"Abo Mission" by NPS Photo , public domain

Salinas Pueblo Missions

National Monument - New Mexico

The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is a complex of three Spanish missions located in the U.S. state of New Mexico, near Mountainair. The main park visitor center is in Mountainair. Construction of the missions began in 1622 and was completed in 1635.

maps

Official visitor map of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Salinas Pueblo Missions - Visitor Map

Official visitor map of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of San Gregorio de Abó in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Salinas Pueblo Missions - San Gregorio de Abó

Official visitor map of San Gregorio de Abó in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of Quarai in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Salinas Pueblo Missions - Quarai

Official visitor map of Quarai in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Official visitor map of Gran Quivira in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Salinas Pueblo Missions - Gran Quivira

Official visitor map of Gran Quivira in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NM) in New Mexico. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/sapu/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salinas_Pueblo_Missions_National_Monument The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is a complex of three Spanish missions located in the U.S. state of New Mexico, near Mountainair. The main park visitor center is in Mountainair. Construction of the missions began in 1622 and was completed in 1635. Tucked away in the middle of New Mexico you’ll find Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. Its three distinct sites offer a glimpse into a unique time in history—a time entrenched with cultural borrowing, conflict and struggles. These sites continue to stand as reminders of the Spanish and Pueblo peoples’ early encounters and prompt exploration of today’s interactions among different people. Reach the Mountainair Headquarters by taking I-25 south from Albuquerque to Belen, then NM 47 diagonally to US 60, then east 21 miles to Mountainair. To travel the historic highway route (Turquoise Highway) from the north, take I-40 east from Albuquerque to NM 337, drive south 47 miles (76K) to junction with NM State Highway 55. Proceed right (west) on Hwy 55 about 16 miles (26 K). Turn right on Highway 60 and proceed one block to HQ. Information on the ruins & surrounding area is available here. Abó Visitor Center The Abó Visitor Center includes a bookstore and restrooms. There is a short trail through the 17th century Mission of San Gregorio de Abó, and another short trail around the Spanish resettlement structures. During the summer (May 1-October 31), the visitor center, trails and restrooms at Abó are open daily 9:00am-5:00pm. During the winter (November 1-April 30), the Abó Visitor Center is open Thursday-Monday 9:00am-4:00pm. Trails and restrooms are open daily from 9:00am-4:00pm. Located 9 miles west of Mountainair, off Highway 60. Access road on black-top NM Highway 513, ¾ mile from highway. RV turnaround. Gran Quivira Visitor Center The Gran Quivira Visitor Center includes restrooms, museum, and a bookstore. There is ample parking, and the large parking lot allows for easy RV turnaround. During the summer (May 1-October 31), trails and restrooms are open daily from 9am-5pm; the visitor center is open Thursday-Monday from 9am-5pm. During the winter (November 1-April 30), trails and restrooms are open daily from 9am-4pm. The visitor center is closed from Nov 1-February 28; it is open Fri-Sun from 9-4pm March 1-April 30. Gran Quivira lies 25 miles south of Mountainair along NM Hwy 55. Quarai Visitor Center The Quarai Visitor Center includes a museum, restrooms, and a bookstore. A small parking lot makes mid to large RV turnaround difficult. Please park in the gravel lot on hill above the parking lot. During the summer (May 1-October 31), the trails, restrooms, and visitor center are open daily from 9:00am-5:00pm. During the winter (November 1-April 30), trails and restrooms are open daily from 9:00am-4:00pm. The Quarai Visitor Center is open Thursday-Monday from 9:00am-4:00pm. Quarai lies 1 miles outside small village of Punta de Agua, which is 8 miles north of Mountainair on NM Highway 55. All blacktop roads. Small parking lot makes mid to large RV turnaround difficult. Please park on hill above parking lot. Salinas Main Visitor Center Headquarters During the summer season (May 1 through October 31), the Main Visitor Center in Mountainair is open daily 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. During the winter season (Nov 1 through April 30), the Main Visitor Center in Mountainair is open Thursday-Monday from 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. A 14-minute park movie is shown, on demand, at the headquarters. The visitor center includes a museum, restrooms, and gift store. All park sites closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day. Reach the Mountainair Headquarters by taking I-25 south from Albuquerque to Belen, then NM 47 diagonally to US 60, then east 21 miles to Mountainair. To travel the historic highway route (Turquoise Highway) from the north, take I-40 east from Albuquerque to NM 337, drive south 47 miles (76K) to junction with NM State Highway 55. Proceed right (west) on Hwy 55 about 16 miles (26 K). Turn right on Highway 60 and proceed one block to HQ. Quarai Mission In Spring Pink flowers and green foliage frame the roofless remains of a stone mission. Quarai Mission in Spring Quarai Mission Stone walls of a roofless building rise into a bright blue sky. An overview of the Quarai Mission, seen from the west. Annular Eclipse Seen From Gran Quivira An solar eclipse outlines an old stone structure at Salinas Pueblo Missions. An annular eclipse was visible from Gran Quivira in 2012. A special program allowed visitors to experience this amazing celestial event. Kivas At Gran Quivira A paved path winds through the stone foundations of several old kivas. An overview of kivas at Gran Quivira An Overview Of The Abó Mission Stone foundations of an old mission structure. An overview of the Abó Mission with the convento in the foreground. Inside The Abó Church A path through stone walls of an old church. A view inside the Abó Church looking north. A nice carpet of grass is usually present during summer months. The Colorado Plateau The Colorado Plateau is centered on the four corners area of the Southwest, and includes much of Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico. Hazy Fajada Butte, Chaco Culture National Monument Southern Colorado Plateau Exotic Plant Inventory Exotic plants take a heavy toll on biodiversity around the world. In the United States, exotic plant species invade tens of thousands of hectares every year, outcompeting native species and causing many to become threatened or endangered. Fire, flood, and other natural disturbance regimes can also be altered by exotic plants, broadly affecting land management. Common salsify, an exotic plant Paleontology Intern Profile - Emily Thorpe This article highlights paleontology intern Emily Thorpe who served as the first ever paleontology intern at Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico. Emily’s work resulted in the discovery of Permain age plant and vertebrate footprints, as well as a partial skeleton of an early reptile which is new to science. Emily Thorpe Historic Preservation and Resource Documentation at the Abó Painted Rocks Site Researchers at the Abó Painted Rocks site in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico used Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), an active laser ranging sensor system, to record highly accurate geo-referenced 3D points, creating a detailed baseline condition assessment. The assessment can be used by monument staff for future monitoring efforts and developing informed treatment strategies for preservaton of Abó's pictographs. Painted rock images. Southern Colorado Plateau Bird Inventories Birds are considered to be good indicators of environmental change. Inventories of bird populations not only provide valuable information that can help manage bird populations, but can also be helpful in managing other resources as well. Yellow-rumped warbler Vegetation Characterization and Mapping on the Southern Colorado Plateau Vegetation mapping is a tool used by botanists, ecologists, and land managers to better understand the abundance, diversity, and distribution of different vegetation types across a landscape. Vegetation plots used for the classification and mapping of El Malpais NM Climate Change on the Southern Colorado Plateau The combination of high. elevation and a semi-arid climate makes the Colorado Plateau particularly vulnerable to climate change. Climate models predict that over the next 100 years, the Southwest will become warmer and even more arid, with more extreme droughts than the region has experienced in the recent past. One result of climate change may be more, larger floods, like this flash flood in Glen Canyon NRA Monitoring Spring Ecosystems on the Southern Colorado Plateau Springs are important water sources in arid landscapes, supporting unique plant associations and sustaining high levels of biotic diversity. Because springs rely on groundwater, they can serve as important indicators of change in local and regional aquifers. On the Colorado Plateau, spring ecosystems also provide vital habitat for both endemic and regionally rare species, including several types of orchids and declining populations of leopard frogs. A pool of water filled with vegetation and sheltered by large rocks Spanish Colonial Missions of the Southwest Travel Itinerary Spanish Colonial Missions of the Southwest Travel Itinerary. The National Park Service invites you to travel the National Historic Trails, units of the National Park System, and other places listed in the National Register of Historic Places that bring alive the stories of Spanish colonial missions in the Southwestern United States. Missions were communities aimed at converting American Indians to Roman Catholicism and to Spanish ways of life. Spanish Colonial Missions of the Southwest Travel Itinerary Southern Colorado Plateau Mammal Inventories Mammal inventories help to close the gap in our knowledge and understanding of some taxonomic groups on the Colorado Plateau. Coyote (Canis latrans) National Park Service Completes Prescribed Burn at the Gran Quivira unit of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument he National Park Service completed a 325-acre active management project at the Gran Quivira unit of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument in March 2020. A firefighter monitors a burn pile NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico Each park-specific page in the NPS Geodiversity Atlas provides basic information on the significant geologic features and processes occurring in the park. [Site Under Development] stone walls and foundations of mission Series: National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas The servicewide Geodiversity Atlas provides information on <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geoheritage-conservation.htm">geoheritage</a> and <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geodiversity.htm">geodiversity</a> resources and values all across the National Park System to support science-based management and education. The <a href="https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1088/index.htm">NPS Geologic Resources Division</a> and many parks work with National and International <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/park-geology.htm">geoconservation</a> communities to ensure that NPS abiotic resources are managed using the highest standards and best practices available. park scene mountains Series: Defining the Southwest The Southwest has a special place in the American imagination – one filled with canyon lands, cacti, roadrunners, perpetual desert heat, a glaring sun, and the unfolding of history in places like Tombstone and Santa Fe. In the American mind, the Southwest is a place without boundaries – a land with its own style and its own pace – a land that ultimately defies a single definition. Maize agriculture is one component of a general cultural definition of the Southwest. Series: Park Paleontology News - Vol. 09, No. 1, Spring 2017 All across the park system, scientists, rangers, and interpreters are engaged in the important work of studying, protecting, and sharing our rich fossil heritage. <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/fossils/newsletters.htm">Park Paleontology News</a> provides a close up look at the important work of caring for these irreplaceable resources. <ul><li>Contribute to Park Paleontology News by contacting the <a href="https://www.nps.gov/common/utilities/sendmail/sendemail.cfm?o=5D8CD5B898DDBB8387BA1DBBFD02A8AE4FBD489F4FF88B9049&r=/subjects/geoscientistsinparks/photo-galleries.htm">newsletter editor</a></li><li>Learn more about <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/fossils/">Fossils & Paleontology</a> </li><li>Celebrate <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/fossilday/">National Fossil Day</a> with events across the nation</li></ul> NPS Paleontology logo illustration with fossil icons Celebrating Women’s History Month at Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is proud to celebrate Women’s History Month by recognizing the important roles that women have contributed to the History and Legacy of the monument. Here are some of the important women that are part of our history, beginning with the most recent. Luminaria de Abó, rows of candles in paper bags positioned around an historic mission at sunset. The Intersecting Crossroads of Paleontology and Archeology: When are Fossils Considered Artifacts? Understanding human knowledge and attitudes (human dimensions) towards paleontological resources through the cooccurrence of fossils and artifacts and/or tribal consultation (archeological context) helps us better appreciate those human values, perspectives, and beliefs. This understanding is important to the management, protection, and interpretation of these non-renewable resources.  colorful arrowhead on black background Series: Intermountain Park Science 2021 Integrating Research and Resource Management in Intermountain National Parks Group of National Park Service staff and volunteers standing in front of a desert canyon. Cat Tales Archeologists found skeletal remains of a gato (cat) at San Buenaventura, part of Gran Quivira, a vast big Native American pueblo. It had 226 rooms and kivas (a circular ceremonial structure found in the American Southwest). It was abandoned during the 1400s. The Spanish set up the Salinas Pueblo Missions right above on top of the Pueblo. The Spanish wanted the Native American peoples to adopt Christianity and a Spanish way of life. Artist's illustration of Gran Quivira

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