Hart Mountain

Wildlife

brochure Hart Mountain - Wildlife

Wildlife at Hart Mountain National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Oregon. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

WEAVER FINCH MAMMALS CANIDS VOLES AND MUSKRATS REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS FISHES ____ House Sparrow (1) Visibility of mammals varies seasonally because of hibernation, migration between summer and winter ranges, or snow cover. Coyote Mountain Vole Red Fox Long-tailed Vole FELIDS Sagebrush Vole SHREWS Muskrat Fish on the Refuge are limited to drainages that support perennial flows. Fish are present in Rock, Willow, and Guano Creeks and their tributaries. Rainbow trout are stocked in Warner Pond. Mountain Lion Malheur Shrew Bobcat OLD WORLD RATS AND MICE Reptiles usually are found on upland sites and amphibians live closer to or in water. Both reptiles and amphibians hibernate during the winter and therefore are only seen during the warmer months. Because they are relatively small, secretive animals, they are not highly visible. Merriam’s Shrew SQUIRRELS, CHIPMUNKS & House Mouse Trowbridge’s Shrew MARMOTS JUMPING MICE AMPHIBIANS Yellow-bellied Marmot Western Jumping Mouse FROGS & TOADS ACCIDENTAL SPECIES Species listed below have been recorded only a few times on the Refuge. White-winged Scoter Gyrfalcon Parasitic Jaeger Yellow-billed Cuckoo Snowy Owl Vagrant Shrew Northern Water Shrew Townsend’s Ground Squirrel PORCUPINES Great-basin Spade-foot Toad Belding’s Ground Squirrel Porcupine Pacific Tree Frog Little Brown Myotis Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel PIKAS, HARES & RABBITS Yuma Myotis White-tailed Antelope Squirrel Pika Long-eared Myotis Least Chipmunk White-tailed Jackrabbit Fringed Myotis Yellow-pine Chipmunk Black-tailed Jackrabbit SNAKES California Myotis Chickaree Mountain Cottontail Rubber Boa Small–footed Myotis POCKET GOPHERS Pygmy Rabbit Racer Townsend’s Pocket Gopher DEER Striped Whipsnake Northern Pocket Gopher Mule Deer Gopher Snake POCKET MICE, KANGAROO MICE & KANGAROO RATS Rocky Mountain Elk Western Terrestrial Garter Snake White-headed Woodpecker Gray Catbird Brown Thrasher Prothonotary Warbler Tennessee Warbler Virginia’s Warbler Silver-haired Bat Black-throated Blue Warbler Western Pipistrel Bay-Breasted Warbler Big Brown Bat American Redstart Hoary Bat Tricolored Blackbird Western Big-eared Bat Common Grackle Pallid Bat Scarlet Tanager Summer Tanager FREETAIL BATS Little Pocket Mouse Great Basin Pocket Mouse PRONGHORN Pronghorn (Antelope) SHEEP Dark Kangaroo Mouse California Bighorn Sheep Western Toad Spotted Frog REPTILES Western Rattlesnake LIZARDS Leopard Lizard Western Fence Lizard Freetail Bat Ord’s Kangaroo Rat Big Free-tailed Bat Great Basin Kangaroo Rat Side-blotched Lizard Mountain Quail RACOONS MUSTELIDS Desert Horned Lizard Mountain Quail Raccoon Beaver Short Horned Lizard Northern Hawk-Owl WEASELS, SKUNKS, & HARVEST MICE Western Skink Grasshopper Sparrow BADGERS Western Harvest Mouse Harris’ Sparrow Short-tailed Weasel WHITE FOOTED MICE Long-tailed Weasel Canyon Mouse Mink Deer Mouse Badger Pinyon Mouse Lapland Longspur Upland Sandpiper White-throated Sparrow Spotted Skunk Striped Skunk GRASSHOPPER MICE Northern Grasshopper Mouse WOODRATS Desert Woodrat Bushytailed Woodrat Lahontan Cutthroat Trout Rainbow (Redband) Trout PLAIN-NOSED BATS Pileated Woodpecker W IL D L IF E o f H A R T M O UNT A IN N A R Sagebrush Lizard Western Whiptail Northern Alligator Lizard This wildlife list includes more than 330 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish that occur or are thought to occur on the Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge and in the adjacent Warner Valley. A list of insects and spiders has not yet been compiled. About 245 resident and migratory bird species could be observed on the Refuge and on adjacent lands. Riparian corridors, such as along Rock and Guano Creeks, are good areas to find birds. Another outstanding area, Blue Sky Grove, supports an unique group of birds because it is an isolated stand of Ponderosa pine. When flooded, the lakes and wetlands in Warner Valley provide abundant habitat for wetland-dwelling species. About 70 species of mammals could occur on the Refuge. Mammals are considered resident species with the exception of migrant bats. Pronghorn are widespread and can be seen in the sagebrush uplands and meadows throughout the refuge. Mule deer can be seen in the higher elevation shrub areas and near aspen stands. Bighorn sheep are difficult to see as they use the highest elevation areas and the escarpment on the west side of the Refuge. About 19 species of reptiles and amphibians and two fish species occur on the Refuge. Morning and evening hours are the best times to observe wildlife. Binoculars and/or a spotting scope greatly assist in identifying wildlife and observing their behavior. Using your vehicle as a blind increases viewing opportunities. Common bird name are listed followed by an abundance code. ____ Ferruginous Hawk (2) ____ Pectoral Sandpiper (2) HUMMINGBIRDS ____ Steller’s Jay (1) ____ Varied Thrush (2) ____ Rough-legged Hawk (1) GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS ____ Dunlin (1) ____ Black-chinned Hummingbird (3) ____ Western Scrub Jay (1) ____ Rose-breasted Grosbeak (5) ____ Golden Eagle (1) ____ Long-billed Dowitcher (1) ____ Calliope Hummingbird (1) ____ Pinyon Jay (2) MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS BIRD ABUNDANCE CODES FALCONS ____ Short-billed Dowitcher (3) ____ Broad-tailed Hummingbird (5) ____ Clark’s Nutcracker (2) ____ Northern Mockingbird (4) ____ Lazuli Bunting (2) (1) Abundant, usually numerous, certain to be seen in proper habitat. ____ American Kestrel (1) SNIPE ____ Rufous Hummingbird (1) ____ Black-billed Magpie (1) ____ Sage Thrasher (1) TOWHEES & SPARROWS (2) Common, occurring in smaller numbers, should be seen in suitable habitat. ____ Merlin (2) ____ Common Snipe (1) KINGFISHERS ____ American Crow (2) PIPITS ____ Green-tailed Towhee (2) (3) Uncommon, present, but in few numbers, not certain to be seen. ____ Peregrine Falcon (3) ____ Common Raven (1) ____ American Pipit (1) ____ Spotted Towhee (1) (4) Occasional, seen infrequently during a season. ____ Prairie Falcon (1) ____ Wilson’s Phalarope (1) CHICKADEES & TITMICE WAXWINGS ____ American Tree Sparrow (3) (5) Rarely seen. CHUKAR, PHEASANT, GROUSE & QUAIL ____ Red-necked Phalarope (1) ____Black-capped Chickadee (3) ____ Bohemian Waxwing (4) ____ Chipping Sparrow (1) ____ Mountain Chickadee (1) ____ Cedar Waxwing (2) ____ Brewer’s Sparrow (1) SHRIKES ____ Vesper Sparrow (1) Please report observations of wildlife not included in this list to Refuge Headquarters. We would like to know where you saw it and when. ____ Chukar (2) LOONS & GREBES ____ Common Loon (2) ____ Pied-billed Grebe (1) ____ Horned Grebe (2) ____ Eared Grebe (1) ____ Western Grebe (1) ____ Clark’s Grebe (1) PELICANS & CORMORANTS ____ American White Pelican (1) ____ Double-crested Cormorant (1) BITTERNS, HERONS , EGRETS & IBIS ____ American Bittern (2) ____ Least Bittern (4) ____ Great Blue Heron (1) ____ Great Egret (1) ____ Snowy Egret (2) ____ Cattle Egret (5) ____ Green Heron (4) ____ Black-crowned Night-heron (1) ____ White-faced Ibis (2) SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS ____ Trumpeter Swan (3) ____ Tundra Swan (1) ____ Greater White-fronted Goose (1) ____ Snow Goose (1) ____ Ross’ Goose (2) ____ Canada Goose (1) ____ Wood Duck (5) ____ Mallard (1) ____ Northern Pintail (1) ____ Blue-winged Teal (3) ____ Ring-necked Pheasant (3) ____ Greater Sage-grouse (2) ____ California Quail (1) PHALAROPES GULLS & TERNS ____ Belted Kingfisher (1) WOODPECKERS ____ Lewis’s Woodpecker (2) ____ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (2) ____ Juniper Titmouse (2) ____ Black-headed Grosbeak (1) ____ Franklin’s Gull (3) ____ Red-naped Sapsucker (1) ____ Bonaparte’s Gull (2) ____ Red-breasted Sapsucker (1) BUSHTITS ____ Northern Shrike (2) ____ Lark Sparrow (2) ____ Ring-billed Gull (1) ____ Williamson’s Sapsucker (2) ____ Bushtit (2) ____ Loggerhead Shrike (2) ____ Black-throated Sparrow (2) ____ Sage Sparrow (2) ____ California Gull (1) ____ Downy Woodpecker (2) NUTHATCHES RAILS & COOTS, STARLINGS ____ Sabine’s Gull (5) ____ Hairy Woodpecker (1) ____ Red-breasted Nuthatch (1) ____ European Starling (1) ____ Virginia Rail (1) ____ Caspian Tern (1) ____ Northern Flicker (1) ____ White-breasted Nuthatch (1) ____ Sora (1) ____ Forster’s Tern (1) FLYCATCHERS ____ Pygmy Nuthatch (1) ____ Black Tern (1) ____ Olive-sided Flycatcher (2) CREEPERS CRANES PIGEONS & DOVES ____ Western Wood-pewee (1) ____ Brown Creeper (1) ____ Red-eyed Vireo (5) ____ Sandhill Crane (1) ____ Band-tailed Pigeon (5) ____ Willow Flycatcher (2) WRENS ____ Rock Dove (1) ____ Least Flycatcher (4) ____ Swamp Sparrow (5) ____ Ring-necked Duck (3) PLOVERS WARBLERS ____ Rock Wren (1) ____ Orange-crowned Warbler (1) ____ Black-bellied Plover (3) ____ Mourning Dove (1) ____ Hammond’s Flycatcher (2) ____ Dark-eyed Junco (1) ____ Lesser Scaup (3) ____ Canyon Wren (2) ____ Nashville Warbler (2) ____ Snowy Plover (2) ____ Eurasion Collared-dove (3) ____ Dusky Flycatcher (1) ____ Lapland Longspur (4) ____ Common Goldeneye (3) ____ Bewick’s Wren (2) ____ Yellow Warbler (1) ____ Semipalmated Plover (2) OWLS ____ Gray Flycatcher (1) ____ Snow Bunting (4) ____ Barrow’s Goldeneye (4) ____ House Wren (1) ____ Virginia’s Warbler (5) ____ Bufflehead (3) ____ Killdeer (1) ____ Barn Owl (2) ____ Cordilleran Flycatcher (2) ____ Pacific Wren (2) ____ Chestnut-sided Warbler (3) ____ Hooded Merganser (4) STILTS & AVOCETS ____ Flammulated Owl (2) ____ Say’s Phoebe (2) BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS & ORIOLES ____ Marsh Wren (1) ____ Yellow-rumped Warbler (1) ____ Black-necked Stilt (1) ____ Western Screech-owl (3) ____ Ash-throated Flycatcher (2) ____ Red-winged Blackbird (1) ____ Common Merganser (3) DIPPERS ____ Black-throated Gray Warbler (3) ____ American Avocet (1) ____ Great Horned Owl (1) ____ Western Kingbird (1) ____ Western Meadowlark (1) ____ Ruddy Duck (2) ____ American Dipper (2) ____ Townsend’s Warbler (2) SHOREBIRDS ____ Northern Pygmy-owl (2) ____ Eastern Kingbird (4) ____ Yellow-headed Blackbird (1) VULTURES ____ Hermit Warbler (4) ____ Greater Yellowlegs (1) ____ Burrowing Owl (3) LARKS ____ Brewer’s Blackbird (1) ____ Turkey Vulture (1) KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS & THRUSHES ____ Black-and-white Warbler (3) ____ Brown-headed Cowbird (1) OSPREY, KITES, EAGLES & HAWKS ____ Lesser Yellowlegs (2) ____ Long-eared Owl (2) ____ Horned Lark (1) ____ Golden-crowned Kinglet (1) ____ Ovenbird (5) ____ Bullock’s Oriole (1) ____ Willit (2) ____ Short-eared Owl (2) SWALLOWS ____ Ruby-crowned Kinglet (1) ____ Northern Waterthrush (3) ____ Osprey (2) ____ Spotted Sandpiper (1) ____ Northern Saw-whet Owl (2) ____ Tree Swallow (1) ____ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (3) ____ MacGillivray’s Warbler (1) ____ Bald Eagle (1) ____ Solitary Sandpiper (3) GOATSUCKERS ____ Violet-green Swallow (1) ____ Western Bluebird (2) ____ Common Yellowthroat (1) ____ Northern Harrier (1) ____ Long-billed Curlew (1) ____ Common Nighthawk (1) ____ Northern Rough-winged Swallow (1) ____ Mountain Bluebird (1) ____ Wilson’s Warbler (1) ____ Sharp-shinned Hawk (2) ____ Marbled Godwit (3) ____ Common Poorwill (2) ____ Bank Swallow (1) ____ Townsend’s Solitaire (1) ____ Yellow-breasted Chat (3) ____ Cooper’s Hawk (2) ____ Sanderling (4) SWIFTS ____ Cliff Swallow (1) ____ Veery (5) TANAGERS ____ Northern Goshawk (2) ____ Western Sandpiper (1) ____ Vaux’s Swift (2) ____ Barn Swallow (1) ____ Swainson’s Thrush (3) ____ Western Tanager (1) ____ Swainson’s Hawk (2) ____ Least Sandpiper (1) ____ White-throated Swift (2) JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS ____ Hermit Thrush (1) ____ Red-tailed Hawk (1) ____ Baird’s Sandpiper (2) ____ Gray Jay (2) ____ American Robin (1) ____ Cinnamon Teal (1) ____ Northern Shoveler (1) ____ Gadwall (1) ____ Eurasian Wigeon (5) ____ American Wigeon (1) ____ Canvasback (3) ____ Redhead (3) ____ American Coot (1) VIREOS ____ Solitary Vireo (3) ____ Warbling Vireo (1) ____ Savannah Sparrow (1) ____ Fox Sparrow (2) ____ Song Sparrow (1) ____ Lincoln’s Sparrow (1) ____ Golden-crowned Sparrow (2) ____ White-crowned Sparrow (1) FINCHES ____ Gray-crowned Rosy Finch (3) ____ Pine Grosbeak (5) ____ Purple Finch (3) ____ Cassin’s Finch (1) ____ House Finch (1) ____ Red Crossbill (1) ____ Common Redpoll (4)

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