"Saint Croix Island at low tide" by U.S. National Park Service , public domain

Saint Croix Island

International Historic Site - Maine

Saint Croix Island (French: Île Sainte-Croix), is a small uninhabited island in Maine near the mouth of the Saint Croix River that forms part of the Canada–United States border separating Maine from New Brunswick. The island is in the heart of the traditional lands of the Passamaquoddy people who, according to oral tradition, used it to store food away from the dangers of mainland animals. The island was the site of an early attempt at French colonization by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons in 1604. There is no public access to the island, but there is a visitor contact station on the U.S. mainland and a display on the Canadian mainland opposite the island.

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Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/sacr/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Croix_Island,_Maine Saint Croix Island (French: Île Sainte-Croix), is a small uninhabited island in Maine near the mouth of the Saint Croix River that forms part of the Canada–United States border separating Maine from New Brunswick. The island is in the heart of the traditional lands of the Passamaquoddy people who, according to oral tradition, used it to store food away from the dangers of mainland animals. The island was the site of an early attempt at French colonization by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons in 1604. There is no public access to the island, but there is a visitor contact station on the U.S. mainland and a display on the Canadian mainland opposite the island. The winter of 1604-1605 on Saint Croix Island was a cruel one for Pierre Dugua's French expedition. Iced in by freezing temperatures and cut off from fresh water and game, 35 of 79 men died. As spring arrived and native people traded game for bread, the health of those remaining improved. Although the expedition moved on by summer, the beginning of French presence in North America had begun. Saint Croix Island International Historic Site is best reached by private vehicle. The site is located 8 miles (13 km) south of Calais, Maine, on US Route 1, and can be reached either by Route 9 from Bangor or US Route 1, the coastal route from Portland and points south. From US Route 1, turn onto St. Croix Drive. The entrance gate is on the right. The visitor center is inside the ranger station. Saint Croix Island Ranger Station The ranger station provides information for the area and the history of Saint Croix Island, and marks the start of the interpretive trail leading out to the viewpoint overlooking the island. Saint Croix Island International Historic Site is best reached by private vehicle. The site is located 8 miles (13 km) south of Calais, Maine, on US Route 1, and can be reached either by Route 9 from Bangor or US Route 1, the coastal route from Portland and points south. From US Route 1, turn onto St. Croix Drive. The entrance gate is on the right. The visitor center is inside the ranger station. Saint Croix Island Entrance View of the drive into Saint Croix Island International Historic Site. View of the drive into Saint Croix Island International Historic Site. Interpretive Trail A wayside discussing the history of the island along the interpretive trail. An interpretive trail guides visitors through the history of the island and the people who called it home. Bronze Sculpture A bronze sculpture of a Passamaquoddy person reaching out to assist the French settlers. The Passamaquoddy's assistance kept the French explorers alive. Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons A bronze sculpture of Pierre Dugua with a reenactor standing nearby. Pierre Dugua and his men spent a dealthy winter on Saint Croix Island. Visitors reading a wayside along the trail Three visitors read an interpretive wayside along the trail. As you walk along the trail waysides provide more information about surviving that deadly winter of 1604-05. Non-Invasive Archeological Investigations at Saint Croix Island International Historic Site During the first week of August 2017 the Northeast Region Archaeology Program (NRAP) joined staff and volunteers from Saint Croix Island International Historic Site (SACR) and Acadia National Park (ACAD) to conduct high resolution geophysical surveys across the actively eroding southern half of Saint Croix Island, the location of one of the earliest first French settlements in North America (1604). Staff and volunteers pose with archeological equipment, outdoors. Request for Proposals: McGlashan-Nickerson House, Calais, Maine The National Park Service is seeking proposals from interested parties to lease the historic McGlashan-Nickerson House located at 76 St. Croix Drive, Calais, Maine. McGlashan-Nickerson House First Floor: Historic McGlashan-Nickerson House Through a Request for Proposals (RFP), the McGlashan-Nickerson House is available for a long-term lease of up to 60 years on favorable terms. The lease will require that the lessee rehabilitate and preserve the building. These 360 images of the interior offer a glimpse of its condition and range of amenities, as of July 2020. Distorted 360 view of a room interior with a wood floors, doorways, and bathroom fixtures Second Floor: Historic McGlashan-Nickerson House Through a Request for Proposals (RFP), the McGlashan-Nickerson House is available for a long-term lease of up to 60 years on favorable terms. The lease will require that the lessee rehabilitate and preserve the building. These 360 images of the interior offer a glimpse of its condition and range of amenities, as of July 2020. Distorted 360 view of a room interior with a wood floors, doorways, and bathroom fixtures Outbuildings: Historic McGlashan-Nickerson House Through a Request for Proposals (RFP), the McGlashan-Nickerson House is available for a long-term lease of up to 60 years on favorable terms. The lease will require that the lessee rehabilitate and preserve the building. These 360 images of the interior offer a glimpse of its condition and range of amenities, as of July 2020. Distorted 360 view of a room interior with a wood floors, doorways, and bathroom fixtures The French Along the Northeast Coast—1604-1607 From 1604 to 1607, a French expedition explored the southeastern Canadian and New England coasts. The first winter base for this expedition is now within the boundary of Saint Croix Island International Historic Site, an NPS unit. Archeological data, written accounts, drawings, and maps from the French reports of the exploration provide a wealth of information about the Native people, their ways of life, and their settlements. Champlain's illustration of the Saint Croix settlement. Virtual Tour: Historic McGlashan-Nickerson House Through a Request for Proposals (RFP), the McGlashan-Nickerson House is available for a long-term lease of up to 60 years on favorable terms. The lease will require that the lessee rehabilitate and preserve the building. These 360 images of the interior offer a glimpse of its condition and range of amenities, as of July 2020. Interior image of bathroom with wood floors and historic fixtures Marine Animals on the Move You may be familiar with heat waves on land, but in a changing, warming world, heat waves are starting to become common in the ocean, too. These changes are bringing warmer currents into the area and, in turn, are shifting what animals we’re seeing inhabit the ocean waters around Acadia National Park. Come learn more about the changes that Acadia and other national parks are going through and what you can do to help. gray seal head in ocean water Series: National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas The servicewide Geodiversity Atlas provides information on <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geoheritage-conservation.htm">geoheritage</a> and <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geodiversity.htm">geodiversity</a> resources and values all across the National Park System to support science-based management and education. The <a href="https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1088/index.htm">NPS Geologic Resources Division</a> and many parks work with National and International <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/park-geology.htm">geoconservation</a> communities to ensure that NPS abiotic resources are managed using the highest standards and best practices available. park scene mountains A Very Roosevelt Christmas In 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt found his perfect Christmas tree from a tiny island in Maine, just two days after Pearl Harbor. Franklin D. Roosevelt and family in front of the Saint Croix Christmas tree in 1941. Indigenizing Archaeology at Acadia National Park Dr. Bonnie Newsom, and graduate students Natalie Dana Lolar and Isaac St. John, carefully removed stone pieces, bone splinters, and baked clay fragments from their special archival plastic bags and spread them out on a table. They paused for a moment. Newsom, Lolar, and St. John are trained archaeologists and members of different Wabanaki tribes. They were the first Wabanaki people to see the objects since those who created them more than a thousand years ago. a light brown bone flute sits above a light brown piece of pottery The 1604 Saint Croix Island Settlement: A Brief Historical Context The Saint Croix Island settlement was not the first attempt by Europeans to colonize North America. Learn more about the various attempts at settling the Atlantic Coast of North America by Europeans. a painting of a colonial ship and native peoples The Saint Croix Island Settlement Learn about the Saint Croix Island settlement and how 79 men attempted to survive the winter of 1604-05 of Saint Croix Island. drawing of european settlers building things 19th and 20th Century History of Saint Croix Island IHS Though the 1604-05 French settlement on Saint Croix Island is the watershed moment in history that led to the founding of Saint Croix Island International Historic Site, the march of time continued. Learn more about the history of the area in the 19th and 20th centuries including industrialization. rotten pier supports stick up among the rocks in a wooded cove Scurvy at The Saint Croix Settlement When the men settled on Saint Croix Island, they planned on their seasons being similar to those in France, however, the winter of 1604 was one of the coldest recorded and they were unprepared. Scurvy, which plagued sailors for centuries, took hold on the island settlement. Learn more about the impact of this deadly and painful disease on the Saint Croix Island settlement and through the centuries. drawing depicting 17th century european men standing around two sick people in bed

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