Fort Stevens

Mushrooms

brochure Fort Stevens - Mushrooms

Guide to Mushrooms at Fort Stevens State Park (SP) in Oregon. Published by Oregon State Parks and Recreation.

Fort Stevens State Park & Historical Site Mushroom Regulations Harvesting small quantities of mushrooms at Fort Stevens is allowed for personal use only. Commercial picking is prohibited. • Picking in the campground is prohibited. Limit your search to the day-use areas. • Park only in designated parking areas. Do not park on the road shoulders. • Fort Stevens State Park Vicinity Maps Clatsop Spit Picking of psilocybin (hallucinogenic) mushrooms is a felony and therefore prohibited. Columbia TO WASHINGTON Trestle Bay South Jetty Columbia Wildlife Viewing Bunker River HAMMOND Observation Platform ASTORIA 30 PA C I F I C A knife or trowel to cut or dig up mushrooms. • Bucket, basket or container to store mushrooms. Avoid using plastic bags. Mushrooms “sweat” in plastic bags. South Jetty 101 To Seaside Fort Stevens State Park 30 202 WARRENTON PA C I F I C 101 BUS OCEAN Observation Platform Historic Area HAMMOND Swash Lake Wildlife Viewing Deck Day-Use Area Wreck of the “Peter Iredale” WARRENTON PA C I F I C Lewis and Clark River River Military Museum Batteries OCEAN Coffenbury Lake oad To Seaside Youngs River Wildlife Viewing Bunker OCEAN Lewis and Clark River Ridge R 101 Fort Clatsop National Memorial PA C I F I C Columbia TO WASHINGTON C o l uremembermbia River And always Clatsop HAMMOND When in doubt, throw it out! Spit ASTORIA Wreck of the “Peter Iredale” Youngs River Coffenbury Lake WARRENTON oad • Fort Clatsop National Memorial Guide to Mushrooms Ridge R A field guide to identify mushrooms. Trestle Bay BUS Historic Area Military Museum Batteries Day-Use Area 101 OCEAN • Swash Lake Wildlife Viewing Deck 202 WARRENTON Equipment and Tools River HAMMOND Fort Stevens State Park 101 More information? Call the Oregon State Park Information Center: 1-800-551-6949 or visit the Oregon state parks website: www.oregonstateparks.org This publication is available in alternative formats. Call 1-800-551-6949 For hearing impaired, call: 1-800-735-2900 All information and prices subject to change without notice. 63400-8153 (4/16) • 101 Many mushroom species live and grow in Fort Stevens State Park. This brochure is an introduction to some of the more common fungi found in the park. Please use a reliable field guide to identify mushrooms you intend to eat. Remember: Don’t eat it if you don’t know what it is. King Bolete (Boletus edulis) Russula Species The varieties of Russula mushrooms number in the hundreds. They range in color from bright red to green to white. Some are edible and some are poisonous. The species is common and can be identified by their stems, which break in half like a piece of chalk. Lobster Mushroom The King Bolete is a very large mushroom that grows in the fall after the first heavy rains. A bulbous fungus with a sponge-like layer on the underside of the cap, the King Bolete is considered a choice edible. Sold in stores under its Italian name, Porcini. (Hypomyces lactifluorum) Oyster Mushroom Fly Amanita (Pleurotus ostreatus) Oyster mushrooms grow on dead trees (typically alders) year-round. The mushrooms vary in color from white to brown and are the shape of an oyster shell. The oyster mushroom is delicious. The Lobster mushroom is a fascinating fungus that grows on other mushrooms. Lobsters usually attack the shortstemmed Russula. The Lobster mushroom is most abundant in late summer and early fall and is delicious when still crisp — a definite improvement over the Russula host. (Amanita muscaria) Fly Amanita is beautiful but poisonous, and should never be eaten. The Fly Amanita is one of the most well-known species because of its bright red color and white spots. White Matsutake (Tricholoma magnivelare) The White Matsutake is found occasionally in late fall in the Fort Stevens forests. Also called the pine mushroom, it typically grows beneath shore pine trees. This mushroom is highly prized in Japan and Asia, where it garners high prices in markets and restaurants. The Matsutake smell is unforgettable; a spicy odor described as a cross between cinnamon candy and dirty socks! Prince (Agaricus augustus) The Prince is considered to be a delicious edible. Identified by its golden cap and almond-like smell, the Prince can be found from late summer through fall. They are rare, and if you are lucky enough to find a patch, you are in for a treat. Prince (Agaricus augustus)

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