Greenwood Furnace

Brochure

brochure Greenwood Furnace - Brochure

Brochure of Greenwood Furnace State Park (SP) in Pennsylvania. Published by Pennsylvania State Parks.

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Greenwood Furnace Greenwood Furnace State Park A Pennsylvania Recreational Guide for Pennsylvania State Parks Mission The primary purpose of Pennsylvania state parks is to provide opportunities for enjoying healthful outdoor recreation and serve as outdoor classrooms for environmental education. In meeting these purposes, the conservation of the natural, scenic, aesthetic, and historical values of parks should be given first consideration. Stewardship responsibilities should be carried out in a way that protects the natural outdoor experience for the enjoyment of current and future generations. visitPAparks Printed on recycled paper HISTORY GREENWOOD FURNACE STATE PARK The park is on the western edge of the Seven Mountains in northeastern Huntingdon County, an area of rugged beauty, abundant wildlife, breathtaking vistas, and peaceful solitude. Greenwood Furnace State Park covers 423 acres, including a six-acre lake, campground, hiking trails, and historic district. The park provides access to backpacking, hiking, mountain biking, hunting, and fishing in the surrounding 96,975-acre Rothrock State Forest. The park office is open Monday through Friday year round, and daily during the summer. Office hours are 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM. A walk through historic Greenwood Furnace evokes images of the community that flourished here from 1834 to 1904. Greenwood Furnace was a busy industrial complex, with all the noise and dirt of a 19th century ironmaking community. The village throbbed with life: the roaring of furnace stacks, the shouts of the workmen, the hissing of the steam engine, the creaking of wagons loaded with charcoal, and the cast house whistle signaling another pour of molten iron. The furnaces were hot (3,000o F) and cast clouds of smoke into the air. Cinders rained down on grass, people, livestock, and buildings, rendering everything sooty and gray. At night, the fire’s red glow lit the sky, likely allowing residents to walk about without lanterns. Greenwood Furnace was a village built around an inferno. Directions GPS DD: Lat. 40.65047 Long. - 77.75439 Greenwood Furnace State Park is along PA 305, about 5 miles west of Belleville and only 20 miles from Lewistown, Huntingdon, and State College. Make online reservations at www.visitPAparks.com or call toll-free 888-PA-PARKS (888-727-2757), 7:00 AM to 5:00 PM, Monday to Saturday. Spend the Day PICNICKING: Picnic tables, eight reservable picnic pavilions, and modern restrooms are in a spruce and pine grove close to the beach. Unreserved pavilions are free on a first-come, first-served basis. A playground, food concession, horseshoe pits, volleyball courts, and a ballfield make this area popular for picnics and reunions. FOOD CONCESSION: A food and refreshment concession near the beach is open from Memorial Day to Labor Day weekend. FISHING: The six-acre Greenwood Lake is regularly stocked with trout. Ice fishing is permitted. Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission regulations and laws apply. BOATING: Non-motorized canoes and kayaks may be used on Greenwood Lake except on the opening weekend of trout season. Vessels can be launched by hand from a small access next to the ADA ramp at the beach. Non-powered boats must display one of the following: boat registration from any state; launch permit or mooring permit from Pennsylvania State Parks, available at most state park offices; launch use permit from the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. HUNTING AND FIREARMS: About 320 acres are open to hunting, trapping, and the training of dogs during established seasons. Common game species are deer, grouse, and turkeys. Special state park hunting regulations and laws apply. Most of the adjacent Rothrock State Forest lands are open to hunting. Hunting woodchucks, also known as groundhogs, is prohibited. Dog training is only permitted from the day following Labor Day through March 31 in designated hunting areas. The Department of Conservation and Natural Resources and the Pennsylvania Game Commission rules and regulations apply. Contact the park office for ADA accessible hunting information. Use extreme caution with firearms at all times. Other visitors use the park during hunting seasons. Firearms and archery equipment used for hunting may be uncased and ready for use only in authorized hunting areas during hunting seasons. In areas not open to hunting or during non-hunting seasons, firearms and archery equipment shall be kept in the owner’s vehicle or enclosed trailer. Exceptions include: law enforcement officers and individuals with a valid Pennsylvania License to Carry Firearms are authorized to carry a firearm concealed on their person while they are within a state park.   HIKING: See reverse side. Stay the Night CAMPING: flush toilets, warm showers 48 tent and trailer campsites and two walkto sites are open from the second Friday in April until mid-November. Most campsites have either 30- or 50-amp electric hookups. A shower house has flush toilets, warm showers, and sinks for dishwashing. Trailers and motorhomes may use a convenient, sanitary dump station at the campground entrance. Pets are permitted at designated campsites for a fee. The maximum stay is 14 days during the summer season and 21 days during the off season. Campers must vacate the park for 48 hours between stays. Greenwood Furnace provides parking, picnicking facilities, heated restrooms, and a warming hut with a woodstove in Pavilion 3 (Beach View). Ice and snow depths are on the park’s website. www.visitPAparks.com CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING: Tramway, Dogtown, Viantown, and Brush Ridge trails are recommended for cross-country skiing, as are the grassy areas of the day use area. Park trails connect to the Brush Ridge Trail system in Rothrock State Forest. ICE SAFETY: Ice thickness is not monitored. For your safety, make sure ice is at least 4” thick for a single user and 7” thick for a small group. Always carry safety equipment. WINTER WARMING HUT: From November through March, Pavilion 3 (Beach View) is enclosed and converted into a winter warming hut, complete with a woodstove. When not rented, the hut is free on a first-come, first-served basis. SNOWMOBILING: The park features several snowmobile trails and serves as a trailhead to access 200 miles of roads and trails in the surrounding Rothrock State Forest. Snowmobiling begins after antlered deer season in December and ends April 1, conditions permitting. Enjoy the Winter SLEDDING: A small sledding hill is behind the park office. ICE FISHING: Ice fishing is permitted on Greenwood Lake, which is stocked with trout in the winter. Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission regulations and laws apply. ICE SKATING: Ice skating is popular on the natural ice of the beach area of Greenwood Lake. LEARN, EXPERIENCE, CONNECT Greenwood Furnace offers educational and recreational programs year round. Archeological work and extensive research have done much to uncover the hidden remains of the ironmaking community. Guided walks and educational programs focus on the natural and historic resources of the park and surrounding landscape. Curriculum-based environmental education programs are available to schools and organized groups. School programs are tailored to meet the teacher’s educational needs. A variety of professional development workshops are also offered for teachers. Call the park office to schedule a group program. Contact the park office or explore the online calendar of events, https://events.dcnr.pa.gov, for more information on programs and other learning experiences. GREENWOOD HISTORIC WALKING TOUR: Greenwood Furnace was once a thriving ironmaking village. Today, only a handful of its original 127 buildings remain. This walking tour explores a portion of the historic district, and includes parts of the town, tramway, historic roads, and charcoal hearths. A free guide to the historic district is available at the park office. VISITOR CENTER AND GIFT SHOP: In the park office, the visitor center is open Monday through Friday most of the year, and daily in the summer months. The visitor center has displays on the former ironmaking community. The gift shop sells a variety of items, including T-shirts, sweatshirts, park memorabilia, books, and a variety of field guides for novice and serious wildlife watchers. Proceeds benefit Pennsylvania State Parks. BLACKSMITH SHOP AND EDUCATION CENTER: This furnace-era building houses additional displays on the ironworks and serves as a base for many of the park’s educational programs. It is open weekends and holidays in the summer months. The land of Greenwood Furnace State Park was once the hunting grounds of the Juniatas, the People of the Standing Stone. The name comes from a tall stone obelisk that once stood in Huntingdon. By the time of William Penn, the Houdenosaunsee claimed the Juniata Valley and allowed groups of Shawnee and Tuscarora to resettle there. In the late 1700s, the area was settled by many groups, including Scots-Irish and the German-speaking Amish and Mennonite. Most of the early American settlers were farmers. By the 1820s, there was an inn and sawmill, and several families living in the area of the present park. Greenwood Works, 1834-1904 After purchasing the Freedom Iron Works in nearby Burnham in 1833, Norris, Rawle and Co. needed a steady supply of iron. A suitable location with iron ore, limestone, water, and trees was found here so they built Greenwood Furnace, which went into blast on June 5, 1834. The charcoal-fueled furnace produced about four tons of pig iron ingots per day with an annual output of around 1,200 tons. The iron was hauled by wagons over Stone Mountain to Freedom Iron Works to be turned into wrought iron. Charcoal fueled the furnace. Colliers harvested about 330 acres of trees a year, and skillfully burned the wood on hearths to make charcoal. The hearths can still be found as large, flat circles, and have little vegetation on them due to soil sterility. A small village grew up to support the furnace, including about 20 houses, a company store, office, blacksmith shop, and stables. Local ores were used, and in 1839, a large, rich deposit was discovered three miles from the furnace. The high quality ores made a superior grade of iron. By 1842, a gristmill was added and the lake was built to supply water to power the mill. Due to a depression in the iron industry in 1847, the Freedom Iron Works and Greenwood Works were sold at sheriff sale to John A. Wright & Company. John Armstrong Wright (1820-1891) was a civil engineer who helped found the Pennsylvania Railroad and the city of Altoona, its new rail center. In 1856, the Freedom Iron Company began producing locomotive tires, railroad car wheels, and axles for the booming railroad industry. High demand for the superior grade of Greenwood Furnace iron led the Freedom Iron Company to expand to four furnaces, including an additional stack here in 1864. Greenwood Furnace was the only known charcoal ironworks in the state to operate two or more stacks side-by-side. Greenwood Furnace # 2 had a capacity of about five tons per day, with an annual output of 1,800 gross tons. Instead of waterpower, this stack utilized steam power, which used the hot gasses from the furnace to fuel the boiler. Greenwood Furnace # 1 was converted to steam power. By the early 1880s, iron production topped 3,000 tons annually, making this site one of the largest charcoal furnace operations in the state. At the height of operation in the early 1880s, the community consisted of two furnaces, ironmaster’s mansion, company store, blacksmith and wagon shop, church, school, seventeen stables, ninety tenant houses, and a gristmill. About 300 employees and their families lived and worked here. Greenwood Furnace had a baseball team, the Energetics, and a 15-piece brass band. By 1885, Greenwood Furnace # 1 was dismantled. To keep up with changing economics, and newer and more efficient fuels and processes, Greenwood Furnace # 2 was remodeled and enlarged in 1889 and 1901. But the shifting of industry to larger urban-centered complexes and the depletion of local natural resources led to the closing of Greenwood Furnace in December of 1904. The village and the way of life it represented became a mere curiosity, a fading memory of a time when charcoal iron reigned supreme. Greenwood Furnace soon became a ghost town. The workers moved away as the village and furnace were torn down. Greenwood Furnace State Park, 1924Present The furnace was not forgotten. Former residents began to return to the now public land for recreation. By 1921, they organized an annual reunion called “Old Home Day,” which was a factor in the creation of the Greenwood Public Camp in 1924, the forerunner of the state park. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, young men from Civilian Conservation Corps camp S-59-PA constructed facilities and made improvements in the park and surrounding state forest. In 1936, Greenwood Furnace # 2 was restored as a monument to the heritage of our state forest lands coming from old industrial concerns. Of the iron works village, six original buildings and the cemetery remain, including the mansion, church, and blacksmith and wagon shop. In 1976, archeological work began to uncover the hidden remains of the community. In 1989, the National Park Service established the Greenwood Furnace Historic District. In 1995, Greenwood Furnace was designated a Historic Landmark by ASM International (formerly the American Society for Metals), the 95th site in the world to be so honored. This distinction recognizes the superior quality of Greenwood Iron that was used in the westward expansion of America’s railroads. Help preserve the remnants of this historic site. Do not climb or walk on exposed foundations. These are fragile and can easily be destroyed forever. Leave any artifacts where found and report their location to any park employee. With your help, this 19th century community will remain for future generations to enjoy. ANNUAL FESTIVALS FOLK GATHERING: The Huntingdon County Arts Council organizes this mid-September music event which includes concerts, jam sessions, and musician workshops. HOLIDAY OPEN HOUSE: Held the first Sunday in December, this event features kids crafts, carriage rides, and an antique toy display. SNOWFEST: Held in mid-January, this festival focuses on outdoor recreation and features the Juniata Valley YMCA “plunge” fundraiser. Visitors also enjoy a trail run, ice skating, broomball, snowshoeing, a concession stand sponsored by the Friends of Greenwood Furnace, and a variety of educational programs. INFORMATION AND RESERVATIONS Greenwood Furnace State Park 15795 Greenwood Road Huntingdon, PA 16652-5831 814-667-1800 GreenwoodFurnaceSP@pa.gov An Equal Opportunity Employer www.visitPAparks.com Make online reservations at www.visitPAparks.com or call toll-free 888-PA-PARKS (888-727-2757), 7:00 AM to 5:00 PM, Monday to Saturday. @GreenwoodFurnaceSP Electric vehicle charging station A 2-plug, electric-vehicle charging station is available for public use at the far end of the park office parking lot. Please move to another parking space once your vehicle has been charged.  Access for People with Disabilities This symbol indicates facilities and activities that are Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accessible for people with disabilities. This publication text is available in alternative formats. If you need an accommodation to participate in park activities due to a disability, please contact the park you plan to visit. In an Emergency Call 911 and contact a park employee. Directions to the nearest hospital are posted on bulletin boards and at the park office. The hospital is 14 miles from the park, 0.25 mile off of the Electric Avenue Exit of US 322 east. NEAREST HOSPITAL Geisinger-Lewistown Hospital 400 Highland Avenue Extension Lewistown, PA 17044 717-248-5411 travel using horse and buggy. One of the best times to visit is on a Wednesday, when the valley is a seven-mile-long flea market and livestock auction. Remote Penn-Roosevelt State Park is in the heart of the western section of the Seven Mountains. Ruins of the former AfricanAmerican Civilian Conservation Corps camp S-62-PA can be explored. For more information on Whipple Dam and Penn-Roosevelt state parks, contact the Greenwood Furnace State Park office. All three state parks access the 96,975-acre Rothrock State Forest, which has hiking, fishing, and hunting. 814-643-2340 Nearby Attractions WILDLIFE WATCHING Wildlife is abundant in the area. The alert observer may see white-tailed deer, black bears, wild turkeys, woodcocks, and many species of small animals. Ducks, great blue herons, and occasionally osprey visit the lake. At dusk in late May and June, whip-poorwills sing their unique call. Greenwood Forest Tree Nursery, 1906-1993 In 1906, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania purchased the former ironworks land and established the Greenwood Forest Tree Nursery to reclaim the depleted forests. The area around Greenwood Furnace, having been enriched by years of charcoal dust and fly ash, was found to be well-suited for growing trees. The first seedlings taken from these beds were used to fill in bare spots in the surrounding area. By 1909, the nursery began shipping seedlings across the state. During its peak years in the 1970s and 1980s, the nursery produced an average of three million seedlings a year. Nursery operations ceased in 1993. In this fascinating historic photo, the furnace stack is almost hidden by the other furnace buildings. Reservations RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SWIMMING: A 300-foot sand beach is open from late May to mid-September, 8:00 AM to sunset. Swim at your own risk. Please read and follow posted rules. A modern shower house, dressing area, and food concession are nearby. 2021 Feeding wild animals such as bears, raccoons, ducks, geese, and skunks is prohibited. When wildlife loses its fear of people, these animals become pests and dangerous situations can result. Help maintain healthy wildlife populations by not feeding the animals. Information on nearby attractions is available from: the Huntingdon County Visitor’s Bureau, 888-RAYSTOWN, https://raystown.org, or the Juniata River Valley Visitors Bureau, 717-248-6713. https://jrvvisitors.com Five miles over the mountains from Greenwood Furnace State Park is the beautiful Big Valley and the village of Belleville. The Amish and Mennonite residents of the valley tend small farms and NEARBY STATE PARKS AND FORESTS Whipple Dam State Park has swimming, boating, picnicking, and fishing. The 18-acre Whipple Lake has wetlands in the upper end that are best accessed by canoe. A variety of waterfowl and wildlife can be seen in the park. FRIENDS GROUP HIKING: 13.5 miles Lake View Trail: 0.25 mile, yellow blazes, more difficult hiking This short trail is a nice walk around the lake with some great photo opportunities. Beginning on the west side of the lake dam To Alan Seeger Road, approx. 2.0 Mi. Orange Multi-use Trail: Hiking, Mountain Biking Red Cross-country Skiing Recommended Blue 112 0 20 11 80 10 0 ge Rid Lak 10 o o re T rai Tra il e ll 0 96 Mo 00 ns ek 10 80 10 20 11 il Tra 60 11 00 Unpaved Road Camping One-way Road Sanitary Dump Station Parking ADA Accessible Food Concession Parking Paved Picnicking Parking Unpaved Picnic Pavilion Gate Amphitheater Orienteering Course Trailhead 12 80 Tu r 20 13 108 0 State College CENTRE 144 45 1680 322 60 13 S tone 00 14 Cr ee k 1720 00 15 Milroy d Ro a GREENWOOD FURNACE 655 linsgrove MIFFLIN 2 22 322 H To BUS 22 Ri 103 ks M n Ja c ro (Modern B in Road) o u n ta ad M To Viantown N Lak 300 METERS 200 Traveller’s Inn 0 400 800 Rev. 3/18/21 1200 FEET Grist rn Pi k Tur ll Hi key .) Rd Monsell House 3 4 6 e Ro w E ON ST IN G I N N TA D U AN MO ST 5 w Ap p l e O r c h a rd Mansion Smoke House Ironmaster’s Mansion 1 2 Mansion Carriage Shed Toll House Company Store Meat House Upper Row Methodist Episcopal Church 1 2 3 4 5 de (Mo Original Church & School To Mill McAlveys Fort od e (M w Ro n& stowburg i w Le eters ike ) P rnp 305 Tu rn PA #2 Fu Ro 6 Limestone Storage Shed Ore Storage Shed Shed Scales Charcoal House Original Blacksmith Shop Surviving Structure Visible Remains 50 0 50 200 0 200 Still House (M Old od e Documented Site Only Known, but Hidden Feature 100 400 150 200 METERS 600 To Barrville ndi Sta 100 m Da y ces 1 # ce . e R d il) le vil l ra one T Bel ng St 0 Tr a a mw na a rn rn Gre e n w il Tra To Tuscarora Trail, 64 Mi. To Cowans Gap State Park, 66 Mi. ne to ood E nd Sta n c h ek a r B Cr e ast S in g n& go ith Wa ksm hop c S Bl a ow e SH r Fu dR U BR D les Slag Dump n RI E Road Ru b St a Cemetery 400 e Bookkeeper’s ow Carriage hR t i Shed iff Gr i n g Bookkeeper’s a rd e Bo ous House H k ee C r ow w R Ro S G llow Ho ce bl St a w Fur na ion To McVey tow n , M o u n t U n e r Ro School Fi e l ey Turk il ra T e 100 Colli circa 1885 To ta tn . R ia , Ju 22 522 r on d. ve gd Ha rri ti n sb un 655 22 HISTORIC GREENWOOD FURNACE 00 S2 Lewistown Belleville 26 To Belleville, 4.5 Mi. To A ia, U 522 urg , I- 7 andr 305 l f a ra 322 McAlevys Fort 18 R Ala n To Alex B ro a R d. d Mtn. t a, S e oa Se Whipple Dam HUNTINGDON PennRoosevelt B ear n ad eg er d L r Ru Mea 12 au el Ro 1400 al Gap Ro ad do w Boalsburg 13 305 Potters Mills 322 322 20 Whipple Dam Rd. 26 1640 BUS Pine Grove Mills 45 14 00 To Cen tre H all fonte elle Bo Tr To g ur sb 26 p i l hi ;P ,B I-99 80 -9 9 00 To I-99, Ty rone , Alt oon a 12 Lo 12 re 40 nc To e I 11 60 l s R d. 20 11 ai Historic Places Huntingdon I. Bookkeeper’s House A. Charcoal Demonstration Area (Private Residence) B. Brush Ridge Ore Mines J. Boarding House Site C. Greenwood Works Stacks 1 & 2 K. Monsell House Site D. Slag Dump L. 1867 Methodist Episcopal E. Wagon & Blacksmith Shop Church and Exhibits M. 1869 School House Site F. Grist Mill Site N. Cemetery, Original G. Meat House— Church/School Site Company Store Site O. Traveller’s Inn Site H. Ironmaster’s Mansion— P. Pre-furnace Sawmill Site Carriage House Q. Upper Furnace Ruins St a CONTOURS ARE ON 40 FT. INTERVALS 1120 1080 13 l ai Tr g in nd State Park Hunting Swimming Beach 60 FOREST on St 305 State Park No Hunting Playground ke y 40 Shower House/Restrooms 60 10 Electric Vehicle Charging 13 10 Restrooms Stone Valley Vista 40 12 US To Allensville, 12.5 Mi . e nc re o L Hand-carry Boat Launch 40 00 12 Public Phone 00 S TAT E Fishing Pier 14 ROTHROCK Sledding 1280 14 l Hil 0 96 Blue Symbols Mean ADA Accessible 6 Tra To McAlveys Fort, PA 26, 3.9 Mi. Whipple Dam State Park, 8.7 Mi. Ice Skating Contact Station Ro ad Tr. ay mw st Ea 960 40 10 wn B Dog to Stan d ing nch Bra re Park Office/Visitor Center 20 305 C ne S to 00 12 13 1040 60 11 12 ay mw Tra 1080 M l Trai ll onse 40 0 112 P Moo re Trail ROTH R O C K STATE FO R E ST St F Tra il ge 1160 R id Parking 20 #8 Monsell Spruce M K il Tra ng 40 Trailhead 10 11 10 40 #7 Hemlock #6 N O e ll 80 Greenw 0 108 wn gto L Trail Run sh Bru Dam Trail Vianto wn Mons Road ace Furn B R Do 305 Pine Cedar #5 l Friends #2 bal Beach View lley o #4 V t r #3 Cou Hollow Rag rail eT on R Viantown Trail Q l I D G E il Tra G di 1080 H an 20 11 1160 Volleyball Court 1040 Former Tree Nursery Buildings St 0 1120 Ball Field 1200 6 11 D C l ew La ke h us Br Viantown Spur Trail Viantown Run 1 040 k c i L k c Bla Tr a i il Tra N E 00 0 116 E #1 Vi To Alan Seeger Road/Stone Creek Road, 2.0 Mi. Penn-Roosevelt State Park, 10.7 Mi. 112 A e ad Bro 1000 J 10 0 108 Founders HUNTINGDON COUNTY Road Red ai n d ood unt Mo Roa I Spring in nta ou Horseback Riding PRIVATE LAND GREENWOOD FURNACE STATE PARK r) r. e T S pu e Creek n o od g Ston din o n ta M No Blaze U Red-eyed vireo M Trail Joint-Use Road: Auto/Snowmobile S Tell us about your hike at: Broad l wn Trai Dogto Orange Diamond H Viantown Trail: 2.75 miles, blue blazes, more difficult hiking This trail was an old wagon road that linked Greenwood Furnace to Viantown. The trail begins on the far side of the dam and passes the site of Travellers Inn as it crosses Brush Ridge to Broad Mountain Road. 0 Snowmobiling 1200 Tra il 104 Chestnut The Friends of Greenwood Furnace is a local chapter of the Pennsylvania Parks and Forests Foundation. They advocate for Pennsylvania State Parks and for community involvement. They promote outdoor recreation opportunities, heritage conservation, and environmental quality in our state parks, state forests, and surrounding community. This group helps support Greenwood Furnace, Whipple Dam, and Penn-Roosevelt state parks. For more information, contact the park office or visit http://FriendsOfGreenwoodParks.org. To Greenwood Fire Tower 2.9 Mi. To Mid State Trail 6.1 Mi. FOREST Chestnut Spring Tramway Trail: 2.5 miles, blue blazes, easiest hiking This trail follows the old mule-drawn railroad that once hauled iron ore from the ore banks and mines to the furnace. Starting at the campground entrance road near the park cemetery, this trail parallels PA 305. Hikers can return to the park by Tramway Trail or follow Dixon Trail to Brush Ridge Trail to return to the park. Ra g Standing Stone Trail S TAT E Friends of Greenwood Furnace Old No Blaze Black Paved Trail ROTHROCK Tr. Yellow 1160 S Lick BLAZE COLOR Hiking Trail Moore Trail: 0.5 mile, yellow blazes, easiest hiking This loop begins at Pavilion 6 (Hemlock) and meanders up and down the side of a mountain. c pen er TRAIL INFORMATION Monsell Trail: 1 mile, yellow blazes, more difficult hiking Beginning at the trailhead parking area across PA 305 from the park office, Monsell Trail follows Standing Stone Trail for a short distance. Monsell Trail then climbs the hill past the church, through remnants of an old pine plantation, and past charcoal hearths. The trail returns to the day use area along the campground road and a gravel service road through the day use area, returning to the parking lot. For a steeper climb, start on Monsell Trail and follow the directions in the opposite direction! 108 0 Dogtown Trail: 1 mile, red blazes, easiest hiking Beginning at the parking lot on the west end of the campground, the trail enters the forest, descends to and crosses a creek, intersects with Tramway Trail, and then crosses PA 305. On the mountainside, the trail parallels PA 305 east, crosses Viantown Trail, then climbs Brush Ridge to join Brush Ridge Trail to a connector trail to Chestnut Spring Trail and finally ends on Broad Mountain Road. Brush Ridge Trail: 2.75 miles, red blazes, more difficult hiking This trail begins along Broad Mountain Road (in conjunction with Dogtown Trail) or from the connector trail from Chestnut Spring Trail. The trail provides a ridgetop perspective of the surrounding forest. Hikers can use Dixon Trail and Tramway Trail to form a loop, which returns to the park. Standing Stone Trail: 79 miles (1 mile in the park), orange blazes, most difficult hiking This trail offers a challenging experience for seasoned hikers. Part of the Great Eastern Trail system, Standing Stone Trail connects to the Mid State Trail in the north, and in the south connects to Cowans Gap State Park, the Tuscarora Trail, and the Appalachian Trail. The Stone Valley Vista is two miles from the park and many hikers make a five-mile loop. The trail begins at the trail parking area across PA 305 from the park office. Standing Stone Trail climbs steadily for two miles up the spine of Stone Mountain to the Stone Valley Vista. For the 5-mile Stone Valley Vista Loop, hikers continue on Standing Stone Trail to the intersection and take the right turn onto Turkey Trail, which descends switchbacks. Hikers then take the right turn onto Lorence Trail, and then right on Monsell Trail, returning to the trail parking lot. Lorence Trail: 1.2 miles, yellow blazes, more difficult hiking From Monsell Trail, Lorence Trail steadily climbs to intersect Turkey Trail in Rothrock State Forest. Run TRAIL BLAZES: • Yellow and orange blazed trails are for hiking only. • Blue-blazed trails are also recommended for cross-country skiing, snow permitting. • Red-blazed trails are multi-use and may also be open to mountain biking, snowmobiling, and/or horseback riding. • Orange diamonds designate snowmobile routes. At the top of the hill, the trail shares the path with Monsell Trail before dropping back to its beginning. Hikers can enjoy a wide variety of trees, ferns, and wildflowers. breast, the trail climbs along the side of Brush Ridge under a closed canopy of trees with openings offering views of the lake. At the upper end of the lake, a flat, gravel walking trail returns to the day use area at the beach. Sta n (Old ding Gr e e St nw as t B ranch S Chestnut Spring Trail: 0.5 mile, yellow blazes, more difficult hiking Beginning near Pavilion 1 (Founders), the trail follows a small stream that ambles among large rocks and fern-lined banks to its source at a springhouse. The trail crosses Broad Mountain Road and winds back down the hill passing a charcoal hearth. To return to the pavilion, follow Broad Mountain Road to the first park road. The trails of Greenwood Furnace explore historic places, pass through diverse habitats like forest and ridgetop, and connect to trails in the surrounding state forest. Please refer to the Rothrock State Forest Public Use Map for all trails that are on state forest lands. 800 FEET To Belleville

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