"Tug Boat docked off of Derby Wharf for the Salem Maritime Festival in 2016" by U.S. National Park Service , public domain

Salem Maritime

National Historic Site - Massachusetts

The Salem Maritime National Historic Site consits of 12 historic structures, one replica tall-ship, and about 9 acres (36,000 m2) of land along the waterfront of Salem Harbor in Salem, Massachusetts. It interprets the Triangle Trade during the colonial period, in cotton, rum, sugar and slaves; the actions of privateers during the American Revolution; and global maritime trade with the Far East, after independence.

maps

Official visitor map of Salem Maritime National Historic Site (NHS) in Massachusetts. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Salem Maritime - Visitor Map

Official visitor map of Salem Maritime National Historic Site (NHS) in Massachusetts. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/sama/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salem_Maritime_National_Historic_Site The Salem Maritime National Historic Site consits of 12 historic structures, one replica tall-ship, and about 9 acres (36,000 m2) of land along the waterfront of Salem Harbor in Salem, Massachusetts. It interprets the Triangle Trade during the colonial period, in cotton, rum, sugar and slaves; the actions of privateers during the American Revolution; and global maritime trade with the Far East, after independence. Established on March 17, 1938 as the first National Historic Site in the United States, Salem Maritime National Historic Site consists of nine acres of land and twelve historic structures along the Salem waterfront, as well as a downtown visitor center. Located in the urban setting of Salem, the park preserves and interprets over 600 years of New England's maritime history and global connections. Salem Maritime National Historic Site is located in downtown Salem, Massachusetts and is accessible by vehicle, commuter rail, bus, ferry, and recreational boat. Salem Armory In the Salem Armory Visitor Center, National Park Service staff and volunteers provide information on historic sites and other places of interest throughout the Essex National Heritage Area. Visitors can learn more about the history of Essex County from the exhibits and free orientation film available inside. Books and gifts are available for purchase in the Salem Maritime National Historic Site Park Store. The Salem Armory Visitor Center is across from the Peabody Essex Museum and the Museum Place Garage 14 miles north of Boston, Massachusetts. Waite & Peirce Waite & Peirce offers a curated selection of quality products that will help extend your park experience with maritime themed goods that hearken back to Salem's place in the history of global trade. Explore the exclusive line of Waite & Peirce apparel, jewelry, home goods, historical reproductions, collectibles, toys and gifts. Waite & Peirce is located on historic Derby Street in downtown Salem adjacent to Derby Wharf. Friendship of Salem A three mast tall ship on the water under a blue sky with red brick buildings on the shore. Park Waterfront & Vessel Friendship of Salem Custom House Three story red brick building with white columns has a wide staircase and golden eagle on top. This Custom House was built in 1819 and housed offices for the officers of the U.S. Customs Service, as well as an attached warehouse, the Public Stores, used for the storage of bonded and impounded cargo. Derby Wharf Light A white rectangular lighthouse approximately 20 feet tall is near the water on a gravel road. The Derby Wharf Light Station has aided navigation in Salem Harbor since it was first lit in 1871. Derby House Three story red brick building with white windows and a brick pathway through grasses and trees. Built in 1762 as a wedding present, the Derby House was the home of Elias Hasket Derby (1739-1799) and Elizabeth Crowninshield Derby (1727-1799) for the first twenty years of their marriage. My Internship with the National Park Service: Maryana Carreón Learn about Maryana Carreón's internship with the National Park Service (NPS) and how she aims to connect NPS with the local Latinx community! Carreón comes to the National Parks from the Latino Heritage Internship Program (LHIP) and Environment for the Americas. woman stands at a river overlook smiling Careers in National Parks: Maryann Zujewski Maryann Zujewski is the Education Specialist at Salem Maritime and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Sites. Learn about her career path and her commitment to sharing Black voices in history. This is one of a series of articles written by Tahmoor Chadury, intern with the Latino Heritage Internship Program (LHIP). A park ranger speaking at a podium. Assessing the Vulnerability of Derby Wharf Derby Wharf, one of four historic wharfs at Salem Maritime National Historic Site, has been identified as the most vulnerable asset to current environmental conditions as well as projected future conditions from climate change impacts, such as sea level rise, increased storm surge and more frequent tidal flooding. FPL intern takes measurements at Derby Wharf FRIENDSHIP OF SALEM returns to Derby Wharf After nearly three years, FRIENDSHIP OF SALEM splashed off the marine railway without incident on Thursday, April 17. She returned to Salem Maritime at high tide on Monday, April 22, 2019 under her own power. 2014 Freeman Tilden Award Recipients Introducing the national and regional recipients of the 2014 Freeman Tilden Awards, given in recognition of new and innovative programs in interpretation. Two rangers holding a whale skull Privateers in the American Revolution The Americans responded to the situation with the time-honored practice of privateering. American privateering activity during the American Revolution became an industry born of necessity that encouraged patriotic private citizens to harass British shipping while risking their lives and resources for financial gain. A tall, 3 masted ship with red and white bottom; blue sky and clouds beyond Careers in the National Parks: Socrates Trinidad Socrates Trinidad is a Visitor Services Assistant at Salem Maritime and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Sites. This is one of a series of articles written by Tahmoor Chadury, intern with the Latino Heritage Internship Program (LHIP). A park ranger with visitors and a dog My Career in the National Park Service: Anna Spencer Anna Spencer has found the dream job as a gardener with the National Park Service! She spends each day outside, taking care of and learning from plants and animals. Anna working in a garden El Punto: the "Open Air Museum" and a Little Taste of Home In honor of Latino Conservation Week, Maryana Carreón reflects on the Punto Urban Art Museum, located within the historic Salem neighborhood, El Punto. Carreón comes to the National Parks from the Latino Heritage Internship Program (LHIP) and Environment for the Americas. painting of a person with long hair Careers in the National Parks: Gavin Gardner Gavin Gardner is the Resource Program Manager at Salem Maritime and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Sites. Learn about his career path and his message on World Ranger Day. This is one of a series of articles written by Tahmoor Chadury, intern with the Latino Heritage Internship Program (LHIP). a park ranger walking through a park with balloons My Career in the National Park Service: John Newman John Newman started as a volunteer and is now a ship rigger at Salem Maritime National Historic Site. A park ranger inside a wooden building A tonic for national pride: Early triumphs of the super-frigates Thomas Jefferson was never more wrong. In late June 1812 he wrote to his friend Thaddeus Kosciuszko that no war had been “entered into under more favorable auspices” and that “[o]ur present enemy will have the seas to herself, while we shall be equally predominant at land, and shall strip her of all her possessions on this continent.” Fragmented pots showing naval battle scenes Rock stars of the early Republic: Culture of heroism on the high seas American naval victories in the War of 1812 are most commonly associated with the six super frigates such as the USS Constitution and USS United States that represented the highest level of naval technology available at the time. But American triumphs occurred with smaller ships as well. Portraits of naval heroes surrounded by ropes, flags and battle scenes Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Nathaniel Hawthorne Though Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Nathaniel Hawthorne graduated together as members of Bowdoin College’s class of 1825, the friendship between the two men truly started in 1837. They would remain friends and literary colleagues the rest of their lives. Engraving of young man looking down in profile Archeology ABCs Coloring Book Archeology paints a colorful picture of the past! Download and print this full coloring book packed with archeological objects from A to Z! Title page for coloring book entitled Archeology ABCs Coloring Book Series: “The Luxuriant Shoots of Our Tree of Liberty:” American Maritime Experience in the War of 1812 Thomas Jefferson was never more wrong. In late June 1812 he wrote to his friend Thaddeus Kosciuszko that no war had been "entered into under more favorable auspices" and that "[o]ur present enemy will have the seas to herself, while we shall be equally predominant at land, and shall strip her of all her possessions on this continent." The American army quickly experienced a series of horrendous reverses, while the navy gained triumph after triumph. Portraits honoring naval heroes of the War of 1812 The Unsung Heroes of Essex County On Sunday, March 28, Essex National Heritage Area and the National Park Service co-hosted “Unsung Heroes: Black Women’s History in Essex County”. The virtual event presented research from a project funded by the National Park Service (NPS) and the Organization of American Historians (OAH) and included the work of two local leading scholars in United States history, women’s and gender studies, race and ethnicity, and social justice. Red Saltbox house. Green grass, wildflower garden, and historical sign in front. Boarding Pistol or Bayonet Pistol This object in the collection of Salem Maritime is a brass, cannon barrel, boxlock flintlock pistol. It is approximately 11½ inches in length overall, 3½ inches in height, with a 6-inch barrel. Attached on the underside of the barrel near the muzzle is a spring bayonet, with a 4¼ inch blade. This piece was acquired by the park in 1974 from the collection of Gettysburg National Military Park, as a representative of a style of pistol utilized on Salem merchant vessels. Brass pistol with wood stock and spring bayonet extended. Interview with Dan Finamore New England has a rich history of genealogy and ancestry. Communities have documented their lineage back to the original settlement of the area. This article shared insights from a museum curator whose work interfaces with this history. Yellowed page of book with unreadable writing arranged in columns. Tea Chests Tea has been cultivated and drunk in China since at least as far back as the Han Dynasty, (about 150 BCE). By the 7th century CE, tea had spread to Japan and Korea. Almost a thousand years later, in 1606, the first shipment of tea landed in Amsterdam, beginning a Western obsession with these loose dried leaves that shows no sign of slowing down. Wood tea box with paper label stating the origin as Japan. Has a border of flowers and plants. History of Salem Maritime On March 17, 1938 Salem Maritime National Historic Site was the first national historic site established by the National Park Service. Its purpose is to promote the maritime history of New England and the United States, and preserve part of the historic waterfront in Salem, Massachusetts. This collection of wharves and buildings tell the story of the development of colonial port towns and the importance of international trade to the early economy of the United States, Wood and brick buildings surround Salem Harbor with their image reflected in the water. U.S. Customs Service in Salem Before 1819, the U.S. Customs Service occupied at least thirteen rented facilities in Salem. Eventually it became clear that Customs Service officials needed a secure and permanent headquarters; and the Federal Government wanted to declare a strong and impressive presence in Salem. So in 1818, the U.S. Treasury purchased property directly across from Derby Wharf. Two-story brick building with large white columns and 12 stairs leading to an arched doorway. Voyages of FRIENDSHIP FRIENDSHIP was an “East Indiaman,” the type of merchant ship that was used in the East Indies trade in the years after the American Revolution. It made 15 voyages to countries including China, Indonesia, India, Venezuela, Spain, and Russia. The cargo brought back to Salem consisted of pepper, silk, sugar, coffee, ale, sherry, tin, salt, cheese, candles, and other goods and merchandise. Masts, rigging and white sails of a large sailing vessel. Top 10 Tips for Visiting Salem Maritime We’re expecting an especially busy summer season and want everyone to have a great experience. A little advance trip planning can ensure that your only surprises are happy ones. Check out our top 10 list to get the most out of your summer vacation. A three-masted replica tall ship with black rigging and hull. Figurehead of a woman on the bow. Staff Highlight: Karla Bonilla Karla Bonilla is an intern at Salem Maritime and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Sites. She is a bilingual education/interpretation intern and her project has focused on visitor services, community engagement, and media development. Learn more about why she wanted to work for the National Park Service and how she thinks more youth should be involved. A woman in blue shirt sitting in front of large wooden building. Staff Highlight: Tahmoor Chadury Tahmoor Chadury is an intern at Salem Maritime and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Sites. He is a bilingual education/interpretation intern and his project has focused on exhibit development and community outreach. Learn more about why he wanted to work for the National Park Service and how he thinks more youth should be involved. A smiling man in a blue shirt standing next to a wooden ship's steering wheel. Faceless Dolls Have you ever heard of Faceless Dolls (or Muñecas Sin Rostro)? Faceless Dolls were first created in the 1980’s by sculptor Liliana Mera Limé. Their lack of faces is what makes them a truly unique symbol of the Dominican Republic. Learn more about faceless dolls, their relevance to Salem Maritime National Historic Site, and show off your craft skills by making one of your own! Two paper dolls with long black hair wearing hats, pipe cleaner arms, and decorated dresses. Salem Marine Society Certificate The Salem Marine Society was founded in 1766 by a group of captains from Salem and Beverly. Its purpose was to provide assistance to members if they became ill or met with other difficulties and to assist the widows of deceased members. Still in existence today and made up of the descendants of its seafaring founders, the Salem Marine Society continues its charitable mission. Salem Marine Society Certificate depicting sailing scenes and member's name with date of acceptance. Puritans and Iron Making In 1630, a group of Puritans left England in search of a place to practice their religion freely. They had a charter from the Massachusetts Bay Company to settle land in New England. The Puritans founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony north of the Plymouth Colony that had been established by the Pilgrims ten years earlier. Two men in wide hats and collared shirt with two women in black flowy clothing on a boat. The Joseph Bellamy House: The Great Awakening in Puritan New England (Teaching with Historic Places) Examine the influence of Reverend Joseph Bellamy, a leading preacher in New England from 1740-1790, in colonial American religion, and learn about the role of religion in 18th-century life as well as the resurgence of religious fervor known as the Great Awakening. Lessons Learned from a Decade of Forest Health Monitoring in NETN After more than 10 years of monitoring forest health in NETN parks, plant ecologist Kate Miller shares here knowledge and insights and current forest conditions and tips on long term forest management. A forest glade NETN Species Spotlight - American Woodcock The American Woodcock is a quirky bird. Learn about their habits. and why they are a welcome sight (and sound) each spring in the Northeast, An American Woodcock walks on the forest floor. Anadromous Fish Make the journey from salt to freshwater to learn about anadromous fish! This article is a source for information about anadromous fish in the Saugus River. Details include a myriad of species that are born in freshwater estuaries, live their lives in the ocean, and return to freshwater to spawn. Anadromous fish range in size from an average of 10 inches in one species, to 50 inches in another, can be found in the waters tied to the Saugus Iron Works. A slender fish with a down-to-top gradient from light blue to dark blue. Preserving the Iron Works In the early twentieth century a newfound interest in American heritage and colonial revival led to a preservation movement. Preservation of the iron works started with the restoration and protection of the Iron Works House. Learn more about how this work continues to this day. two people wearing green lab coats and a third wearing a purple shirt, look over shelves of objects. Iron Workers The iron workers in Massachusetts were recruited from England for their special iron making knowledge. Skilled iron workers were not Puritan, and they were not property owners, so they did not have a say in the governance of the colony. Learn more about their struggles and experiences living in a Puritan society in this article. A person standing in front of a brick structure holding a rake-like object over several troughs. NETN Field Note: Deer, Worms, and Invasives When too many deer, earthworms, and invasive plant species work i concert, detrimental effects happen to the health of northeastern forests. Forest health monitoring NETN Species Spotlight: Monarch Butterfly The monarch butterfly is a majestic insect. Mimicry, migration, and metamorphosis all help to make it the true king of butterflies. But it's numbers have been dropping dramatically in recent years. Learn more about this amazing species and how you can help to save it. Monarch butterfly on a Meadow Blazing Star plant NETN Species Spotlight: Japanese Knotweed Japanese knotweed is a very robust invasive plant species. Learn why it spreads so readily outside of its native Japan, and how the NPS and other groups are trying to control it. Japanese knotweed plant New England Province The New England province is part of the Appalachian Highlands and contains similar rock types to those found in the Piedmont. However, the provinces differ in that the New England province contains more mountains and has been subjected to Pleistocene glaciation. Structural features on this province include block-fault basins, large intrusive igneous masses, and shoreline cliffs. Baker Island in Acadia National Park. NPS photo NETN Species Spotlight - Sharp-shinned Hawk About the size of a Blue-Jay, Sharp-shinned Hawks are aerial acrobats and are the smallest of three North American agile hawks known as the accipiters (ah-sip-it-ers). Learn more about this amazing and oft misunderstood hawk. Sharp-shinned Hawk perched on a branch NETN Species Spotlight: Acorn Barnacle Barnacles may at first glance appear to have the most boring of lives. But dig a little deeper into these crafty crustaceans, and you'll learn they are among the most fascinating of seashore creatures. Barnacle feeding close-up NETN Species Spotlight - Serviceberry Though it goes by many names, the serviceberry tree is much loved by people and birds alike. Learn more about one of spring's first bloomers and why you should plant one in your yard. Serviceberries ripening. NETN Species Spotlight - Short-tailed Weasel The short-tailed weasel is as energetic as it is resourceful. It has had a reputation of being both virtuous and vile over the centuries. Find out more about the amazing capabilities of this slender member of the weasel family An ermine in full white. NETN Species Spotlight - Your Flowers, Shrubs, and Plants Native species - birds, insects, plants, etc - need our help. When planning your yard layout, consider adding some valuable native plants to the mix. Red maple flowers NETN Species Spotlight - Snowshoe Hare Snowshoe hare are perfectly adapted to their cold, snow environments. Even so, a warming climate and a complex predator/prey relationship has a large influence on their overall population. The enormous hind feet of snowshoe hare. NETN Species Spotlight - Eastern Coyote The eastern coyote is a new predator on the scene. But where did it come from and why is it so much larger than its western cousins? Learn about how this animal came to be and the important ecological niches it is filling in the Northeast. A coyote stares at the camera. NETN Species Spotlight - Northern Short-tailed Shrew The northern short-tailed shrew seems like an impossible mash-up of different creatures. From venomous saliva to echolocation, this tiny predator employs many tactics to satiate an endless appetite. Short-tailed Shrew NETN Species Spotlight - Turkey and Black Vultures Vultures have the thankless job of cleaning the environment up of dead animal carcasses. Learn how they are able to do it without getting sick from deadly bacteria. Close-up of a Black Vulture. Doug Greenberg. NETN Species Spotlight - Paper Birch The Paper Birch is undeniably a tree of the north woods. Entwined in lore and legend, it has been a key part of ecosystems and cultures since well before the time of the Neanderthals even. Paper birch trees in winter. NETN Species Spotlight - Hermit Thrush The Hermit Thrush's ethereal song is a mainstay of summers in the Northeastern U.S. But climate change could mean its song will only be heard north of the border if warming continues unabated. A Hermit Thrush perches on the forest floor. NETN Species Spotlight - Ruffed Grouse Ruffed Grouse have evolved many effective and surprising traits that allow them to survive northeastern winters. Ruffed Grouse displaying Lucas Bobay NETN Species Spotlight - Wild Turkey Wild Turkeys are one of the most iconic species in America. They have a long, and as it turns out, mythic history. Wild Tom Turkey. Wayne Dumbleton. NETN Species Spotlight - Ruby-throated Hummingbird The ruby-throated hummingbird is the only bird of that species that makes its home east of the Mississippi. Learn more about this remarkable bird. A hummingbird feeds on a flower NETN Species Spotlight - Fisher The fisher is a very capable predator of northeastern forests. Learn about the ways this large member of the weasel family makes its living. A large male fisher sitting Polish Legion of American Veterans The Polish American Veterans Association was one of many different groups of Polish World War I veterans, several of which amalgamated in 1931 to form the Polish Legion of American Veterans. A formal portrait of men in uniform outside a building. Chopin Choir Polish nationalists at home and abroad saw classical Polish music and literature as an important tool for mobilizing emigrant support for the fragile Polish state between the world wars. Local leaders in immigrant communities like Salem's promoted Polish culture as a way to combat stereotypes of Poles as heavy laborers suited only for the lowest-paying industrial jobs. A group of men and women in tuxedos and gowns for a formal portrait. Poles at Work in Salem's Industries Salem's "golden age" of maritime trade was over by the 1830s, and like many New England towns and cities, it turned to manufacturing in the later part of the nineteenth century. The Derby Street neighborhood became home to many factories, including numerous small leather companies and also the city's largest mill: the "Pequot Mill" of the Naumkeag Steam Cotton Company. Huge mill complex, with buildings ranging from one to three stories in height. Series: Salem's Polish Community With support from the National Park Service's Ethnography Program, researchers interviewed community members about their memories of the neighborhood, studied materials in archives, museums, and library collections, and pieced together an ethnohistorical account of Polish Salem from the 1870s to the present day. The information on these pages is excerpted the final report from the project, "In the Heart of Polish Salem: An Ethnohistorical Study of St. Joseph Hall and Its Neighborhood." Black and white photo of three girls dressed in costumes. 9 Daniels Street and the Polish American Citizens Club Founded in 1916, the Polish American Citizens Club seems to have emerged from older efforts to promote citizenship and naturalization among Salem's Polish immigrants. With its close ties to religious, fraternal, cultural, military, and other groups in the city, the region, and Polish America in general, it was effective in registering Polish American voters and electing politicians. Black and white photo of rows of men sitting at tables at a formal banquet. Poles and Yankees at the House of Seven Gables The House of Seven Gables Settlement Association, established in 1908 by wealthy Salem native Caroline Emmerton, was a part of a national movement in which progressive educators and social reformers established residential programs intended to assist immigrants and help them become good American citizens. A black and white photo of men and women on stage for a performance. St. Joseph Society and St. Joseph Hall The St. Joseph Society was founded in 1899, as a branch of the national Polish Roman Catholic Union of America. It was unique among Salem's Polish organizations in constructing its own meeting hall rather than adapting an existing building—a clear statement that Poles intended to set down roots here. A large group of people gathered in front of three-story brick building on Derby Street. 128 Derby Street This former firehouse at the corner of Derby and Bentley Streets was a meeting place for several of Salem's Polish organizations between the 1920s and the time it burned down in the 1960s. These groups reflected different time periods and generational experiences in Polish Salem. Black and white photo of Bentley Street in Salem after a heavy snowfall. Salem's Polish Catholic Church and School Ethnic parishes and schools were a cornerstone of most Polish immigrant communities in late nineteenth and early twentieth century America, although there was intense debate about how central a role Catholicism played in Polish identity, and how Polish Catholic parishes should relate to the Irish-dominated American Catholic Church. Black and white photo of children lined up outside the front of a wooden school building. Why Rose Matters The typical and traditional story of Essex County is of just and thriving communities, celebrated wealthy white men, and a free population seeking self-sufficiency. That contrasts with the story of Rose (Lane) Derby, a Black woman whose status as free or enslaved is ambiguous. By knowing her, we can better understand the lived experience of a Black woman—one of the first generation in Massachusetts transitioning from enslaved to free. A yellowed, handwritten page of names from a family Bible. A Woman Named Rose This is a story of a Black woman named Rose (Lane) Derby. The earliest known records of Rose are in a collection of papers from a wealthy Salem family. The records that illuminate the life of Rose allow us to re-imagine the landscape of Salem, where she lived and worked. Through Rose, we gain a fuller and more accurate picture of early Essex County history. A yellowed, handwritten piece of paper reading, "Rose the black girl was born __." Luis F. Emilio: Captain and Story Keeper of the 54th MA Regiment Captain Luis F. Emilio, the son of Spanish immigrants, served with the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment and emerged as the acting commander after many officers were killed or wounded at the assault on Fort Wagner. In 1891, he wrote of the history of the 54th in his book “A Brave Black Regiment.” Portrait of Luis Emilio and two officers of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment Fat Book Week You've heard of #FatBearWeek...now get ready for #FatBookWeek! In honor of the 10,000+ books in the Longfellow family collection, we called on other literary-minded sites to submit the fattest book in their museum collections for a tournament-style bracket of 10 heavyweight tomes. Check out the bracket, then visit @LONGNPS on Instagram each morning from October 6-12 to vote for your favorite bulky book! Graphic of a bear with a paw on a stack of books. Text reads "Fat Book Week October 6-12, 2021"

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