"Mount Rose Trail Overlook" by NPS , public domain

Grand Portage

National Monument - Minnesota

Grand Portage National Monument is located on the north shore of Lake Superior in northeastern Minnesota that preserves a vital center of fur trade activity and Anishinaabeg Ojibwe heritage. The area became one of the British Empire's four main fur trading centers in North America, along with Fort Niagara, Fort Detroit, and Michilimackinac. The Grand Portage is an 8.5-mile (13.7 km) (2720 rod) footpath which bypasses a set of waterfalls and rapids on the last 20 miles (32 km) of the Pigeon River before it flows into Lake Superior. This path is part of the historic trade route of the French-Canadian voyageurs and coureur des bois between their wintering grounds and their depots to the east.

location

maps

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map 5 - Grand Marais to Pigeon Point - of the Lake Superior State Water Trail in Minnesota. Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR).Lake Superior Water Trail - Map 5 - Grand Marais to Pigeon Point

Map 5 - Grand Marais to Pigeon Point - of the Lake Superior State Water Trail in Minnesota. Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR).

Recreation Basemap of Grand Portage in Minnesota. Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR).Minnesota Recreation - Grand Portage

Recreation Basemap of Grand Portage in Minnesota. Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR).

Recreation Basemap of Pigeon Point in Minnesota. Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR).Minnesota Recreation - Pigeon Point

Recreation Basemap of Pigeon Point in Minnesota. Published by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR).

https://www.nps.gov/grpo/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Portage_National_Monument Grand Portage National Monument is located on the north shore of Lake Superior in northeastern Minnesota that preserves a vital center of fur trade activity and Anishinaabeg Ojibwe heritage. The area became one of the British Empire's four main fur trading centers in North America, along with Fort Niagara, Fort Detroit, and Michilimackinac. The Grand Portage is an 8.5-mile (13.7 km) (2720 rod) footpath which bypasses a set of waterfalls and rapids on the last 20 miles (32 km) of the Pigeon River before it flows into Lake Superior. This path is part of the historic trade route of the French-Canadian voyageurs and coureur des bois between their wintering grounds and their depots to the east. Travel into the past to discover the present. Explore the partnership of the Grand Portage Ojibwe and the North West Company during the North American fur trade and the NPS today. Follow pathways into a distant time. Experience the sights and smells of a bustling depot reconstructed in its exact location. Hear the beat of the drum echo over Gichigami - Lake Superior. Traveling northeast or southwest on MN Hwy 61 visitors will see signs alerting the approach to Grand Portage National Monument. A right turn exit lane or left turn from Hwy 61 at the Grand Portage Trading Post will take visitors onto Casino Road. Turn left at the first stop sign from Casino Road to Mile Creek Road. About 3/4 mile on Mile Creek Road, look for the large wooden entrance sign. Turn left up the short hill into the Heritage Center parking lot. Heritage Center The Grand Portage National Monument Heritage Center opened on August 10, 2007 with a commitment to honor the area's history, people and culture. The building houses exhibit galleries about Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) culture and the fur trade, America's National Parks bookstore, multi-media programs. Ask questions, plan your visit, stamp your passport, borrow snowshoes (in winter), and more at the "Circle" (front desk). The upstairs of the Heritage Center serves as Park Headquarters. From Highway 61, turn onto Mile Creek Road (The road the Trading Post/Gas Station is on). Turn Left at the 4-way stop sign. Drive for approximately 3/4 miles and turn left at the large, wooden, Grand Portage National Monument sign. The parking lot is one way, please follow the painted arrows. Fort Charlotte Backcountry Campgrounds Two backcountry campsites, accessible to hikers and canoeists, are located at the Pigeon River (Canada/U.S. border) end of Grand Portage National Monument. Each campsite is limited to nine people. Camping permits are required and issued by the park. A permit system allows campers to reserve a campsite in advance. Allow a minimum of two weeks in advance for permit processing. Canoe-in, Walk-in, tent-only sites 0.00 There are no fees to use these backcountry campgrounds. Camping permits available from the Grand Portage National Monument Heritage Center are required. You also may reserve a campsite by phone at: 218.475.0123. Pigeon River Scenary River flowing over rocks in a background of trees. Serenity pervades the Pigeon River at Fort Charlotte. Fort Charlotte Campsite Campsite near large evergreen trees near river. Campsites have tent platforms, tables and shade trees. Informative Panels Informative panels mounted in wooden kiosk. Colorful and informative panels welcome visitors. Informative Panels Colorful panels inform visitors about Fort Charlotte. Panels welcome and inform visitors about Fort Charlotte. Mount Rose Trail overlooks Historic Depot & Grand Portage Bay Stockade fence and log building overlooking Lake Superior Beautiful scenary welcomes Fall visitors to Grand Portage. Ojibwe Village (Anishinaabe Odena) Birch bark lodges among trees. The Ojibwe Village is located in the Historic Depot Seneca Sunflowers Canoe Warehouse Sunflowers blossoms in front of log building Colorful blossoms in the Three Sister's Garden Historic Depot, Hat Point Three log buildings with Lake and point of land in background. Fall is a great time to hike the Mount Rose Trail Historic Depot From Mount Rose Log buildings, stockade fence and dock near Lake. Fall is a great time to hike to the mount Rose overlook. The Men of the Voyageurs Encampment Voyageurs, North Men and The Montrealers made up the bulk of the fur trade employees at Grand Portage. These hardy souls would spend weeks to months in the wilderness transporting trade goods to remote posts either in canoes or on their backs. Learn why some were called porkeaters and how others usually did not leave the fur trade having any money to take home. Canoe on side provides shelter, 3 men relax on canoe, 3 around campfire. Stewardship at Grand Portage National Monument The National Park Service and the Grand Portage Band of the Lake Superior Chippewa work together at Grand Portage National Monument to support, interpret, and preserve the lifeways of the Ojibwe people, including the historic values of the Grand Portage trail. The Band has long been involved in stewardship of the Monument, where tribe members play a critical role in management, landscape maintenance, and historic preservation. Crew member work on steps on a wooded trail, with a lake in the far distance. Series: National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas The servicewide Geodiversity Atlas provides information on <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geoheritage-conservation.htm">geoheritage</a> and <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geodiversity.htm">geodiversity</a> resources and values all across the National Park System to support science-based management and education. The <a href="https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1088/index.htm">NPS Geologic Resources Division</a> and many parks work with National and International <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/park-geology.htm">geoconservation</a> communities to ensure that NPS abiotic resources are managed using the highest standards and best practices available. park scene mountains NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Grand Portage National Monument, Minnesota Each park-specific page in the NPS Geodiversity Atlas provides basic information on the significant geologic features and processes occurring in the park. [Site Under Development] depot and lakeshore Invasive Mussels at Apostle Islands: They're Hardier than You Thought Lake Superior was once thought to be inhospitable to zebra and quagga mussels because of it’s cold water and low calcium levels, yet they have been found in the waters of Apostle Islands National Lakeshore in recent investigations. What is the National Park Service doing, and what can you do to help? A map of the western end of Lake Superior, including Apostle Islands National Lakeshore The Historic Stone Bridge at Grand Portage National Monument The Stone Bridge is a representative example of the rustic aesthetic that characterized both National Park Service and Civilian Conservation Corps construction projects. The single-span Stone Bridge crosses Grand Portage Creek and provides important access to the nearby Grand Portage Band school and community buildings. This bridge is heavily used by residents as it provides a vital link between the two portions of the Grand Portage community. A stone bridge across a creek Changing Patterns of Water Availability May Change Vegetation Composition in US National Parks Across the US, changes in water availability are altering which plants grow where. These changes are evident at a broad scale. But not all areas experience the same climate in the same way, even within the boundaries of a single national park. A new dataset gives park managers a valuable tool for understanding why vegetation has changed and how it might change in the future under different climate-change scenarios. Green, orange, and dead grey junipers in red soil, mountains in background The Porters, the Canoe Landing, and the Fountain Pose The fur trade drove the exploration, mapping, and early settlement of much of North America by Euro-Americans. Many fur trade-period objects and technologies remain at the Grand Portage site complex (site 21CK12), the Fort Charlotte site complex (site 21CK7), and the Grand Portage trail corridor (site 21CK6), bringing the diversity of fur trade life and routines into sharper focus. Rusty horseshoe with nails Civilian Conservation Corp Indian Division at Grand Portage The Commissioner of Indian Affairs under Herbert Hoover, concerned about the impact of the Great Depression on American Indians, suggested a modified Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) program be created eventually named the Civilian Conservation Corps-Indian Division (CCC-ID). The Consolidated Chippewa were the first Minnesota participants in the CCC-ID. The Grand Portage Band welcomed economic support because of a depressed fish market, their main source of income. Historic black and white photo of several men digging, using tools for archeology. Things to Do in Minnesota Things to do and trip ideas in Minnesota national parks. Pink cliffs in the background with yellow and green bushes in the foreground. Grand Portage National Monument Heritage Center In 1958, the Grand Portage Band donated part of its land inside its reservation to the National Park Service to establish the site of the Grand Portage National Monument. Band members hoped that the new park unit, complete with a visitor center and museum, would revitalize the reservation's struggling economy and bring jobs to Grand Portage. A building with many windows above a lakeshore, nestled among fall colored trees on a hill. Historic Gardens at Grand Portage Many vegetable varieties grown in the Grand Portage gardens date back to the 1700s and early 1800s. Vegetable varieties from 200 years ago and earlier are still available today because Native American and early settler families saved seeds from their harvests to plant in the following year. The seeds saved were handed down from one generation to another. Historic gardener with two children in a vegetable garden Precambrian Geology at Grand Portage National Monument Rugged hills and boggy lowlands, shear rock cliffs, shallow incised bays, and Lake Superior, all come together in the highlands of Grand Portage. High hills contain cores of large Pigeon River dikes which support Mounts Josephine, Rose, Maude, and Sophie, and also create the highest waterfalls in Minnesota at Grand Portage State Park. A layered cliff face with trees in the background and a blue sky. Series: Things to Do in Midwest National Parks There is something for everyone in the Midwest. See what makes the Great Plains great. Dip your toes in the continent's inland seas. Learn about Native American heritage and history. Paddle miles of scenic rivers and waterways. Explore the homes of former presidents. From the Civil War to Civil Rights, discover the stories that shape our journey as a nation. Steep bluff with pink sky above and yellow leaves below. Balloons Over Rendezvous See a historic balloon launch during Rendezvous Days! Learn about an early Great Lakes traveler first made famous by his interest hot air balloons. A wealthy Italian nobleman and one of the world’s first aeronauts, Count Paolo Andreani made the first balloon ascension in Italy in March, 1784. In the 1790-91 period, Andreani turned to exploration and visited the Great Lakes region, coming to Grand Portage in a birchbark canoe. A hot air balloon floating above the ground. Ojibwe Horses at Grand Portage Rendezvous Lac La Croix ponies or Ojibwe horses, known in the Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) language as bebezhigooganzhii or mishtadim, stand only 14 hands high (just under 5 feet). They once roamed free in Minnesota and northwestern Ontario, and are perfectly adapted to life in the north country. At one time they were community animals, serving as winter labor and wandering free to forage in the summer months. See these horses on view during Rendezvous Days. A bareback rider on a dark brown horse. George Morrison World renown artist and visionary George Morrison, a son of Grand Portage, was born in Chippewa City outside Grand Marais, Minnesota in 1919, and grew up with the beauty of Lake Superior as a backdrop. He was the first Native American Artist to have his work recognized and displayed in the White House. A man inside a room, surrounded by pieces of wood. Ningiiwekiimin: We Are Returning to Our Land In 2021, connections were renewed between the Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa and the National Park Service, but it wasn't always this way. Grand Portage National Monument and Isle Royale program managers echo the past and look to the future in this excerpt. THE GREENSTONE (2022) Article by Anna Deschampe and Seth DePasqual A Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa flag and US flag fly side by side. Top 10 Tips for Visiting Grand Portage National Monument Advance planning can help you prepare for your visit to Grand Portage National Monument. See our list for 10 insider tips to make the most of your trip. Many people on a lawn in front of an historic building. Nagamowin Akiing: Bineshiiyag Gichi Onigamiing A summary of songbird monitoring data collected at Grand Portage from 2014 through 2018. A gray, black, and white bird (Canada Jay) stands on a green conifer branch. Parks' Perspectives on Environmental Justice This special C2 webinar features a panel of National Park Service staff, who represent different parks, on their role in Environmental Justice: Acadia & TEK, Rebecca Cole-Will, Chief of Natural & Cultural Resources Grand Portage & Co-Management, Bill Clayton, Archeologist Pullman National Monument & Getting Started, Teri Gage, Superintendent National Capital Parks East & Building Meaningful Engagement, Tara Morrison, Superintendent (May 2022) a screenshot of a webinar with five presenters on screen

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