Courthouse/Jail building. Exhibits in the visitor center focus on Fort Smith’s military history from 1817–1871, western expansion, Judge Isaac Parker and the federal court's impact on Indian Territory, U.S. Deputy Marshals and outlaws, Federal Indian policy, and Indian Removal including the Trail of Tears. Located on the grounds are the foundation remains of the first Fort Smith (1817–1824), the commissary building (c. 1838) and a reconstruction of the gallows used by the federal court. A walking trail along the Arkansas River includes wayside exhibits on the Trail of Tears. This was also one of the areas Bonnie and Clyde stopped at and they were killed after leaving. Land on the Oklahoma bank of the Arkansas River was authorized to be included in the National Historic Site to preserve a historic viewshed, but has not been acquired.

maps

Official visitor map of Fort Smith National Historic Site (NHS) in Arkansas and Oklahoma. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Fort Smith - Visitor Map

Official visitor map of Fort Smith National Historic Site (NHS) in Arkansas and Oklahoma. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of Trail of Tears National Historic Trail (NHT) in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Tennessee. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Trail of Tears - Trail Map

Official visitor map of Trail of Tears National Historic Trail (NHT) in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Tennessee. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/fosm/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Smith_National_Historic_Site Fort Smith National Historic Site is located in Fort Smith, Arkansas, along the Arkansas River. The visitor center is now located in the old Barracks/Courthouse/Jail building. Exhibits in the visitor center focus on Fort Smith’s military history from 1817–1871, western expansion, Judge Isaac Parker and the federal court's impact on Indian Territory, U.S. Deputy Marshals and outlaws, Federal Indian policy, and Indian Removal including the Trail of Tears. Located on the grounds are the foundation remains of the first Fort Smith (1817–1824), the commissary building (c. 1838) and a reconstruction of the gallows used by the federal court. A walking trail along the Arkansas River includes wayside exhibits on the Trail of Tears. This was also one of the areas Bonnie and Clyde stopped at and they were killed after leaving. Land on the Oklahoma bank of the Arkansas River was authorized to be included in the National Historic Site to preserve a historic viewshed, but has not been acquired. Explore life on the edge of frontier and Indian Territory through the stories of soldiers, the Trail of Tears, scandals, outlaws, and lawmen who pursued them. From the establishment of the first Fort Smith on December 25, 1817, to the final days of Judge Isaac C. Parker's jurisdiction over Indian Territory in 1896, Fort Smith National Historic Site preserves almost 80 years of history. From Interstate 40 Eastbound: Exit at Roland, and drive six miles on highway 64 to downtown Fort Smith. From Interstate 40 Westbound & from North I 540 & Fayetteville, take Interstate 40 westbound to I 540 south. Exit west on Rogers Ave. and continue to downtown. In the downtown area: On Rogers or Garrison Ave turn south at 4th St. Turn right onto Garland Ave. At the end of the next block is the entrance to the main parking lot. Parking is also available on Third Street. Visitor Center This building has evolved over time. Beginning in 1846, it was the enlisted men's barracks and dining hall. In 1872, it was converted to a courthouse and jail. A second, more modern, jail was built in 1888. The last major change occurred between 1996-2000 when the buildings were renovated and exhibits added making the building more accessible to visitors. The visitor center helps tell the story of Fort Smith from 1817 to 1896. From Interstate 40 Eastbound: Exit at Roland, and drive six miles on highway 64 to downtown Fort Smith. From Interstate 40 Westbound & from North I 540 & Fayetteville, take Interstate 40 westbound to I 540 south. Exit west on Rogers Ave. and continue to downtown. In the downtown area: On Rogers or Garrison Ave turn south at 4th St. Turn right onto Garland Ave. At the end of the next block is the entrance to the main parking lot. Parking is also available on Third Street. Visitor Center Aerial view of visitor center The former barracks, courthouse, and jail serves as the park's visitor center Commissary and Supply Wagon Commissary and Supply Wagon In 1845, Fort Smith was converted to a supply depot. With this mission, Fort Smith became one of the busiest supply posts in the southwest. Entrance sign Entrance sign in snow Entrance sign along the river trail on a snowy day. Foundations of First Fort Smith Foundations of first Fort Smith and Arkansas River Foundations of the first Fort Smith with Arkansas River in the background Jail Wagon and Gallows Jail Wagon and Gallows A jail wagon like this one was use the transport prisoners to the Federal Courthouse 6th Street. Supply Wagon and Visitor Center Supply Wagon and visitor center Supply Wagon and visitor center 2014 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Recipients of the 2014 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Wildland Fire in Arkansas' National Parks Wildland fire impacts each of the national parks in Arkansas in one way or another. The National Park Service manages wildland fire to protect the public; park communities and infrastructure; conserve natural and cultural resources; and maintain and restore natural ecosystem processes. A prescribed fire is monitored by a firefighter on an all-terrain vehicle. Fort Smith's United States Colored Troops Although African-Americans served in every previous American war, it was through the decisions of specific commanders. In a controversial move, the War Department called for all Union commanders to receive black soldiers into the Union forces. This official action led to the formation of the 11th Regiment United States Colored Troops, among others, in the fall of 1863. Presentation of colors to the 20th United States Colored Infantry 2017 Freeman Tilden Award Recipients Meet the national and regional winners of the 2017 Freeman Tilden Award; the National Park Service's highest award for excellence in interpretation. Portrait of Hollie Lynch The Border States The existence of divided populations in Border States had a profound impact on Union and Confederate strategy-both political and military. Each side undertook military and political measures--including brutal guerilla warfare-- in their attempts to control areas of divided loyalty and hostile moral and political views held by local civilians. Painting showing removal of Missouri civilians from their homes by Union troops The Civilian Experience in the Civil War After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians both near and far from the battlefields became unwilling participants and victims of the war as its toll of blood and treasure grew year after year. In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material, and began to expect that their government should do the same. Painting of civilians under fire during the Siege of Vicksburg The Changing War Begun as a purely military effort with the limited political objectives of reunification (North) or independence (South), the Civil War transformed into a social, economic and political revolution with unforeseen consequences. As the war progressed, the Union war effort steadily transformed from a limited to a hard war; it targeted not just Southern armies, but the heart of the Confederacy's economy, morale, and social order-the institution of slavery. Woodcut of spectators watching a train station set fire by Sherman's troops National Park Service Commemoration of the 19th Amendment In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the passing of the 19th Amendment the National Park Service has developed a number of special programs. This includes online content, exhibits, and special events. The National Park Service’s Cultural Resources Geographic Information Systems (CRGIS) announces the release of a story map that highlights some of these programs and provides information for the public to locate and participate. Opening slide of the 19th Amendment NPS Commemoration Story Map Series: NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Since 2002, the National Park Service (NPS) has awarded Environmental Achievement (EA) Awards to recognize staff and partners in the area of environmental preservation, protection and stewardship. A vehicle charges at an Electric Vehicle charging station at Thomas Edison National Historical Park Volunteer - Library Assistant Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Interpretive Program Presenter Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Education Program Presenter Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Visitor Center Greeter Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Living History Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Administrative Assistant Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Museum Collections Assistant Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Photographer Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Volunteer - Maintenance Job description for Fort Smith National Historic Site volunteer position. Fort Smith Coloring Pages Coloring pages with a Fort Smith theme. line drawing of a supply wagon and commissary Fort Smith Then and Now Can you spot the differences between historic and modern photos of Fort Smith. Historic black and white photo of three fort buildings behind a stone wall. Fort Smith Flagpole Brief history of the flagstaff at Fort Smith supply wagon with red brick visitor center and tall flagstaff in background. Instructions to Deputy US Marshals Instructions regarding behavior of Deputy US Marshals from Marshal John Carrol in 1887. metal badge - five point star Text reading Deputy Marshal I.T. United States. Federal Court Overview Federal Court: Western District of Arkansas & Indian Territory 1872-1896 Black and white photo of a crowed courtroom Judge Parker sitting at his desk in the center back. Teachers - Talking Points for Self-Guided Tours Highlights and talking points for teachers leading a self guided tour of the visitor center. Stephen H. Long Brief biography of Major Stephen H. Long, Topographical Engineer National Park Service Career Exploration Explore the variety of career opportunities in the National Park Service. A mosaic of small color pictures of the NPS employees working in different career fields. 1875 Interview with Judge Parker Interview from the Saint Louis Daily Globe-Democrat with Judge I. C. Parker. on July 6, 1875 shortly after his arrival in Fort Smith. He discusses the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas's unique jurisdiction and current opinion on a railroad line through Arkansas and Indian Territory. White male with brown hair, mustache, and goatee wearing a dark suit and tie. National Obituary of Judge Parker Obituary of Judge Parker originally published in The American Law Review, January-February 1897. It is a tribute to a man well respected by his peers. White man with white hair, mustache, and long goatee wearing a dark three piece suit. 1896 Interview with Judge Parker Parker's last interview, two months before his death, was in September, 1896, and coincided with the end of the court's jurisdiction over Indian Territory. In this lengthy and personal interview, Parker discusses conditions in Indian Territory, the nature of the cases he heard, his feelings on capital punishment, and how he was perceived by others. Most of the quotes associated with Parker are from this interview. White male with white hair, mustache, and goatee wearing a dark three piece suit. Obituary of Judge Parker Obituary of Judge Parker, printed in the Fort Smith Elevator on November 20, 1896, provides excellent insight into how the judge was viewed by the community. White headstone with text reading 4000 Isaac C Parker. Judge Parker: Frequently Asked Questions Facts behind some of the myths, misconceptions, and common questions about Judge Isaac C. Parker. Empty courtroom green covered attorney tables in center, and judges bench on left. The Words of Judge Parker Judge Parker in his own words including letters, speeches, jury instructions, and sentencings. Painting of a white man with white hair, mustache and goatee wearing black judge's robe. Further Reading On Judge Parker A list of articles, books both nonfiction and fiction, and other works about Judge Parker. Fort Smith Gallows A brief history of the gallows used by the Western District of Arkansas with Jurisdiction over Indian Territory from 1872 - 1896. A tall stone wall and fence allow only part of the of a slanted roof and crossbeam to be seen. Oak Cemetery Burials Sortable table listing the men executed at Fort Smith who are buried in Oak Cemetery. Arched sign reads Oak Cemetery with tree branches some with and other without leaves.

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