Junior Ranger

brochure Eisenhower - Junior Ranger

Junior Ranger Program at Eisenhower State Park (SP) in Texas. Published by Texas Parks & Wildlife.

TEXAS PARKS AND WILDLIFE JUNIOR RANGER PROGRAM E I S E N H O W E R S TAT E PA R K PARK SAFETY RULES Hike with a buddy and always let an adult know where you are going. Carry water with you as you hike. Take at least one quart of water for each hour you plan to be out. Wear appropriate clothing and comfortable walking or hiking shoes. Wear a helmet when riding your bike. Always wear a life jacket while boating. The weather can change rapidly. Check the weather forecast and be prepared. Stay on the trails and in mowed areas where you can see snakes or poison ivy. Be careful near the bluffs and steep slopes. The geology of the area creates unstable areas that can crumble and fall. Obey park rules and all fishing and boating laws. Swim only in designated areas and never alone. Federal and state laws protect all plants, animals and artifacts. Please leave everything as you found it. JUNIOR RANGER PROGRAM at Eisenhower State Park Welcome to Eisenhower State Park – where Life’s Better Outside! You and your family and friends can explore the nature and history of the park on your visit using this booklet. You may want to take a camera with you to record your discoveries and accomplishments. You will need to complete the following activities to earn your Eisenhower State Park Junior Ranger badge. Nature Discovery Ages 7 and younger – pick 2 plus the maze. Ages 8 and older – pick 4. ___Use Your Senses Hike ___Track ID ___A to Z on Armadillo Hill Nature Trail ___Interpretive Program ___Bird List ___Maze Be Like Ike ___Historian ___Fisherman ___Outdoor Cook ___Gamer Ages 7 and younger – pick 2; ages 8 and older – pick 3. Stewardship ___ What If? ___ Make a Difference All ages must do. Career Exploration ___Ranger Interview Ages 8 and older must do. When you have finished, take your finished booklet to the park office to show to the park staff. Be ready to say the pledge as you are sworn in as an Eisenhower State Park Junior Ranger. NATURE DISCOVERY | Activity 1 Use Your Senses Nature Hike You’ll be using your senses to explore Eisenhower State Park. Pick a trail or area around your campsite and find answers to the following questions. As you explore, watch out for poison ivy. Remember: “Leaves of three, let it be.” I am exploring ________________________________________________________. Sight Look around you and write down things that you see. __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ Smell Your nose knows! Use your nose to sniff out an answer. How many smells can you detect? __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ Hearing Sit down and close your eyes while you listen for sounds. Record the sounds you hear. Your list may include both natural and human-made sounds. __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ Touch How does nature feel? Find something that feels: Soft_____________ Smooth ______________ Rough___________ Squishy ______________ Slimy____________ Grainy _______________ NATURE DISCOVERY | Activity 2 Track ID See if you can match the tracks to the animals that made them. Fill in the name of the animal and the letter by the picture. All of these animals are found at Eisenhower State Park, so you might even find these tracks on a trail or around your campsite. A B (______) ___________________ (______) ___________________ C D (______) ___________________ E F (______) ___________________ (______) ___________________ (______) ___________________ NATURE DISCOVERY | Activity 3 A to Z on the Armadillo Hill Nature Trail Take a self-guided hike on the Armadillo Hill Nature Trail. Pick up a trail guide at the trailhead (Marker 1) or at the park office. As you hike, try to find things that begin with each letter of the alphabet. Your words must describe natural things that you can see, hear, touch or smell. A ______________________________ N ______________________________ B ______________________________ O ______________________________ C ______________________________ P ______________________________ D ______________________________ Q ______________________________ E ______________________________ R ______________________________ F ______________________________ S ______________________________ G ______________________________ T ______________________________ H ______________________________ U ______________________________ I ______________________________ V ______________________________ J ______________________________ W ______________________________ K ______________________________ X ______________________________ L ______________________________ Y ______________________________ M ______________________________ Z ______________________________ Looking for an “X” word? Try “xanthous,” a word for a yellow-green color like you might find in leaves. Or maybe use “xeric,” a word for a plant or habitat that only needs a small amount of moisture. NATURE DISCOVERY | Activity 4 Participate in a Ranger Program Park interpretive programs can help you learn to speak the language of nature. Check the park calendar or ask at the office to see if a park ranger will be giving a campfire program or leading a nature hike during your stay. (Interpretive programs can be requested and scheduled in advance for youth groups camping in the park.) Now tell us about the program you attended. The program was about __________________________________________________________. The program was presented by _____________________________________________________. The most awesome thing I learned was _______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________. NATURE DISCOVERY | Activity 5 Red River Birding Eisenhower State Park is a great place for bird watchers because it has woodlands, grasslands and lakeshore. If you’re just learning to recognize birds, it’s good to start with their shapes. Draw a line from each bird to its matching shadow. Then see how many birds you can find in the park and check them off. l Northern Cardinal l Turkey Vulture l Carolina Chickadee l Tufted Titmouse l Carolina Wren l Blue Jay l American Crow l Common Egret l Great Blue Heron l Bald Eagle l Scissor-tailed Flycatcher NATURE DISCOVERY | Activity 6 Armadillo Maze Being able to find your way is an important skill as you discover the outdoors. Staying on trails and following directions help keep you from getting lost as you explore the park. Test your way-finding skills by completing this maze. BE LIKE IKE | Activity 1 Ike the Historian Now it’s time to be a history detective. Use the decoder to fill in the blanks and discover the history of Eisenhower State Park and the surrounding area. Here’s a hint – the man the park is named for liked to read about history. A=1 E=5 I =9 M=13 B=2 F=6 J=10 N=14 C=3 G=7 K=11 O=15 D=4 H=8 L=12 P=16 Q=17 R=18 S=19 T=20 U=21 V=22 W=23 X=24 Y=25 Z=26 Eisenhower State Park was named to honor what famous World War II hero? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 4 23 9 7 8 20 4 5 9 19 5 14 8 15 23 5 18 Where was this popular five-star general born in 1890? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 4 5 14 9 19 15 14 Where did his father work? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 1 20 20 8 5 11 1 20 25 18 1 9 12 18 15 1 4 Although he was born in Texas, the family moved when he was not quite 2 years old. What town did he grow up in and consider to be his home town? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ , ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 1 2 9 12 5 14 5 11 1 14 19 1 19 What was his job when Eisenhower State Park opened to the public in 1958? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 16 18 5 19 9 4 5 14 20 15 6 20 8 5 21 19 1 BE LIKE IKE | Activity 1 Eisenhower State Park is located on the southern shore of what reservoir? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 12 1 11 5 20 5 24 15 13 1 The lake contains the water from what two rivers? The ___ ___ ___ River and the ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ River 18 5 4 23 1 19 8 9 20 1 There are several famous historic routes that pass near the park where early settlers found good places to cross the Red River. People crossed the Red River by using a ferry before bridges were built. What famous ferry crossing is just east of the park near the Texas Welcome Center and transported people between Texas and Indian Territory? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___’ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 3 15 12 2 5 18 20 19 6 5 18 18 25 What famous stage line that carried mail and passengers used the ferry to cross the Red River to its mail stop at Sherman? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 2 21 20 20 5 18 6 9 5 12 4 Trail drovers herded cattle north across the Red River just west of here at Preston Bend, a place now covered by the waters of Lake Texoma. The herds traveled north to Missouri and Illinois on what famous cattle trail? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 20 8 5 19 8 1 23 14 5 5 20 18 1 9 12 BE LIKE IKE | Activity 2 Ike the Fisherman Ike and his brothers loved to fish. Ike learned to fish from an outdoorsman named Bob Davis. He learned to catch, clean and cook his fish over an open campfire. He went fishing as often as he could – even during the time he was president of the United States. You can be like Ike. See if you can catch your own fish here at Eisenhower State Park. Lake Texoma is famous for its largemouth and smallmouth bass, striped bass, crappie and catfish. The largest blue catfish ever caught in Texas came from Lake Texoma. It weighed a whopping 121.6 pounds! If you catch a fish, take a picture of you with your fish and paste it here. I caught a _________________________________. My fish weighed ______ pound(s), _______ounces. My fish was ________ inches long. (Remember to measure from nose to tail.) Ask a ranger for help if you haven’t measured a fish before. If you caught a big one, check the TPWD Web site (www.tpwd.state.tx.us) to see if you set a Lake Texoma Junior Angler record. If you think you set a new record, talk to a ranger to find out how to report your catch. BE LIKE IKE | Activity 2 Ike the Fisherman Every good fisherman needs a tackle box. Find the things you need to put in your tackle box in the word search below. H M T A P E M E A S U R E P D J O S S R G F R H R T D O L C Y N O R Y S U Y S E U I U I U U O U K E R O E Z P C D G E J F F S J S B L X E P A J L R G BOBBERS CLIPPERS FIRST AID KIT HOOKS LURES MONOFILAMENT PLIERS RULES SWIVELS TACKLEBOX TAPE MEASURE WEIGHTS Q I D M W U B E X I G U S S T B L R B R D I O A L E R B Y Y K A G S M J B Y B C G M L P S G M B X T E L U R E S Q F W S Z E Q G L A M F T F R M I X Y B N M K D U I X H R C V N O L L T C N O N Y D O B E J R S U D A Z X K Q I C K L O H R U V T J P P W B P Q S I V R K G E S T H G I E W A G X T C S D Q BE LIKE IKE | Activity 3 Ike the Cook When Ike was growing up, he went on camping trips along the Smoky Hill River in Kansas with his friends. He often served as the camp cook, making everything from chili to tamales to squirrel stew. As president of the United States, Ike helped popularize outdoor cooking and recreation. He liked to cook on the grill as well as make chili and vegetable soup. Now it’s your turn to be camp cook. Talk to your parents to figure out what you can cook on your camping trip or picnic. It might be something simple like hot dogs or hobo meals or s’mores. Or you might make your own chili, like Ike. Be sure to work with your parents to pick out something good for your age and skill level. Don’t forget to be extra careful around fires and hot coals. Make sure you have an adult with you anytime you are cooking on a fire, grill or campstove. What did you cook? Did you like it? Ask your family and friends to rate your cooking: 1 star – not so hot; 5 stars – outstanding! BE LIKE IKE | Activity 4 Ike the Gamer Ike liked to play games. In high school he played sports like baseball and football. When he was younger, he played games with his brothers and his friends like “follow-the-leader” and “hide-and-seek.” Grab some friends and try some old-time games that Ike and his brothers would have played. Pick one of these games we’ve adapted to our Red River location or make up your own game. ____ Red River, Red Rover Teams form two equal lines, holding hands and facing each other about 15 yards apart. Teams take turns calling another player to try to break through their line: “Red River, Red Rover, let [player’s name] come over.” The player runs to the other line, trying to break through the line of the other team. If the handhold breaks, those two players are taken back to the runner’s team. If the handhold doesn’t break, the runner becomes part of the opposing team. The team with most people at the end of a set time period wins! ____ Red River Tug-of-War Oklahoma and Texas argued so much over where the state boundary line at the Red River should be that it took the Supreme Court to make a decision. In tug-of-war, two teams pull on the same rope, trying to pull the opposing side over a dividing line. Mark your middle line and then mark start lines for each team at the same distance (about 5 yards) on either side. Then line up the team members behind the two team leaders and pull! ____ My Game’s Name: ______________________________________________________ How to play my game: STEWARDSHIP | Protecting Eisenhower SP Protecting Eisenhower State Park is a big job. Every year over 100,000 people visit this park. The rangers are charged with protecting the park’s natural and cultural resources for the use and enjoyment of all Texans and future generations. Think about would happen in the following situations. Then draw or describe what you think would happen to the park. What would happen to Eisenhower State Park? If each park visitor fed a squirrel If each park visitor walked off the trail X 100,000 visitors X 100,000 visitors If each park visitor left a plastic water bottle or aluminum can If each park visitor took a rock or fossil X 100,000 visitors X 100,000 visitors If each park visitor picked a wildflower X 100,000 visitors I will help protect Eisenhower State Park by __________________________________________ STEWARDSHIP | Making a Difference How long do you think litter lasts? Monofilament fishing line 600 years Aluminum can 80-200 years Plastic grocery bag 20 years Styrofoam cup 50 years Plastic beverage bottle 450 years How will you make a difference? Junior Rangers help us take care of Eisenhower State Park. Pick two of the volunteer activities listed below to help us keep the park clean and safe. _____ Help collect litter in the park by filling a bag and taking it to a dumpster. _____ Collect aluminum cans and plastic bottles to take to a recycling center. _____ Leave my camping or picnic area cleaner than I found it. _____ See if your group can help with taking care of a trail. _____ Ask at the office to see if there are any special service projects. INTERVIEW A RANGER Being a park ranger is an interesting job. No two days are ever alike. Park rangers protect natural habitats and cultural treasures, maintain the landscape and facilities for the safety and enjoyment of visitors, and teach people about what makes the park special. Find a ranger and interview them to find out more about this challenging job. Name of ranger _______________________________________________________________ What do you like best about being a park ranger? What is the most difficult part of your job? What is your favorite time of year at the park and why? What did you have to do to become a park ranger? Your own question: Here’s a place to paste a picture of you and the ranger you interviewed. JUNIOR RANGER PLEDGE As a Junior Ranger, I want to be a protector of the parks. When I visit the parks, I pledge that: I will stay on the paths and trails and obey safety rules. I will help keep the park clean by not littering or polluting. I will not feed, pet or harass wildlife. I will leave all plants, animals and artifacts in the park for other people to enjoy. I will learn about nature and the history of Texas. I will talk to my friends and family and encourage them to protect the park, too. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department 4200 Smith School Road Austin, Texas 78744 www.tpwd.state.tx.us Eisenhower State Park Denison, Texas TPWD receives federal assistance from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and other federal agencies. TPWD is therefore subject to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, in addition to state anti-discrimination laws. TPWD will comply with state and federal laws prohibiting discrimination based on race, color, national origin, age, sex or disability. If you believe that you have been discriminated against in any TPWD program, activity or event, you may contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Federal Assistance, 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Mail Stop: MBSP-4020, Arlington, VA 22203, Attention: Civil Rights Coordinator for Public Access. © 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department PWD BK P4503-032M (6/10) In accordance with Texas Depository Law, this publication is available at the Texas State Publications Clearinghouse and/or Texas Depository Libraries.

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